Articles

UJI TEKNOLOGI INOKULUM FUNGI EKTOMIKORIZA DAN PENAMBAHAN ASAM OKSALAT UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PERTUMBUHAN HOPEA MENGARAWAN Riniarti, Melya
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 3 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Application of ectomycorrhizal fungi on forestry depend on some factors. Inokulum technology is one of the important factor. The aim of this research are to compare the affectivity of two inoculums from two Scleroderma spp., and to find the effect of oxalate acid on ectomycorrhizal colonization. Using cluster randomized design with ectomycorrhiza as the cluster (S. columnare and S. dictyosporum); inoculums (granular and tablet) and oxalate acid (1 times a week; 2 times a month; 4 times a month and none) as the factors. Result showed that granular inokulum can enhance the growth of Hopea mengarawan better than tablet inokulum. Oxalate acid can enhance colonization up to 8 fold.
APPLICATION OF ECTOMYCORRHIZA (SCLERODERMA SP.) IN MANGIUM (ACACIA MANGIUM WILLD.) USING ARTISANAL SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING(ASGM) TAILINGS Luthfiana, Ulfa; Riniarti, Melya; Bintoro, Afif
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 8, No 1 (2020): January
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.351 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl1885-97

Abstract

Artisanal small-scale gold mining tailings frequently used hazardous toxic materials that could contaminate land, rivers, and lakes which harmful to the environment and health. Phytoremediation is one way to overcome the mining waste. Mangium (Acacia mangium Willd.) is one of plant that often used for mining land phytoremediation. However, it was difficult for mangium to be able to survive on land with such extreme conditions, therefore additional input is needed. Using ectomycorrhiza fungi could be an alternative. This study aimed to measure the adaptation of mangium in gold mining tailings and analyze the function of ectomycorrhiza (Scleroderma sp.) in the growth of mangium. The experimental design used a completely randomized design with six growth media as treatments with five replications. The growth media used were: (1) topsoil with mycorrhiza, (2) topsoil without mycorrhiza, (3) topsoil + tailings with mycorrhiza, (4) soil + tailings without mycorrhiza,(5) tailings with mycorrhiza, and (6) tailings without mycorrhiza. Data were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance followed with a Least Significant Difference test. The results showed that the survival rate of mangium life in tailing media with mycorrhizae was fairly high with a percentage of life reaching 60% even though the growth was less when compared to topsoil media with mycorrhiza that reached 100%. The highest growth rate was achieved by mangium in topsoil media without tailings and mycorrhiza (control). This research showed that ectomycorrhiza did not have any significant effects on mangium growth in gold tailing.Keywords: Acacia mangium, ectomycoriza, gold tailings, phytoremediation, Scleroderma sp.   
Upaya Perbaikan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Jabon (Anthocephalus Cadamba) Dengan Pemberian Pupuk Kompos Kotoran Sapi Pada Beberapa Ketinggian Tempat Wahyudi, Agus; ., Indriyanto; Riniarti, Melya
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (84.821 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl2217-24

Abstract

Kadam is one of short rotation plant species because it has a rapid growth.  Kadam does not require special treatment to maintenance.  General plant maintenance in the early planting was fertilizer.  The organic fertilizer such as cow manure compost which added to soil could increase the nutrients substance.  The objectives of this research to know the effect of cow manure compost, the best dosage of cow manure compost, and the best altitude for kadam growth.  The research was conducted on June—October 2012 at community plantations forest area in West Lampung.  The research was arranged in the Block Randomized Design (BRD) with 3 block and 6 treatment.  The altitude as block were 124 m, 118 m, and 116 m above sea level.  The dosage cow manure compost as treatment were 0 kg/plant, 2 kg/plant, 3 kg/plant, 4 kg/plant, 5 kg/plant, and 6 kg/plant.  Bartlett test, analysis of variance, and least significant difference at 5% level were used to analysis of this data.  The results of this research showed that dosage of cow manure compost had no significant effect on all variables.  Where as the altitude had effect on numbers of leaves only.
JENIS-JENIS TANAMAN DI LAHAN GARAPAN PETANI KPPH WANA MAKMUR DALAM TAHURA WAN ABDUL RACHMAN Prasetyo, Agung Dwi; Indriyanto, Indriyanto; Riniarti, Melya
EnviroScienteae Vol 15, No 2 (2019): EnviroScienteae Volume 15 Nomor 2, Agustus 2019
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.939 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/es.v15i2.6944

