The Indonesian is multi spoken languages society. Besides speaking with the official language (bahasa Indonesia), they also speaking in their own mother language. The use of local languages or the mother tongue is preferably as second language. Therefore, the acquisition of Indonesian, especially for Minangkabau society is strongly influenced by the structure of the first language. This is called as dialect or style. Slang or style can be seen from the lingual units that used by the speakers of the language. Lingual unit is a unit of language that carries meaning, both lexical and grammatical meaning. Unit lingual include morphemes, words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and discourse. In addition, there is another element which is the smallest unit in the language, segmental elements (phonemes) and supra-segmental elements (intonation). The results of the data analysis showed that there are some unit lingual speech marking Indonesian Minang people, namely: elements of segmental and supra-segmental elements, phatic, and sentence structure. In term of segmental elements, I have found six phonemes in Minangkabau language that affects Indonesian, phonemes are: /e/, /p/, /s/, /k/, and /j/. Moreover, in supra-segmental elements it appears that there tends to tone up the filler constituent predicate function. In declarative sentences, tone up there on the last syllable. In interrogative sentences, tone up tens to present in interrogative qualifiers. In imperative sentences, the intonation rising filler constituents tend be found in the predicate function, especially on the final syllable.
The objective of this research is to describe effectiveness of effectiveness predict-observe-explain(POE) learning model in oxidation-reduction reaction material in improving skill in predict and classifying. The effectiveness of the POE learning model in this research is indicated by the significant difference between experiment classroom and control classroom.Population in this research was all 105 grade X students in Paramarta 1 Seputih Senior High School in academic year 2011-2012 which were distributed in classroom X1, X2, and X3. Samples in this research were classroom X1 as the experiment classroom using POE learning model and classroom X2 as control using conventional learning. Samples were taken using purposive sampling. The research results showed that the n-gain average value of skill in predict in control and experiment classrooms were 0.30 and 0.46 respectively, and the n-gain average value for skill in classifying for control and experiment classrooms were 0.37 and 0.64 respectively.Results of hypothesis test showed that classroom with POE learning model had higher skills in predict and classifying compared with control classroom. This indicated that POE learning model was more effective to improve skills in predict and classifying.Â Keywords: predict-observe-explain (POE), skills in predict and classifying
Pepatah-petitih is Minangkabau proverbs which contains advices and teachings from the elders. Every sentence found in Minangkabau proverbs contains the Minangkabau basic philosophy which is originally derived from the nature. The thought of Minangkabau people is based on natural phenomena. Minangkabau people learn from everyday life environment. Sometimes the Minangkabau proverbs are presented in form of poetry. Poetry is the most important kind of Minangkabau literature. It becomes a topic, kaba flowers, and ornate speech. Those poems and proverbs are Minangkabau traditional community knowledge (local genius) in the past. This article aims to describe the whole Minangkabau proverbs which contain the terms of flora and fauna and to explain the meaning of those proverbs. There are many terms of flora and fauna found in the proverbs of Minangkabau. The contents taught us in doing good, patience, pituah, perseverance, and truth. They contain rules and high values for the benefit of Minangkabau society.
Dalam makalah ini dibandingkan bahasa Minangkabau yang digunakan di daerah asal dengan bahasa Minangkabau yang digunakan di daerah rantau Malaysia. Kajian beruang lingkup dialektologi karena isolek yang digunakan di rantau Malaysia dihipotesiskan sebagai variasi dari bahasa Minangkabau. Satuan bahasa yang dibandingkan adalah leksikon. Perhitungan persamaan dan perbedaan bentuk leksikal dengan menggunakan metode dialektometri diperoleh tingkat variasi bahasa dari titik-titik pengamatan yang dibandingkan. Hasil perhitungan tersebut menunjukkan bahwa tingkat variasi bahasa yang paling tinggi adalah perbedaan subdialek.
Malay manuscripts contain all kinds of knowledge. The manuscripts not only tell stories, they also depict various knowledge within the minds of past generations. In this paper discuss elements of illumination and the use of calligraphy in Malay letters on past Malay letters. The research is limited on Malay letters in social letters in the period 1521-1899. Malay society in the olden days practiced very fine arts as shown in the Malay letters through illumination and through the use of various types and designs of calligraphy. They used the world of nature to express their feelings. This paper will reveal that the traditional Malay society was not impoverished of art, that they had the highest aesthetic value in art, even beyond comparison with the present.
