Jajang A Rohmana
UIN Bandung dpk STAI Miftahul Huda Subang

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TASAWUF SUNDA DAN WARISAN ISLAM NUSANTARA: MARTABAT TUJUH DALAM DANGDING HAJI HASAN MUSTAPA (1852-1930) Rohmana, Jajang A
Buletin Al-Turas Vol 20, No 2 (2014): Buletin Al-Turas
Publisher : Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (620.465 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/bat.v20i2.3760

Abstract

AbstrakPaper ini membahas martabat tujuh dalam puisi dangding sufistik Haji Hasan Mustapa. Ia merupakan salah satu penerus tradisi tasawuf Nusantara dari Jawa Barat yang menulis lebih dari sepuluh ribu bait dangding. Tema martabat tujuh merupakan poros inti pembahasan dalam hampir keseluruhan puisi dangding-nya. Berbagai kesalahpahaman dan kesulitan para sarjana dalam memahami puisi Mustapa kiranya dilatarbelakangi keterbatasan pengetahuan atas ajaran ini. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan interteks atas sejumlah puisi Mustapa yang bertema sama. Kajian ini memfokuskan pada tiga hal: martabat tujuh dalam tradisi tasawuf Nusantara, Mustapa dan posisi dangding-nya dalam sastra Sunda, serta tema martabat tujuh sebagai inti puisinya. Mustapa kiranya dipengaruhi ajaran wahdatul wujud terutama melalui kitab Tuh}fah-nya Al-Burhanfuri. Meski demikian, ia berusaha menjejakkannya dalam latar kekayaan budayanya. Ia menginterpretasikan martabat tujuh, bukan semata-mata sebagai sintesis tajalli Ilahi, tetapi juga merupakan hasil upaya manusia dalam meningkatkan martabat rohani untuk pulang ke tempat di mana ia berasal (nepi kana urut indit). Karenanya tidak tepat bila ia dianggap menyimpang dari nilai-nilai ortodoksi Islam. Ia berada pada arus utama tasawuf Nusantara yang cenderung rekonsiliatif. Signifikansi Mustapa terletak pada kreatifitasnya dalam menggunakan banyak metafor budaya Sunda termasuk dalam menafsir ajaran martabat tujuh. Ia misalnya, menggunakan metafor tubuh (balung, daging, sungsuam, getih), makanan (rujak), sungai (leuwi), dan bukit (lamping) untuk menggambarkan proses panjang dalam meracik asal alam kesejatian. Kajian ini signifikan dalam memperkuat tesis jaringan ulama Nusantara dalam bentuk artikulasi tasawuf lokal Sunda. Sebuah tafsir lain atas martabat tujuh yang muncul dalam rahim alam pikiran budaya Sunda.---AbstractThis paper discusses the dignity seven in metrical poetry Sufi Hasan Haji Mustapa. He is one of the successors of Sufism archipelago from West Java who wrote more than ten thousand metrical stanza. He was in the mainstream Sufism archipelago tend reconciliatory. Mustapa significance lies in creativity in using many metaphors Sundanese culture including seven in interpreting the teachings of dignity. He for instance, uses the metaphor of the body (bone, meat, sungsuam, getih), food (salad), rivers (Leuwi), and Hill (lamping) to describe the lengthy process of preparing the authenticity of natural origin. This study is significant in strengthening the network of scholars Nusantara thesis in the form of Sufism articulation of local Sundanese.
PEREMPUAN DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL: Performativitas Perempuan Dalam Ritual Adat Sunda Rohmana, Jajang A; Ernawati, Mrs.
Musãwa Jurnal Studi Gender dan Islam Vol 13, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University & The Asia Foundation

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5.098 KB)

Abstract

Mengkaji konstruksi identitas gender dalam komunitas adat dengan kearifan lokalnya ibarat pisau bermata  dua. Ia bisa mendominasi atau sebaliknya membebaskan. Salah satu kecenderungan positif bagi pembebasan perempuan adalah performativitas perempuan dalam ritual adat Sunda. Kajian ini memfokuskan pada masalah performativitas perempuan dalam ritual mapag (menyambut) Dewi Sri di komunitas adat Kampung Banceuy di Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat. Studi dilakukan dengan pendekatan etnografi feminis dengan menggunakan analisis Butler tentang performativitas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dua sudut peran perempuan yang menonjol dilihat dari struktur ritual serta atribut pakaian dan penampilan. Secara struktur, perempuan lebih banyak memegang peranan dari sejak acara persiapan ritual hingga pasca ritual. Dewi Sri sebagai simbol kehidupan dianggap menjadi penanda utama gender acts yang membentuk identitasnya dalam wilayah gagasan keperempuanan yang serba simbolis (padi). Selain itu, dimensi atribut dan penampilan dalam ritual juga memegang peranan signifikan seperti tampak pada rias wajah dan pakaian penuh warna. Namun, penampilan feminin sepanjang ritual pada dasarnya bukan produk dari identitas feminin, sebaliknya, identitas feminin itu diperoleh karena perempuan menampilkan atribut pakaian, tarian dengan menggerakkan tubuh dan bertingkah feminin secara berulang-ulang. Performativitas dalam atribut dan penampilannya itu lebih disebabkan aturan adat yang hegemonik dan memaksa dirinya agar mendapatkan pengakuan secara sosial di masyarakat. Meski terjadi negosiasi dalam penerimaannya, perempuan melalui pakaian dan gerakan itu kemudian berusaha menampilkan dirinya sebagai perempuan yang dibayangkan  secara ideal oleh komunitas adat tersebut.
Sundanese Sīrah in Indonesia Archipelago: A Contribution of R.A.A. Wiranatakoesoema’s Riwajat Kangdjeng Nabi Moehammad s.a.w. Rohmana, Jajang A
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i1.677