Abstract

The increasing needs and the nearness residential distance from the forest were several factors that caused society to do the utilization of the forest land. Sungai Langka village was a village directly adjacent to the Wan Abdul Rachman great forest park area, where most societies were farmers who manage the land inside the Wan Abdul Rachman great forest park area. The objective of this research i.e.: 1) To find out the species of plants cultivated by farmers on the land-based on habitus, plant groups, and commodities produced; 2) to count the density of each plant group; 3) to find out the most plants as a source of farmers incomes.  This research was conducted with a vegetation survey using the terraced line method. The number of sample plots used was 69 pieces measuring 20m x 20m, 10m x 10m, 5m x 5m, and 2m x 2m. The results of the study showed that there were  35 plants species on farmers cultivated land which is dominated by plants of the forest group MPTS with a density of 3,637.66 individuals/ha, forest wood plant 797,83 individuals/ha, agricultural MPTS 2,294.2 individuals/ha, and agricultural crops 1,533.34 individuals / ha.  Therefore, could be concluded that most of the plants on arable land were fruit-producing plants which were partially included in the MPTS forest group plants, and farmers rely on crops such as cocoa, banana, durian, clove, nutmeg, rubber, petai, pepper and vanilla as the source of income and fulfill their needs.
METODE ALTERNATIF PENYIMPANAN BENIH DAMAR MATA KUCING (Shorea javanica K.&V.) Febryano, Indra Gumay; Riniarti, Melya
Jurnal Penelitian Ekosistem Dipterokarpa Vol 3, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Penelitian Dipterokarpa
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Ekosistem Dipterokarpa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jped.2009.3.1.1-8

Abstract

S. javanica K.&V. merupakan komoditi kehutanan penting penghasil damar yang berasal dari Krui, Lampung Barat. Sampai saat ini diketahui bahwa tegakan tanaman ini yang terbesar dan terluas terdapat di daerah tersebut. Namun, penggembangan lebih lanjut tanaman ini tidaklah mudah karena musim berbuahnya yang tidak teratur dan sifat bijinya yang rekalsitran. Biji rekalsitran bersifat mudah rusak dan tidak tahan lama bila disimpan. Oleh sebab itu dibutuhkan suatu usaha agar umur benih tanaman S. javanica dapat diperpanjang. Penggunaan media simpan merupakan salah satu cara untuk memperpanjang umur benih. Serbuk gergaji dan abu gosok merupakanjenis media simpan yang telah cukup banyak diujicobakan pada beberapa jenis Dipterocarpaceae. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) yang disusun secara faktorial dengan tiga jenis media simpan (tanpa media simpan, serbuk gergaji dan abu gosok) dengan tiga waktu simpan (4 minggu, 6 minggu dan 8 minggu). Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa abu gosok merupakan media simpan yang paling mampu menjaga kadar air benih, dan lama penyimpanan yang terbaik adalah tidak lebih dari empat minggu.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF BIOSERUM INJECTION ON AGARWOOD RESIN (Aquilariamalaccensis) FORMATION WITH SEVERAL INJECTION HOLE DISTANCES Marlina, Mina; Riniarti, Melya; Syafei, Rahmat
EnviroScienteae Vol 14, No 3 (2018): EnviroScienteae Volume 14 Nomor 3, November 2018
Publisher : PS S2 PSDAL PPS ULM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.715 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/es.v14i3.5694

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Agarwood has so high value that can trigger an excessive agarwood encroachment in nature; it threatened the agarwood availability. Agarwood cultivation was the right solution to overcome the Agarwood insufficiency. Currently, bioserum has been found to form Agarwood rapidly. It was found by Kusnadi and introduced to the public by BPDASHLWSS (The watershed management and protection forest inquiry). The formation and effectiveness process of bioserum has not been researched yet scientifically. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the success rate of Agarwood formation and the quality of Agarwood with combined injections treatments on tree branches of Aquilariamalaccensis. This research used a complete randomized design with 3 treatments. Each treatment consisted of several vertical injection hole spaces: 5 cm, 10 cm, and 15 cm. The horizontal space for these three treatments was the same, 5 cm.  The result showed that the best vertical range of injection was 10 cm. Therefore, each injection hole would produce separate agarwood chips. A 10-cm vertical range injection also made the rest wood between the injection holes not too wide. This Agarwood was classified into kamedangan class with the average weight of 2 g/chips.
DAMPAK PERLAKUAN PEMANASAN INOKULUM TANAH TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN EKTOMIKORIZA UNTUK MENGKOLONISASI AKAR Shorea javanica Riniarti, Melya; Wahyuni, Anggraini Eka; Surnayanti, Surnayanti
EnviroScienteae Vol 13, No 1 (2017): EnviroScienteae Volume 13 Nomor 1, April 2017
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

