Oktavinda Safitry
Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta

Published : 2 Documents
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IDENTIFIKASI KORBAN BENCANA MASSAL: PRAKTIK DVI ANTARA TEORI DAN KENYATAAN -, Henky; Safitry, Oktavinda
Indonesian Journal of Legal and Forensic Sciences (IJLFS) Vol 2 (2012): Indonesian Journal of Legal and Forensic Sciences
Publisher : Penerbit, sejak 2012 : Asosiasi Ilmu Forensik Indonesia dan UPT Lab. Forensik Sain dan Kriminilogi - Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.462 KB)

Abstract

The role of forensic pathologist in mass disaster is to identify the dead victims. Identification procedure refers tothe DVI (Disaster Victim Identification) Interpol guideline. DVI process consists of 5 phases, The Scene, PostMortem Examination, Ante Mortem Information Retrieval, Reconciliation and Debriefing. Post Mortem (PM)and Ante Mortem (AM) data that are collected include finger prints, dental records and DNA as PrimaryIdentifiers and also medical records and property as a Secondary Identifiers. AM data populated into the yellowform and PM data into a pink form. In the reconciliation phase, someone stated identified, by comparing theAM and PM data. At least there is a match between one Primary Identifiers or two Secondary Identifiers.Theoretically, the five phase of DVI should be done according to DVI standard in every case ofdisaster. In fact, many obstacles and constraints are met in the field to implement the DVI guidelines. A lot ofcorpses, limited number of storages, pathologist and time, family authority, as well as lack of coordination, risemany problems in implementing DVI procedures consistently. This article will discuss the various constraintsand problems that encounters when carrying out DVI guidelines in the case of RIMBA III ship sinking, Herculesplane crash at Magetan and Earthquakes at Padang.
Effects of an additional small group discussion to cognitive achievement and retention in basic principles of bioethics teaching methods Afandi, Dedi; Budiningsih, Yuli; Safitry, Oktavinda; Purwadianto, Agus; Novitasari, Dwi; Widjaja, Ivan R.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 18, No 1 (2009): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.893 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v18i1.340

Abstract

Aim The place of ethics in undergraduate medical curricula is essential but the methods of teaching medical ethics did not show substantial changes. “Basic principles of bioethics” is the best knowledge to develop student’s reasoning analysis in medical ethics In this study, we investigate the effects of an additional small group discussion in basic principles of bioethics conventional lecture methods to cognitive achievement and retention. This study was a randomized controlled trial with parallel design. Cognitive scores of the basic principles of bioethics as a parameter was measured using basic principles of bioethics (Kaidah Dasar Bioetika, KDB) test. Both groups were attending conventional lectures, then the intervention group got an additional small group discussion.Result Conventional lectures with or without small group discussion significantly increased cognitive achievement of basic principles of bioethics (P= 0.001 and P= 0.000, respectively), and there were significant differences in cognitive achievement and retention between the 2 groups (P= 0.000 and P= 0.000, respectively).Conclusion Additional small group discussion method improved cognitive achievement and retention of basic principles of bioethics. (Med J Indones 2009; 18: 48-52)Keywords: lecture, specification checklist, multiple choice questions