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Journal : TSAQAFAH

Aksara Arab-Melayu di Nusantara dan Sumbangsihnya dalam Pengembangan Khazanah Intelektual Roza, Ellya
TSAQAFAH Vol 13, No 1 (2017): Islamic Political Thought
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/tsaqafah.v13i1.982

Abstract

Literacy is a tool of communication which could help people to know the natural surroundings without any real experience, but they could know the events of the past. As a relic, the literacy cannot be ignored. For example, the literacy of Arabic-Malay is a tool to write Malay language for the people who live in the archipelago. With the help of the Arab-Malay literacy, Moslem sholars, kiais, and teachers are able to produce real works that characterizes the traditional writing of citizens. The works of the past people implemented in Arabic-Malay and Malay are called Malay manuscripts. The number of Malay manuscripts is innumerable and has been saved by 28 countries in the world. The Malay manuscripts will not contribute to society nowadays if they are not read and the people do not understand their contents. Therefore, it is important to do a research for the existence of the Arab-Malay literacy in the archipelago. Moreover, the deep research is needed to know its role to read the Malay manuscripts which are ones of the intellectual treasures of the archipelago till the manuscripts can be understood by the people now. It is very necessary to do because the Arab-Malay literacy as a part of the archipelago culture has been "forgotten" for a long time. In studying the Arabic-Malay literacy existence and its role, the writer prefers using literatures. It means that this article focuses on library research because the analysis is directed to the books and writings related to the discussion.
Akulturasi Islam dalam Adat Pengesahan Perkawinan Suku Sakai Solapan Kabupaten Bengkalis, Riau Roza, Ellya; Yasnel, Yasnel; Mirawati, Mirawati
TSAQAFAH Vol 15, No 1 (2019): Da'wah and Islamic Communication
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/tsaqafah.v15i1.2785

Abstract

AbstractThis paper aims to reveal the acculturation of Islam with the customary endorsement of the marriage of the Sakai tribe community in the Bathin Solapan region in Bengkalis Regency, Riau. As a native tribe, Sakai has a strong belief in his culture, especially marriage by using various social symbols with Bathin as the main character who becomes the legitimate determinant of a marriage. Likewise the shrill of a dog in Bathin's house is a benchmark for the validity of a marriage. Because this study is a study of social and cultural heritage that integrates with Islam, the methodology used in accordance with the concept of social science research is a qualitative descriptive method that focuses on content analysis with several stages of work through the concept of Research and Development (R & D) . At the end of the study it was found that the social symbol in the custom of the marriage of the Sakai tribe in the Bathin Solapan region was (1) Bathin who started with a picture of a puppet at the pole of his house using betel lime. After that the bride's second hand is put together with the position of the man's hand on the woman's hand. Then a family testimony was held for both parties: (2) The dog's curse which was beaten by Bathin as the validity of a marriage. With the Islamization in Riau, there was an acculturation of Islam towards the customary ratification of the Sakai tribe marriage which was implemented using Islamic social symbols which were manifested in the pillars of marriage and full of marriage with the nikah as the main actor.Keywords: Acculturation of Islam, Social Symbols, Ratification of Marriage, Sakai Tribe, BatinAbstrakTulisan ini bertujuan mengungkap akulturasi Islam dengan adat pengesahan perkawinan  masyarakat suku Sakai dalam wilayah Bathin Solapan di Kabupaten Bengkalis, Riau. Sebagai suku asli, Sakai memiliki keyakinanan yang kokoh terhadap kebudayaannya terutama perkawinan dengan menggunakan berbagai symbol social dengan Bathin sebagai tokoh utamanya yang menjadi penentu sah atau tidaknya sebuah perkawinan. Demikian juga lengkingan seekor anjing yang ada di rumah Bathin menjadi tolok ukur terhadap sahnya sebuah perkawinan. Dikarenakan penelitian ini merupakan kajian terhadap peninggalan social dan budaya yang berintegrasi dengan Islam, maka metodologi yang digunakan sesuai dengan konsep penelitian ilmu-ilmu social yakni metode deskriptif kualitatif yang menfokuskan kepada content analysis dengan beberapa tahapan kerja melalui konsep Research and Development (R & D). Pada akhir kajian ditemukan bahwa symbol social dalam adat pengesahan perkawinan suku Sakai  di wilayah Bathin Solapan  adalah (1) Bathin yang memulai dengan gambar orang-orangan di tiang rumahnya dengan menggunakan kapur sirih. Setelah itu tangan kedua calon pengantin disatukan dengan posisi tangan laki-laki di atas tangan perempuan. Kemudian diadakan kesaksian keluarga bagi kedua belah pihak: (2) Lengkingan anjing yang dipukul oleh Bathin sebagai sahnya sebuah perkawinan. Dengan adanya Islamisasi di Riau, maka terjadi akulturasi Islam terhadap adat pengesahan perkawinan suku Sakai yang diimplementasikan dengan menggunakan symbol sosial agama Islam yang wujud pada rukun nikah dan sarat nikah dengan pengulu nikah sebagai actor utamanya.Kata Kunci:  akulturasi Islam, symbol sosial, pengesahan perkawinan, Suku Sakai