Katrin Roosita
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680

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GAYA HIDUP DAN KEJADIAN SINDROM METABOLIK PADA KARYAWAN LAKI-LAKI BERSTATUS GIZI OBES DI PT. INDOCEMENT CITEUREUP Nurjanah, Fitria; Roosita, Katrin
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.116 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.1.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to analyze life style and incidence of metabolic syndrome among obese male employees in PT. Indocement Citeureup. The cross sectional design was applied with purposive sampling by involving 59 obese male employees met the inclusion criteria. There was 49.2% subject has metabolic syndrome whereas the highest prevalence was central obesity (96.6%), followed by hipertriglyceridemia (82.8%), low level of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (72.4%), fasting blood glucose (62.1%), and hypertension (55.2%). There was no significant difference prevalence of metabolic syndrome by age, history of obesity, smoking habits, excercise habits, physical activity, and eating behavior (p>0.05). High cigarettes smoking significantly correlated with lower diastole and greater abdominal circumference (p<0.05). Unhealthy eating behavior was significantly correlated with HDL cholesterol, while snacking behavior was correlated with fasting blood glucose (p<0.05).Keywords: life style, metabolic syndrome, obesityABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis gaya hidup dan kejadian sindrom metabolik pada karyawan laki-laki berstatus gizi obes di PT. Indocement Citeureup. Desain penelitian adalah cross sectional dengan purposive sampling dan melibatkan 59 karyawan laki-laki obes yang dipilih berdasarkan kriteria inklusi. Sebanyak 49,15% subjek mengalami sindrom metabolik dengan prevalensi penanda sindrom metabolik tertinggi adalah obesitas sentral (96,55%), diikuti oleh hipertrigliseridemia (82,76%), kadar kolesterol High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) rendah (72,41%), kadar glukosa darah puasa tinggi (62,07%) dan hipertensi (55,17%). Tidak terdapat perbedaan proporsi kejadian sindrom metabolik menurut umur, riwayat kegemukan, kebiasaan merokok, kebiasaan olahraga, tingkat aktivitas fisik maupun perilaku makan (p>0,05). Semakin banyak jumlah rokok yang dikonsumsi berkorelasi signifikan dengan tekanan darah diastol yang rendah dan ukuran lingkar perut yang besar (p<0,05). Perilaku makan yang tidak sehat berkorelasi signifikan dengan rendahnya kadar kolesterol HDL, sedangkan perilaku konsumsi cemilan berkorelasi dengan tingginya kadar glukosa darah puasa (p<0,05).Kata kunci: gaya hidup, obesitas, sindrom metabolik
KECUKUPAN VITAMIN A DAN PRAKTEK PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU SERTA KELENGKAPAN IMUNISASI DASAR DAN MORBIDITAS BAYI Mastin, Masruroh; Roosita, Katrin
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.625 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.1.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe study was aimed to analyze correlation of maternal vitamin A sufficiency, exclusive breastfeeding practices and basic immunization with infant morbidity. The cross sectional study was conducted in four village at Gurah Subdistrict, Kediri District and 31 subjects were included. The data of maternal?s food consumption, exclusive breastfeeding practices, basic immunization and infant morbidity were collected by interview and the infant nutritional status was collected by measuring body weight and length. Maternal vitamin A sufficiency were 58% sufficient and 42% insufficient. There was 68% of infants suffered of diseases, i.e. respiratory disease, fever, diarrhea. Higher maternal vitamin A sufficiency corellated with shorter period of infant?s illnesses. Meanwhile, exclusive breastfeeding practices associated with period and lower frequency of illnesses.Keywords: infant, infectious disease, lactating woman, morbidity, vitamin AABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keterkaitan kecukupan vitamin A ibu, praktek pemberian air susu ibu (ASI) eksklusif dan kelengkapan imunisasi dengan kejadian penyakit infeksi pada bayi usia 5-6 bulan. Penelitian cross sectional ini dilakukan di empat desa di Kecamatan Gurah, Kabupaten Kediri dengan jumlah subjek 31 orang. Data diambil dengan pengukuran dan wawancara secara langsung. Data yang digunakan meliputi konsumsi pangan ibu, praktek pemberian ASI eksklusif, kelengkapan imunisasi dan morbiditas bayi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kecukupan vitamin A ibu termasuk dalam kategori cukup (58%) dan kurang (42%). Sebanyak 68% bayi pernah mengalami sakit selama satu bulan terakhir. Jenis penyakit yang diderita oleh bayi selama sebulan terakhir adalah infeksi saluran pernapasan atas (ISPA), demam, dan diare. Semakin baik kecukupan vitamin A ibu, maka periode lama sakit bayi cenderung semakin singkat. Sementara itu, praktek pemberian ASI eksklusif pada bayi cenderung menurunkan frekuensi sakit dan mempersingkat periode lama sakit bayi.Kata kunci: bayi, ibu menyusui, morbiditas, penyakit infeksi, vitamin A
PENGETAHUAN GIZI, KELUHAN KESEHATAN, KONDISI PSIKOLOGIS, DAN POLA PEMBERIAN ASI IBU POSTPARTUM Utari, Armina Puji; Roosita, Katrin; Damanik, M. Rizal M.
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.405 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.187-194

