Amalia Safitri
Pusat Teknologi Terapan Kesehatan dan Epidemiologi Klinik

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ASUPAN ENERGI DAN PENGGUNAAN ENERGI (ENERGY EXPENDITURE) SELAMA KEHAMILAN: STUDI LONGITUDINAL Rosmalina, Yuniar; Safitri, Amalia; Ernawati, Fitrah
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 37, No 2 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

Selama kehamilan, asupan gizi seharusnya datang dari makanan yang baik dalam jumlah dan kualitas karena sangat penting untuk perkembangan kehamilan yang sehat. Selain itu keadaan kesehatan ibu selama kehamilan sangat mempengaruhi perkembangan janin, Tujuan tulisan ini adalah membandingkan energi yang masuk dengan energi yang dikeluarkan dalam melakukan kegiatan sehari. Penelitian ini adalah longitudinal yang mengikuti respondents dalam kaitannya dengan asupan energi dan pengeluaran energi dari usia kehamilan 3 bulan sampai usia 8 bulan dengan melakukan. Jumlah responden pada awal studi di trimester pertama (awal rekruitment) adalah 334 ibu dan pada akhir studi adalah 262 ibu. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi karakteristik , berat badan,aktifitas fisik dan konsumsi makanan (melalui recall 1 x 24 jam). Berat badan, aktifitas fisik dan konsumsi makanan dikumpulkan setiap 2 minggu. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa asupan energi dan energi yang dikeluarkan relatif sama. Juga didapat rerata berat badan ibu pada kehamilan yang ke 3 bulan adalah 48,7 kg dan kemudian bertambah sesuai dengan perkembangan kehamilan. Rerata kenaikan berat badan dari usia 3 bulan ke 8 bulan kehamilan asupan energi, adalah 7,5 kg. Asupan energite rendah saat kehamilan 3 bulan yaitu 2000 Kal sehari kemudian meningkat pada kehamilan yang ke 7 bulan dan menurun kembali pada umur kehamilan ke 8 bulan.ABSTRACT ENERY INTAKE AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE DURING PREGNANCY:A LONGITUDINAL STUDY During pregnancy, nutrient intakes should come from both good quality and quantity foods because they are very important for developing healthy pregnancy. In addition to nutrient intake, health status during pregnancy greatly affects fetal development. This paper aims to study a comparison of the energy intake of pregnant women with energy expenditure in performing daily activities . This is a longitudinal study which followed respondents in relation to energy intake and energy expenditure from the age of 3 months until the age of 8 months of pregnancy. The number of respondents at the beginning of the first trimester of pregnancy/initial recruitment) was 334 mothers and the end of the study became262 mothers. Data collected included respondent characteristics (age, education, occupation), body weight, physical activity, nutrient intake using a 24-hour recall method. Body weight, physical activity and food consumption were collected every 2 weeks. The results indicated that energy intake and energy expenditure were at the average per month. Also showed an average maternal weight at the age of 3 months (initial recruitment) was 48.7 kg and the weight increased with increasing gestational age. The average increase in weight in the initial recruitment at the age of 8 months of pregnancy was on 7.5 kg. The lowest energy intake at 3 month pregnancy was 982 kcal per day, then increasing energy intake with increasing gestational age, but the average energy intake was only 50 percent compared to energy expenditure for their daily activities. The average energy expenditure was low at the age of 3 months of pregnancy, about 2000 kcal and increased until the age of 7 months of pregnancy then declined at the age of 8 months of pregnancy.Keywords: energy intake, energy expenditure, pregnant women
Internalisasi Nilai-Nilai Islami Terhadap Anak Autis Safitri, Amalia; Arifin, Syamsul; Narulita, Sari
Jurnal Studi Al-Quran Vol 10 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Studi Al-Quran
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Agama Islam FIS UNJ

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To internalize the islamic value is very important for all children, for both the normal child and also autis. The children who have the disorder of autisme also important to be internalized and be described about the islamic value to them.The purpose of this study is to know the internalization of islamic value for the autistic children of class of 5 and 6 SDLB in SLB Al-Gaffar Guchany. Method used on this research is case study method. In collecting of its data the researcher use interview and observation . The research namely the internalized value by the teacher is private islamic attitude value, family religion attitude, social religion attitude and religion attitude to the country. From four value teacher have ben do all three step namely value transformasion step of value transaction and step of value transinternalization.But in social religion attitude. But in social religion value is only one sector which is not success namely the autis child who still do not success yet in socialization to their friends well.Also there are changings occurred alter teacher internalize the value of islamic namely the changing in cognitive media, affective and its psychomotoric.
