Articles

TANGIBLE VALUE BIODIVERSITAS HERBAL DAN MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING PRODUK HERBAL INDONESIA DALAM MENGHADAPI MASYARAKAT EKONOMI ASEAN 2015 Putri, Eka Intan Kumala; Rifin, Amzul; Novindra, .; Daryanto, Heny Kuswanti; Hastuti, .; Istiqomah, Asti
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Herbs are environmentally friendly commodities that slogan 'back to nature'. Herbal is a reliable commodityIndonesia because herbal raw material comes from Indonesia's abundant biodiversity. However, the currentIndonesian herbal faced a number of challenges to be able to compete with the herbs that come from foreigncountries. The existence of the Free Trade Agreement can be seen by the opening of the market to the entry ofIndonesian herbal products imported from Cina, India, Malaysia, and others. Economically, Indonesia's tradebalance deficit with export figures of herbal products continues to decline. That is, the existence of free tradeagreements is adversely affected by the low competitiveness of herbal products against imported products thatcirculate in Indonesia. In the midst of adversity free trade, in 2015 has agreed a free trade agreement between theASEAN countries (EAC). Will EAC able to lift Indonesian herbal products from the domestic market?.
EFISIENSI TEKNIS USAHATANI JAGUNG MANIS DI DESA GUNUNG MALANG KECAMATAN TENJOLAYA KABUPATEN BOGOR: PENDEKATAN DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS Amandasari, Melissa; Nurmalina, Rita; Rifin, Amzul
Forum Agribisnis Vol 4, No 2 (2014): FA Vol 4 No 2 September 2014
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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Efficiency can be used as a measurement for decision making. Technical efficiency is one of them. The objectives of the research are (1) to analyze farming techniques and input usage, (2) to measure the technical efficiency and (3) to identify factors affecting technical efficiency of maize farm in Gunung Malang, Tenjolaya, Bogor Regency. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach and Tobit Regression are used to analyze. The result shows that farmers in Gunung Malang are inefficient in the use of production inputs. Farmers need to decrease manure usage, TSP fertilizer, and outside labor for technical efficiency. Factors that are affecting the technical efficiency are formal education level, number of household member and farmer association membership.
ANALISIS PEMASARAN NENAS PALEMBANG (KASUS: DESA PAYA BESAR, KECAMATAN PAYARAMAN, KABUPATEN OGAN ILIR, PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN) Herawati, Herawati; Rifin, Amzul
Forum Agribisnis Vol 3, No 2 (2013): FA Vol 3 No 2 September 2013
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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Pineapple is one of the commodities that make a significant contribution to the Gross National Product (GDP) Indonesian horticulture. South Sumatra is one of the provinces that have a high volume of pineapple production. Pineapple production center is located in Ogan Ilir regency. There are problems in the marketing of pineapples that affect farmers income. The problem is the high margin difference between farmers and consumers. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze marketing system of pineapples in Paya Besar sub regency. This study used structural approach, conduct approach and market performance. Based on the analysis, there are three channels of pineapple marketing in Paya Besar sub regency. Every channel has different marketing areas. The third channel is more efficient than the other channels. These channel involves farmers, traders village, local wholesalers, and foreign wholesalers. The third channel has the smallest margin, the largest farmers share and the most equitable spread of benefit cost ratio. In addition, sales volume pineapple third channel is the highest volume and most widely used by farmers.
DAMPAK PENERAPAN KUOTA IMPOR TERHADAP PERMINTAAN KARET ALAM INDONESIA OLEH NEGARA CHINA Syaffendi, Muhamad Ridho; Rifin, Amzul; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JAI Vol 1 No 2 Desember 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Indonesia is once country with an open economy, trade is one way to get the source of income for the country. therefore, Indonesian trying to be a exporters some excellent products, especially in the area of ​​rubber plantations. This study aims to look and identify the impact of the adoption quota production of natural rubber to Indonesia and other major rubber producing countries in the ASEAN region, in this study using a rubber commodity time series data to be analyzed quantitatively through descriptive models and quantitative models. Deskritptif model used is multiple linear regression model. the results of this study demand for natural rubber imports from ASEAN countries China is influenced by several variables that the price of natural rubber, synthetic rubber prices , income per capita , exchange rates , and dummy variables. Judging from the competitiveness of Indonesias natural rubber can not compete in terms of price with natural rubber Thai state, due to Indonesias natural rubber are substitutes for natural rubber Thailand, while for Malaysia, Indonesias natural rubber relationship is complementary.
