Articles

IMPEMENTASI SEKOLAH RAMAH ANAK DI SMAN 3 MAKASSAR Ratna, Ratna; Torro, Supriadi
JURNAL SOSIALISASI Volume 6 Edisi 3, November 2019
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: 1) Implementasi sekolah ramah anak di SMAN 3 Makassar, 2) Faktor pendukung dan penghambat sekolah ramah anak di SMAN 3 Makassar. Jenis penelitian ini kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif. Pemilihan informan menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Jumlah informan sebanyak 20 orang. Adapun kriteria informan yaitu Kepala Sekolah dan guru SMAN 3 Makassar, siswa kelas XI dan XII SMAN 3 Makassar yang aktif dalam kegiatan intra/ekstrakurikuler, dan orang tua/ wali siswa SMAN 3 Makassar yang telah mengikuti sosialisasi sekolah ramah anak. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui tahap observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data diperoleh melalui tahap reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Teknik pengabsahan data dengan menggunakan triangulasi sumber. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 1) Implementasi sekolah ramah anak di SMAN 3 Makassar dilakukan dengan sikap ramah terhadap anak, proses pembelajaran ramah anak, pendidik dan tenaga kependidikan terlatih hak-hak anak, partisipasi anak, dan memiliki SOP pengaduan. 2) Faktor pendukung dan penghambat sekolah ramah anak di SMAN 3 Makassar, yaitu: (a) Faktor pendukungnya meliputi komitmen warga sekolah, sumber daya sarana prasarana, kegiatan pendukung, dan partisipasi aktif orang tua. (b) Faktor penghambatnya, yakni pelatihan tenaga pendidik terhadap hak-hak anak belum merata. 
A STUDY ON THE FORGIVENESS CONCEPT OF ACEH CONFLICT VICTIMS Hafnidar, Hafnidar; Junita, Nursan; Ratna, Ratna
Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences Vol 7 (2017): 7th AIC in conjuction ICMR 2017 Universitas Syiah Kuala October 2017
Publisher : Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences

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Acehnese people experience traumatic experiences due to conflict and prolonged war in Aceh. This research was conducted by using phenomenology as a qualitative method. The aims of research are to find the forgiveness basic concept of Aceh people. The total of research participants were 10 respondents which chosen from Aceh conflict victims by using purposive sampling technique, that is based on the following predetermined criteria: (1) is one of the following elements: Islamic leaders, scholars, casualty in remote areas and urban area, social activists, political organization activist, government official, housewife, as well as representatives of each profession in society, (2) Represents direct victims of Aceh conflict, (3) A native Acehnese and have lived in Aceh since the Aceh conflict (1976) until now. The data collection methods utilized in-depth interviews, observation, and analysis of documentation. This study applied the important principles in a phenomenology research: epoch, phenomenological reduction, imaginative variation, and synthesis of meanings and essences. The concept of forgiveness varies depending on the socio-cultural norms of each individual. The results reveal that for the Acehnese who are rooted in the conceptualized culture of Islam, the concept of forgiveness is closely related to the concept of spirituality, post traumatic growth (PTG), and coping strategic and positive self-concept.
UJI ALAT PENGASAP TIPE RAK UNTUK PISANG SALE DENGAN VARIASI BAHAN BAKAR Ratna, Ratna; Khatir, Rita; Shafriaty, Elly
Jurnal Biologi Edukasi Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Biologi Edukasi
Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Edukasi