The article aims to examine the similarities and differences between Minangkabau languages in the origin regions 50 Kota and Pasaman West Sumatra compared to rantau areas Kampar and Rokan Hulu Riau. The study is done by dialectology approach which focuses on affixes. The data are collected by using conversational observation method along with the interview and record techniques. The data are analyzed by using identity method along with immediate constituent analysis and advanced techniques, comparative and contrastive techniques. The result shows there similarities and differences of Minangkabau affixes between both areas.Keyword:Â Affix, dialectological, Minangkabau, origin, rantau
Name of the Minangkabaunese has its own characteristics which can be recognized through the phonological structure. This article describes the number of word length Minangkabau name, the number of syllables, and the nature of each syllable of the name. There are three methods and research techniques used in this study: providing data, data analysis, and presentation of analysis results. Based on the number, the phonological structures of the Minangkabaunese names have two tendencies. First, people over 43 years old tend to consist of 1 (one) word name. In contrast, less than 44 years old tend to consist of two words name. Based on the number of syllables, the Minangkabaunese names also have two tendencies. First, over 43 years old the name tends to consist of three (3) syllables followed by a name consisting of 2 (two) syllables. The name of the Minangkabau people under 44 years are more varied, there consist of 2 to 5 syllables, some of them consisting of 6 to 7 syllables. Furthermore, the long name is not found Minangkabau consisting of one syllable and exceeds 7 syllables. Finally, based on the nature, there are two properties of syllables in the Minangkabaunese name which are closed syllables and open syllables.
Nama diri bisa mengidentifikasi asal-usul daerah atau kesukuan orang. Seseorang berasal dari Minangkabau, setidak-tidaknya menurut perkiraan, melalui nama dirinya. Artinya, nama diri orang yangberasal dari daerah atau suku tertentu memperlihatkan adanya kekhasan. Kekhasan itu tentunya tidak terlepas dari bunyi-bunyi yang membentuk nama diri tersebut. Tulisan ini adalah hasil penelitian dengan objek penelitian yaitu nama diri orang Minangkabau. Sampel penelitian diambil di daerah tertentu dengan tahun kelahiran dari masa tertentu pula. Dari penelitian diperoleh sejumlah kecenderungan struktur fonologis nama diri orang Minangkabau.
Negeri Sembilan was one of temporary and permanent residence abroad. The migration went on in 14th century. The influence of this might be looked at the sociocultural Negeri Sembilan today including at their dialect. In this paper will be explained the comparison between the Minangkabau language and Negeri Sembilan dialect. The purpose of this is to review the relation of that isolect. To achieve them, the analyzing of data will apply the lexicostatistics that is one of the methods in historical comparative of linguistics.
Indonesian language has important and strategic role in the communication process in the middle of the association and social interaction. Through the Indonesian language is good and true, someone will be able to communicate both verbally and in writing to the other party in accordance with the context and situasi. Kemampuan speaking students well enough for the students' speaking style was influenced by the dialect of the native language. So the aim of this study was to determine the students' ability to speak in response to the reading of short stories seventh grade students of SMPN 19 Muara Fajar. The issues raised in this research is: how is the ability to speak the seventh grade students of SMPN 19 in response to the way Muara Fajar short story readings on aspects of pronunciation and intonation, how is the student's ability Muara Fajar SMPN 19 in response to a short story readings on suitability aspects of language? And how is the ability of students of class VII SMPN 19 Muara Fajar in response to a short story readings on aspects of mime and expression? The theory used is the theory Tarin, Nurgiantoro, Bungin, Sudjono, Suharma, Tri Endah Priyatni and Mustafa.populasi 147 people with a sample of 70 students selected at random. The method I use is descriptive quantitative method. To collect data the authors using observation and oral test. The conclusion of this study are: speech class VII SMPN 19 Muara Fajar in response to the reading of short stories academic year 2013/2014 on aspects of pronunciation categorized either with an average value of 77. The ability to speak the seventh grade students of SMPN 19 Muara Fajar in response to a short story readings on aspects suitability enough language category with an average of 62. the ability to speak the seventh grade students of SMPN 19 Muara Fajar in response to a short story readings on aspects of good gestures and expressions category with an average of 73. thus the hypothesis is rejected.