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USING BENTHIC DIATOM TO ASSESS THE SUCCESS OF BATCH CULTURE SYSTEM PHYTOREMEDIATION PROCESS OF WATER IRRIGATION Retnaningdyah, Catur; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 8, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (337.065 KB) | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.08.03.08

Abstract

Diatoms or phytobenthic are often used as bio-indicators of water quality in freshwater ecosystems such as rivers, but have never been used for monitoring the quality of artificial water ecosystems. The objective of this research is to use the diatom as a bioindicator for measurement the success of phytoremediation process of irrigation water that has status hyper-eutrophic and is polluted from organic materials using polyculture of various local hydromacrophytes through batch culture system. This experimental study was conducted in a greenhouse through planting some local emergent, submerged and floating leaf hydromacrophytes on a 30 L bucket with a given substrate from sand and gravel. The experiment used a completely randomized design with two treatment included phytoremediation model and control in the form of substrate without hydromacrophyte which repeated three times at the same time. The success of phytoremediation model was determined through some biotic diatoms indices (Percentage Pollution Tolerant Value/%PTV, Tropical Diatom Index/TDI and Shannon Wiener Diversity Index) as bioindicator and the improved water physics chemical quality on days 0, six, and 13 after incubation. The results showed that phytoremediation process using polyculture hydromacrophytes through batch culture system for 13 days significantly improving the quality of irrigation water. Based on some biotic diatom indices, the water was improved from heavily organic pollution to moderately organic pollution (%PTV), from hypereutrophic to become eutrophic (TDI) and from moderately polluted become slightly polluted (Shannon Wiener Diversity Index). This results also supported from water physico-chemical parameters. Poly-culture of some local hydromacrophytes for six days significantly decreased the organic matter content of irrigation water was reflected from the decrease concentration of Biochemical Oxygen Demand/BOD (14.79 mg/L to 3.61 mg/L), Total Suspended Solid/TSS (14.6 mg/L to 0.08 mg/L), turbidity (19.97 NTU to 1.46 NTU), nitrate (1.44 mg/L to 0.03 mg/L), orthophosphate (0.24 mg/L to 0.042 mg/L), Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) (0.93 mg/L to 0.68 mg/L), and free chlorine (0.09 mg/L to 0.05 mg/L), while concentration of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) decreased significantly 13 days after incubation from 48.3 mg/L to18.2 mg/L.
EVALUATION OF THE QUALITY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS IN THE SPERMONDE ARCHIPELAGO USING MACROALGAE AS INDICATORS Hamzah, Rispah; Hakim, Luchman; Retnaningdyah, Catur
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 10, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (442.445 KB) | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.10.02.04

Abstract

The quality of water in Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi has decreased as a result of high human activities and land use, this can have an impact on the life of marine biota. Macroalgae is suitable for bioindicators because they live in a sessile manner, can accumulate metals and distributed widely. This research aimed to determine coastal ecosystem quality by using macroalgae as indicators on five islands that had different anthropogenic stresses. The research was carried out in April 2019 on Barrang Caddi, Bonebatang, Barrang Lompo, Kodingareng Keke, and Badi Islands. Community structures observed included taxa richness, diversity, evenness, dominance of macroalgae and physicochemical parameters (temperature, turbidity, pH, salinity, DO, BOD, H2S, oil, grease, total Phosphate, and nitrate) as well as the measurement of the ecological condition using Quality of Rocky Bottoms (CFR) index. The results showed that physicochemical parameters (temperature, turbidity, pH, salinity, DO, H2S, oil, grease, total Phosphate) of the water still met the quality standards of sea water based on Decree of the State Minister for Environment No. 51/2004 for marine biota and other standards for macroalgae growth. BOD and nitrate have exceeded sea water quality standards for marine biota (20 mg/L for BOD and 0.008 mg/L for nitrates). A total of nine species of macroalgae were found in Barrang Caddi and Badi Island, three species in Bonebatang, and five species in Kodingareng Keke and Barrang Lompo Island. The result of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Biplot showed that physicochemical water quality has an influence on the macroalgae community structure. While the CFR index shows Barrang Caddi and Badi Island have poor ecological conditions and Bonebatang, Barrang Lompo, and Kodingareng Keke have bad ecological condition.
KETERKAITAN AKTIVITAS MANUSIA DENGAN KUALITAS EKOSISTEM PERAIRAN PANTAI DI KEPULAUAN SPERMONDE, MAKASAR, SULAWESI SELATAN Retnaningdyah, Catur; Hakim, Luchman; Sikana, Arina Mana; Hamzah, Rispah
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 7, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.biotropika.2019.007.03.6