THE PROGRESSIVE EXPORT TAX AND INDONESIA’S PALM OIL PRODUCT EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS Immanuel; Suharno; Rifin, Amzul
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 13 No 2 (2019):
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v13i2.417

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Abstrak Hubungan antara daya saing produk kelapa sawit dan intervensi kebijakan pemerintah di Indonesia masih sering menjadi perdebatan diantara pemangku kepentingan. Terkait dengan hal tersebut, penelitian ini menganalisis hubungan antara pajak ekspor progresif dengan perubahan pangsa ekspor CPO Crude Palm Oil (CPO) dan Refined Palm Oil (RPO) serta mengkaji daya saing kedua komoditi. Metode yang digunakan adalah Revealed Compared Advantage (RCA) dan Export Product Dynamic (EPD) untuk mengukur perubahan pangsa ekspor serta tingkat daya saing produk CPO dan RPO ke negara tujuan utama ekspor. Untuk melihat dampak kebijakan tersebut, kajian ini membandingkan sebelum dan sesudah diberlakukannya kebijakan pajak ekspor progresif pada akhir tahun 2007 dan menggunakan data bulanan ekspor produk CPO dan RPO periode 1997-2018. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa setelah diberlakukannya pajak ekspor progresif, pada komoditi CPO telah terjadi penurunan pangsa ekspor sebesar 21% dan pergeseran tingkat daya saing produk dari posisi Rising Star ke Lost Opportunity. Sebaliknya pada komoditi RPO terjadi peningkatan pangsa ekspor dan daya saing dari Falling Star ke Rising Star. Peningkatan pangsa ekspor dan daya saing RPO merupakan salah satu pencapaian dari tujuan kebijakan pajak ekspor. Analisis ini memberikan catatan penting bagi pemerintah dalam membuka alternatif pasar baru dengan tetap mempertahankan pangsa ekspor di negara tujuan ekspor utama. Kata Kunci: CPO, Pajak Ekspor, Daya saing, RCA, EPD   Abstract The relationship between Indonesia?s palm oil product competitiveness and the government's policy intervention is still disputable among stakeholders. This research analyzes the association between the progressive export tax and the changes in export shares of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) and Refined Palm Oil (RPO) as well as the competitiveness of both commodities. Revealed comparative advantage (RCA) and export product dynamic (EPD) are used to measure the change in the export shares of CPO and RPO as well as of their export competitiveness to the main destination countries. To examine the impact of this policy, this research compares before and after the enactment of a progressive export tax policy at the end of 2007 and uses monthly export data for CPO and RPO products for the period 1997-2018. The result finds that after the enactment of the progressive export tax of CPO , the export share of CPO declined by 21% and the level of competitiveness of CPO products moved from Rising Star to Lost Opportunity compared with the condition during 1997-2007. In contrast, the export share of RPO products increased and its competitiveness level moved to a better position from Falling Star to Rising Star. Although shifting the export value of both CPO and RPO, as one of the objectives of the implementation of the export tax, was achieved, this study is highlighting essential commentary in which policymaker still needs to search for new export markets while maintaining export shares in the main export destinations. Keywords: CPO, Export Tax, Competitiveness, RCA, EPD JEL Classification: Q17, F13, O24
THE SUSTAINABILITY OF THREE INDONESIAN PALM OIL BUSINESS ENTITIES Wicaksono, Dimas Aryo; Rifin, Amzul; Pahan, Iyung
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 15 No. 3 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 3, November 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (872.001 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.15.3.249

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The demand of palm oil products from export destination countries is still recorded to have a high growth. The prospect of world vegetable oil consumption need especially for palm oil that keeps rising gives an opportunity for Indonesia to increase its palm oil production. This research was conducted to observe how far oil palm plantation companies have conducted ISPO through Business Sustainability Typology perspective. This research made use of descriptive quantitative method. The data processing and analysis technique used in this research was descriptive quantitative analysis through Analytical Network Process (ANP) approach by using Super Decisions 2.2 software. Based on the processing result, the three companies were close to Sustainability version 3.0 but have not been perfect. Based on the average calculation of the three companies, the first priority composition from these companies is profit aspect consisting of permit and management system, implementations of oil palm processing guidelines and cultivation guidelines. In addition, it is the people aspect comprising responsibility to workers, community development, and social and community responsibility, and lastly the planet aspect of environmental management and monitoring. Managerial implications include developing and generating renewable energy by processing palm liquid waste (POME) to produce biogas as energy. They also include encouraging and supporting communities in various areas of development and utilization with a sustainable economy and holding a pollution tax that is included as a licensing fee, establishing standards for processing waste and subsidies related to business developmentKeywords: business sustainability typology, palm oil, ANP, sustainability, oil palm plantation companies
