Roekhan Roekhan
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HOW PRIOR KNOWLEDGE, PROSPECT, AND LEARNING BEHAVIOUR DETERMINE LEARNING OUTCOMES OF BIPA STUDENTS? Suyitno, Imam; Pratiwi, Yuni; Roekhan, Roekhan; Martutik, Martutik
Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan CAKRAWALA PENDIDIKAN, VOL. 38, NO. 3, OCTOBER 2019
Publisher : LPPMP Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.787 KB) | DOI: 10.21831/cp.v38i3.27045

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Many learning theories explain that prior knowledge, prospects, and learning behavior affect student learning outcomes. Related with these theories, this study aimed to describe these three variables for graduate students and their correlation in learning in the BIPA elective program (Bahasa Indonesia untuk Penutur Asing/Indonesian Language for Native Speakers). In addition, this study also described the implications of these three variables on student learning outcomes. Therefore, this study used a quantitative approach involving 17 graduate students who choose BIPA specialization programs. Data about the prospects and learning behavior were collected using a questionnaire, while the student's prior knowledge data was collected using a test instrument that contained general knowledge about BIPA. Meanwhile, student learning outcomes were obtained from student achievement index modified to a standard score. Data analysis used multiple correlation techniques. The findings of the study indicate that the prior knowledge of students about BIPA is in a low category, their prospects and learning behavior are in the high category, and the achievement index shows that their learning outcomes are in the very high category. Student prior knowledge does not correlate with prospects and learning behavior, whereas student learning behavior correlates with their prospects. Simultaneously, the three variables do not correlate with their learning outcomes.
KEKERASAN SIMBOLIK DI MEDIA MASSA Roekhan, Roekhan
Bahasa dan Seni: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya Vol 38, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Sastra Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.039 KB)

Abstract

The research aims at reviewing the symbolic violence in mass media. The aspect of symbolic violence to be reviewed includes (a) the forms, (b) strategies, and (c) effects of symbolic violence to the reader. The research uses critical discourse analysis  design  developed  by Fairclough.  The  result  of data  analyses  found  the realization of symbolic violence in the news text, in form of (a) blurred meaning, (b) bias logics, and (c) bias value. The blurred meaning, bias logics, and bias value as form of bias information in news text. The strategies of symbolic violence found in this research are (a) the softening of information, (b) information reasoning (logic), and (c) creating positive information. The effects of symbolic violence to the readers is seen in receptions of the information from the mass media includes (a) reception based on prejudice attitude and view and (b) reception based on neutral attitude. The symbolic violence does not impact to the readers reality in a short time respons
PEMEROLEHAN FONEM BAHASA INDONESIA ANAK USIA 4 TAHUN 6 BULAN—6 TAHUN Slamet, Lidya Devega; Ghazali, Abdus Syukur; Roekhan, Roekhan
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol.2, No.2, Februari 2017
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (675.957 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jp.v2i2.8525

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This study aims to describe and explain the 4 years 6 months—6 years children’s acquisition of Indonesian phonem,that are phonem characteristic and distribution of phonems. This study used qualitative research method to approach language acquisition and used cross sectional models. The result of this study are (1) children pronounce vowel [a, i, I, ǝ, e, ɛ, o, O, u, U] and stop consonant [p,b,t,d,k,g,ʔ], nasal [m,n,η,ň] , fricative [s, h], africative [c,j], liquid [l, r], dan glide [w,y] well, (2) children can not pronounce fricative [f], [v], [z], [š], dan [x] well, and (3) children can pronounce vowel and consonant in many distribution as well as adult.Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan pemerolehan fonem bahasa Indonesia anak usia 4 tahun 6 bulan—6 tahun, yaitu karakteristik fonem dan distribusi fonem pada anak. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus model cross sectional.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) anak menguasai vokoid [a, i, I, ǝ, e, ɛ, o, O, u, U] dan kontoid hambat [p,b,t,d,k,g,ʔ], nasal [m,n,η,ň] , frikatif [s, h], afrikatif [c,j], lateral [l], tril [r], dan semivokoid [w,y]  (2) anak belum menguasai kontoid frikatif [f], [v], [z], [š], dan [x], dan (3) anak telah menguasai distribusi fonem bahasa Indonesia seperti pada tuturan standar bahasa Indonesia.
IMPROVING STUDENTS’ SPEAKING SKILL OF THE FIFTH GRADERS IN SD INSAN AMANAH MALANG THROUGH DRAMA METHOD Nurhayati, Suhardini; Ghazali, Abdul Syukur; Maryaeni, Maryaeni; Roekhan, Roekhan
ISLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Sastra Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.757 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to provide a problem-solving about students’ reluctance in speaking activities to express thoughts and feelings in SD Insan Amanah. There were several problems that inhibit the students’ speaking skills, namely fear of expressing, difficulties in facing many people (stage fright), wrong perceptions, and lack of contextual understanding. The drama method is impressive since it attracts people, which may encourage an unpredictable power when people perform it together. During the process, the students were expected to increase speaking skills; namely, the students are capable of speaking with proper pronunciation, intonation, and expressions. The research data source was the students’ work in the form of structural cards and drama scripts. The data collection in this study was employed through observation format, field note format, structural cards, and drama scripts. Meanwhile, the data analysis was implemented through data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. Peer observation and examination were conducted to test the data validity. Based on the research findings, in general, it can be concluded that the speaking skills learning through drama method of the fifth graders in SD Insan Amanah Malang were proved to increase. In Cycle I, only 35% of students succeeded. However, in Cycle II, there was an increase in 90% of students who succeeded in Basic Competence of "playing the drama role with proper pronunciation, intonation, and expression," meanwhile 10% of students had not succeeded.
PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS TEKS FABEL DENGAN MACROMEDIA FLASH BAGI SISWA SMP Rahmawati, Ida Sari; Roekhan, Roekhan; Nurchasanah, Nurchasanah
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol.1, No.7, Juli 2016
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (350.259 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jp.v1i7.6561

