M. Saeri
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Jawa Timur Jln. Raya Karangploso Km 4, Kotak Pos 188, Malang 65101, Indonesia Telp. (0341) 494052, 485056

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DIPLOMASI INDONESIA DALAM PENETAPAN BATAS PERAIRAN DENGAN TIMOR LESTE Dewi, Rizka Kurnia; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 7: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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After Timor Leste gained independence from Indonesia, there was a change in the status of the territory that was originally Indonesian and now belongs to Timor Leste. But nearly two decades of East Timor's independence, there are no stipulations and rules regarding the maritime territorial between Indonesia and Timor Leste which should be the focus of the government to avoid the threat of encroachment. This study uses qualitative methods and uses the perspective of Realism in which the Realist offers the concept of National Interests, the basic views or assumptions of this perspective include upholding national security values and the existence or survival of the state. After taking an intensive approach, including through a number of bilateral meetings, maritime boundary forums conducted by the Indonesian government, the reality that occurred on the ground is not in accordance with the intensive approach that has been taken by the Indonesian government. The reason for the unfinished land border makes an excuse not to immediately settle the sea borders that are in the borders of Indonesia and Timor Leste. Indonesia's attitude which prioritizes resolving land borders over sea borders provides opportunities for foreign countries and foreign citizens to commit violations. Therefore, the Indonesian government must be consistent in inviting Timor Leste in the determination of borders of water territories in order to produce clarity about exploitation rights and reduce border violations that prejudice border society. Keywords: Waters Boundary ,Diplomacy,  Maritime
KAMAN EFEKTIVITAS PUPUK NPK (15-15-6-4) PADA PADI DI LAHAN SAWAH IRIGASI KABUPATEN MALANG M. Saeri, Suwono dan Amik Krismawati Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Jawa Timur JL Raya Karangploso Km 4 Malang, Jawa Timur Saeri, M.; , Suwono; Krismawati, Amik
Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 11, No 3 (2008): November 2008
Publisher : Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

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The Effective Assessment of NPK Fertilizer for Irrigated rice in Malang District. The suboptimal rice production on irrigated rice in Malang was due to the low fertilization efficiency. The objective of the single fertilizer and compound fertilizer application study on irrigated rice was to understand the fertilization efficiencies on irrigated rice. The on-farm experiment was conducted at Sekarpuro Village, Pakis District, Malang Regency in the first dry season (April — July 2007) and the types of soil was Regosol with sand loam texture. The design of the experiment was a Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD), with 13 treatments and 3 replications. Treatments to be tested were : T1 = without fertilizer, T2 = 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T3 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T4 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T5 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T6 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T7 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T8 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg SP-36/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha; T9 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T10 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T11 = 300 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 SP-36/ha + 75 kg KC1/ha, T12 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and BNT. The results of combining macro inorganic fertilizers and alternative fertilizers showed that treatment (a) where 200 kg Urea combined with 100 kg ZA and 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4) provided Cibogo dried grains yield with 6.28 t/ha with RC 3.17, thus increasing farmers income to Rp.14,130,000, giving a profit of Rp.9,677,050, with treatment (b) where 200 kg of Urea combined with 100 kg ZA and 200 kg NPK Phonska provided Cibogo dried grains yield with as much as 6,05 t/ha with R/C 3.22 thus increasing farmers income to Rp.13,612,500, giving a profit of Rp.9,380,700. From economical point of view by combining fertilizers gave the economic advantage with higher revenue cost ratio and profit compared to single fertilization system Key words alternative fettilizer, macro anorganic fertilizer, rice, rainfed rice Belum optimalnya produktivitas padi di lahan sawah, antara lain disebabkan oleh rendahnya efisiensi pemupukan. Kajian pemupukan alternatif pada padi sawah dilaksanakan di Desa