Shorea javanica was a high dependent plant to ectomycorrhizal symbiosis, dealing with its growth. In Lampung Province, S.javanica standing stock have been hundreds of years, known as repong damar.  Its threatened by some deforestation, such as forest fire.  This study aimed to analyze the impact of heating on the ability of ectomycorrhizal colonization and analyze the effect of ectomycorrhizal inoculation on the growth of S. javanica.  The experiment arranged by randomized complete design with 5 treatments, which were without inoculum, unheated inoculum, soil inoculums heat to 40oC, 70oC and 100°C for 24 hours. Soil inoculums are taken under S. javanica standing, at Krui, Pesisir Barat District, Lampung Province. The result analyzed by ANOVA and continued with LSD test.  The experiment was conducted for four months.  The results show that colonization ectomycorrhiza still existed up to 100oC and ectomycorrhiza could enhance growth variables, including height, leaves number, leaf area, root length and root dry weight. The best colonization and growth were on 100oC heating. The heat treatments seem killed some fungus.  Only a few fungi could resist and colonize S. javanica roots.  Without any competitors, the resist ectomycorrhizal could develop broadly.
IDENTIFIKASI PERUBAHAN TUTUPAN DAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN SEBAGAI DASAR PENENTUAN STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN KPHP WAY TERUSAN Santoso, Tri; Riniarti, Melya; Febryano, Indra Gumay
EnviroScienteae Vol 13, No 3 (2017): EnviroScienteae Volume 13 Nomor 3, Nopember 2017
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

Encroachment on forest areas in Indonesia occurs due to various factors mainly related to tenure issues and economic interests. That encroachment occurred in all regions of Indonesia with vary in intensity and amount. Register 47 Way Terusan which has been designated as a KPHP model Way Terusan also being occupied by squatters since the 1990s. The communities within and around the KPHP Way Terusan area has highly dependency on forest resources. The data collection is done in several ways, namely: interviews, literature searches, downloads Landsat satellite imagery and field verification activities. Landsat images Scene: Path 123 and Row 063 for the year 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014. Data analysis was conducted using NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and supervised classification. The results of the analysis of land cover in 1994 until 2014 shows the intensity of dynamics of land cover change in the region KPHP Way Terusan. Land cover changes caused as a result of choice of the type of vegetation that has higher economic value. In 2014, the use of cassava cultivation was the highest (55.24%) because of its high economic value, convenient cultivation and market demand. Partnership with agroforestry pattern most likely applied as management strategy policies to accommodate the interests of various stakeholders in KPHP Way Terusan.
POPULASI DAN KEANEKARAGAMAN MESOFAUNA SERASAH DAN TANAH AKIBAT PERUBAHAN TUTUPAN LAHAN HUTAN DI RESORT PEMERIHAN TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN Mahendra, Frendika; Riniarti, Melya; Niswati, Ainin
EnviroScienteae Vol 13, No 2 (2017): EnviroScienteae Volume 13 Nomor 2, Agustus 2017
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

This research was conducted to study about abundance and diversity of soil and litter mesofauna to the effect of forest cover change that occurred in the Pemerihan Resort, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park. This research was compiled in a completely randomized design (CRD) and there were four different lands, which were: (1) primary forest, (2) coffee plantation, (3) corn field, and (4) grassland. The observation of mesofauna was taken in soil and litter from four different lands cover. The variable of observation were mesofauna abundance and diversity index, soil chemical properties (pH, organic carbon, total nitrogen, P available, and exchanged potassium), and soil physics properties (bulk density, soil temperature, humidity, and porosity). Data were analyzed using F test and further test using least significant differences (LSD) at 5%. The results showed that the different of lands cover affect the diversity index of litter mesofauna, the abundance of litter and soil mesofauna, yet did not affect the diversity index of mesofauna underground. However, the abundance and diversity index of soil and litter mesofauna in the primary forest was higher than the other lands.
Pemanfaatan Cocopeat sebagai Media Tumbuh Sengon Laut (Paraserianthes falcataria) dan Merbau Darat (Intsia palembanica) Ramadhan, Dimas; Riniarti, Melya; Santoso, Trio
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.739 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl2622-31

Abstract

Rising urban development decreased the availability of topsoil for growing media. Therefore, it was necessary to study potential alternative media such as cocopeat. The objective of the study wasto know the optimum composition of cocopeat and soil for optimum growth of Paraserianthes falcataria and Intsia palembanica. The method used was a complete random design. Five treatments were applied to each seedling, included: A (100% soil), B (75% soil + 25% cocopeat), C (50% soil + 50% cocopeat), D (25% soil + 75% cocopeat) and E (100% cocopeat). Seedlings growth were analyzed using analysis of variance, followed by least significant different (LSD) test. Result showed that the 25% cocopeat compound was the most optimum composition for Intsia palembanica seedlings, while 25% and 50% of cocopeat composition was the most optimum for the Paraserianthes falcataria growth. Keyword : cocopeat, growing media, Intsia palembanica, Paraserianthes falcataria, seedling growth.