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TREMATODOSIS PADA SAPI POTONG DI WILAYAH SENTRA PETERNAKAN RAKYAT (SPR) KECAMATAN KASIMAN, KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO Satyawardana, Wirokartiko; Ridwan, Yusuf; Satrija, Fadjar
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): Juli 2018
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (640.412 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.6.2.1-7

Abstract

Trematodosis pada sapi adalah penyakit penting yang disebabkan oleh trematoda yang mengakibatkan kerugian ekonomi yang tinggi pada peternakan sapi potong dan sapi perah. Studi cross sectional dilakukan untuk menentukan prevalensi dan faktor risiko trematodosis pada sapi potong yang dilaksanakan dari bulan Agustus 2014 sampai bulan Maret 2015 di Kecamatan Kasiman Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Sebanyak 533 sampel tinja secara acak diambil dari peternakan sapi potong tradisional. Sampel diperiksa untuk keberadaan telur trematoda dengan metode modifikasi filtrasi dan sedimentasi. Prevalensi trematodosis dihubungkan dengan kategori musim, umur, jenis kelamin, pola pemeliharaan dan padang penggembalaan yang dianalisis statistik dengan uji Chi-square. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa ditemukan telur trematoda pada 12 (2.25%) sampel. Spesies trematoda yang menginfeksi dengan prevalensi tertinggi adalah Paramphistome (1.31%) dan rataan ukuran telur terbesar adalah Fasciola sp. Berdasarkan pada kategori di atas, prevalensi tertinggi ditemukan pada musim hujan, sapi betina dengan umur lebih dari 2 tahun, digembalakan di padang penggembalaan sebelah Timur dengan nilai masing-masing 2.59%; 3.1%; 2.68%; 2.71% dan 5.49%. Perbedaan signifikan (P<0.05) hanya ditemukan pada tingkat prevalensi kategori lokasi padang penggembalaan
Infestasi pinjal dan infeksi Dipylidium caninum Linnaeus pada kucing liar di lingkungan kampus Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kecamatan Dramaga Bashofi, Aulia Syifak; Soviana, Susi; Ridwan, Yusuf
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2015): July
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.12.2.108

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate flea infestation and Dipylidium caninum (Linnaeus 1758) infection on stray cat on Bogor Agricultural University Dramaga. Thirty stray cats were collected from various places around on Bogor Agricultural University Dramaga. The stray cats that showed clinical signs of pruritus and alopecia were collected purposively. The whole body was powdered by gamexan powder, after that the fleas were collected by manual and examined microscopically. The totals of 30 fecal stray cat samples collected and examined toward D. caninum used Mcmaster methode, flotation methode, and saw the existence of proglottid. The result of identification showed that there was found one species of flea, namely Ctenocephalides felis (Bouche 1835), while on faeces was not found D. caninum. Twenty one stray cats were infected by the flea with density average of fleas per cat was 3.8 ± 1.9 individual.
KARAKTERISTIK HABITAT AEDES AEGYPTI (L) DI WILAYAH PERIMETER PELABUHAN LAUT CIREBON, JAWA BARAT (CHARACTERISTICS OF AEDES AEGYPTI (L) HABITAT IN CIREBON SEA PORT REGION, WEST JAVA) Affiandy, Dudy; Amin, Akhmad Arif; Ridwan, Yusuf
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 4 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.4.460