Sekarpuro, Kecamatan Pakis, Kabupaten Malang di Musim Kemarau I (April - Juli) tahun 2007, termasuk jenis tanah Regosol dengan tekstur tanah lempung berpasir. Rancangan percobaan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan 12 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Perlakuan yang dikaji adalah (1). Tanpa pemupukan, T1 = tanpa pupuk, T2 = 300 kg NPK(15-15-6-4)/ha, T3 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T4 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T5 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T6 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T7 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T8 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg SP-36/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha; T9 = 200 kg Urea.ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T10 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T11 = 300 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 SP-36/ha + 75 kg KC1/ha, T12 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha. Analisis data menggunakan ANOVA dilanjutkan dengan uji BNT.Hasil pengkajian penggunaan pupuk makro anorganik yang dikombinasikan dengan pupuk alternatif menunjukkan bahwa (a). 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, memberikan hasil gabah kering giling (GKG) varietas Cibogo sebesar 6,28 t/ha dengan R/C 3,17 dan memberikan penerimaan usahatani sebesar Rp.14.130.000,- keuntungan sebesar Rp.9.677.050,- dan (b). 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha memberikan hasil gabah kering giling (GKG) varietas Cibogo sebesar 6,05 t/ha dengan R/C 3,22 dan memberikan penerimaan sebesar Rp.13.612.500,- serta keuntungan sebesar Rp. 9.380.700,-. Kata kunci : pupuk altematif, pupuk makro anorganik, padi, lahan sawah irigasi
DUKUNGAN ARAB SAUDI TERHADAP KUDETA MESIR TAHUN 2013 ", Kaza; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 1, No 2 (2014): WISUDA OKTOBER 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This research describes Saudi Arabia’s support against Egypt military coup upon, the first Egyptian Moslem President elected by democracy. This support is convinced by King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz by various media, Saudi Arabian Government pledges fresh money six day after Morsi’s coup.This study applies qualitative research method with library research. The data sources are from books, journals, and the Internet. This study uses security theory and nation-state level of analysis.This Research explain that Saudi Arabia under King Abdullah is the first leader supporting morsi’s coup. The Support is emerged by the fact that Muslim Brotherhood dominated in Egyptian political, it would be ideological treat to Saudi Arabia governance.Keywords: Coup, Mohammad Morsi, Muslim Brotherhood, Ideological treat, Support
DIPLOMATIC DILEMMA DAN STANDAR GANDA POLITIK AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP KONFLIK SIPIL-MILITER MESIR TAHUN 2013 Setiawan, Azhari; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2015): WISUDA FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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United States of America as the main actor—in many cases—of world politics constellation has done a number of double standard politics for preserving its certain national interest. For a century, Middle East has been one of the most focussed object for United States foreign policies. This research is aimed to explain United States diplomatic dilemma and double standard politics toward Egypt civil-military conflict and Morsi coup in 2013, which tries to answer why United States used double standard politics on Egypt case. United States has a strong policy on democratization, human rights and anti-coup, which made a controversial policy on Egypt cases. United States never calls Egypt case as a coup and still continuing its foreign aid to Egypt’s new governement (military government).This research theoretically has built with rasionalism perspectives on International Relations and supported by National Security theories, and also the concept of Diplomatic Dilemma and Double Standard Politics. Formulation of all arguments, facts, and theoretical framework on this research is guided by qualitative explanation methods. Scope of this research is United States policy toward Egypt coup which is considered by viewing international and United States’s middle east allies responses on the same case.Researcher has formulated an answered-hypothesis which reveals the facts that United States double standard is caused by United States diplomatic dilemma. These diplomatic dilemmas also influenced by United States pragmatism on its Arab Spring foreign policy. This research has added one more explanation about United States double standard politics history in Middle East cases for this decade.Keywords : Diplomatic Dilemma, Double Standard Politics, Coup, United States of America, Arab Spring, Middle East.