Abstract

This research aims to develop media for learning of fable story wiritng for junior high school students that contain materials, examples, and exercises to achieve the indicators and learning objectives and to describe the feasibility of media for learning gained from expert judgement and field testing. Media for learning developed using macromedia flash program. The development model used was adapted from Borg and Gall development model. Aspect of the assessment in the media for learning is in terms of (1) content, (2) language, and (3) the display. From the results of the expert judgement and field testing, the overall product of learning media has been feasible to be implemented after going through revision stages.Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan media pembelajaran menulis teks fabel bagi siswa SMP yang berisi materi, contoh, dan latihan untuk mencapai indikator dan tujuan pembelajaran serta mendeskripsikan kelayakan media pembelajaran menulis teks fabel bagi siswa SMP yang diperoleh dari uji ahli dan uji lapangan. Media pembelajaran yang dikembangkan menggunakan program macromedia flash. Model pengembangan yang digunakan diadaptasi dari model pengembangan Borg dan Gall. Aspek yang menjadi penilaian dalam pengembangan produk media pembelajaran adalah dari segi (1) isi materi, (2) bahasa, dan (3) tampilan. Dari hasil validasi dan uji lapangan, secara keseluruhan produk media pembelajaran yang dikembangkan telah layak untuk diimplementasikan setelah melalui tahap revisi.
The Learning Development Model for Writing Indonesian Child Stories Based on The Character Education to Support The Creative Industry With the Lesson Study Siswanto, Wahyudi; Roekhan, Roekhan; Ariani, Dewi
ISLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Sastra Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2364.322 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um006v1i22017p069

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The purpose of this study was to (1) obtain learning data for writing  Indonesian child stories based on character education, (2) develop a learning model for writing child stories based on character education, and (3) disseminate learning models for writing Indonesian child stories based on character education to support the creative industries in grade 5 of Elementary School with lesson study. These goals are achieved through the development of research methods (Borg & Gall) lesson study. To achieve these objectives, the first phase or the first year I will do theoretical studies and surveys about the learning data writing children's stories Indonesia-based character education. Stage III or the third year will be conducted in the form of dissemination of learning model writing children's stories Indonesia-based character education to support the creative industries in grade 5 of Elementary School with lesson study.
PENGEMBANGAN BUKU PINTAR ELEKTRONIK TEKS EKSPOSISI BAGI SISWA SMP KELAS VII Susanto, Heri; Roekhan, Roekhan; Priyatni, Endah Tri
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol.1, No.6, Juni 2016
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (544.785 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jp.v1i6.6356

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The aims of the research and development consist of (1) developing teaching material based on multimedia integration for exposition text and manual book for teachers meeting up standard of feasibility in all of aspects content, sequencing, graphic, and language (2) describing the effectiveness of its teaching material. Production of multimedia packages (Ghislandi, 1996:222) was adopted in reaching these aims. The result of validation test states that both of products are up standard of feasibility for all of aspect, content, sequencing, graphic, and language. Furthermore, statistic test shows there are significant excalation in mastering exposition text before and after implementation of product.Tujuan penelitian pengembangan ini, yaitu (1) menghasilkan produk berupa bahan ajar multimedia untuk teks eksposisi dan buku petunjuk penggunaan dalam pembelajaran yang memenuhi kelayakan dari aspek isi, penyajian, desain grafika, dan bahasa dan (2) mendeskripsikan keefektifan produk. Dalam upaya mencapai tujuan itu, digunakan model produksi paket multimedia (Ghislandi, 1996:222). Hasil penelitian pengembangan berupa berupa bahan ajar multimedia untuk teks eksposisi dan buku petunjuk penggunaan yang memenuhi kelayakan dari aspek isi, penyajian, grafika, dan bahasa untuk diimplementasikan dalam pembelajaran. Hasil uji statistik juga menunjukkan bahwa implementasi produk meningkatkan penguasaan teks eksposisi secara signifikan.
STRATEGI KOGNITIF KATA KUNCI YANG DIGUNAKAN SISWA KELAS VII SMP DALAM PENULISAN TEKS DESKRIPSI Mahpi, Mahpi; Roekhan, Roekhan; Widiati, Nita
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol 2, No 9: September 2017
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.138 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jptpp.v2i9.9992