Abstract

Vector infectious diseases such as Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) are still a major health problem in Indonesia including Cirebon City. Cirebon seaport as one of the country?s entrances has the potential to transmit dengue disease. The aim of the study was to measure the population density of Aedes aegypti larvae and analyze the relationship of habitat characteristics with the presence of Ae. aegypti larvae in the perimeter region of Cirebon seaport. Analytic descriptive observation with a cross sectional study approach was conducted in the study. The sample were all the houses/ buildings in the perimeter region of Cirebon seaport are used as breeding habitats for Ae. aegypti. The results of the study, the types of positive containers of Ae. aegypti larvae are water closet (WC) tanks, bathtubs, drums, pails, ponds and used tires. Calculation results of the House Index (HI), Container Index (CI), Breteau Index (BI) and Density Figure (DF) (HI: 8.74%; CI: 9.05%; BI: 12.02; DF: 3). Based on chi square test, habitat characteristics that have a significant relationship with the presence of Ae. aegypti larvae were container type, container material, water volume, water source, water pH and air temperature (p<0.05). The results of the analysis with binary logistic regression had a significant effect on the presence of Ae. aegypti larvae, namely in pails (p=0.003; OR=18.972) and water pH (p=0.022; OR=2.489). Conclusion of the study is Cirebon seaport area has a risk of dengue transmission at a moderate level based on its vector density. 
KANDUNGAN KIMIA BERBAGAI EKSTRAK DAUN MIANA (COLEUS BLUMEI BENTH) DAN EFEK ANTHELMINTIKNYA TERHADAP CACING PITA PADA AYAM Ridwan, Yusuf; Darusman, Latifah K; Satrija, Fadjar; Handaryani, Ekowati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 11 No. 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (570.101 KB)

Abstract

Study on the chemical compound of painted nettle (Coleus blumei Benth) leave extract and its anthelmintic activity against chicken tapeworm were conducted. Leave of painted nettle were collected and extracted with hexane, chloroform, ethanol and water. Phytochemical analysis was carried out to determine the chemical compound of secondary metabolites. Anthelmintic activity was evaluated with an assay using chicken tapeworm in a serial microplate dilution method by determination of efective concentration 50 (EC50) using probit analysis. The result of phytochemistry analysis showed that Coleus leaves consisted of flavonoid, steroid, tannin and saponin. Three of four extracts displayed strong anthelmintic activity with the higest activity belong to chloroform extract with EC50 5 mg/ml followed by n-hexane 9 mg/ml and metanol extract 10,2 mg/ml, while water extract has a weak anthelmintic activity with 106,2 mg/ml. In general, chloroform extract proved to be a more efficient extractant of biologically active compounds than either hexane, ethanol or water extract. The promising activity displayed by a number of extracts has led to further investigation of the active compound. Unfortunately, the result of invivo assay showed that the chloroform extract treatment with dose level 25 mg/kg BW could not to reduce the number of tapeworm in chicken. It is interesting for further investigate the differences of respon between in vitro and in vivo to determine involved factors.
PENERAPAN METODE PENCUCIAN DENGAN AIR MENGALIR UNTUK MENURUNKAN KADAR NITRIT PADA SARANG BURUNG WALET (APPLICATION OF WASHING METHOD UNDER RUNNING WATER TO REDUCE NITRIT LEVEL OF EDIBLE BIRD’S NEST) Susilo, Heru; Latif, Hadri; Ridwan, Yusuf
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 10, No 2 (2016): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v10i2.5021

Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the influence of the washing method under running water on nitrite levels of edible bird?s nest (EBN). Total of 40 samples of EBN were divided into four groups with different washing frequency, control group without washing treatmet (P0), once, twice, and three times washing treatment (P1, P2, and P3) respectively. Each washing was performed for 30 seconds under running water. Nitrite levels assessment was carried out by spectrophotometry at 540 nm of wavelength. The results showed that the average nitrite levels of EBN in P0, P1, P2, and P3 were 93.12±4.40 ppm, 65.24±3.38 ppm, 63.60±3.81 ppm, and 30.87±2.11 ppm, respectively. The nitrit level in edible bird?s nest decreased significantly (P 0.05) by using three times washing.
TREMATODOSIS PADA SAPI DAN KERBAU DI WILAYAH ENDEMIK SCHISTOSOMIASIS DI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH, INDONESIA Budiono, Novericko Ginger; Satrija, Fadjar; Ridwan, Yusuf; Nur, Defriska; Hasmawati, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (452.052 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.2.112