STRATEGI ARAB SAUDI TERHADAP STABILITAS PEMERINTAHANNYA TAHUN 2011-2013 Wicaksana, Arif; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2015): WISUDA FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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Middle east revolution or Arab Spring has destroyed most of middle east nations and government. The revolution carry two main factor which causing revolution. First factor is democratization issue, and Sunni-Shi’a conflict as a second factor. Saudi Arabia as a part of middle east region can’t avoid impact by revolution. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia has two main factor which causing revolution either. This research is focused to explain reasons why Saudi Arabia government could survive during the revolution and still standing as a stable government in the region.This research has built by using realist perspective of international relations and supported by security theories. This research also using nation-state as the level of analyze which aimed on strategies by Saudi Arabia on it own government stability. Formulation of facts, data, arguments, theoretical framework in this research using qualitative explanation methods. Focus on this research is Saudi Arabia’s strategies in order to defending it own government stability during Arab Spring and explain stability of Saudi Arabia government.This research has formulated answer-hypothesis which revealed the fact of ability of Saudi Arabia government to remains stable is by it’s strategies to minimalyze factor of revolution and policy to maintain social stabilization. According to the strategy, Arab Saudi remains as a stable nation and government with no change in the nation nor the government. This fact can be proved by ability of Arab Saudi to supported other middle east countries by security support and economical supportKeywords : Strategies, policies, government, security, stability, Saudi Arabia, Arab Spring, Middle East
EFEKTIVITAS REGIONAL COOPERATION AGREEMENT ON COMBATING PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY (RECAAP) DALAM PENANGANAN KASUS PEMBAJAKAN KAPAL DAN PERAMPOKAN BERSENJATA DI ASIA TENGGARA TAHUN 2012-2015 Aprilia, Shela; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 4, No 1: WISUDA FEBRUARI 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This study aims to determine the effectiveness of ReCAAP in handling cases of piracy and armed robbery in Southeast Asia by 2012-2015. The author focuses on the condition of the problem and the level of collaboration in ReCAAP own.Sources of this study was obtained through journals, books, theses, reports, press releases and websites that explain ReCAAP and effectiveness associated with operations in Southeast Asia using the perspective of neorealism and Effectiveness Theory Regime.In this study, the authors found that ReCAAP operate effectively in Southeast Asia, it can be seen from the complexity of problems that are not being met, either in the capacity to solve problems and a high level of collaboration that led to changes in the behavior of members and optimal achievement of technicalKeywords: Regime Effectiveness Theory, Piracy, Armed Robbery, Regional Cooperation on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery (ReCAAP)
KEPENTINGAN AMERIKA SERIKAT MEMBERIKAN BANTUAN LUAR NEGERI “FEED THE FUTURE” KEPADA NEGARA SENEGAL TAHUN 2010-2015 Muhammad, Fadel; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 5: Edisi II Juli - Desember 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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A nation was formed with the ultimate aim of prospering the people who were part ofthe country. But foreign aid is a really strange phenomenon. A country consciously provide itsresources to improve the living conditions of people from other countries. Moral cause as theleader of countries in the world is the reason often announced every time the foreign assistanceis given. In fact, the often said foreign aid based on morality provide a form of reciprocityafterwards, such as political support, military base licensing, market expansion, and so on. Anoverseas aid program will go through a long process determined by the donor country (giver)such as which country will get it, how much the value of the foreign assistance is given, howlong is the aid-giving periods, and how to give it, in bilateral or multilateral. So is the casewith the food aid program ?Feed the Future? given by the United States to the country ofSenegal in 2010-2015. Although on the surface, United States aid appears to have a goal tosolve Senegal?s food problems, but the United States has another big goal behind it. Resonancewith the theory expressed by Lancaster that one of the goals of providing foreign aid is as adiplomatic means in achieving interests in other countries, it is certain that the United Stateswill benefit from Senegal. Judging from the time of the provision of foreign aid which coincidedwith the issuance of the United States strategy in combating terrorism, it was certain thatforeign aid would reciprocate in the form of Senegal?s support for the national interests of theUnited States to combat violent groups in the West African region.Keywords: Foreign aid, National interests, Violent groups in West Africa, Food scarcity