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This study was aimed to assess nutritional knowledge, health complaints, psychological conditions, and their association with breastfeeding pattern on postpartum mother. A cross sectional study with interview method was conducted in five villages in Dramaga Subdistrict, Bogor District, during the period of April to May 2013. Subjects included in this study were 30 postpartum mothers who met inclusion criteria. Subjects were mothers of 10?40 days old newborn baby and it was not the first childbirth, willing to be subject through informed consent agreement, and was able to communicate. The majority of postpartum mothers had fair nutritional knowledge (60.0%), low health complaints (66.7%), and depression (56.7%). The nutritional knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding tended to correlate with exclusive breastfeeding practice (r=0.126; p=0.508). Meanwhile, lower health complaints tended to correlate with better breastfeeding practices (r=0.063; p=0.74).
KAITAN ASUPAN VITAMIN A DENGAN PRODUKSI AIR SUSU IBU (ASI) PADA IBU NIFAS Chahyanto, Bibi Ahmad; Roosita, Katrin
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 2 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.545 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.83-88

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze association between intake of vitamin A with breast milk production of postpartum mothers. A cross sectional study of 30 postpartum mothers was conducted in Ciherang, Sukawening, Dramaga, Sinarsari, and Neglasari Villages, Subdistrict of Dramaga, District of Bogor, during April to May 2013. Vitamin A intake of postpartum mothers from food source of vitamin A was 565±351.40 RE while sufficiency level of vitamin A was 66.50±41.30%. Most of postpartum mothers perceived that their breast milk production for infants were fulfilled (80%). The results showed that vitamin A intake was significantly associated with breast milk production (p<0.05). As intake of vitamin A in postpartum mothers increased, breast milk production for infants would be fulfilled.
POTENSI AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN PADA COOKIES GANYONG GALOHGOR UNTUK PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS TIPE II Suharjo, Aulia Ratnadianti; Roosita, Katrin
Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition Vol 6, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan produk cookies ganyong galohgor sebagai kudapan alternatif bagi penderita diabetes melitus. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap dengan empat taraf formula, yaitu F0 (kontrol), F1 (12.5% tepung ganyong, 0% ekstrak galohgor), F2 (10% tepung ganyong, 2.5% ekstrak galohgor), dan F3 (0% tepung ganyong, 2.5% ekstrak galohgor). Cookies ganyong galohgor memiliki tingkat penerimaan mencapai 82%. Kandungan zat gizi cookies ganyong galohgor adalah 5.3% (b/b), abu 2.4% (b/k), lemak 26.8% (b/k), protein 2.4% (b/k), serat kasar 3.1% (b/k), dan karbohidrat 63.1% (b/k). Total flavonoid pada cookies ganyong galohgor mencapai 22 mg quercetin equivalen/100 gram. Cookies ganyong galohgor dalam satu kali sajian (40 gram) mampu memenuhi 12.9% energi, 1.5% protein, 30.5% lemak, 4.9% serat, dan 10.2% karbohidrat kebutuhan wanita berusia 50-64 tahun. 
PENGEMBANGAN PRODUK MINUMAN JELI EKSTRAK DAUN HANTAP (STERCULIA OBLONGATA R. BROWN) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PANGAN FUNGSIONAL Pamungkas, Anggar; Sulaeman, Ahmad; Roosita, Katrin
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 9 No. 3 (2014)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (547.633 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2014.9.3.%p

