Yohanis Rura
Universitas Hasanuddin

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Pengungkapan Pro Forma, Mendukung atau Menyesatkan Investor? Rura, Yohanis
Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma Vol 1, No 3 (2010): Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma
Publisher : Jurusan Akuntansi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Pro forma is originated from Latin. It contains different meaning depends on which discipline it is used. In accounting, pro forma disclosure is used to show effect of important transaction which occurs after the end of periods, or which occurs during period but not fully reflected in historical cost financial statement of a firm. Pro forma disclosure has the objective to support (but might mislead) investor in decision making focused on particular influence of important transaction. Company with low GAAP profit information; less profitable company and has higher level of debt but more liquid, whose P-E ratio and market to book is higher than other companies in the industry; has the tendency to do pro forma disclosure. Pro forma disclosure has been supported by several theories such as: efficient market theory, catering theory, agency theory, signaling theory, and stakeholder theory. However, there are problems in reporting pro forma figures. There is no standard to it. Therefore, information on pro forma disclosure might also mislead less sophisticated investor.
Pengungkapan Pro Forma dan Keputusan Investor: Uji Empiris Teori Signaling dan Teori Pasar Efisien di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI) Rura, Yohanis; Subroto, Bambang; Sudarma, Made; Rosidi, Rosidi
Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma
Publisher : Jurusan Akuntansi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Pro Forma Disclosures And Investor Decision: Signaling Theory Empirical Test and Efficient Market Theory In Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI).The objective of research is to examine the signaling theory and efficient market theory whether the “quality” firms marketed their firm using pro forma disclosure and not mislead the investors. The pro forma disclosure of inside information is made to remote the investors from the effect of adverse selection.The research approach is quantitative with multiple regression analysis. Research sample includes 113 firm years from 2001 to 2008. The hypothesis test indicates the mixed result. The finding of research does not support the signaling theory that the “quality” firms give a signal to market through pro forma disclosure. Other important finding shows that the simultaneous test empower the efficient market theory by confirming that the market response to the day when the information is published. Pengungkapan Pro Forma Dan Keputusan Investor: Uji Empiris Teori Signaling Dan Teori Pasar Efisien Di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI).Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji signaling theory and efficient market theory apakah “kualitas” perusahaan dalam memasarkan diri menggunakan pengungkapan pro formadan tidak menyesatkan investor. Pengungkapan pro forma atasinside information dibuat untukmencegah investor dari efek adverse selection. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan alat uji multiple regression analysis.Sampel penelitian terdiri dari 113 perusahaan dalam kurun waktu 2001 hingga 2008.Hasil uji hipotesis menunjukkan mixed result. Temuannya tidak mendukung signaling theoryyang menyatakan bahwa “kualitas” perusahaan memberikan sinyal kepada pasar melalui pengungkapan pro forma.Temuan lainnya mengatakan bahwa teori pasar efisien terkonfirmasi pada respon pasar pada hari di mana informasi dipublikasikan.
NARCISSISM IN LOCAL BUDGETING: THE MIRROR AND MASK EFFECTSOF PUBLIC ASPIRATION FUND Pasoloran, Oktavian; Sukoharsono, Eko Ganis; Said, Darwis; Rura, Yohanis
The International Journal of Accounting and Business Society Vol 23, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Accounting Department,

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This study aims to interpret public aspiration fundin local budgeting in narcissism perspective. Discourse about "public aspiration fund”is a reality in budgeting leading to a contradiction, so the question is whether" public aspiration fund" that shows the reality in which the amount of funds used for realizing programs or activities in local government expressespublic needs and aspiration or contains another meaning related to personal interest and certain group interest. The research results provide an understanding that local budgets have potential to accentuate the "hall of mirrors". Public aspiration funds were created bybudgeting actors to express their identity as "the representatives" and to entrust the management to bureaucrats to "serve" public interests. However, in reality, the public aspiration funds have been part of an effort to serve their interests. The public aspiration fundhas become a simulacrumthat produces allthe fake deviated from the reference and create a mark as a mask, camouflage, or a mirage. Keywords: narcissism, budgeting, public aspiration funds, mirrors, masks