Articles

STATUS HIDRASI, TINGKAT KEBUGARAN JASMANI DAN DAYA KONSENTRASI ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR Sudrajat, Agus; Mexitalia, Maria; Rosidi, Ali
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (357.324 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.7.2.109-113

Abstract

Background: The dehydration correlated with physical fitness and the cognition. The cardiorespiratory fitness correlated with brain ability and working performance too. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the correlation of dehydration status and cardiorespiratory fitness with the concentration of primary school children.Methods: Correlational study is done to the students aged 10-12 years old. The dehydration status is measured by urine specific gravity. The cardiorespiratory fitness is measured by harvard step test and digit symbol test is used to measure concentration. The analysis of the data using product moment to bivariate analysis and partial correlation to multivariate analysis.Results: The result showed that the average of subjects have a mild (Usg 1020.20±6.99 g/dl). The average of the subjects have a less cardiorespiratory fitness (31.27±8.00). The results of concentration ability measurement showed about of 35±12.27. The correlation analysis showed a significant correlation between dehydration status with cardiorespiratory fitness( r=-0.29, p=0.04 ), between dehydration status with concentration (r=-0.29, p=0.036) and between cardiorespiratory fitness with concentration (r=0.295, p=0.03). Partial correlation analysis showed the persistence of a significant correlation between dehydration status and cardiorespiratory fitness (p=0.02), between dehydration status and concentration (p=0.02) and between cardiorespiratory fitness and concentration (p=0.002).Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between dehydration status and cardiorespiratory fitness. There is a significant correlation between dehydration status and the concentration. There is a significant correlation between cardiorespiratory fitness and the concentration. 
INDEKS MASSA TUBUH MENURUT UMUR SEBAGAI INDIKATOR PERSEN LEMAK TUBUH PADA REMAJA Widyastuti, Retno Ayu; Rosidi, Ali
Jurnal Gizi Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Gizi UNIMUS
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (545.429 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jg.7.2.2018.%p

Abstract

Health impact which caused by overnutrition is related by excess body fat. Thus, nutritionalstatus monitoring in adolescent is crucial because the prevelance of overnutrition in adolescentincreased per years. Body Mass Index per age (BMI/A) is generally used to determine nutritionalstatus, but incapable to measure overnutrition related excess body fat precisely. Body fat percentageis used to determine overnutrition but special equipment and capability are required. The purposeof the study is to analyze correlation between BMI/A and body fat percentage and verify BMI/A?ssensitivity-specificity as body fat percentage?s indicator. In this cross-sectional study, 82 adolescentsfrom SMAN 47 Jakarta are chosen to participate by simple random sampling. Body fat percentageand BMI/A are being taken by anthropometric instruments, where body fat percentage used to bethe gold standart. Using BMI/A, the prevalence of overnutrition is 23,2%. Its lower than using thegold standart (35,4%). The correlation between BMI/A and percent body fat is r=0,814; p=0,000.Their sensitivity is 55,17% while their spesificity is 94,34%. Eventhough there is strong correlation,BMI/A is less sensitive as body fat percentage?s indicator to determine nutritional status inadolescent. Body fat measurement is needed to validate value of BMI/A.Key words: adolescent, BMI/A, body fat percentage
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN IBU TENTANG GARAM BERYODIUM DENGAN KETERSEDIAAN GARAM BERYODIUM PADA TINGKAT RUMAH TANGGA DI DESA KRAJAN KECAMATAN TEMBARAK KABUPATEN TEMANGGUNG Rosidi, Ali
FIKkeS Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Keperawatan dan Kebidanan
Publisher : FIKkeS

