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Journal : Health Notions

The Analysis of Pandanus Leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) as A Plant-Based Pesticides for Adult Phase Fruit Fly (Bactrocera Sp) Rusmiati, Rusmiati; Mardojo, Sri
Health Notions Vol 2 No 7 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

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Abstract

Fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp) has been known as the main pest to the fruits commodity in Indonesia which caused large economic loss. Pandanus leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) already examined that it was contained some chemical componds that have potential to control pests. The purpose of this research was to analyze the effect of pandanus leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) extract to the mortality of adult phase fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp). The research was done by using laboratory experiment with true experimental post test only controlled group design. The result would be observed only after the animal test exposed by pandanus leaf extraxt with concentration variation was 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%. Several test also have done in this research such as photochemistry test, spektrofotometer test, and fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp) mortality. The result showed that pandanus leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) extract contain active compound such as flavonoid, essential oil, tanin, saponin, and alkanoid. Statistic result using anova test showed that p value < 0.05 which mean there were a significant difference of fruit flies mortality in each concentrate of pandanus extract and there were significant influence of pandanus extract to the fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp) mortality. Probit results then, showed that LC50 of pandanus leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) extract to fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp) was 5.216%. Keywords: Fruit flies(Bactrocera sp), Pandanus leaf extract (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.), Insecticide
The Engineering of Chlorinating Device to Disinfect The Conventional Well Sujangi, Sujangi; Rusmiati, Rusmiati; Suyanto, Beny
Health Notions Vol 1 No 3 (2017): July-September 2017
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

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Abstract

The group of PAMSIMAS (rural clean water maintenance) in Panekan Village, Panekan Sub-District, Magetan District, uses water resource in 2 – 2.2 l/s with an easy polluted water resource preservation; The result of E Coli examination in the water resource in Panekan Village (240 E Coli germs in 100 ml/sample) is positive. This research aimed to create a chlorinator design performance using solar cell energy submersible pump to disinfect the flowing water with an appliance which can overcome the mentioned problem. This experimental research was using a method of creating chlorinator containing chlorine disinfectant and analyzing the performance the chlorinator  applying 3 various distance (0 m, 500 m, 1000 m) and chlorinator A and B. The result of the research was: the need of chlorine was 185 g/day in 1 l/s water rate of the water resource. The performance of chlorinator: solar cell, circuit control mechanical box cell, voltage stabilizer, circuit cable, 1 unit chlorine tub for each, 6 units 12 volt batteries. submersible pump 3 watt (chlorinator A) and 6 watt (chlorinator B).  The performance of chlorinator A, in a various distance of 0m, 500m and 1000m, respectively: chlorine residue: 0.58 ppm; 0.50 ppm; 0.2 ppm; E coli bacteria: 0; 0; 2 per 100 ml/sample; temperature: 25.150C; 26.140C; 25.150C; pH: 7.14; 7.09;  7.04. The performance of chlorinator B  in a various distance of 0 m, 500 m and 1000m, respectively: Chlorine residue: 0.62 ppm; 0.49 ppm; 0.18 ppm; E coli bacteria: 0; 0; 1.3 per 100 ml sample; temperature: 25.460C; 25.99 0C; 25.31 0C; pH: 7.14; 7.08; 7.1. Overall, the result of the research fulfils the requirement of Permenkes RI 492/2010. Hopefully, needs further research to improve both the power of resistance and the performance of the instrument  especially for the greater rate of water.  
The Engineering of Chlorinating Device to Disinfect The Conventional Well Sujangi, Sujangi; Rusmiati, Rusmiati; Suyanto, Beny
Health Notions Vol 1, No 3 (2017): July-September
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

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Abstract

The group of PAMSIMAS (rural clean water maintenance) in Panekan Village, Panekan Sub-District, Magetan District, uses water resource in 2 – 2.2 l/s with an easy polluted water resource preservation; The result of E Coli examination in the water resource in Panekan Village (240 E Coli germs in 100 ml/sample) is positive. This research aimed to create a chlorinator design performance using solar cell energy submersible pump to disinfect the flowing water with an appliance which can overcome the mentioned problem. This experimental research was using a method of creating chlorinator containing chlorine disinfectant and analyzing the performance the chlorinator applying 3 various distance (0 m, 500 m, 1000 m) and chlorinator A and B. The result of the research was: the need of chlorine was 185 g/day in 1 l/s water rate of the water resource. The performance of chlorinator: solar cell, circuit control mechanical box cell, voltage stabilizer, circuit cable, 1 unit chlorine tub for each, 6 units 12 volt batteries. submersible pump 3 watt (chlorinator A) and 6 watt (chlorinator B). The performance of chlorinator A, in a various distance of 0m, 500m and 1000m, respectively: chlorine residue: 0.58 ppm; 0.50 ppm; 0.2 ppm; E coli bacteria: 0; 0; 2 per 100 ml/sample; temperature: 25.150C; 26.140C; 25.150C; pH: 7.14; 7.09; 7.04. The performance of chlorinator B in a various distance of 0 m, 500 m and 1000m, respectively: Chlorine residue: 0.62 ppm; 0.49 ppm; 0.18 ppm; E coli bacteria: 0; 0; 1.3 per 100 ml sample; temperature: 25.460C; 25.99 0C; 25.31 0C; pH: 7.14; 7.08; 7.1. Overall, the result of the research fulfils the requirement of Permenkes RI 492/2010. Hopefully, needs further research to improve both the power of resistance and the performance of the instrument especially for the greater rate of water. Keywords: Chlorinator, Chlorine, Water resource, E coli
The Analysis of Pandanus Leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) as A Plant-Based Pesticides for Adult Phase Fruit Fly (Bactrocera Sp) Rusmiati, Rusmiati; Mardojo, Sri
Health Notions Vol 2, No 7 (2018): July
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp) has been known as the main pest to the fruits commodity in Indonesia which caused large economic loss. Pandanus leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) already examined that it was contained some chemical componds that have potential to control pests. The purpose of this research was to analyze the effect of pandanus leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) extract to the mortality of adult phase fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp). The research was done by using laboratory experiment with true experimental post test only controlled group design. The result would be observed only after the animal test exposed by pandanus leaf extraxt with concentration variation was 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%. Several test also have done in this research such as photochemistry test, spektrofotometer test, and fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp) mortality. The result showed that pandanus leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) extract contain active compound such as flavonoid, essential oil, tanin, saponin, and alkanoid. Statistic result using anova test showed that p value < 0.05 which mean there were a significant difference of fruit flies mortality in each concentrate of pandanus extract and there were significant influence of pandanus extract to the fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp) mortality. Probit results then, showed that LC50 of pandanus leaf (Pandanus Amarylifolius Raxb) extract to fruit flies (Bactrocera Sp) was 5.216%. Keywords: Fruit flies(Bactrocera sp), Pandanus leaf extract (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.), Insecticide