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KEPATUHAN KONSUMSI SUPLEMEN GIZI BERBASIS LIPID DOSIS KECIL PADA BAYI DI PERDESAAN, KABUPATEN BANGKALAN Muslihah, Nurul; Khomsan, Ali; Briawan, Dodik; Riyadi, Hadi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 11 No. 2 (2016)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.917 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2016.11.2.%p

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess compliance to small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) and associated factors. The community-based non randomized controlled intervention was conducted among 117 infants aged six months old in Bangkalan district and received a daily 20 g SQ-LNS (n=58) or three pieces biscuit (n=59) for six months. In SQ-LNS group, the compliance was 71.7%, 62.7%, 59.3% over one, three, and six-month intervention. The proportion of infant with compliance as recommended (7 sachets SQ-LNS per week) was 68.6%, 34.3%, 18.6%. In Biscuit group, the proportion was 96.6%, 92.8%, 91.1% and compliance as recommended (21 pieces per week) was 94.9%, 93.2%, 91.5%. Logistic regression analysis showed that low mother education (OR=3.67; 95%CI:1.14-11.74), food secure household (OR=3.87; 95%CI:1.26-11.88), high household dietary diversity (OR=3.78; 95%CI:1.20-11.89), and low social economy status (OR=3.81; 95%CI:1.16-12.56) were significantly associated with compliance of SQ-LNS as recommended. The mean of day and proportion of recommended daily serving consumed were 3.3 days and 98.8%, in SQ-LNS group; while in Biscuit group were 3.5 days and 87.2%. Mother reported that side effect of consuming SQ-LNS and biscuit were children felt bored (60.3%, 13.6%), vomiting (43.1%, 18.6%), suffering diarrhea (15.5%, 1.7%), respectively. The reason of irregular provision of SQ-LNS and biscuit were vomiting at the early consumption period response, boring, and did not like the smell/taste of SQ-LNS or biscuit. Mother perceived that the benefit of SQ-LNS and biscuit was increase body immunity, weight gain, appetite, and child become more active.
PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK GIZI IBU TERKAIT IODIUM DAN PEMILIHAN JENIS GARAM RUMAH TANGGA DI WILAYAH PEGUNUNGAN CIANJUR Amalia, Leily; Permatasari, Inke Indah; Khomsan, Ali; Riyadi, Hadi; Herawati, Tin; Nurdiani, Reisi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.809 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.2.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to analyze levels of knowledge, attitude, and practice on nutrition related to iodine, and iodine source consumption pattern, and household’s usage of iodized salt among mothers in mountainous area of Cianjur District. Design of this study was a cross-sectional, conducted during May-July 2012 at three sub-districts of Cianjur which were categorized as IDD (Iodine Deficiency Disorders) endemic areas. The subjects were 153 household mothers, living in the study area. The data were collected by interview using pre-tested questionnaires. Data on iodine content of salt was analyzed at Laboratory of Balai GAKI, Magelang. The result shows that subjects were mostly categorized as poor (73.2%), namely their income/cap/month was lower than poverty line of rural West Java. Nutritional knowledge related to iodine of subjects was categorized as moderate (score 64.2). Nutritional attitude related to iodine of subjects indicated the negative attitude (score <75), and the nutritional practice was categorized as poor (score 58.3). Type of iodine food source which frequently consumed by households were salted fish and egg. The salt consumed by households was wholely iodized salt, but only 11.1% of them complied with the iodized salt standard (>30 ppm).Keywords: attitude, iodine, knowledge, practiceABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis tingkat pengetahuan, sikap, dan praktek gizi ibu terkait iodium, serta pola konsumsi pangan sumber iodium dan penggunaan garam beriodium pada ibu rumahtangga di wilayah pegunungan Cianjur. Desain penelitian ini merupakan cross sectional, dilakukan pada bulan Mei-Juli 2012 di tiga kecamatan yang tergolong endemik GAKI (Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Iodium) di Kabupaten Cianjur. Subjek adalah ibu rumahtangga sebanyak 153 orang. Data dikumpulkan dengan metode wawancara menggunakan kuesioner yang telah diujicobakan sebelumnya. Data kandungan