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PENGEMBANGAN AGROFORESTRY KOPI DALAM MENDUKUNG PERAN HUTAN DI KAWASAN HIGHLAND KABUPATEN JENEPONTO Rijal, Syamsu; Bachtiar, Budirman; A, Chairil; Ardiansyah, Try
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.6030

Abstract

Deforestasi dan degradasi lahan menjadi lahan pertanian untuk pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan masyarakat terus terjadi. Deforestasi, dan degradasi lahan akan menimbulkan banyak masalah ekologi seperti penurunan kesuburan tanah, erosi, kepunahan flora dan fauna, banjir, kekeringan dan bahkan perubahan lingkungan global. Agroforestry merupakan perpaduan tanaman pertanian dan kehutanan yang bisa menjadi salah satu sistem pengelolaan lahan sebagai solusi mengatasi masalah ekologi dan sekaligus juga untuk mengatasi masalah pangan. Maka dilakukan kajian pengembangan agroforestry berbasis kopi di kawsan highland Kabupaten Jeneponto untuk mendukung peran hutan dianalisis secara terintegrasi dari kegiatan inventarisasi karateristik lahan dengan kesesuaian lahan dan sosial ekonomi masyarakat dalam membudidayakan kopi menggunakan metode Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) dan analisis deskriptif. Hasilnya menunjukkan sebaran kopi arabika dtemukan dibagian utara wilayah Kecamatan Rumbia, sedangkan sebaran kopi Robusta ditemukan dibagian selatan Kecamatan dan satu Desa di Kecamatan Kelara. Kesesuaian lahan untuk pengembangan jenis kopi Robusta di seluruh wilayah Kecamatan Kelara, Kecamatan Rumbia bagian selatan dan pengembangan kopi jenis Arabika di wilayah bagian utara Kecamatan Rumbia. Pengembangan agroforestry kopi di Kawasan highland Kabupaten Jeneponto sebagai jawaban permasalah sosial ekonomi masyarakat sekitar, budidaya tanaman kopi, dan pengganti peran hutan sebagai konservasi tanah dan air dalam menekan aliran permukaan dan erosi serta menjaga unsur hara tanah.
SPATIAL METRICS OF DEFORESTATION IN KAMPAR AND INDRAGIRI HULU, RIAU PROVINCE Rijal, Syamsu; Saleh, Muhammad Buce; Jaya, I Nengah Surati; Tiryana, Tatang
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 22 No. 1 (2016)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (812.336 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.22.1.24

Abstract

The Riau Province has been suffering from the highest deforestation rate in Sumatra, Indonesia. Many and various factors haved been discussed as causes of different deforestation types. This research is focused on evaluating the spatial pattern of deforestation in a specific location respresenting a typical deforestation in Riau. The main objective of this study was to identify spatial metrics to describe deforestation that occurred in Kampar and Indragiri Hulu regencies.The study divided the deforestation process into 3 periods of observation, e.g., 1990?2000, 2000?2010, and 2010?2014. The study based on Landsat satellite imagery aquired in 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2014 as the main data sources.  The deforestation  was detected using post-classification comparison (PCC) on the basis of 11 land cover classes developed prior to any further change detection.  The deforestation was initially derived from reclassifying the original classes into only forest and non-forest classes, and then followed by spatial pattern analysis using Fragstat software. The study shows that 2 spatial pattern of deforestation in Kampar distinctly differs from those occurred in Indragiri Hulu Regency, particularly for the period of 1990?2014. The spatial pattern of deforestation in Kampar Regency were clumped, low contiguous between patch, and high fragmentated. Meanwhile, the spatial pattern in Indragiri Hulu Regency were clumped, high contiguous between patch, and low fragmentated. Profile of deforestation in Kampar Regency was cathegorized into early deforestation and Indragiri Hulu Regency as lately deforestation.
PENGGUNAAN NAMA DIRI MASYARAKAT BUGIS Rijal, Syamsu
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 8, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (61.939 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v8i2.3628