Abstract

Kepulauan Spermonde, Makassar Sulawesi Selatan terdiri dari ratusan pulau kecil dengan karakteristik yang bervariasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan antara kondisi lingkungan dan aktivitas manusia di pulau  dengan kualitas ekosistem perairan pantai berdasarkan parameter fisikokimia air serta keragaman biodiversitas khususnya makroalga dan echinodermata. Penelitian ex post facto ini dilakukan di Pulau Barrangcaddi, Badi, Barang Lompo, Bonebatang dan pulau Kodingarengkeke. Pemantauan kondisi lingkungan menggunakan indeks Naturalness sedangkan aktivitas manusia menggunakan indeks Hemeroby. Pengambilan sampel air, makroalga, dan echinodermata di setiap pulau dilakukan di 2 hingga 3 stasiun dengan membuat tiga (3) transek sabuk. Hasil analisis pemodelan struktural menggunakan PLS menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas manusia yang ada di Kepulauan Spermonde  telah berdampak pada pencemaran bahan organik dengan kadar BOD berkisar 25,39-29,81 mg/L.  Pencemaran ini selanjutnya telah memicu terjadinya eutrofikasi tercermin dari kadar nitrat yang telah melebih baku mutu untuk biota perairan (0,05-0,168 mg/L).  Eutrofikasi yang terjadi telah meningkatkan diversitas makroalga dan selanjutnya menurunkan diversitas Echinodermata. Berdasarkan nilai indeks diversitas Makroalga, perairan pantai di sekitar lima pulau yang diamati termasuk dalam kategori tercemar ringan sampai sedang (1.17-2.42), dan berdasarkan indeks diversitas Echinodermata sudah termasuk kategori tercemar berat (0,36-0,88). Sedangkan parameter kualitas air lain terutama pH, suhu, salinitas, kekeruhan, TP, H2S, minyak dan lemak, dan Pb telah memenuhi standar kualitas air untuk kebutuhan biota perairan berdasarkan Keputusan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup No. 51/2004.
Karakteristik Vegetasi Riparian dan Interaksinya dengan Kualitas Air Mata Air Sumber Awan Serta Salurannya di Kecamatan Singosari Malang Rachmawati, Ekki Totilisa; Retnaningdyah, Catur
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 2, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.12 KB)

Abstract

The aims of this research are to know the characteristics of riparian vegetation based on QBR (Qualitat del Bosc de Ribera) analysis and profile of water quality (pH, DO, temperature, conductivity, turbidity) as well as to know the interaction between biotic index of the riparian vegetation and water quality in Sumber Awan Spring and its channel. Observations of riparian vegetation and water quality were conducted at seven stations. The correlation between quality of riparian vegetation and water quality was determined by Pearson correlation analysis using SPSS v.16. The results of this study indicate that the quality of riparian vegetation in the spring (station one) was the best from all downstream stations. This is indicated by the highest value of QBR (60), species richness (27 species) and species diversity index (>3). Downstream from the spring, especially five and six stations (residential area) showed lowest riparian quality, indicated by decreasing of diversity and QBR index value.The pH and DO value had fulfilled the standard for class I and class II respectivelybased on Indonesia Governmental Regulation No. 82/2001. When shrubs and tree species are high, the low value of turbidity was occurs in the water. Therefore, when the QBR score was high, the conductivity value will low in the water. Then, when pH was low, the richness of shrubs, tree species, and QBR score will high. According to QBR and water quality, Sumber Awan ecosystem was degraded. Keywords : riparian vegetation, Sumber Awan spring water, water quality
Evaluation of water quality due to human activities in the Sumber Awan spring and its chanel, Singosari Malang Retnaningdyah, Catur
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.268 KB)