iodium pada garam diperoleh berdasarkan analisis di laboratorium Balai GAKI, Magelang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan subjek umumnya tergolong miskin (73,2%) karena pendapatan/kapita/bulan lebih rendah dari Garis Kemiskinan Jawa Barat untuk wilayah perdesaan. Pengetahuan gizi ibu terkait iodium tergolong sedang (skor 64,2). Sikap gizi ibu terkait iodium menunjukkan sikap yang negatif (skor <75) dan praktek gizi ibu terkait iodium tergolong rendah (skor 58,3). Jenis pangan sumber iodium yang sering dikonsumsi subjek adalah ikan asin dan telur. Garam yang dikonsumsi subjek semuanya sudah mengandung iodium, tetapi hanya 11,1% yang mengandung iodium dalam jumlah mencukupi (>30 ppm).Kata kunci: iodium, pengetahuan, praktek, sikap
PERBAIKAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DENGAN INTERVENSI BISKUIT BERBASIS BLONDO, IKAN GABUS (Channa striata), DAN BERAS MERAH (Oryza nivara) Widodo, Slamet; Riyadi, Hadi; Tanziha, Ikeu; Astawan, Made
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (408.538 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.2.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze the influence of blondo, snakehead fish flour and brown rice flour-based biscuit on the improvement of the nutritional status of anthropometric and serum albumin in malnourished children aged 3-5 years old. The design of this study was Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) with single blind pre-post study. The total subjects were 50 underfive children and divided into two groups. They were given the biscuits for 90 days. Before intervention, the body weight and serum albumin level of subjects were measured. The analysis method were paired t-test. The result showed that the difference between baseline and endline in control group for energy was 20.8±3.9 kcal, treatment group was 45.6±8.6 kcal, endline in control group for protein was 9.5±1 g, and treatment group was 16.6±2.4 g. The changing of weight in the control group from 11.7±0.8 kg increase to 13.3±1.1 kg, the weight of treatment group from 11.7±0.7 kg increase to 13.6±1.0 kg. The increasing of albumin level in the control group was 0.3±0.1 g/dL, and treatment group was 1.0±0.2 g/dL. The increase of weight for age and albumin level after consuming nutritious biscuits can increase and normalize the nutritional status of the malnourished children. It is concluded that intervention of the formulated biscuits for 90 days could increase the nutritional status (weight for age and weight for height) and the serum albumin level in the 3-5 years old malnourished children.Keywords: albumin, biscuit, blondo, brown rice flour, malnutrition, snakehead fish flourABSTRAKTujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis pengaruh biskuit berbasis blondo, ikan gabus (Channa striata), dan beras merah (Oryza nivara) terhadap perbaikan status gizi antropometri dan serum albumin anak gizi kurang usia 3-5 tahun. Desain penelitian Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) Single Blind Pre-post Study. Jumlah subjek 50 balita terbagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol. Kelompok perlakuan diberikan biskuit selama 90 hari. Sebelum dan setelah intervensi dilakukan pengukuran berat badan, tinggi badan, dan kadar serum albumin. Metode analisis menggunakan paired t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perubahan asupan energi antara awal dan akhir masa perlakuan pada kelompok kontrol adalah energi 20,8+3,9 kkal, kelompok perlakuan 45,6+8,6 kkal, perbedaan asupan protein kelompok kontrol 9,5+1 g dan kelompok perlakuan 16,6+2,4 g. Perubahan berat badan kelompok kontrol 11,7+0,8 kg menjadi 13,3+1,1 kg, kelompok perlakuan 11,7+0,7 kg menjadi 13,6+1,0 kg. Peningkatan albumin kelompok kontrol 0,3+0,1 g/dL, kelompok perlakuan 1,0+0,2 g/dL. Peningkatan berat badan dan albumin setelah mengonsumsi biskuit mampu memperbaiki status gizi anak gizi kurang menjadi normal. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa intervensi formula biskuit selama 90 hari dapat meningkatkan status gizi BB/U, BB/TB, dan kadar serum albumin anak gizi kurang usia 3-5 tahun.Kata kunci: albumin, biskuit, blondo, gizi kurang, tepung beras merah, tepung ikan gabus
KONSUMSI SUPLEMEN ATLET REMAJA DI SMA RAGUNAN JAKARTA Wijaya, Muhammad Q Aliyyan; Riyadi, Hadi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.731 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.1.%p