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Abstract

Masih ditemukannya mutu dan konsumsi garam beryodium yang masih rendah dimasyarakat. Hal ini disebabkan distribusi garam beryodium yang belum merata, belum seluruh garam yang beredar di masyarakat mengandung cukup yodium, perbedaan harga garam beryodiumyang cenderung lebih mahal dua sampai tiga kali serta kurangnya pengetahuan masyarakat akan pentingya mengkonsumsi garam beryodium. Kurangnya pengetahuan menyebabkan salah konsep tentang kebutuhan garam beryodium dan mutu garam beryodium. Bertambahnyapengetahuan mengenai garam beryodium, maka seseorang mempunyai kemampuan untuk menerapkan informasi tersebut dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang garam beryodium dengan ketersediaan garam beryodium pada tingkat rumah tangga di Desa Krajan Kecamatan Tembarak Kabupaten TemanggungJenis penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif analitik dengan disign cross sectional / belah lintang. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan menggunakan Systematic random sampling Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan ibu rumah tangga di Desa Krajan KecamatanTembarak Kabupaten Temanggung sebagian besar kategori sedang dan baik. Hasil uji garam ditemukan 62,5 '/, kadar yodiumnya kurang dari 30 ppm dan 37,5 % kadar yodiumnya 30 ppm atau lebih. Tidak ada hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang garam beryodium dengan ketersediaan garam beryodium pada rumah tanggaKata kunci :kadar yodium, tingkat pengetahuan, ketersediaan garam beryodium
KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PADA SISWI PONDOK PESANTREN PUTRI KECAMATAN MRANGGEN KABUPATEN DEMAK JAWA TENGAH Astuti, Rahayu; Rosidi, Ali
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL - HASIL PENELITIAN & PENGABDIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Anemia is a nutritional problem in Indonesia. Prevalence of anemia in adolescents still high,whereas in adolescents living in boarding schools showed a higher prevalence. The purpose ofthe study analyzed the differences of levels of hemoglobin (Hb) based on student characteristics,menarche status and body mass index (BMI). This study is an analytic with cross-sectionaldesign. Population were all female students from two boarding schools (pesantren) who was inMranggen the District of Demak. The entire student also attending formal education inMadrasah Tsanawiyah. Sampling with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variablesstudied were hemoglobin levels were measured by Cyamethemoglobin, student identity dataincluding age, class, medical history, number of children, father education and menarche status,and body mass index (BMI). Statistical analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis of theMann Whitney test and Kruskal Wallis test. Data normality test used Kolmogorov Smirnov test.The level of significance was 5%. The results showed that of 213 girls studied, who suffer fromanemia 159 people (74,6%). Lowest hemoglobin level of 7,56 g/dL, the highest 14,80 g/dL, anaverage of 11,15 g/dL and standard deviation 1,46 g/dL. There is a significant difference (p =0,000 and p = 0,007) mean Hb level by grade and age. There were no differences in mean Hblevels by categories of children, father education, menarche status, and BMI categories (p>0,05). Keywords: hemoglobin levels, anemia, menarche status, BMI, boarding school
FAKTOR RESIKO ANEMIA PADA SISWI PONDOK PESANTREN Astuti, Rahayu; Rosidi, Ali
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

The finding of several studies in Indonesia show that the anemia prevalence of adolescents remained high. Anemia on adolescents living in boarding schools showed a higher prevalence. The aim of the study analyzed risk factor of anemia on adolescents living in boarding schools. The study was conducted with analytic survey with cross-sectional design. Population were all female students from two boarding schools (pesantren) in Mranggen the District of Demak. The entire student also attending formal education in Madrasah Tsanawiyah. Sampling with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variables studied were hemoglobin levels were measured by Cyamethemoglobin, student identity data including age, class, medical history, number of children, father education and menarche status, and body mass index (BMI). Statistical analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis of the Chi Square test. The level of significance was 5%. The results showed that of 213 girls studied, who suffer from anemia 159 people (74,6%). Risk factor of anemia was age, class and menarche status. Schoolgirls aged 12-13 years the risk of anemia 3.435 times compared to female students aged 14-15 years. Female student from one class 7.202 times the risk of anemia compared to female students from two classes. While the number of children in the family, education of father and categories of body mass index (BMI) is not a risk factor for anemia in the boarding school students.Keywords: adolescents, boarding school, anemia, risk factor
HUBUNGAN UMUR, PARITAS, DAN BERAT BAYI LAHIR DENGAN KEJADIAN LASERASI PERINEUM DI BIDAN PRAKTEK SWASTA HJ. SRI WAHYUNI, S.SIT SEMARANG TAHUN 2012 Endriani, Siti Dwi; Rosidi, Ali; Andarsari, Wening
Jurnal Kebidanan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL KEBIDANAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.354 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jk.2.1.2013.%p