Abstract

The article aims to analyze the influence of Sundanese culture in a book of sīrah or biography of Muhammad. This study focuses on R.A.A. Wiranatakoesoema’s Riwajat Kangdjeng Nabi Moehammad s.a.w. (1941), analyzed using hermeneutics. It is a Sundanese translation of Dinet and Sliman’s The Life of Mohammad (1918) which inserted twenty-seven French realist painting illustrations. Wiranatakoesoema did not only translate the book into Sundanese, but also added the great narratives in the form of Sundanese metrical poetry or dangding. The life of Muhammad was described into a Sundanese character like the personality of Sundanese noble. This research shows that Sundanese culture held great influence on Wiranatakoesoema’s narration of Muhammad’s life. Wiranatakoesoema’s Riwajat reflects the influence of Sundanese culture which represents the author as a Sundanese people. It is one of contributions of Sundanese culture and literature in narrating the same story of sīrah in various language of the world.
Sundanese Sufi and Religious Diversity in the Archipelago: The Pluralistic Vision of Haji Hasan Mustapa (1852-1930) Rohmana, Jajang A
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 3 No 2 (2016): July - December 2016
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The paper aims to analyze moderate understanding of Haji Hasan Mustapa on religious diversity in the archipelago. He is a greatest Sundanese poet who has studied in Mecca and served as Hoofd Penghulu of Kotaraja Aceh and Bandung in the colonial era. This study is focused on sufism and religious diversity, Mustapa’s scholarship, and on his pluralistic vision, using intertextual studies and semantic analysis. This research argues that Mustapa has tolerance and moderate understanding similarly with Ibn ‘Arabi’s thought. He uses kernel and husk as symbolic images which expressed using natural richness of Sundanese culture for demonstrating his religious conviction that rasa is the kernel of all religions. This study is significant for strengthening the discourse of religious pluralism from sufi perspective in the archipelago which cannot be separated from the chain of Islamic intellectual network. This research has also a significant impact on Chittick’s assumption about the depth of sufi poetry which mostly reveal their tolerance views on religious diversity living in harmony. Keywords: poetry, sufism, Sunda, religious diversity
SUNDANESE AHMADIYYA’S PUPUJIAN OF THE MAHDI IN WEST JAVA Rohmana, Jajang A
ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 20, No 2 (2019): Islamic Politics and Society
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/ua.v20i2.5689

Abstract

This article focuses on the local tradition of Ahmadiyya in West Java in the form of Sundanese oral literature entitled Pupujian Imam Mahdi, the song of praise of the Mahdi. It is not only related to strengthening the so-called ?Sundanese Ahmadiyya? identity through cultural acculturation, but also an important channel in their acceptances in regions with the largest adherents in Indonesia. Through literary and cultural identity analysis, I argue that the literary and cultural channels contributed to the acceptance of minority groups in Indonesia. Through pupujian Imam Mahdi, for instance, Ahmadiyya teachings on the messianistic figure were acculturated into the Sundanese literary tradition. It becomes a frame of movement towards the formation of the Sundanese Ahmadiyah identity. The pupujian is used to support their existences through the same cultural representation as other Sundanese people. It is a cultural strategy carried out by the most controversial minority group among the rejection of the most groups. This study is also important in revealing Ahmadiyya's contribution to the Sundanese local culture which may not be recognized by others. It actually becomes a peculiarity of Ahmadiyya identity in the Indonesian archipelago which is different from other cultural representation of Ahmadiyya in various regions in the world.
Rereading Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje: His Islam, Marriage and Indo-European Descents in the Early Twentieth-Century Priangan Rohmana, Jajang A
Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 26, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : LP2M - Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ws.26.1.2148

Abstract

This study focuses on a controversial issue about Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje’s family that was left in the Dutch East Indies in the early twentieth century. The issue sparked a debate among scholars in the 1980s. The debate was concerned with the Dutch government's denial of Hurgronje’s marriage to an Indigenous woman as it was intended to maintain his good reputation. As a matter of fact, the colonial government forbids the marriage of European people with Indigenous women because it would tarnish their status and make it difficult in their careers. This study is meant as a follow-up of van Koningsveld's findings about Hurgronje’s wife and children in Priangan. Here the writer uses a historical analysis of the letters written by Hasan Mustapa to Hurgronje (Cod. Or. 8952). He argues that Hurgronje's history needs to be read in his position as a colonial official who may be worried about rules set by the colonial government. This study shows that Hurgronje cannot be considered completely irresponsible to his Indo-European family in the Dutch East Indies. In fact, he continued to monitor the condition of his family through regular correspondence with Hasan Mustapa, his close friend in the Dutch East Indies. This study is important in a sense that it is expected to be able to rectify the confusion over the issue of Hurgronje's morality towards his family. It offers another perspective of the history of colonialism dealing with interracial relation between Indigenous women, and their offspring, and European men amid the rise of the issue of Nyai and concubinage in the Dutch East Indies.
MEMAHAMI MAKNA BATIN KITAB SUCI Rohmana, Jajang A
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.1057