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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to investigate consumption of supplement among Ragunan High School Jakarta athletes. The cross sectional study was done with total subjects were 79 students of Ragunan high school who were willing to join the study and they were at school when the study was conducted. There was 92.4% athletes consumed supplement in last one year. All athletes from light and heavy sport category were found consumed supplement. The most popular supplement were vitamin, mineral, and phytonutrition in tablet form. There was 89.0% athletes consumed supplement everyday. Moreover, the main reason for supplementation was to meet a nutrition requirement. The source of information about food supplement was mostly from coach advisor. More than half of athletes got supplement for free from any sources. There was a significant correlation between category of sport and number of supplement used (p<0.05).Keywords: adolescent, athlete, high school, supplementABSTRAKTujuan penelitian adalah menggambarkan konsumsi suplemen pada atlet remaja di SMA Ragunan Jakarta. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan cross sectional dengan total subjek sebanyak 79 siswa SMA Ragunan yang bersedia mengikuti penelitian dan berada di sekolah saat penelitian dilakukan. Sebanyak 92,4% atlet mengaku mengonsumsi suplemen dalam satu tahun terakhir. Atlet dari kategori olahraga ringan dan berat sekali semuanya mengonsumsi suplemen. Suplemen vitamin, mineral, dan fitonutrisi dalam bentuk tablet merupakan jenis dan bentuk suplemen yang paling banyak dikonsumsi. Sebanyak 89,0% dari atlet mengonsumsi suplemen setiap hari. Alasan utama atlet mengonsumsi suplemen adalah untuk memenuhi kebutuhan gizi. Pelatih merupakan sumber infomasi tentang suplemen yang paling banyak dipilih oleh atlet. Lebih dari 50,0% atlet mendapatkan suplemen dengan cara diberi. Kategori olahraga dan jumlah suplemen yang dikonsumsi menunjukkan hubungan positif signifikan (p<0,05).Kata kunci: atlet, remaja, sekolah, suplemen
HUBUNGAN KOMPOSISI TUBUH DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN PERKEMBANGAN SEKSUAL PADA REMAJA PUTRI DI PERKOTAAN DAN PERDESAAN Handayani, Mega Seasty; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Riyadi, Hadi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.999 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.181-186

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The objective of this study was to analyzed the association of percent body fat and nutritional status on sexual development in adolescence girls in urban and rural areas. A cross sectional study involved 100 students of 8th grade junior high school. Age of menarche and breast growth used as sexual development indicators. Results showed that proportion of subjects with stunting and severe stunting was higher in rural area (34%) than urban area (14%). Subjects in urban area had earlier age of menarche (18%). Breast growth of subjects in urban and rural areas were in midpuberty phase. Statistical analysis showed a correlation between nutritional status (BMI/U) and percent body fat, nutritional status and sexual development, as well as percent body fat and sexual development (p<0.05).
PENINGKATAN STATUS BESI DAN KEBUGARAN FISIK PEKERJA WANITA USIA SUBUR Indriani, Yaktiworo; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang; Riyadi, Hadi; Zuraida, Reni
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.291 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.178-185

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The study aims were to (1) assess the nutritional status, adequacy level, and physical fitness of the nonpregnant reproductive female workers, and (2) analyze the effect of micronutrients supplementation on their iron status and physical fitness. This research employed experimental design of double blind, completely randomized design by involving 338 households of female workers. The experimental unit consists of 39 female workers whose hemoglobin level were 80-125 g/L. However, five of them were drop out due to pregnancy or sickness. The treatments applied in the study were three capsules containing: (1) iron and folic acid (BF), (2) multi-vitamin and mineral (MVM), which contains of 15 different vitamins and minerals, and (3) placebo (P). The body mass index of the female workers were thin 12 percent, normal 70 percent and overweight 18 percent. Most of their nutritional intake of vitamin C, calcium and iron were deficient but they had a good to superior of physical fitness. After 10 weeks of three days per week supplementation, BF significantly increased the hemoglobin (p
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO DAN PENDIDIKAN GIZI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN GIZI, PEMENUHAN ZAT GIZI DAN STATUS BESI REMAJA PUTRI Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.24 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.171-177