Abstract

This study describes the comparison between the proper name in the Bugis language with name nonlanguage Bugis and the factors that influence the naming of the Bugis community. Data collected through observation with note technique. The data collected were analyzed descriptively. The names of the Bugis have equivalents in other languages. There are seven factors that influence the selection process on behalf Bugis society, namely: (1) religion, (2) trends, (3) pride, (4) prestige, (5) heredity, (6) retention of identity, and (7) conditions or circumstances.
ANALISIS METODE SEROLOGI WIDAL LAPANGAN, WIDAL PEMBANDING, DAN KULTUR PADA PENDERITA SUSPEK DEMAM TIFOID DI SULAWESI SELATAN Rijal, Syamsu
Jurnal Ilmiah As-Syifaa Vol 6, No 1 (2014): AS-SYIFAA Jurnal Farmasi
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi UMI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.49 KB)

Abstract

The aim of the study was to discover the difference of field widal and comparative widal in detecting Salmonella typhi in typhoid suspect patient, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative prediction scores of Widal and to culture. The study was conducted at the Biomolecular and Immunology Laboratory of the faculty of Medicine Hasanuddin University. The number of samples was 40 typhoid suspect patiens colleted from examination of field Widal at public health centers and hospitals in south Sulawesi. The serum samples of the patient were reexamined by using Widal comparative methods, and culture examination was done to blood sample. The results of the study indicate that comparative widal sensitivity 70%, spesificity 26%, positive predictive score 24,1%, negative predictive score 16,7%, and filed Widal sensitivity 30%, specificity 30%, positive predictive score 16,7%, and negative predictive score 68,2%. The comparative Widal has higher sensitivity than field Widal.
Potensi Biofisik Hutan Kemasyarakatan Nanggala Faradiba, Andi vika; Millang, Syamsuddin; Rijal, Syamsu
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 10 NOMOR 1, JULI 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v0i0.4109

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the biophysical potential of Nanggala Community Forest Area by inventorying vegetation types at each growth stage, calculating carbon stock, Important Value Index (IVI), and analyzing the species diversity index, and the types of NTFPs utilized. This research was conducted by taking observation plots and recording plant species and measuring tree diameter, as well as interviews with community forest farmer groups. The results showed that pine type is the most common plant in the growth category of trees, while in the growth category of piles, stakes, and seedlings are dominated by coffee. The total carbon stock of Nanggala community forest area averaged 100,93 ton per ha, the highest IVI value was 78,93% in pine type for tree growth category and 67,85% in coffee for pile growth category. The value of H in the community forest area in the Saddang watershed is categorized as being at all levels of growth. The NTFP’s potential spread in the location of the research object consists of honey, sugar palm, and bamboo.
KONSTRUKSI ARBEIT DALAM SASTRA JERMAN PASCAREUNIFIKASI Rijal, Syamsu
SASDAYA: Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities Vol 1, No 1 (2016): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Unit Penelitian dan Publikasi Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/sasdayajournal.17034

Abstract

Simultaneous post-reunification with the presence of the New Economy era has brought Germany entered a new phase, especially in the economic field (read: Arbeit). The manufacturing sector which previously controlled the labor market in Germany has been shifted by the services sector (Dienstsleistungsbereiche). Utilization of the latest technology and the power of innovation become key to success. This had an impact on the changing structure of work world (Strukturwandel der Arbeitswelt) in Germany. In this era, Arbeit has been transformed into "charm" (Fetisch)  in the community. Each individual -even who had higher education qualifications- cannot escape the Arbeit problem. Those who lost Arbeit would feel outcast and marginalized, whereas those who worked would be imprisoned in their work. Reality and the dilemma were captured in the novel Das Jahr der Wunder by Reiner Merkel (2001), wir nicht schlafen Kathrin by Röggla (2004), and Mobbing by Annette Pehnt (2007) as corpus research. Thus, the Arbeit conception that has been considered established in a modern country such as Germany is still questioned. So, how about the actual Arbeit construction that is readable in all three of the novel as a form of intrinsic relationship between literature and their communities in the form of negation, innovation and affirmation.
RADIKALISME KAUM MUDA ISLAM TERDIDIK DI MAKASSAR Rijal, Syamsu
Al-Qalam Vol 23, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (104.298 KB) | DOI: 10.31969/alq.v23i2.434