Abstract

Cattle and buffaloes have economic value as a source of protein and draught power. The people of Sulawesi also use buffalo in various custom and religious activities. Infections by Trematodes may disrupt livestock productivity. In Indonesia, endemic Schistosomiasis can only be found in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia (Lindu, Napu, and Bada Valleys). There is no data on the status of Trematode infection in cattle and buffalo animals in the area. The study was conducted using a cross-sectional design to measure the prevalence of Trematodosis in cattle and buffalo around the endemic areas of Schistosomiasis in July-November 2016. A total of 261 stool samples consisting of 173 cattle and 88 buffaloes from 7 villages (Anca, Bewa, Mount Gintu, Sedoa, Wangga, Watumaeta, and Wuasa Villages) were collected and stored at 2-8 °C until further analysis. The Danish Bilharziasis Laboratory method was chosen to quantify the infection by trematodes. The prevalence of the overall trematodosis of this study was 85.06%. The prevalence of Trematodosis in buffalo was higher than in cattle and differed statistically (P<0.05). The highest prevalence was Paramphistomiasis (75.48%), followed by Fascioliasis (67.05%) and Schistosomiasis japonica (30.27%). The trematodosis prevalence of each village also varied and differed statistically (P<0.05). Intensites of infection of mild, moderate, and severe infections were reported in this study. Mixed infections by two even three species of trematodes were reported in this study. Two newly endemic Schistosomiasis villages are reported, namely Bewa Village and Gunung Gintu. The results of this study are used as a basis for controlling Trematodosis in large ruminants in endemic areas especially with zoonotic potential.
PREVALENSI DAN FAKTOR RISIKO INFEKSI HOOKWORM ZOONOTIK PASCA PEMBERIAN ANTHELMINTIK PADA ANJING Wicaksono, Ardilasunu; Ridwan, Yusuf; Arif, Ridi
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 7 No. 2 (2019): Juli 2019
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (652.478 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.7.2.26-32

Abstract

Infeksi hookworm pada anjing menjadi masalah penting baik ditinjau dari sisi kesehatan hewan maupun sisi kesehatan masyarakat karena seluruh spesies hookworm pada anjing memiliki potensi zoonosis. Infeksi hookworm merupakan kejadian endemis di wilayah Asia Tenggara dan prevalensi kejadiannya di Provinsi Jawa Barat mencapai 92.5%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur prevalensi infeksi hookworm pasca pemberian anthelmentik pada anjing dan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor risiko yang memengaruhi kejadiannya. Prevalensi diukur setelah 3 bulan dilakukannya pengobatan kecacingan massal pada anjing di wilayah Kabupaten Sukabumi. Penelitian ini merupakan kajian lintas seksional dengan mengambil 100 sampel feses anjing untuk mengamati keberadaan telur hookworm menggunakan metode flotasi sederhana dan melakukan wawancara kepada pemilik anjing untuk menhidentifikasi faktor risiko. Data penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif dan analitis menggunakan Uji Chi Square dan menghitung odds ratio. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi infeksi hookworm setelah pemberian anthelmentik masih sebesar 21.0% (SK 95%: 14.2? 30.0%). Infeksi pada anjing muda (12%) lebih tinggi dari anjing dewasa (9.0%), anjing berburu (14.0%) lebih tinggi dari anjing penjaga (7.0%), area pegunungan (17.0%) lebih tinggi dari pesisir pantai (4.0%), dan kontak dengan anjing liar (20.4%) lebih tinggi dari tidak ada kontak (2.0%). Faktor yang signifikan memengaruhi kejadian infeksi hookworm adalah topografi wilayah pemeliharaan (X2=4.448, p=0.035) yang mana anjing yang dipelihara di area pegunungan memiliki kemungkinan terinfeksi 3.381 (SK 95% : 1.043?10.960) kali dibandingkan area pesisir pantai. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan anthelmentik masih belum dapat memberantas infeksi hookworm dikarenakan beberapa faktor dan faktor risiko yang paling berpengaruh adalah topografi lingkungan pemeliharaan anjing.
TOKSISITAS AKUT EKSTRAK DAUN MIANA (COLEUS BLUMEI BENTH) PADA MENCIT (MUS MUSCULUS) Ridwan, Yusuf; Satrija, Fadjar; Handharyani, Ekowati
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020): Januari 2020
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (741.657 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.8.1.55-61