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This study was aimed to analyze the effect of multi-micronutrients (MMN) supplementation and nutrition education on nutrition knowledge, mean adequacy ratio (MAR) and iron status of young adolescent girls (YAG). The study was done in three purposively selected junior high schools (JHS) in rural Bogor by implementing a quasi experiment control trial for 112 YAG for 16 weeks: thirty five YAG in the first JHS as a MMN group (SG) were given three times of MMN tablets per week, forty two YAG in the second JHS were given MMN tablet plus nutrition education delivered by trained teacher fortnightly called SGP group and thirty five YAG in the third JHS as a control group. The result showed that the increment of nutrition knowledge score as well as MAR of SGP group were significantly higher than the other two groups. The decrement level of hemoglobin (Hb) in SG and SGP groups was significantly lower than in control group, but in the subset data of anemic group, both intervention groups had significantly increased level of Hb. This imply that nutrition education improved nutrition knowledge of YAG, but MMN tablet could not improve Hb level in general and only had effect on YAG suffering from anemia.Key words: multi-micro nutrients, nutrition education, iron status, adolescent girls
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA, PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat; Hastuti, Dwi; Damayanthi, Evy; Murtilaksono, Kukuh
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.203 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.66-73

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This research aims to analyze underlying factors affecting child malnutrition at Timor Tengah Utara district, NTT. The design was a cross-sectional study. Sample of this study was household that have underfive years old children residing in the areas of Plan International. Data was collected by using structured questionnaire, focus group discussion and in-depth interview. Nutritional status was measured using anthropometric measurement with weight and height indicators and child consumption was recorded using 24 hours food’s recall. Result showed that in three villages prevalence of malnourished children was high, which were 6.0% classified as severe underweight, 15.3% severe stunting and 0.7% severe wasting. There was no significant difference in term of nutritional status. Child malnutrition was influenced by low access to nutrition and health information, low nutrition knowledge and practices, and low family income.
POTENSI TEMULAWAK (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb) SEBAGAI ANTIOKSIDAN Rosidi, Ali; Khomsan, Ali; Setiawan, Budi; Riyadi, Hadi; Briawan, Dodik
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL - HASIL PENELITIAN & PENGABDIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorhiza Roxb) adalah salah satu tumbuhan obat keluarga Zingi beraceae yang banyak tumbuh dan digunakan sebagai bahan baku obat tradisional di Indonesia. Temulawak diketahui memiliki banyak manfaat salah satunya  potensi sebagaiantioksidan. Komponen aktif yang bertanggung jawab sebagai antioksidan dalam rimpang temulawak adalah kurkumin. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis potensi temulawak sebagai antioksidan. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah rimpang temulawak diperoleh dari petani temulawak di Kabupaten Purworejo, Jawa Tengah. Metode ekstrasi menggunakan ekstraksicair-cair yang dikembangkan PT Javaplant. Ekstrak temulawak dianalisis kandungan proksimat.Pengujian antioksidan dilakukan dengan metode DPPH dan Analisis Kadar kurkuminoid Temulawak Menggunakan HPLC. Data yang diperoleh diolah dan dianalisis denganmenggunakan program SPSS. Data disajikan dalam bentuk diskriptif.  Pada ekstrak temulawak ditemukan kadar kurkumin sebesar 27,19% dengan rendemen sebesar 1,02%. Aktivitasantioksidan ekstrak temulawak dengan IC sebesar 87,01 ppm. Ekstrak temulawak memiliki aktivitas antioksidan tergolong aktif sehingga  berpotensi  sebagai antioksidan alami yang baik. Kata kunci : Kadar Kurkumin, Antivitas antioksidan,Temulawak 50
HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS IN POSYANDU NUTRITION PROGRAM Sukandar, Dadang; Khomsan, Ali; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi; Mudjajanto, Eddy Setyo
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.567 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.171-177

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The objectives of this research were to analyze health, nutritional status of children under five years and its influential factors. This research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. As many as 16 posyandu nutrition program were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into control and intervention groups. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, it was found that intervention had significant impact on the nutritional status (WAZ) of children under five years. Intervention did not have significant effects on the nutritional status according to HAZ and WHZ. Key words: .