Abstract

Radikalisme Islam akhir-akhir ini marak di Indonesia. Persekusi atas nama agama, kekerasan, penyegelan rumah ibadah, bahkan aksi-aksi terorisme kerap mewarnai kehidupan kita dalam berbangsa dan bernegara. Dalam situasi tersebut, anak muda muslim, khususnya dari kalangan terdidik diharapkan dapat menjadi pionir untuk mengatasi radikalisme agama ini. Sayangnya, fakta justru menunjukkan sebaliknya. Kalangan muda terdidik muslim seperti mahasiswa dan kalangan siswa justru terjangkiti virus-virus radikalisme. Di kalangan mereka ini radikalisme justru tumbuh dengan pesat. Tulisan ini  menggambarkan sejauh mana paham radikalisme ini berkembang di kalangan kaum muda Islam terdidik dan bagaimana hal tersebut bisa terjadi. Ada dua kategori kaum muda terdidik dalam tulisan ini, yaitu mahasiswa Islam di perguruan Tinggi dan siswa di kalangan SMA.  Data dalam tulisan ini didapatkan dari penelitian dengan mixed method. Penelitian ini mengombinasikan penelitian kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Data di dapatkan dari empat sampel perguruan tinggi di Makassar, yaitu UNHAS, UNM, UIN dan  UMI. Sementara penelitian siswa sampelnya dari SMA I dan MAN I Makassar
Metode Pembelajaran Bahasa Asing (Jerman) dan Sekelumit Perkembangannya Rijal, Syamsu; Fatimah, Syarifah
Eralingua: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Eralingua
Publisher : Makassar State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (228.235 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/eralingua.v3i1.8764

Abstract

The method as one of the important components in the learning process needs to be better understood, because the success or failure of a learning goal depends on the type and application of the chosen method. This paper presents five types of methods that are commonly understood in learning German as a foreign language (Deutsch als Fremdsprache), namely: Grammatik-Übersetzungsmethode, direkte Methode, Audio-linguale Methode, Kommunikative Methode, interkulturelle Ansatz. These five types of methods are presented chronically to describe the process of developing the foreign (German) language learning method.
Pengaruh Ekstrak Minyak Jintan Hitam (Nigella Sativa) terhadap Mukosa Lambung Mencit (Mus Musculus) yang Diinduksi Etanol 80% Rijal, Syamsu
UMI Medical Journal Vol 2 No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (578.35 KB)

Abstract

Belum adanya penelitian menyeluruh, terpadu, dan terstandarisasi terhadap khasiat Jintan Hitam. Penelitian ini bertujuan Menilai pengaruh pemberian ekstrak minyak Jintan Hitam dosis 0,1ml/20grBB, 0,2ml/20grBB, dan 0,3ml/20grBB yang diberikan selama 4 dan 7 hari terhadap  skor ulkus, indeks ulkus, tingkat erosi, jumlah leukosit PMN (Polymophonuclear), dan perubahan morfologi  lambung mencit yang diinduksi etanol 80%. Penelitian ini dilakukan di laboratorium hewan fakultas kedokteran Universitas Hasanuddin pada bulan April ? September 2015, dengan desain  penelitian eksperimental post test only. Mencit yang digunakan sebanyak 40 ekor, terbagi dalam 8 ekor mencit kelompok kontrol negatif, 8 ekor kelompok kontrol positif, dan kelompok perlakuan pemberian ekstrak minyak Jintan Hitam dosis 0,1ml/20grBB, 0,2ml/20grBB, dan 0,3ml/20grBB masing-masing 8 ekor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Pemberian ekstrak minyak Jntan Hitam dosis 0,1 ml/20grBB yang diberikan  selama 4 hari, menunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna antara kelompok kontrol positif dan kelompok perlakuan dengan nilai p=0.034 (p<0.05) berdasarkan skor ulkus.