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the esoteric interpretation of the Qur'an written in Sundanese. The object of the study is theQuranul Adhimiof Haji Hasan Mustapa (1852-1930). Through the analysis of hermeneutics, this study shows that the local exegesis can not be assumed that it has the same character as the Malay-Indonesian exegesis. Indeed, it shows local creativity born out of the diversity of cultural backgrounds. It also shows the process of the dialogue between Sufism and the inner of Sundanese people in the frame of Qur'anic exegesis. This can be proven in three ways: the interpretation centered on the inner meaning, the use of natural metaphors, and the nuances of Sundanese literature. The significance of Mustapa 'sexegesis lies in the process of indigenization of the Qur'an (Islam) to the characteristics of the local Islamic tradition through the work of Quranic exegesis. This work clearly indicates the local creativity in responding to the intellectual tradition of Sufism, especially the Sufi interpretation. Not only through metrical poetry, he also interprets mystical experiences through theexegesis. Key words: exegesis, Quran, Sufism, Inner, Sundanese
MEMAHAMI MAKNA BATIN KITAB SUCI Rohmana, Jajang A
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 1 (2017): January - June 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v34i1.1834

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the esoteric interpretation of the Qur'an written in Sundanese. The object of the study is theQuranul Adhimiof Haji Hasan Mustapa (1852-1930). Through the analysis of hermeneutics, this study shows that the local exegesis can not be assumed that it has the same character as the Malay-Indonesian exegesis. Indeed, it shows local creativity born out of the diversity of cultural backgrounds. It also shows the process of the dialogue between Sufism and the inner of Sundanese people in the frame of Qur'anic exegesis. This can be proven in three ways: the interpretation centered on the inner meaning, the use of natural metaphors, and the nuances of Sundanese literature. The significance of Mustapa 'sexegesis lies in the process of -indigenization of the Qur'an (Islam) to the characteristics of the local Islamic tradition through the work of Quranic exegesis. This work clearly indicates the local creativity in responding to the intellectual tradition of Sufism, especially the Sufi interpretation. Not only through metrical poetry, he also interprets mystical experiences through theexegesis.
SUNDANESE TRANSLATIONS OF THE QUR’AN IN WEST JAVA: CHARACTERISTICS AND THE LIMITS OF TRANSLATION Rohmana, Jajang A
DINIKA : Academic Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 4, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22515/dinika.v4i2.1713

Abstract

There is no target language can fully represent the source language. This study focuses on the problem of differences, uniqueness and limitations of Sundanese as the target language in accommodating Arabic Quran, using the linguistic approach to translation. I use eleven translations of the Quranic Sundanese asthe mainobject. This study shows that there is a similar structure of Sundanese language in the midst of variations of the translation of the Quran. I confirm that the translation of the Quran in Sundanese has limitations and barriers,such as thechange of lexical, word types and unit of semantic and structure of sentences. The most complicated is translation in the form of Sundanese metrical verse or dangding. The translationsof the Quran in Sundanese, unlike the Bible translationsin Christianity, tend to be fettered by the structure of source language.The Sundanese translators generally difficultto use the structure of target language, because it is bounded by their loyaltiesto the source language. Therefore, there are various compromises were taken by translators to bridge the complexity between both target and source language structures. It is an attempt to show inability of Sundaneselanguage to accommodate Arabiclanguage in the midst of rich and complexity of the language 
Sundanese Sufi and Religious Diversity in the Archipelago: The Pluralistic Vision of Haji Hasan Mustapa (1852-1930) Rohmana, Jajang A
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 5 No 1 (2018): January - June 2018
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/kawalu.v5i1.1873

Abstract

Abstract The paper aims to analyze moderate understanding of Haji Hasan Mustapa on religious diversity in the archipelago. He is a greatest Sundanese poet who has studied in Mecca and served as Hoofd Penghulu of Kotaraja Aceh and Bandung in the colonial era. This study is focused on sufism and religious diversity, Mustapa?s scholarship, and on his pluralistic vision, using intertextual studies and semantic analysis. This research argues that Mustapa has tolerance and moderate understanding similarly with Ibn ?Arabi?s thought. He uses kernel and husk as symbolic images which expressed using natural richness of Sundanese culture for demonstrating his religious conviction that rasa is the kernel of all religions. This study is significant for strengthening the discourse of religious pluralism from sufi perspective in the archipelago which cannot be separated from the chain of Islamic intellectual network. This research has also a significant impact on Chittick?s assumption about the depth of sufi poetry which mostly reveal their tolerance views on religious diversity living in harmony.