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Laserasi perineum terjadi selama persalinan. Laserasi jalan lahir dapat menyebabkan perdarahan postpartum. Umur, paritas, dan berat lahir yang termasuk faktor penyebab laserasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analitik dengan pendekatan case control. Subyek dibagi pada dua kelompok, yaitu kelompok kasus (30) dan kelompok kontrol (30). Teknik sampling yang digunakan purposive sampling, memilih subyek berdasarkan kriteria tertentu. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan lembar observasi dan data sekunder. Rata-rata ibu berusia 27 tahun. Ada 63,3% dari ibu yang memiliki paritas multipara. Rata-rata berat lahir bayi adalah 3077,5 g. Uji chi square menunjukkan p = 0,795 untuk usia, p = 0,001 (OR = 6,538) untuk paritas, dan p = 0,052 untuk berat badan lahir. Tidak ada hubungan antara usia dan laserasi pada perineum. Ada korelasi antara paritas dan laserasi perineum. Tidak ada hubungan antara berat badan lahir bayi dan laserasi perineum. Semua terjadi pada persalinan normal di bidan praktek swasta Hj. Sri Wahyuni??, S.SiT. Kata kunci: Umur, Paritas, Berat bayi lahir, Laserasi perineum
LAMA KERJA DAN PENDIDIKAN SEBAGAI FAKTOR YANG BERPERAN DALAM PRAKTIK PIJAT BAYI DUKUN BAYI (STUDI KASUS DI KECAMATAN KARANGRAYUNG KABUPATEN GROBOGAN) Cahyani, Wiwid Ika; Rosidi, Ali; Andarsari, Wening
Jurnal Kebidanan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): JURNAL KEBIDANAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.581 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jk.1.1.2012.87-90