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Selama ini kualitas pisang sale di Aceh masih belum memuaskan konsumen. Perlu adanya upaya memperbaiki mutu pisang sale misalnya melalui peningkatan kualitas pengasapannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji performansi alat pengasap tipe rak pada pengolahan pisang sale dengan menggunakan  bahan bakar  biomassa. Sebuah alat pengasap pisang sale dirancang dengan 2 bahagian yang masing-masing mempunyai 7 buah rak. Alat pengasap ini diuji dengan variasi 3 jenis bahan bakar yaitu kayu bakar, kayu bakau dan tempurung kelapa. Proses pengasapan dilakukan sampai kadar air maksimal 18%. Parameter analisis meliputi temperatur dan kelembaban relatif ruang pengasapan, kapasitas kerja alat, rendemen, kadar air, karbohidrat, vitamin C dan uji organoleptik terhadap karakteristik bentuk, warna, bau, rasa dan tekstur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa temperatur dan kelembaban relatif ruang pengasap ketika alat menggunakan bahan bakar tempurung lebih baik dari bahan bakar kayu. Hal ini mengakibatkan waktu yang diperlukan untuk pengasapan pisang sale dan kapasitas kerja alat ketika alat pengasap menggunakan bahan bakar tempurung kelapa juga lebih singkat yaitu 10 jam dan 4 kg/jam. Perbedaan jenis bahan bakar tidak menyebabkan terjadinya perbedaan rendemen pisang sale. Kandungan karbohidrat pisang sale mengalami peningkatan setelah proses pengasapan menjadi 8,84%, 10,18%, dan  9,45%  masing-masing menggunakan bahan bakar kayu bakar, kayu bakau dan tempurung kelapa. Sedangkan kandungan vitamin C pisang sale mengalami penurunan menjadi 7,37 mg/100g (kayu bakar), 7,458 mg/100g (kayu bakau), dan 7,194 mg/100g (tempurung kelapa). Berdasarkan uji organoleptik, pisang sale yang proses pengasapannya menggunakan bahan bakar tempurung kelapa dan kayu bakau adalah yang paling disukai bentuk, warna, bau, rasa dan teksturnya.
RANCANGAN PEMBELAJARAN BERBICARA BAHASA INGGRIS MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS STRATEGI ratna, Ratna; arif, suparman; budi, budi
Jurnal Pendidikan Progresif Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Pendidikan Progresif
Publisher : Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Lampung

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Abstract: Learning Design of Speaking English Using Learning Approach Based Strategy. This research is aimed to develop learning Ddesign of speaking English using learning approach based strategy for students majoring in English Language and Literature of Jakarta State University. The focus of this research was on learning design which is appropriate for students? need. The chosen approach is a learning based strategy appropriate for the independent learning concept. This approach was intrinsic since it developed students? inner ability which stands longer than other stimuli technique and approach. This research was a first step from developing research of speaking english learning design. This research started from July 2010 to December 2010 in Jakarta State University. The source was students and lecturers of speaking class. Data was taken through test, observation, interview, quesioner, and document analysis. The result showed that learning design of speaking English using learning approach based strategy will be examined through trial for the next step of research.
IMPROVING STUDENTS’ LEARNING MOTIVATION IN READING COMPREHENSION USING RECIPROCAL TEACHING Gunawan, Helmi; Ratna, Ratna
Jurnal VARIDIKA Volume 31, No. 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/varidika.v31i2.10217

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Teaching reading comprehension to the students is not easy. The teacher often finds a lot of students? learning motivation problems from the students. The students? problems are (1) students? interest, (2) students? effort, (3) self responsibility activity or persistence, (4) students? optimal experiences; (5) reinforcement and teacher's method. One of the efforts to minimize the problems is by empowering the students in the learning process. One of the teaching techniques that can empower learners is Reciprocal Teaching Method. An action research was carried out and aimed at finding out whether Reciprocal teaching can improve the students? learning motivation in reading comprehension in classroom when the teacher applies reciprocal teaching. Two cycles are applied. The data are taken by observing the learning process when an action is applied, by interviewing the learners involved, by giving questionnaires and by conducting interview. The finding of the research shows that Reciprocal Teaching Method can improve the students? learning motivation in reading comprehension when it is applied.
PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN CTL (CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR IPA SISWA KELAS V SDNEGERI 010 SEMELINANG DARAT KECAMATAN PERANAP KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HULU Ratna, Ratna; Witri, Gustimal; Marhadi, Hendri
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