AKURASI ALAT DETEKSI SODIUM DALAM URIN SECARA OTOMATIS DENGAN METODE ELECTRODA SELEKSI ION KERING Budiman, Basuki; Pela, Kartika; Arifin, Aya Yuriesta; Ferbriani, Ferbriani; Safitri, Amalia; Anggraini, Dwi; Dewi, Rinda Ayu; Anwar, Athena
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 41, No 1 (2018): Maret 2018
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Inductively Couple Plasma (ICP) is a standard method to detect urinary sodium. However, the urinary sodium analysis method has a limitation in which the process to free sodium from molecules is not digest thoroughly. Ionic Selected Electrode (ISE) method is the better option. A New authomatic instrument Na-K-Cl automatic digital analyser that is “Spotchem EL 1520” using ISE method (dry ISE) was developed but the application to detect urinary sodium has not yet done. The purpose of this trial was to test the accuracy of the instrument in detecting urinary sodium. A number of 100 people  aged 20-64 years participated in the trial by  collecting around 50 mL fresh urine. Urinary sodium was analysed by ICP method in chemical laboratory and by ISE method using the digital analyser instrument. A number of 6 out of 100 urine sample did not meet a minimum volume requirement to be analysed by ICP method but it was able to be analysed using ISE method. The instrument was able to detect urinary sodium more than 132 (SD:77,81) mmol/L compared to Laboratory ICP method 79.38 (SD: 47,50) mmol/L. The Sensitivity of the instrument to detect sodium in urine was 97.6% (95% CI : 87.1-99.9%) and the Specivicity was 58 % (95% CI: 44.7-71.9). The trial also analysed urinary creatinine with aution instrument. A number of 10 urine sample was analysed by private clinical laboratory as quality control.  Aution is semi quantitave digital analyser and the result was inline with quantitative (controlled sample). The automatic digital analyser can be used as alternative for conventional analyses of urinary sodium.ABSTRAKMetode deteksi konsentrasi sodium dapat dilakukan dengan metode ICP atau ISE.  Saat ini telah dikembangkan alat deteksi sodium metode ISE kering yang dapat diterapkan pada sampel serum maupun urin. Uji coba alat dilakukan di laboratorium terpadu Badan Litbang Kesehatan di Bogor. Sebanyak 100 orang partisipan terlibat dalam uji coba. Partisipan  adalah penduduk di sekitar kantor dan honorer penelitian kohor tumbuh kembang di Bogor. Partisipan diminta specimen urin di laboratorium dan diperiksa kadarnya pada hari itu juga. Dua alat yang diuji coba adalah Na-K-Cl digital analyzer, (Spotchem EL 1520, arkray dengan metode ISE kering) dan creatinine aution, semi kuantitatif (arkray). Keduanya menggunakan urin sebagai specimen. Uji coba dimulai dengan pemeriksaan deteksi kreatinin karena pemeriksaan harus kurang dari 24 jam. Sebanyak 50 sampel diperiksa berurutan tanpa jeda, kemudian diteruskan 50 spesimen lainnya. Kesepakatan supervisor, diperiksakan 10 specimen diperiksa di laboratorium swasta yang ada di Bogor sebagai pembanding. Ujicoba alat Na-K-Cl analyzer dengan 100 specimen urin dilakukan  tanpa jeda. Pembanding hasil periksa alat ini adalah pemeriksaan urin metode ICP di laboratorium terpadu dan dikerjakan oleh analis kimia yang berpengalaman. Dari segi proses, kedua alat tidak ditemukan masalah saat ujicoba. Kedua alat ini digunakan untuk memeriksa 25 spesimen per hari. Hasil kadar kreatinin setelah dibandingkan dengan hasil periksa di laboratorium swasta secara grafik bagus walaupun dengan nilai absolut berbeda. Uji statistik menunjukkan Se 97,6 dan Sp 58. Hasil deteksi dengan alat ini lebih sensitive dibandingkan dengan laboratorium.Kata kunci: Inductively Couple Plasma ( ICP), Ionic Selected Electrode (ISE), sodium urin
ASUPAN ENERGI DAN PENGGUNAAN ENERGI (ENERGY EXPENDITURE) SELAMA KEHAMILAN: STUDI LONGITUDINAL Rosmalina, Yuniar; Safitri, Amalia; Ernawati, Fitrah
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 37, No 2 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Selama kehamilan, asupan gizi seharusnya datang dari makanan yang baik dalam jumlah dan kualitas karena sangat penting untuk perkembangan kehamilan yang sehat. Selain itu keadaan kesehatan ibu selama kehamilan sangat mempengaruhi perkembangan janin, Tujuan tulisan ini adalah membandingkan energi yang masuk dengan energi yang dikeluarkan dalam melakukan kegiatan sehari. Penelitian ini adalah longitudinal yang mengikuti respondents dalam kaitannya dengan asupan energi dan pengeluaran energi dari usia kehamilan 3 bulan sampai usia 8 bulan dengan melakukan. Jumlah responden pada awal studi di trimester pertama (awal rekruitment) adalah 334 ibu dan pada akhir studi adalah 262 ibu. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi karakteristik , berat badan,aktifitas fisik dan konsumsi makanan (melalui recall 1 x 24 jam). Berat badan, aktifitas fisik dan konsumsi makanan dikumpulkan setiap 2 minggu. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa asupan energi dan energi yang dikeluarkan relatif sama. Juga didapat rerata berat badan ibu pada kehamilan yang ke 3 bulan adalah 48,7 kg dan kemudian bertambah sesuai dengan perkembangan kehamilan. Rerata kenaikan berat badan dari usia 3 bulan ke 8 bulan kehamilan asupan energi, adalah 7,5 kg. Asupan energite rendah saat kehamilan 3 bulan yaitu 2000 Kal sehari kemudian meningkat pada kehamilan yang ke 7 bulan dan menurun kembali pada umur kehamilan ke 8 bulan.ABSTRACT ENERY INTAKE AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE DURING PREGNANCY:A LONGITUDINAL STUDY During pregnancy, nutrient intakes should come from both good quality and quantity foods because they are very important for developing healthy pregnancy. In addition to nutrient intake, health status during pregnancy greatly affects fetal development. This paper aims to study a comparison of the energy intake of pregnant women with energy expenditure in performing daily activities . This is a longitudinal study which followed respondents in relation to energy intake and energy expenditure from the age of 3 months until the age of 8 months of pregnancy. The number of respondents at the beginning of the first trimester of pregnancy/initial recruitment) was 334 mothers and the end of the study became262 mothers. Data collected included respondent characteristics (age, education, occupation), body weight, physical activity, nutrient intake using a 24-hour recall method. Body weight, physical activity and food consumption were collected every 2 weeks. The results indicated that energy intake and energy expenditure were at the average per month. Also showed an average maternal weight at the age of 3 months (initial recruitment) was 48.7 kg and the weight increased with increasing gestational age. The average increase in weight in the initial recruitment at the age of 8 months of pregnancy was on 7.5 kg. The lowest energy intake at 3 month pregnancy was 982 kcal per day, then increasing energy intake with increasing gestational age, but the average energy intake was only 50 percent compared to energy expenditure for their daily activities. The average energy expenditure was low at the age of 3 months of pregnancy, about 2000 kcal and increased until the age of 7 months of pregnancy then declined at the age of 8 months of pregnancy.Keywords: energy intake, energy expenditure, pregnant women
KESIAPAN REMAJA PUTERI DALAM MENGHADAPI 1000 HARI PERTAMA KEHIDUPAN DITINJAU DARI KUALITAS DAN KUANTITAS KONSUMSI PANGAN Safitri, Amalia
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 41, No 2 (2018): September 2018
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

The optimal quality of human resources is determined by the time of fetal development started until the age of two years (1000 days of the first life). The success of its development is influenced by several factors; some of them are the quality and quantity of food, especially for adolescent girls, to reach the normal nutrition status. Girls need to pay more attention to their health especially to their nutritional status before pregnancy because this may affect the nutritional status of baby born. The purpose of this study was to see the readiness of adolescent girls in facing 1000 days of life by looking at the quality and quantity of their food consumption in accordance with balanced nutrition. The data were taken from the Individual Food Consumption Survey (SKMI) taken in 2014, to evaluate at the diversity, proportion and adequacy of consumption among adolescent girls aged 10-18 years. The result shows that in terms of diversity, it was categorized as “good” (82.5 percent), but for the proportion was  22.7 percent, and for consumption sufficiency, indicated  good was 30.3 percent. When viewed from the food consumption in term of quality and quantity (combined diversity, proportion and adequacy) showed that adolescent girls who met the criteria were still very little (6.7 percent). This study concluded that the preparedness of adolescent girls in facing 1000 days of life is still low especially their food consumption. It is paid to be attention from all parties that nutrition improvement during teenager and pregnancy periods is priority. ABSTRAK  Kualitas sumber daya manusia yang optimal ditentukan dari sejak dalam kandungan sampai usia anak dua tahun (1000 hari kehidupan). Keberhasilan pencapaiannnya dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, salah satunya adalah kualitas dan kuantitas makanan  terutama bagi remaja puteri, agar status gizinya baik. Remaja puteri perlu lebih diperhatikan karena status gizi mereka pada saat sebelum hamil dan masa kehamilan berpengaruh terhadap status gizi anak. Tujuan dari analisis ini adalah untuk melihat kesiapan remaja puteri dalam menghadapai 1000 hari kehidupan dengan melihat kualitas dan kuantitas konsumsi yang sesuai dengan gizi seimbang. Data analisis menggunakan data dari Survey Konsumsi Makanan Individu (SKMI) tahun 2014 yang melihat keragaman, proporsi dan kecukupan konsumsi pada remaja  puteri kelompok umur 10-18 tahun. Hasil analisis didapat bahwa dari segi keragaman sudah banyak yang baik yaitu sebesar 82,5 persen, dengan proporsi yang seimbang masih sedikit yaitu 22,7 persen, begitu juga bila dilihat dari kecukupan konsumsi, masih sedikit yang baik (30,3 persen). Bila dilihat dari kualitas dan kuantitas (gabungan keragaman, proporsi dan kecukupan) remaja puteri yang memenuhi kriteria baik masih sangat sedikit yaitu 6,7 persen. analisis ini berkesimpulan bahwa kesiapan remaja puteri dalam menghadapi 1000 hari kehidupan masih kurang terutama bila ditinjau dari konsumsi sehingga perlu adanya perhatian dari berbagai pihak agar dapat memberikan prioritas dalam perbaikan gizi remaja pranikah dan ibu hamil. Kata kunci: remaja puteri, konsumsi, status gizi