Determining thelatestdevelopment oftheintellectual property rights oncomputersoftware emerges various comments andphenomena. Legal enforcement of the intellectual property rights on computer software involved with variousregulations andinternationalcrossbordersanction, in otherhand the"against"phenomenon of theintellectualpropertyrights regime wasappears with various approach. Onetypeofthe "against"phenomenon toward the computersoftwareapplication is Open Source phenomenon includes Linux as computer software based on public license. In this research, a writer intends depicting manyfactors why wasLinux Software emerged tocoverillegal operation oncomputer software andthehistory behind that, also much more competitiveadvantages forapplication of Linux Software, furthermore Linux will replace the "recent commercial computer software a yearstocomewhich havehadmonopoly the International market.
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This research ispurposedtoobtain a learningmodelthatproducestheintegration betweenacademic worldandlegalpractice inrealworld that feels limp frequently. Mootcourtlearning modelstry this methodas a framework, initiated byJohnDeweyas a progressive educational attainment, especially incriminaljus ticepractice courses.More systematically in thefirstyear, proposing thedevelopmentoflearningmodelinmootcourt determines: a) the inventory of lawsandregulations relatedto the national education system, higher education, and management administration as well as various derrivates statutory provision; b) problem inventory in the implementation of instructional on mootcourt learning. To achieve these goals,first year of this studyused normative juridical approach method. Inductive studyis completed refers to legislative regulations, problem mootcourt instructionallearning, as wellas comparative analysis ofinstruc tionallearning on mootcourtproblem. The result of research and policy discussion shows categorization, curriculum and learningsystem from academic to professional way. Since the founding of the Rechtshogerschool, in 1924 focused in academic educationand lessÂ schoolingwatchedprofessionalschooling. Later, professionalschoolingand The Decision ofMlnstry ofEducation andculture number 17/D/0/1993onFebruary24,1993 (itsappliedin1994) canbe said that looking at thetradition onlegaleducation is notonlyas rules, butalso as meansof development. The problem inventory in the implementation ofinstructional mootcourt learning liesin the learning designmodelthatprovides study plans andlearning procedures, anditsimplementation. Mean while, the resultof comparative analysisof instructionalproblem intheimplementation of diverselearning university mootcourt incorporated inALSA (Asian Law Students Association) shows diametrically. Based on thisobservation andresulting embryo ofKUHAP, theprogressive of mootcourt learningmodelforms tocoherentplot trial.
This study aims to examine the relationship and the significance level ofindependent variable on the dependent variable. This phenomenon isportrayed as the law embodiment ofthe institutionalizedpatterns ofsocial behavior, exist as an empirical social variable. The purpose is pursed in the explanation oftherelationship between the independent variable on the law enforcementofLawNumber 11 of2008About the Information and Electronic Transactions toward the dependent variable on the blocking effort ofporno graphic websites by internet service providers in Surakarta. Based on the type, this study is an empirical legal studies orsurveys, which refers to the primarydata source, although stillsupported by the secondary data. The process ofcollecting data use questionnair with alikert scale and be analized with linearregres sion statistical method. The result shows that the application ofregression models have a significant level bytheequation Y=0.958X-1, 955 and the determination coefficient (R2) 94.4%. Therefore, itisarguablethat the application ofthe linear regression model has acorresponding suitability analysis model, with the research equation Y=0.958 X-1, 955. These equation mean that to implement the blocking porn site (Y) on ISPs in the city ofSolo, required law enforcement efforts (X) for multiplication and subtraction X0.958 -1.955 points. Then the amount ofeffort that should be applied based on various indicators ofresearchtools is valued according to the equation. Thus law enforcement in relation UUITEbanning the dissemina tion ofpornographic content on the internet service provider (ISP) in Surakarta, and the relationship has a significantinfluence.
The study aims to obtain a method forlearningpseudo trialpress law forlaw enforcers. The design ofthis study is action research (participatory research actions) that combines legal research and studies in the education sector. Normativeresearch methods and sociologicalstudies used appropriate phasing In each year. The types ofdata used inthis study includeprimaryand secondary data. Data collection methods are interviews, questionnaires, and literature. Data processing is carried out through the stages of editing, coding, tabulating. Analysis technique using inductive and deductive thinking .. Observation of actual handling of the case became the foundation for further analysis based on legislation and groove trial. Observations thus further utilizedto formulate the appropriate method of fictitious courtpress law. In the first year of thisstudy produced findings: a) identification of two dominant factors typically by law enforce mentofficials inthe press dispute, namely the use of Criminal Code offenses and negationcase particularities press, b). finding of distinctiveness criteria law enforcementpress located on the rightofreply and therole of the Press Council in the settlement release applied to the fictitious trial methods, c) learned of discrepanciesinthe prototype method fictitious courtpress law enforcementagainstactualpracticein the field ofpress due to the design oflearning in one direction and instructionalissues that are not collaborative. Furthermore, the results of this study indicate that a) the dominant factor affecting the typical law enforcement officials in the press dispute actually consists of the application of the dominantoffense in the Criminal Codeas anaffront legalsnares for members ofthepress, and did not understand theuniqueness ofdisputesettlementinthe groove press releases as Act mandatedby the press, b) uniquenesslies in the settlement conference where the submission of the right of reply, complaintsto the Press Council, until the publication of the Press Council rekomendasai that preceded the litigatifc) discrepancies prototype art if icialmethods of learning trials with the reality of law enforcement is due to the instructional design of the course and instructional problems that actuallycan be parsed by the collaborative.