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Abstrac :Science subjects in primary schools should be given with the aim that students have the ability IPA. For the Science learning outcomes need to be improved by changing the paradigm of learning in elementary education teacher centered to student centered learning. This research is a classroom action research that aims to improve learning outcomes IPA with application of learning models CTL in the fifth grade students of SD Negeri 010 Semelinang Army Peranap Indragiri Hulu subdistrict. The research was conducted on March 12, 2015 to April 9, 2015. The subjects were students of class V Elementary School 010 Semelinang Army totaling 22 people comprising 10 men and 12 women. With the formulation of the problem is the application of learning models CTL (contextual Teahcing and Learning) in the fifth grade students of SD Negeri 010 Semelinang Army Peranap Indragiri Hulu subdistrict. This thesis presents the results of student learning gained through daily test I in the first cycle and the second daily test on the second cycle. In the first cycle an average of 69.10 learning outcomes in the second cycle student learning outcomes on average 76.37, so the average increase of 7.27 students. Mastery learning of individuals in the first cycle, there are 15 people (68.18%), the second cycle, there are 20 people (90.90%). The average activity of teachers in the first cycle was 69.64% with the category enough, on the second cycle was 89.29% with the good category. The average activity of students in the first cycle was 71.43% with the good category, the second cycle was 89.29%. From this study it can be concluded that the application of learning models CTL (contextual Teahcing and Learning) can improve learning outcomes IPA at Elementary School fifth grade students of the District Land 010 Semelinang Peranap school year 2014/2015.Keywords: CTL (contextual Teahcing and Learning) and learning outcomes.
Komposisi Coleoptera Permukaan Tanah pada Pertanaman Markisa (Passiflora linguaris L.) di Desa Cubadak Kenagarian Air Dingin Timur Kecamatan Lembah Gumanti Kabupaten Solok Ratna, Ratna; Jasmi, Jasmi; Safitri, Elza
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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ABSTRACT The existing and crowded of the soil population in an area was really depend to the environmental factors. The cutting of Marquise leaf (Pasiflora linguaris L.) continuously makes the accumulation of decayed leafs to floor of the plants. It enables to live the soil insects, especially coleopteran. Meanwhile the process of yield by accumulating can broke the soil ecosystem which disturbing the existing of soil animals. This research aim to know the composition of Coleoptera on the soil surface to the plants of marquise (Pasiflora linguaris L.) at the village of Cubadak, East Air Dingin Area of  Lembah Gumanti District in Solok Regency. The type of this research was survey descriptive. The research was executed from Augustus 2013 at the village of Cubadak, East Air Dingin Area of  Lembah Gumanti District in Solok Regency. The collection of sample in the field used pitfall trap which used about 30 units to each stations. The placement of pitfall trap in the field used stratified sampling. Coleoptera on the soil surface was found on the plants of marquise (Pasiflora linguaris L.), those are 18 families consisted of 25 species. In the plants of marquise at the age 1 year old, found 12 families consisted of 18 species, while on the plants of marquise at the age 5 years old, found 9 families consisted of 5 species. The analysis of similarity index toward species of Coleptera on the soil surface revealed about the composition of Coleoptera to the plants of  marquise at the age one years old with other at the age five years old have relative small similar. While the correlation analysis showed that the species of Coloeptera on the soil surface between the plants of marquise at the age one year old and five years old have sequence similar the composition of them. The observation to the environmental factors to the plants of marquise showed the air temperature was about 20,50 oC up to 20-25 oC, temperature of soil was about 18,91 oC up to 20-40 oC, soil humidity was about 1-2, pH of soil was 6,80-6,96.
Analisis Kredit Investasi dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Laba Operasional Ratna, Ratna
Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen Vol 7, No 4 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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This research have goals to know investment credit regular for small industry to increase operational benefit and to know haw big investation credit have influence on operational benefit. This research use kuantitative methods with linier regression and for UD Batu Permata have Y = 11.282.180 + 2,801x with (R²) = 0,764, this resume description that invesment credit can inference operational benefit 76,4 % an influence by another variabel 23,6 %. Based on that invesment credit must be decreasef and according to industry/firm need because it can be re-used.Keywords: investation credit and operational benefit
TRADING IN AIR BANGIS IN THE 19TH CENTURY Junaidi, Junaidi; Ratna, Ratna
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 31, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

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This study aims to explain trading activities at the Air Bangis harbor during the Dutch Colonial Government. Since the early 19th century, the Dutch Colonial Government had been more ambitious than before to utilize as much forest and agricultural products as possible in the hinterland of the West Coast of Sumatra. This intention was also supported by the improvement of the functions of harbor cities along the West Coast of Sumatra, including Air Bangis. The improvement per se had allowed a small-scale trade to be upgraded to export-oriented free harbors. The high level of trading activity in the Air Bangis harbor was made possible by its hinterland which is rich in export commodities. Among the types of the export commodities were gold, camphor, myrrh, rattan, dammar, coffee and pepper. The Air Bangis harbor had a role in lifting the spirits of the foreign nations, such as Aceh, VOC, English, and the Dutch Colonial Government, to build their influences in the harbor. The competition often caused friction which resulted in a conflict and power overtaking. The winners would take over the power from the losers, established their hegemony and monopolized the trade in the area of Air Bangis. The prosperity of the maritime activities in Air Bangis reached its peak in the first quarter of the 19th century, but it did not last long. In the last quarter of the 19th century, maritime activities in Air Bangis harbor started to decline. Nevertheless, sea voyage and trading activities in Air Bangis harbor had given a specific color to the maritime world in the West Sumatera Coast.
PERAN PEKERJA SOSIAL DALAM MENGEDUKASI MANTAN PECANDU NARKOBA Ratna, Ratna; Rustiyarso, Rustiyarso; Salim, Izhar
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa Vol 8, No 10 (2019): Oktober 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa

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AbstractThe title of this research is The Role of Social Workers in Educating Former Drug Addicts (Studies in Bumi Khatulistiwa Pontianak Community Based Social Rehabilitation Institute). The research method used is descriptive method with a qualitative research form. The data source of this study is the social worker in Bumi Khatulistiwa Pontianak Community Based Social Rehabilitation institute. Data collection techniques in this study are through interviews, observations, and documentation, while the data collection that used are observation guides, interview guides and documentation. The analysis in this study was presented in a descriptive qualitative manner using 3 informants. The results are The role of social workers in educating former drug addicts in Bumi Khatulistiwa Pontianak Community Based Social Rehabilitation institute with the addition of knowledge by holding professional seminar activities aimed at providing knowledge about drugs, and holding religious sessions to provide religious knowledge to resident;The role of social workers in educating former drug addicts in Bumi Khatulistiwa Pontianak Community Based Social Rehabilitation institute with additional skills by carrying out morning meetings and wrap-up activities for residents to train them to interact properly. Meanwhile, to make residents able to express their opinions clearly, social workers carry out resident seminar activities to bring one topic presented in front of another resident. Keywords :Social Workers, Rehabilitation, Drugs 
Co-Authors Abu Bakar Agus Arip Munawar Agustia, Nurita AHMAD FAHRIZAL Amalia Saleh, Amalia Amir M Suruwaky Anggraini, Nirmala Arif Ismanto, Arif Arzad, Muh Asmawati Munir, Asmawati Asti Purbarini, Asti Bambang Sukarno Putra, Bambang Sukarno Basrin Melamba, La Ode Ali Basri, Budi Budi Bustami, Yazidul Cawang, Cawang Dalah, Emillia Poni Yang Darwin Darwin Delima, Rts Hartha Dewi Sundari, Dewi Dian Hardianti, Dian Dzuhri, Akmal Elly Shafriaty Elza Safitri Ermen, Marianus Etty Siswati, Etty Fadsy, Achyar Fauzin, Fauzin Ferdynanda, Al Hulil Akbar Fitriani Fitriani Gunawan, Helmi Gunawan, Teguh Pribadi Gustimal Witri Hafnidar, Hafnidar Handoko Sugiharto Hendri Marhadi Hengki Hengki Ichwana Ichwana Irdawati Irdawati Irmayanti Irmayanti, Irmayanti Izhar Salim Jasmi Jasmi Junaidi Junaidi Karlina, Erin Khizanatusani, Lulu Khoiroh, Nadiatul Kiman Siregar, Kiman La Harimu Maibriadi, Irfan Maisyuri, Maisyuri Manuntungi, Andi Ernawati Marsita, Ade Rika Maulidia, Lisa Mega Apriesti Puri, Mega Apriesti Meiliani, Endang Mujiantoro, Mujiantoro Mukarlina, Mukarlina Mulyanti Mulyanti Murtahar, Murtahar Muzakkar, Muhammad Zakir Nasruddin Nasruddin Nita Nita Nur, Rahman Nursan Junita, Nursan Nursyam Nursyam Putra, Giar Pramanda Putro, Nova Andreanto Rahmawati Rahmawati Raida Agustina Ramadani, Fitri Ismiyati Rita Khathir Rita Khatir Rustiyarso, Rustiyarso Safrida Safrida Sawaludin, Sawaludin Sirih, HM Siti Mechram Sri Maryati Sri Purnama Sari, Sri Purnama Subhan, Maulana Suhaimi Suhaimi Sukmawati Sukmawati Sumantri Sumantri Suparman Arif Syah, M. Alam Tamrin Tamrin Torro, Supriadi Ula, Luthfika Zyahratul Wahyuningsih, Niken Wardani Wardani Weka Widayati, Weka Wijaya, Riyo Yulinar Yulinar Zahra, Hayati Zulfahrizal Zulfahrizal, Zulfahrizal