Abstract

The aims of this research was to determine the profile of water quality based on physico-chemical properties of water, water quality index, and to determine the influence of various human activities on water quality in the Sumber Awan Spring and its Channel, Singosari Malang. Water quality evaluation is done in the spring and six locations of the spring channel after passing through agricultural activities, public toilets and human settlements with the distance of each location approximately 200 m. Physico-chemical parameters of water were observed include turbidity, pH, DO, permanganate, TSS, nitrate, ammonium, and BOD. The monitoring data is used to perform the analysis of water quality profiles using ANOVA, cluster analysis based on Bray-Curtis similarity index and biplot as well as water quality indices include Pratis implicit Index of Pollution. The results showed that human activities that occur in the channel of Sumber Awan such as agriculture, human settlements and public toilets have been affected the water quality in this spring channel. It can be seen from the decreasing of water quality from upstream to downstream. Values of pH, ammonium, permanganate, TSS and nitrate fulfilled the quality standards for class I, DO for class II, BOD for class II-IV, based on Government Regulation No. 82/2001 and turbidity value based on WHO only station one fulfilled the quality standards. Based on Prati’s index calculations the water quality was categorized in acceptable (station 1-6) and slightly polluted (station 7). Keywords : Malang, physico-chemical water quality, Sumber Awan
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MAKROINVERTEBRATA BENTOS DI SALURAN MATA AIR NYOLO DESA NGENEP KECAMATAN KARANGPLOSO KABUPATEN MALANG Rahmawati, Noviana Nur; Retnaningdyah, Catur
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.737 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui profil struktur komunitas makroinvertebrata bentos untuk evaluasi kualitas air di mata air Nyolo dan salurannya yang terletak di Desa Ngenep Kecamatan Karangploso Kabupaten Malang. Pengambilan sampel makroinvertebrata bentos dilakukan pada enam stasiun meliputi sekitar mata air Nyolo (stasiun satu dan dua), Curah Glogo (stasiun tiga dan empat), dan Curah Lang-lang (stasiun lima dan enam). Sampel diambil sebanyak ±100 individu/stasiun menggunakan Jaring Surber dan handnet. Pengumpulan data tiap stasiun meliputi komposisi dan kerapatan tiap spesies selanjutnya digunakan untuk menghitung kekayaan taksa, INP (Indeks Nilai Penting), dan indeks diversitas (H’). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kekayaan taksa makroinvertebrata bentos yang ditemukan sebanyak 28 taksa dan bervariasi pada tiap stasiun. Baetidae, Caenidae, Melanoides tuberculata, Odonata dari famili Euphaeidae, Planaria dan Hydropsychidae jenis Cheumatopsyche sp. ditemukan di semua stasiun. Pada setiap stasiun didominasi oleh jenis yang berbeda, di stasiun satu terdapat  kodominasi Chironomidae dan Cheumatopsyche sp., stasiun dua didominasi oleh Melanoides tuberculata, stasiun tiga terdapat kodominasi Lymnaea rubiginosa, Thiara scabra, dan Dugesia trigina, stasiun empat terdapat kodominasi Cheumatopsyche sp. dan Simuliidae, dan di stasiun lima dan enam didominasi oleh Baetidae. Tingkat pencemaran bahan organik semakin menurun pada saluran yang semakin jauh dari mata air berdasarkan taksa makroinvertebrata bentos dominan yang ditemukan, namun demikian tingkat pencemaran bahan toksik  berdasarkan indeks diversitas Shannon-Wiener semakin tinggi. Kata kunci: makroinvertebrata bentos, mata air Nyolo dan salurannya, struktur komunitas
THE IMPACT OF DISSOLVED NITRATE AND PHOSPHATE ON MAXIMUM GROWTH RATE AND CARRYING CAPACITY OF OSCILLATORIA IN INTENSIVE SHRIMP (LITOPENAEUS VANNAMEI) FARMING POND SITUBONDO, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA Aliviyanti, Dian; Suharjono, Suharjono; Retnaningdyah, Catur
The Journal of Experimental Life Science Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate School, University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1219.817 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jels.2016.007.01.11