Abstract

Coleus blumei memiliki berbagai khasiat untuk mengobati berbagai macam penyakit termasuk kecacingan. Sampai saat ini belum diketahui tingkat dosis yang menyebabkan toksisitas bagi pemakainya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi toksisitas akut ekstrak etanol daun miana pada mencit. Pengujian toksisitas dilakukan pada mencit dengan pemberian per oral untuk menentukan toksisitas akut dan dosis letal 50% (LD50). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ekstrak daun miana memiliki toksisitas yang rendah. Hasil analisis probit menunjukkan LD50 ekstrak etanol daun miana adalah 9757.14 mg/kg berat badan. Gejala klinis yang terlihat pada mencit sebelum mati adalah tidak aktif, lemah, ritme pernapasan menurun dan bulu berdiri. Pemeriksaan patologi anatomi menunjukkan perdarahan pada rongga perut ditemukan pada dosis 10000 mg/kg bb ekstrak etanol. Hasil pemeriksaan histopatologi menunjukkan adanya pembendungan, oedema, dilatasi tubuli pada organ ginjal. Degenerasi dan nekrosis ditemukan pada organ usus, hati dan ginjal yang meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan dosis ekstrak. Berdasarkan nilai LD50 ekstrak etanol daun miana termasuk dalam kategori toksik ringan. Walaupun termasuk dalam katagori toksik ringan, akan tetapi mulai pada dosis 4000 mg/kg bb ekstrak daun miana menyebabkan degenerasi dan nekrosa sel pada organ usus, hati, dan ginjal.
EFFICACY OF PIPERAZINE DIHYDROCHLLORIDE AGAINST TOXOCARA VITULORUM IN BUFFALO CALVES Satrija, Fadjar; Ridwan, Yusuf; Budi Retnani, Elok
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

A study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of piperazine dihydrochloride against natural infectionof Toxocara vitulorum in buffalo calves. In the first trial 60 based on fecal ascarid egg count and bodyweight naturally infected calves were, allocated into four groups. Three groups (groups B, C and D) weregiven piperazine dihydrochloride per os at dose levels of 200, 300 and 500 mg per kg body weight,respectivelythe remain group is non-treated controls. Piperazine treatment reduced egg excretion levels at98 to 99 per cent within 7, 14 and 21 days after treatment. Depite no significant differences were foundamong the three doses, highest egg count reductions were observed in calves given the drug 300 mg per kgbodyweight. The second trial were conducted using 10 additional calves. Piperazine significantly reducedT vitulorum egg excretion by 93% within 7 days post the treatment.
The Diversity and Activity of Flies (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) as Forensic Indicators at Outdoor and Indoor Rat Carccasses in Dramaga, Bogor Ismail, Irwan; Ridwan, Yusuf; Soviana, Susi
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4416

Abstract

This study aims to identify the diversity of flies that were caught and interacted with carcasses at the day and night. Each of the three rat carcasses (Rattus norvegicus) was placed outdoor and indoor within the campus of IPB Dramaga. The carcasses were put into a screen cage. Observation of flies was begun at 06:00 am and so on every four hours until the skeletal stage of the carcasses reached. The flies that come to the carcasses and into the screen cage were collected and identified. The decomposition of the indoor carcasses is slower than at outdoor, with the longer fresh stage. Meanwhile, post-decay stage and skeletal stage were achieved at the same time at each location. Nine spesies captured flies which are forensic indicator were Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Chrysomya saffranea, Chrysomya spp, Lucilia spp, Sarcophaga spp, Calliphora spp and Musca domestica. C. bezziana Villeneuve and C. megacephala (Fabricius) were the dominant flies at outdoor carcasses. Meanwhile, the indoor carcasses was dominated by Lucilia spp.