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The objective of this study was to develop a jelly drink product based on hantap leaves extract (Sterculia oblongata R. Brown) as an alternative of functional food. Completed randomize nested design with two factor (The type and level of concentration of the gelling agent) was applied in this study and resulted in nine formulas. The selected jelly drink formula was determined by preference test using semitrained panelists. Jelly drink with the addition of a gelling agent carrageenan with a concentration level of 0.20% and melon flavor was preferred by 86% panelist. This formula contained 87.37% water, 0.18% ash, 0.10% protein, 0.04% fat, 12.3% carbohidrate, 2.08% fiber, 10.6 mg/100g total phenols, 0.68 mg/100g vitamin C and antioxidant activity 20.92 % with IC50 values is 464.02?L. With its bioactive component and fiber content, this product may be classified as functional food which may help improving consumer health.
GAYA HIDUP, KONSUMSI SUPLEMEN, JAMU, TANAMAN OBAT, DAN STATUS KESEHATAN LANSIA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR Diana, Rian; Roosita, Katrin; Khomsan, Ali
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 2 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (76.182 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.118-123

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The objective of this research was to analize the correlation of life style, supplement consumption, traditional medice, medical plants, and health status of elderly at Bogor District. The research was conducted at Ciampea Sub-district, Bogor District, West Java, from June till December 2005 using cross sectional study design. The sample size was 90 elders (45 male and 45 female). The result indicated that 3.7% sample was smoker, 17.8% sample had sport habit, and 42.2% sample had leisure activity. Only 6.7% sample consumed supplement, meanwhile the consumption of traditional medicine was 53.3% and medical plants 48.9%. The common diseases were hypertension, rheumatic and gout. The sample had a lot af health complain such as not feeling well, anemia, headache, and loin pain. Based on blood pressure measurement, 45.5% sample suffered from hypertension. The elders sport activity was negatively correlated with loin pain (p<0.05), meanwhile supplement consumption was positively correlated with constipation (p<0.01). Traditional medicine had a positive correlation with age (p<0.01) and negative correlation with loin pain (p<0.05). Medical plants had a positive correlation with decreased appetite (p<0.01), chewing difficulties (p<0.01) and decreased sense of smell (p<0.01).
KONDISI LINGKUNGAN, PERILAKU HIDUP SEHAT, DAN STATUS KESEHATAN KELUARGA WANITA PEMETIK TEH Fitriyani, Yuli; Roosita, Katrin; Effendi, Yekti Hartati
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 2 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.84 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.86-93

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The aim of this research is to study environmental condition, healthy life behaviour, and health status of women tea picker?s family in PTPN VIII Pengalengan, Bandung, West Java. The cross sectional study design is used in this research and total number of samples are 92  family of women tea picker who live in Malabar Plantation. The inclusion criteria of the sample is having children 0-72 month age and willing to be interviewed. The place of the research was chosen purposively. Malabar Plantation was chosen from the other five plantations (clusters) because of its easier access and the homogenous characteristics of inter cluster. Primary data consists of family characteristics, environmental condition, healthy life behavior, and family?s health status. Secondary data consists of general description of Malabar Plantation and Banjarsari Village. Data was processed and analyzed with descriptive statistic and inference, and correlation analysis used Rank Spearman correlation test. The results revealed that the family were live in average (moderate) environmental condition, and only a few families live in good environmental condition. Their family?s health behaviour was good. The symptoms/kind of diseases which found among the samples were fever, acute respiratory infection (ARI) diseases, digestion organ diseases, skin disease, and hepatitis. Family?s member who was the most susceptible to disease was children. The related factors to environmental condition of women tea picker?s family were family income and family size. The water source used by the families, which was one of factors of the environmental condition?s, was related to  health status of women tea picker?s family. The acute respiratory infection (ARI) disease and hepatitis cases in family were related to better water source for taking a bath, wash the dishes and wash hands after defecation. Better water source, then less cases of the diseases.
AKTIVITAS FISIK, ASUPAN ENERGI DAN STATUS GIZI WANITA PEMETIK TEH DI PTPN VIII BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT Mahardikawati, Venny Agustiani; Roosita, Katrin
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 2 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (102.248 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.79-85