Sistem Pemasaran Karet Rakyat Di Provinsi Jambi dengan Pendekatan Struktur, Perilaku, dan Kinerja Pasar Amalia, Dwi Nurul; Nurmalina, Rita; Rifin, Amzul
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 4, No 3 (2013): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Komoditas karet merupakan komoditas utama di Provinsi Jambi. Pergerakan harga karet di tingkat eksportir tidak diikuti oleh pergerakan karet ditingkat petani. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis sistem pemasaran karet rakyat di Provinsi Jambi dengan pendekatan struktur, perilaku, dan kinerja pasar (SCP). Penelitian ini dilakukan pada dua kabupaten sentra produksi karet di Provinsi Jambi dari bulan Juni sampai Agustus 2013. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survei dengan teknik wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi rasio empat perusahaan terbesar (CR4) di tingkat pabrik crumb rubber sebesar 75,70%. Karakteristik struktur pasar menunjukkan bahwa pasar terkonsentrasi dengan tingkat persaingan yang kecil. Struktur pasar yang terbentuk mengarah pada struktur pasar oligopoli dan terdapat lembaga pemasaran yang dominan dalam proses penentuan harga, yaitu pabrik crumb rubber. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa integrasi pasar vertikal menunjukkan bahwa harga karet ditingkat petani tidak terintegrasi dengan harga ditingkat pedagang pengumpul desa, pedagang pengumpul kecamatan, pedagang besar provinsi dan pabrik crumb rubber baik dalam jangka pendek maupun jangka panjang. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa dalam proses penentuan harga petani cenderung sebagai penerima harga.Kata Kunci: Sistem pemasaran, karet rakyat, struktur pasar, perilaku pasar, kinerja pasar, hargaRubber is the main commodity of Jambi Province. In the rubber market, price volatilites at exporter level are not followed by price volatilities at farmer level. Generally the objectives of this research was to analyze the marketing system of rubber smallholders with structure-conduct-performance (SCP) approachment. The research was conducted on two district of rubber production centers in Jambi province from June to August 2013. The method used in this research is survey method with interview techniques. The research results show that market concentration ratio (CR4) at crumb rubber factory level is 75.70%. These structural characteristics indicate that market structure is concentrated with low competition level. Hence, market structure of rubber is oligopolistic and the main marketing intitution determining rubber prices is crumb rubber factory. Market conduct analysis states that marketing collution occurs crumb rubber factories determine the price. In addition, the market performance analysis shows that changes of rubber prices at the crumb rubber factory level are not transmitted to farmers. The result analysis of market performance indicates that farmers are the most disadvantages actors comparing with other marketing actors and they are also price taker in the short run and long run.
Analisis Perdagangan Kakao Indonesia di Pasar Internasional Suryana, Anggita Tresliyana; Fariyanti, Anna; Rifin, Amzul
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

pertumbuhan konsumsi dunia. Sejak pemerintah Indonesia menerapkan kebijakan pajak ekspor kakao biji dalam rangka untuk mengembangkan industri pengolahan kakao, ada perubahan dalam komposisi ekspor kakao. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perdagangan kakao Indonesia di pasar internasional. Pengukuran menggunakan Gravity Model menunjukkan bahwa variabel yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap ekspor kakao biji Indonesia adalah GDP riil per kapita negara tujuan, nilai tukar, dan bea keluar kakao biji. Variabel yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap ekspor kakao powder Indonesia adalah GDP riil per kapita Indonesia dan negara-negara tujuan serta nilai tukar, sementara semua variabel yang signifikan dalam mempengaruhi ekspor kakao butter. Implikasi dari hasil penelitian adalah Indonesia dapat meningkatkan pangsa pasarnya dengan lebih memprioritaskan mengekspor kakao biji ke Cina. Kakao butter pangsa pasar sebaiknya ditingkatkan di Cina dan Australia, sedangkan untuk kakao powder, negara yang dapat ditingkatkan pangsa pasarnya adalah Rusia.Kata Kunci: Kakao biji, kakao butter, kakao powder, ekspor, Gravity ModelIndonesia is one of the largest cocoa producer and exporter in the world. Cocoa international market has great potential regarding world’s consumption growth. Therefore, Indonesia is expected to take advantage on existing opportunities. Since the government of Indonesia implemented export tax policy on cocoa beans in order to develop cocoa processing industry, there were changes in the composition of cocoa export. The objective of this study was to analyze factors that influence Indonesia’s cocoa trade in international market, by using Gravity Model. The result showed that variables that influence Indonesia’s cocoa beans exports significantly are real GDP per capita of destination countries, exchange rate, and cocoa beans export tax. Indonesia’s cocoa powder exports is significantly influnced by real GDP per capita of Indonesia and destination countries, and exchange rate, while all variables are significant in influencing cocoa butter export. The implications of this findings are Indonesia can increase market share by prioritizing of cocoa beans export to China. In the meantime, cocoa butter should be increasing market share in China and Australia, and cocoa powder in Rusia.