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Latar belakang: Pijat bayi merupakan sentuhan setelah kelahiran yang dapat memberikan jaminan adanya kontak tubuh berkelanjutan sehingga dapat mempertahankan perasaan nyaman dan aman. Dari survey pendahuluan di Kecamatan Karangrayung Kabupaten Grobogan dari 3 responden dukun bayi, mereka mempunyai pengalaman kerjaselama 8, 10, dan 15 tahun. Dari 3 responden tersebut 2 berpendidikan SD sedangkan 1 berpendidikan tidak lulus SD, dari 3 responden tersebut dalam melakukan praktik kurang baik. Tujuan :Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan lama kerja dukun bayi dan tingkat pendidikan dengan praktik pijat bayi di Kecamatan Karangrayung Kabupaten Grobogan. Metode :Jenis Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Subjek dari penelitian ini adalah semua dukun bayi tingkat Kecamatan di Karangrayung sebanyak 30 orang. Sampel adalah total populasi. Hasil :Berdasarkan hasil penelitian lama kerja dukun bayi terendah 2 tahun dan tertinggi 17 tahun, pendidikan terendah tidak sekolah dan tertinggi 6 tahun. Praktik yang dilakukan dukun bayi kategori baik 2 responden dan kurang 24 responden. Hubungan antara lama kerja dukun bayi dengan praktik pijat bayi kemudian dilakukan analisa dengan uji Korelasi Rank Spearman ,maka didapatkan nilai r hitung sebesar 0,918 > r tabel (30 responden) sebesar 0,361 dengan p value sebesar 0,001 < 0,05. Dan pendidikan dukun bayi dengan praktik pijat bayi Uji korelasi Rank Spearman, maka didapatkan nilai r hitung sebesar 0,108 < r tabel (30 responden) sebesar 0,361 dengan p value sebesar 0,000 < 0,05. Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara lama kerja dan praktik pjat bayi.Tidak ada hubungan antara tingkat pendidikan dan praktik pijat bayi di Kecamatan Karangrayung Kabupaten Grobogan. Saran :Lama kerja praktik pijat bayi lebih ditingkatkan melalui penyuluhan di puskesmas atau pelatihan khusus dari bidan.
POTENSI TEMULAWAK (CURCUMA XANTHORRHIZA ROXB) SEBAGAI ANTIOKSIDAN Rosidi, Ali; Khomsan, Ali; Setiawan, Budi; Riyadi, Hadi; Briawan, Dodik
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL - HASIL PENELITIAN & PENGABDIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorhiza Roxb) adalah salah satu tumbuhan obat keluarga Zingi beraceae yang banyak tumbuh dan digunakan sebagai bahan baku obat tradisional di Indonesia. Temulawak diketahui memiliki banyak manfaat salah satunya  potensi sebagaiantioksidan. Komponen aktif yang bertanggung jawab sebagai antioksidan dalam rimpang temulawak adalah kurkumin. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis potensi temulawak sebagai antioksidan. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah rimpang temulawak diperoleh dari petani temulawak di Kabupaten Purworejo, Jawa Tengah. Metode ekstrasi menggunakan ekstraksicair-cair yang dikembangkan PT Javaplant. Ekstrak temulawak dianalisis kandungan proksimat.Pengujian antioksidan dilakukan dengan metode DPPH dan Analisis Kadar kurkuminoid Temulawak Menggunakan HPLC. Data yang diperoleh diolah dan dianalisis denganmenggunakan program SPSS. Data disajikan dalam bentuk diskriptif.  Pada ekstrak temulawak ditemukan kadar kurkumin sebesar 27,19% dengan rendemen sebesar 1,02%. Aktivitasantioksidan ekstrak temulawak dengan IC sebesar 87,01 ppm. Ekstrak temulawak memiliki aktivitas antioksidan tergolong aktif sehingga  berpotensi  sebagai antioksidan alami yang baik. Kata kunci : Kadar Kurkumin, Antivitas antioksidan,Temulawak 50
POLA DYSMENORRHEA PRIMER PADA REMAJA DI MAN 1 SEMARANG Mardhiyah, Ulfatul; Rosidi, Ali; Purwanti, Indri Astuti
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Menstruation is a sign of a primary sex for women. The most common menstrual disorders is dysmenorrhea. The average incidence of dysmenorrhea in Indonesia is about 55% of which consists of a primary dysmenorrhea (54.89%) and secondary dysmenorrhea (9.36%). Primary dysmenorrhea happened in MAN 1 Semarang as much as 27%. This research objects to describe the patterns of the primary dysmenorrhea in MAN 1 Semarang. The study was conducted by survey method and approach of cross-sectional. Respondents were selected X-grader is experiencing Dysmenorrhea. Sampling technique is simple random sampling and numbers of sample are 46 respondents. The results showed that most respondents always experiencing dysmenorrhea (65.2%), while respondents perceived dysmenorrhea symptoms are pain in the lower abdomen that extends to the back and leg (91.3%), sore on the leg (73.9 %), and sore at the waist (76.1%). Dysmenorrhea interval that occurred more than 3 years after menarche (47.8%) more than 2-3 years (39.1%) and less than 2 years (13%).Keywords: primary dysmenorrhea, menstrual disorder, teenager.
GAMBARAN MUTU MAKANAN PADA PENDERITA AUTISME DI PANTI ASUHAN AL-RIFDAH SEMARANG Ambarwati, Dwi Septi; Rosidi, Ali; SU, Yuliana Noor
Jurnal Gizi Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Gizi UNIMUS
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.291 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jg.3.1.2014.%p

Abstract

The quality of the food is served judging the quality of the consumer to be aware of the color, texture, aroma, flavor, and sanitation on the equipment used. In children with autism need to be considered in the therapeutic quality food using free gluten and free casein. The purpose of this study was to determine the picture quality of food in people with autis in the orphanage Al-Rifdah Semarang. Type of study used descriptive and cross-sectional methods. Population and samples taken in this study is a food that is served in Al-Rifdah Orphanage Semarang for 4 days. Primary data include type of foods that contain gluten and casein, heavy foods containing gluten and casein. Secondary data include a general description of the profile Orphanage Al-Rifdah Semarang. Data collected edited and processed and analyzed with descriptive analysis using nutrisurvey program. From the research that has been done of children with autism who live in the orphanage Al-Rifdah Semarang by 11 children aged 5 to 19 years. With male gender as much as 9 children and female sex as much as 2 children. Orphanage in Al-Rifdah Semarang still serving food sources of gluten in any menu. With an average of 715.24 in the one-day gr ingredients are gluten-containing foods, and the average in a day are 19.98 grams of foods that contain casein.