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Keyword cognitive strategies are the ability to remember and use a word that can represent concepts, ideas, reading content, and post content. Writing is one of different skills with other language skills. Writing has a distinctive character that sets it apart from other skills. The active, productive, and stringing of words in written form, provides a distinctive feature of the language, medium, and variety of languages it uses. Keyword cognitive strategies used by students in writing text description appear in the process of writing and the results of his work. Description text as one of the pouring container ideas in the form of process of writing and writing works of students who use keyword cognitive strategy in writing description text.Strategi kognitif kata kunci merupakan kemampuan mengingat dan menggunakan sebuah kata yang dapat mewakili konsep, gagasan, isi bacaan, dan isi tulisan. Menulis merupakan salah satu keterampilan yang berbeda dengan keterampilan berbahasa yang lain. Menulis memiliki karakter khas yang membedakannya dari keterampilan lain. Sifat aktif, produktif, dan merangkai kata dalam bentuk tulisan, memberikan ciri khusus dalam hal kecaraan, medium, dan ragam bahasa yang digunakannya. Strategi kognitif kata kunci yang digunakan siswa dalam penulisan teks deskripsi tampak pada proses menulis dan hasil karyanya. Teks deskripsi sebagai salah satu wadah penuangan gagasan dalam bentuk proses menulis dan tulisan karya siswa yang menggunakan strategi kognitif kata kunci dalam menulis teks deskripsi.
Pengembangan Media Permainan Imajinasi dalam Pembelajaran Menulis Puisi bagi Siswa Kelas X Wicaksono, Helmi; Roekhan, Roekhan; Hasanah, Muakibatul
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol 3, No 2: FEBRUARI 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (471.088 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jptpp.v3i2.10526

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This research aims to media games imajination learning to write poems free to grade X SMA. A model used in this research is model Borg & Gall research. A product produced form games imajination accompanied by teaching guidebook and LKPI. According on the tests conducted to media experts learning literature, expert learning literature, practitioner, and used media product is feasible and can be implemented.Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan media permainan imajinasi dalam pembelajaran menulis puisi untuk siswa kelas X SMA. Model yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah model penelitian Borg & Gall. Produk yang dihasilkan berupa media permainan imajinasi yang dilengkapi oleh buku panduan mengajar dan LKPI. Berdasarkan hasil uji yang dilakukan kepada ahli media pembelajaran sastra, ahli pembelajaran sastra, praktisi, dan pengguna produk menyatakan bahwa produk media layak dan dapat diimplementasikan.
UPAYA MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS CERPEN BERDASARKAN PENGALAMAN PRIBADI DENGAN STRATEGI PEMODELAN Siki, Ferdinandus; Sunoto, Sunoto; Roekhan, Roekhan
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol 2, No 12: Desember 2017
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.693 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jptpp.v2i12.10328

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The purpose of this research is to describe the increasing of writing skills and learning quality with pemodelan strategy class 9th Senior High School Bina Karya Atambua. This research has been conducted in two cycle. In cycle I, the students have reached the KKM contains 6 student (40,00%). In other side, the students have not reachedthe KKM contains 9 student (60,00%). In cycle II, the students have reached the KKM contains 12 student, while the students haven’t reached the KKM 3 students. In cycle 1, the increasing of learning quality has not been reaching the target. In cycle II, the increasing of learning has been reaching the target. The results show that pemodelan strategy has effect to increasing student writing skills and the learning quality.Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peningkatan kemampuan menulis cerpen dan peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran dengan strategi pemodelan untuk siswa kelas XC SMA Bina Karya Atambua. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam dua siklus. Siklus I siswa yang berhasil mencapai KKM ada 6 siswa (40.00%). Siswa yang belum berhasil mencapai KKM 9 siswa (60.00%). Siklus II siswa yang berhasil mencapai KKM ada 12 siswa (81.6%). Siswa yang belum berhasil mencapai KKM 3 siswa (13.6%). Siklus I peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran belum berhasil mencapai target yang ditentukan. Siklus II peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran berhasil mencapai target yang ditentukan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan kemampuan menulis dan peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran pada siklus I dan II mengalami peningkatan.