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Quality of human resources is very important to improve productivity. The worker productivity is correlated with nutritional status and health status. The objective of the research is to analyze physical activity, energy intake, nutritional status, of women workers at Tea Plantation PTPN VIII Bandung, West Java. The cross sectional design was used in this study to elaborate physical activity, nutritional status, and productivity of tea picker?s women. The criteria of study sample were tea picker?s women at cluster area of Malabar tea plantation of PTPN VIII Bandung, having infant and they were willing to be interviewed. The total number of 92 women sample was chosen randomly. Primary data consisted of physical activity recall (2x24 hours), food consumption recall (2x24 hours), anthropometry data (weight and height), and productivity (passage of tea sprout). Secondary data were included data of PT Perkebunan Nusantara VIII Bandung, West Java. The result showed that more than a half of samples having active or moderate physical activity level (PAL). The physical activity level of samples during work day (average PAL=1.87) was higher than holiday (average PAL=1.69) (p<0.05). The physical activity was related to energy expenditure. According to Schofield equation, energy expenditure of sample during workday (average=2362 kcal) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than day off (average=2134 kcal). This result is related to Oxford equation, energy expenditure of sample during workday (average=2223 kcal) was significantly higher than holiday (average=2011 kcal). The related factors of energy expenditure are body weight and age. Energy intake on workday and day off were respectively 2362 kcal and 2134 kcal. The average energy adequacy level during workday and day off according to Schofield and Oxford equation were not significantly different, respectively 97,2% and 103,3%. The majority of samples had normal nutritional status, and 30.4% of the sample was overweight. The energy adequacy level according to Schofield and Oxford equation are related to nutritional status of women workers. Keywords: physical activity, energy expenditure, nutritional status, plantation women
AKTIVITAS FISIK, ASUPAN ENERGI, DAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA PRIA DEWASA: STUDI KASUS DI PERKEBUNAN TEH MALABAR PTPN VIII BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT Wardani, Noni Eka Jaya; Roosita, Katrin
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 2 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.301 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.71-78

Abstract

The cross sectional design was used in this study to elaborate physical activity, energy consumption, and work productivity of men workers. The total number of sample is 72 men.  The inclusion criteria of  the sample is the head of household?s women tea pickers at Tea Plantation PTPN VIII Bandung, West Java who have children 0-72 month age and willing to be interviewed. The place of the research was chose purposively. Malabar Plantation was chosen from the other five plantations (clusters) cause of its easier access and the homogenous characteristics inter cluster. Data collected was analyzed statistically. In general, more than a half of samples had  active or moderately physical activity  level (PAL=1.89). The physical activity level of samples during work day (average PAL=1.93) was higher than holiday (average PAL=1.77) (p<0.05). The working hours during holiday were substituted by doing domestic chores and miscellaneous recreational activities. There are significant differences (p<0.05) of energy requirement based on three calculation (Schofield equation, Oxford equation, and energy RDI on WNPG (2004)). Average energy consumption of men workers were 87.2 - 121.2%.  Majority of samples (76.4%) had wages per month below the regional minimum wages. The working hours of more than a half of samples were below seven hours per day and had wages per hour below standard regional minimum wage. Based on correlation analysis, there are significant correlation between 1) education level with physical activity level; 2) age, income per capita, and family size with wage per month; 3) age and physical activity level with working hours; and 4) age and  income per capita with wages per hour.