AbstractThe study aims to obtain a method for learning pseudo trial press law for law enforcers. The design of this study is action research (participatory research actions) that combines legal research and studies in the education sector. Normative research methods and sociological studies used appropriate phasing in each year. The types of data used in this study include primary and secondary data. Data collection methods are interviews, questionnaires, and literature. Data processing is carried out through the stages of editing, coding, tabulating. Analysis technique using inductive and deductive thinking .. Observation of actual handling of the case became the foundation for further analysis based on legislation and groove trial. Observations thus further utilized to formulate the appropriate method of fictitious court press law. In the first year of this study produced findings: a) identification of two dominant factors typically by law enforce- ment officials in the press dispute, namely the use of Criminal Code offenses and negation case particulari- ties press, b). finding of distinctiveness criteria law enforcement press located on the right of reply and the role of the Press Council in the settlement release applied to the fictitious trial methods, c) learned of discrepancies in the prototype method fictitious court press law enforcement against actual practice in the field of press due to the design of learning in one direction and instructional issues that are not collabora- tive. Furthermore, the results of this study indicate that a) the dominant factor affecting the typical law enforcement officials in the press dispute actually consists of the application of the dominant offense in the Criminal Code as an affront legal snares for members of the press, and did not understand the uniqueness of dispute settlement in the groove press releases as Act mandated by the press, b) uniqueness lies in the settlement conference where the submission of the right of reply, complaints to the Press Council, until the publication of the Press Council rekomendasai that preceded the litigatif c) discrepancies prototype artifi- cial methods of learning trials with the reality of law enforcement is due to the instructional design of the course and instructional problems that actually can be parsed by the collaborative.Keywords: method, fictitious trial, the press law.AbstrakPenelitian bertujuan untuk memeroleh suatu metode persidangan semu dalam pembelajaran hukum pers bagi penegak hukum. Desain penelitian ini merupakan penelitian aksi (partisipatori actions research) yang memadukan penelitian hukum dan penelitian di sektor pendidikan. Metode penelitian yuridis normatif maupun sosiologis digunakan sesuai pentahapan penelitian di setiap tahunnya Jenis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini meliputi data primer dan sekunder. Metode pengumpulan data yang ialah wawancara, angket, dan studi pustaka. Pengolahan data dilaksanakan melalui tahap editing, coding, tabulating. Teknik analisis menggunakan metode berpikir induktif dan deduktif. Pengamatan penanganan kasus senyatanya menjadi pijakan untuk selanjutnya dianalisis berdasarkan perundangan dan alur persidangan. Hasil pengamatan demikian selanjutnya dimanfaatkan untuk memformulasikan metode persidangan semu yang sesuai ketentuan hukum pers. Pada tahun pertama penelitian ini menghasilkan temuan: a) teridentifikasinya dua faktor dominan tipikal penegakan hukum oleh aparat dalam sengketa pers, yaitu penggunaan delik KUHP dan penegasian kekhasan perkara pers; b) ditemukannya kriteria kekhasan penegakkan hukum pers yang terletak pada hak jawab dan peran Dewan Pers dalam penyelesaian perkara pers yang diaplikasikan pada metode persidangan semu; c) diketahuinya ketidaksinkronan prototipe metode persidangan semu hukum pers terhadap praktik senyatanya penegakan hukum di bidang pers akibat desain pembelajaran satu arah dan permasalahan instruksional yang tidak kolaboratif. Selanjutnya, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa a) faktor dominan yang memengaruhi tipikal penegakan hukum oleh aparat dalam sengketa pers sejatinya terdiri atas dominannya penerapan delik penghinaan dalam KUHP sebagai jerat hukum bagi insan pers, dan Â tidak dipahaminya kekhasan penyelesaian sengketa pers dalam alur penyelesaian perkara pers sebagaimana diamanatkan oleh Undang-Undang pers; b) kekhasan penyelesaian perkara pers terletak pada keberadaan pengajuan hak jawab, pengaduan kepada Dewan Pers, hingga terbitnya rekomendasai dari Dewan Pers yang mendahului proses litigatif; c) ketidaksinkronan prototipe metode pembelajaran persidangan semu dengan kenyataan penegakkan hukum lebih disebabkan pada desain pembelajaran satu arah dan permasalahan instruksional yang sejatinya dapat diurai dengan jalan kolaboratif.Kata kunci: metode, persidangan semu, hukum pers.