HUBUNGAN DIPLOMASI KEAMANAN INGGRIS DAN UNI EROPA (UE) PASCA PERNYATAAN REFERENDUM BRITISH EXIT (BREXIT) TAHUN 2016-2017 Tobing, Ledi Sanita; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi II Juli - Desember 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This study explains about how the security diplomacy of the United Kingdom and the European Union after the Brexit Referendum (British Exit) conducted by the United Kingdom in 2016-2017. Brexit is carried out by the United Kingdom because the United Kingdom found it was no longer compatible with the European Union policy. This study uses a Neo-realist perspective by Kenneth N. Waltz quoted from his book Theory of International Politics, and supported by diplomatic theory, and the level of analysis of the State. Furthermore, the methodology used in this study is a qualitative research methodology which the data collection techniques uses the literature review method. The results of this study indicate that the United Kingdom needs to conduct broader negotiations after the statement of the Brexit Referendum on foreign policy and security issues, especially in the European region where the European Union is an important player in the European region. And negotiate on how Britain sees, whether British policy is in accordance with EU policy. So that in this case the United Kingdom needs to discuss its security issues in order to remain in line with the European Union, when the United Kingdom has been declared officially out of the European UnionKeywords: Brexit (British Exit), Security Diplomacy, European Union, Negotiation. 
KEPENTINGAN INGGRIS KELUAR DARI KEANGGOTAAN UNI EROPA TAHUN 2016 Pammasena, Endy Anatta; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 4, No 2: WISUDA OKTOBER 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This journal aims to determine the interest of United Kingdom for leaving European Union in 2016. The problems were started when United Kingdom’s Prime Minister, David Cameron, explained the situation of United Kingdom position within European Union that United Kingdom wanted European Union to be reformed and if it’s necessary, United Kingdom could leave the European Union. This was staggering because the United Kingdom and European Union relationship was really well since the European Single Market was established. In order to explain the problems, author uses the national interest theory. In this research there are four independent variables which is explained in chapter three, and three dependent variables which is explained in chapter four. From the research, author founds that United Kingdom left the European Union because there were policies made by European Union which could bring harm to the sovereignty of United Kingdom.Keywords: National Interest, United Kingdom Referendum
KEPENTINGAN AMERIKA SERIKAT MENANDATANGANI MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU) TENTANG PEMBERIAN BANTUAN KEAMANAN TERHADAP ISRAEL TAHUN 2016 Yanto, Fajri Juni; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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On 14 September 2016 the US and Israeli governments through their representatives signed a new MOU on the provision of security assistance to Israel. This MOU is the largest security funding deal in the history of the United States. Not less than $ 38 billion will be awarded to the Israel by United States in the form of Foreign Millitary Funding (FMF) as much $33 billion and a missile defense cooperation fund as much $5 billion. The research will explain what caused the United States to approve the signing of the MOU.This research theoretically has built with Kenneth Waltz Neorealism perspective and theory, as the only flow of thought in this research. Formulation of all arguments, data, facts, and theoritical framework in this research is adopting the qualitative explanation methodology. It takes international system as the level of analyzing, the focus on this research is explaining the causes of United States signed MOU on providing security assistance against israel.Reseacrher has formulated answer-hypothesis which revealed the fact that The development of security threats on israel in the middle east area has caused United States signed MOU on providing security assistance against Israel. As strategic asset of the United States in the Middle East region, with rising security threats coming from Hezbollah, Hamas and rising political threats from Iran and Syrian, US has to protect its staregic asset by providing security assistance to improve Israel's Qualitative Military Edge (QME) to defend itself by it self.Keywords: United States, Israel, MOU, Security Assistance, FMF, QME, Strategic Asset