Abstract

The aims of study are to analyze the effect of dissolved nitrate and phosphate content of the intensive shrimp farming pond Situbondo to maximum growth rate and carrying capacity of Oscillatoria population density in the laboratory.  This is an experimental research method using completely randomized design with three replications. The treatment were variation of nitrate and phosphate concentration (N0; N6; N12; N24; N48; P0,2; P0,4; P0.8, P1.6  mg.L-1).  Experiment was done using a pure Oscillatoria culture in condition 25 watt lamp; 12 hours a day.  The initial amount of Oscillatoria cells used for the treatment is 8 ? 15 x 104 cell.mL-1.  During the incubation process, chemical parameters were also observed including nitrate, phosphate, DO, and pH at the beginning of the incubation period. Oscillatoria cell was count every day until stationary phase for 30 days.  Furthermore, a different test between treatments was conducted to determine levels of nitrate and phosphate in triggering the blooming of Oscillatoria using Oneway ANOVA analysis with SPSS Program.  The results showed that the intensive shrimp pond waters of Situbondo already contain dissolved phosphate between 0.4 - 0.5 mg.L-1.  Oscillatoria growth is strongly influenced by dissolved phosphate content in waters, phosphate levels of 0.2 - 0.4 or equivalent to the actual level of 0.6 - 0.7 mg.L-1 can cause the highest abundance of Oscillatoria that could endanger the ecosystem. Keywords: dissolved phosphate, intensive shrimp farming, Nitrate, Oscillatoria.
Geochemical Fraction Profile of Metal Cd, Pb and Zn on Sediments of Sidoarjo Mud Reclamation Area at Porong Sidoarjo Estuary Setiadi, Ahmad Dody; Rumhayati, Barlah; Retnaningdyah, Catur
Natural B Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Natural B

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (366.023 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.natural-b.2017.004.01.2

Abstract

Sediments of Porong River estuary suspected of containing a high concentration of heavy metals. the Sediment sample was collected from Porong Estuary river at two different location. The purposes of this study to determine the distribution concentration of metals geochemical fraction (Cd, Pb and Zn) at sediment Porong River estuary and correlation Against Physico-chemical properties of sediments. Analysis of sediment includes determining the concentration of Cd, Pb and Zn and determining of physicochemical properties of sediments such as pH, salinity, redox potential, cation exchange capacity, organic materials and sediment particles size. Extraction Method performed by BCR (Community Bureau of Reference) three steps sequential extraction, where a geochemical fraction of metals divided to 4 fractions, such acid soluble, reducible, oxidized and residual fractions. Research showed Zn has the highest concentration of each fraction and followed by Pb and Cd. Concentration of Zn in Fraction 1-4 ranged from 31,909 – 84,966 mg/Kg, Pb concentrations range 3,354 – 18,956 mg/Kg, whereas Cd concentrations range between 0,221 – 0,611 mg/Kg. The order of metals geochemical fraction concentration at Fraction 1, 2, 3 and 4 is Zn>Pb>Cd. There is some correlation between metals concentration against physicochemical properties of sediment. Where the physicochemical properties of sediment influence heavy metal content and concentration in the sediment of Porong River Sidoarjo.
Potensi Beberapa Hidromakrofita Lokal untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Air Lindi Tempat Pemrosesan Akhir Sampah Talangagung, Kecamatan Kepanjen, Kabupaten Malang Khinanty, Retno Dewi; Retnaningdyah, Catur
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.122 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.biotropika.2016.005.01.1