Abstractdied. âNew Worldâ which Baudrillard calls the âGalactic Simulacraâ, was struck all life aspects, including law. Dialectics about the pretrial judge over status of a suspect several times ago which is better known as Sarpinâs Effect, and has been abolished with the appearance of Â The Constitutional Court Decision Number 21 / PUU-XII / 2014, shows how the reality of the presumption of innocence (APTB) often turns into hyperreality in the application of national law APTB at the pretrial stage, which applies only in textual various issues surrounding the complexity of the legal reality. The competition between the presumption of guilt and innocence, the legal and factual concept in the minds of law enforcement, as well as human values that precede the legality brooded in the Pancasila revolution ala Indonesia human rights, failed to be described due to the simplifying of Presumption of Innocence in monofacet. Therefore, Presumption of Innocence as one of the principles at the core of the formal criminal law, according to Satjipto Rahardjo, it is proper to be conceived as a law manner that does not just stop at reading the text, but continues with the action or human effort. An effort that certainly draining the mind, empathy and courage, which is not purely alles binnen de cadre van de wet.Key Words : Presumption of Innocence, normativity, contextuality, the Indonesian way, pretrialAbstrakJean Baudrillard melalui Simulacra and Simulation (1981) membuat rancangan pikir yang memprediksi bahwa realitas pada akhirnya telah mati. âDunia baruâ yang Baudrillard sebut sebagai âGalaksi Simulacraâ, ternyata melanda seluruh aspek kehidupan tidak terkecuali hukum. Dialektika tentang praperadilan yang mengadili status tersangka beberapa waktu lalu yang lebih dikenal sebagai Sarpinâs Effect, dan dipungkasi dengan munculnya Putusan MK Nomor 21/PUU-XII/2014, menunjukkan betapa realitas asas praduga tidak bersalah (APTB) acapkali berubah menjadi hiperealitas dalam penerapan hukum nasional. APTB pada tahap praperadilan yang hanya diterapkan secara tekstual dan dipisahlepaskan dari konteksnya, hukumnya. Persaingan antara praduga bersalah dan tidak bersalah, maupun kesenjangan legal concept dan factual concept dalam benak penegak hukum, serta nilai kemanusiaan yang mendahului legalitas yang diperam dalam revolusi Pancasila ala HAM Indonesia, gagal tergambar akibat penyedehanaan APTB yang monofaset. Oleh karenanya, APTB sebagai salah satu asas yang menjadi inti dalam hukum pidana formil, menurut Satjipto Rahardjo, sudah selayaknya dikonsepsikan sebagai cara berhukum yang tidak hanya berhenti pada membaca teks, tetapi melanjutkannya dengan aksi atau usaha (effort) manusia. Suatu usaha yang tentu saja menguras energi, baik pikiran maupun empati dan keberanian yang tidak semata-mata bersifat alles binnen de kader van de wet.Kata kunci: asas praduga tidak bersalah, normativitas, kontekstualitas, keindonesiaan, praperadilan.
Thus far, equality before the law is understood as an ideality without limitation and exception. Its enforceability is considered to apply indiscriminately for every law breaker. However, reality of law enforcement says differently when a perpetrator of the crime is called an early age child. Special regulations exist injustice system, law governing it as well as provisions derived from the children rights, although the child is positioned as dealing with the law. In such context of an establishment of law regarding children in conflict with the law, it is interesting to find philosophical roots of distinctive treatment negating equality before the law. The explorative step is more attractive, especially when many mosaics of conception has been discovered about what are the truths whena child is in conflict with the law: 1) violations committed by children are not purely mistakes of the children, 2) children are, nevertheless, having rights that must be fulfilled including when dealing with the law, 3) children has privileges with broad distribution of regulations in various sectors and according to the view based on Pancasila, they are keten (a link) of a nation. Such varied conceptions elicit necessity of unearthing philosophical roots, truths and realitiesthat are always plural. So that, the law established is not only be legal because it is formed in legitimate manner and by legitimate power (pedigree thesis), also incorporating theexisting basic values or moral principles, though not absolute, depending on condition of society (the moral thesis) (Twining, 2009). Thus, study of such legal products is not only be seen as the work of professional, but as Satjipto Rahardjo viewed, it is placed as an scientific object to explain that a law codified in legislation, though, is not something sacred to examine for its philosophical content.