Analisis Perdagangan Kopi Indonesia di Pasar Internasional Meiri, Anggi; Nurmalina, Rita; Rifin, Amzul
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara produsen dan eksportir kopi terbesar di dunia. Akan tetapi, pertumbuhan volume ekspor kopi di Indonesia lebih rendah dari pertumbuhan produksinya. Rendahnya ekspor kopi Indonesia disebabkan oleh banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi perdagangan kopi Indonesia di pasar internasional. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perdagangan kopi Indonesia di pasar internasional dan menerangkan potensi perdagangan kopi Indonesia di negara tujuan. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis data panel dengan gravity model dan analisis potensi perdagangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peubah yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap ekspor kopi Indonesia adalah GDP riil/kapita Indonesia, GDP riil/kapita negara tujuan, jarak ekonomi antara Indonesia dengan negara tujuan, dan keanggotaan WTO. Sementara itu, Indonesia memiliki potensi untuk melakukan ekspansi perdagangan kopi ke negara-negara tujuan di masa yang akan datang karena perdagangan kopi Indonesia di negara tujuan masih under trade. Implikasi kebijakan adalah Indonesia harus meningkatkan pangsa pasar dengan memprioritaskan untuk mengekspor kopi ke Mesir dan Aljazair karena kedua negara tersebut memiliki pertumbuhan GDP riil/kapita yang tinggi dan perdagangan kopi Indonesia di Mesir dan Aljazair masih under trade.Kata Kunci: Kopi, ekspor, gravity modelIndonesia is one of the largest coffee producer and exporter in the world. However, the growth of Indonesia’s coffee export volume is lower than that of its production. Indonesia’s coffee export is low due to many factors affecting the Indonesia’s coffee trade in international market. The purposes of this study are to explain the factors that influence Indonesia’s coffee trade in international market and the trade potential of Indonesian coffee in destination countries. The analysis methods used are analysis of panel data with gravity model and trade potential analysis. The results showed that variables that significantly influence Indonesia’s coffee exports are real GDP/capita of Indonesia, real GDP/capita of destination countries, economic distance between Indonesia and destination countries, and WTO membership. Meanwhile, Indonesia has potency to expand coffee trade to the destination countries in the future. Therefore, Indonesia should increase the market share by prioritizing of exported coffee to Egypt and Algeria having high in real GDP/capita growth rate.
Factors Determining Profit of Rubber and Oil Palm Smallholders in Batanghari, Jambi Dewi, Triana Gita; Nurmalina, Rita; Rifin, Amzul
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 4, No 3 (2013): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

scarcity causes the competition of land use for rubber and oil palm plantation. Hence, the decision of land use is based on the differences of profit. The higher profits, the higher incentive to farmers for developing a commodity. Land scarcity also leads smallholders to improve both rubber and oil palm without use more land. Hence, it is important to analyze the determinant factors of profit in these commodities. Hence, the specific objectives were to identify factors determining rubber and oil palm smallholders profit in Batanghari, Jambi and to compare the profit generated by rubber and oil palm smallholder. Survey method was conducted from October to December 2012 through direct observation and interview techniques. Analysis method used in this research is ordinary least square (OLS) where this method is developed in two regression models and descriptive analysis. The results show that in rubber plantation, factors determining profit are land size, tree age, number of productive tree, district, farmer age, herbicide, and labor, while in oil palm plantation, factors influencing profit are tree age, number of productive tree, district, NPK, and herbicide. Based on average profit generated in planted period, oil palm plantations is more profitable than rubber plantation, they are Rp. 9.387.561,00 and Rp. 8.763.116,00 per ha per year, respectively.Karet, kelapa sawit, ordinary least square, laba