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan potensi hidromakrofita lokal sebagai agen fitoremediasi air lindi Tempat Pemrosesan Akhir (TPA) Sampah Talangagung Kecamatan Kepanjen Kabupaten Malang. Penelitian ini merupakan eksperimen dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) menggunakan lima perlakuan hidromakrofita lokal, yaitu kontrol (tanpa hidromakrofita), Ludwigia adscendens, Alternanthera sessilis, Typha angustifolia, dan polikultur ketiganya pada 25% air lindi dengan lima kaliulangan. Setiap perlakuan diinkubasi selama 30 hari di rumah kaca. Kualitas air lindi yang diamati adalah DO, turbiditas, nitrat, ortofosfat, dan BOD yang dipantau setiap enam hari sekali. Data tiap parameter dianalisis dengan uji beda antar waktu pantau pada masing-masing perlakuan. Semua hidromakrofita perlakuan mampu meningkatkan kualitas air lindi, yang ditandai dengan peningkatan nilai DO serta penurunan turbiditas, nitrat, ortofosfat, dan BOD. Hidromakrofita L. adscendens, T.angustifolia, dan polikultur (polikultur ketiga jenis tanaman) mampu menurunkan konsentrasi nitrat, ortofosfat, dan BOD sejak hari ke-12, sedangkan hidromakrofita A. sessilis sejak hari ke-18.Hidromakrofita A. sessilis mampu menurunkan 73,8% konsentrasi nitrat pada hari ke-30 dan 68,4% konsentrasi ortofosfat pada hari ke-24. Penurunan BOD (61,4%) terbesar ditemukan pada perlakuanhidromakrofita L. adscendens dan T. angustifolia hari ke-30
Perubahan Struktur Komunitas Makroinvertebrata Bentos Akibat Aktivitas Manusia di Saluran Mata Air Sumber Awan Kecamatan Singosari Kabupaten Malang Mariantika, Lina; Retnaningdyah, Catur
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 2, No 5 (2014)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.922 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perubahan struktur komunitas makroinvertebrata bentos dan kualitas air di saluran mata air Sumber Awan berdasarkan indeks biotik. Makroinvertebrata bentos diambil di tujuh titik pengambilan sampel masing-masing sebanyak ±100 individu, lalu diidentifikasi, dicari struktur komunitas dan nilai indeks HBI, FBI dan ASPT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa struktur komunitas makroinvertebrata bentos pada stasiun dua hingga lima didominasi oleh jenis yang intoleran terhadap pencemaran yakni Hydropsychidae dan Lepidostomatidae, stasiun satu dan enam didominasi oleh jenis fakultatif yakni Thiaridae, dan stasiun tujuh didominasi oleh cacing Oligochaeta dan Chironomidae yang toleran terhadap pencemaran. Berdasarkan nilai FBI dan H, stasiun satu hingga enam digolongkan memiliki kualitas air sedang dan belum tercemar (nilai FBI 5,16-5,57 dan H 2,05-2,77), sedangkan stasiun tujuh digolongkan memiliki kualitas air yang sangat buruk dan tercemar (nilai FBI 7,63 dan H 1,72). Berdasarkan nilai HBI dan ASPT, stasiun satu hingga lima digolongkan memiliki kualitas air bagus/air bersih (nilai HBI 4,89-5,27 dan ASPT 7,45-6,27), stasiun enam digolongkan memiliki kualitas air sedang/tercemar sedang (nilai HBI 5,56 dan ASPT 6), dan stasiun tujuh digolongkan memiliki kualitas air buruk/tercemar berat (nilai HBI 7,60, dan ASPT 4). Berdasarkan hasil tersebut disimpulkan bahwa semakin ke hilir telah terjadi gradasi penurunan kualitas air pada saluran air hingga ±800 m dari mata air Sumber Awan karena pencemaran bahan organik dari aktivitas manusia di sekitarnya yakni MCK, residu pertanian dan peternakan.Kata kunci: indeks biotik, kualitas air, makroinvertebrata bentos, Sumber Awan