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Degradasi Zat Warna Direct Red-23 Secara Fotolisis dengan Katalis C-N-codoped TiO2 Fitriyani, Yuli Okta; Septiani, Upita; Wellia, Diana Vanda; Putri, Reza Audina; Safni, Safni
Jurnal Kimia Valensi Jurnal Kimia VALENSI Volume 3, No. 2, November 2017
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic Uni

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (389.913 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/jkv.v0i0.5792

Abstract

Zat warna direct red-23 merupakan pewarna sintetik dengan struktur senyawa organik yang bersifat non-biodegradable. Zat warna direct red-23 mengandung senyawa azo dan bersifat karsinogenik. Zat warna direct red-23 didegradasi secara fotolisis menggunakan sinar UV (ultraviolet), sinar matahari, tanpa dan dengan penambahan katalis C-N-codoped TiO2. Larutan zat warna direct red-23setelah dan sebelum didegradasi diukur dengan spektrofotometer UV-Vis pada panjang gelombang 400-800 nm. Penentuan berat optimum katalis C-N-codoped TiO2 dilakukan dengan metode fotolisis sinar UV dan didapatkan berat optimum 15 mg. Persen degradasi zat warna direct red-23 secara fotolisis sinar UV dan sinar matahari tanpa katalis C-N-codoped TiO2 27.47% dan 13.74%. Persen degradasi meningkat menjadi 68.68% dan 28.57% dengan penambahan 15 mg katalis C-N-codoped selama 120 menit fotolisis. Dari penelitian dapat disimpulkan metode fotolisis dengan sinar UV lebih efisien dibandingkan dengan sinar matahari. Direct red-23 dye is a synthetic dye that is widely used in textile industry. Wastes generated from textile industrial processes are generally non-biodegradable organic compounds containing azo compounds and carcinogenic. Direct red-23 dye was degraded by photolysis UV Light method,  solar irradiation, without and addition of C-N-codoped TiO2 catalyst. The results degradation of direct red-23 were measured with a UV-Vis spectrophotometer at wavelength of 400-800 nm. Determination of optimum weight of the C-N-codoped TiO2 catalyst was performedby photolysisUV Light methodand the optimum C-N-codoped TiO2catalyst is obtained 15 mg. Percent degradation of direct red-23 dye by photolysis of UV light and solar irradiation without C-N-codoped TiO2to 27.47% and 13.74%. Percent degradation increasedto 68.68% and 28.57% by addingC-N-codoped TiO2 catalyst was adding 120 menutes of photolysis.From the research it can be concluded by photolysis with UV Light methodis more efficient compared to solar radiation.
Penggunaan Zeolit sebagai Pendegradasi Senyawa Permetrin dengan Metoda Fotolisis Zilfa, Zilfa; Suyani, Hamzar; Safni, Safni; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.086 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.1.14-18

Abstract

The research about the degradation of permethryn compound has been done by photolysis method using natural zeolyte as catalyst.Permethryn is one syntetic pyretroid pesticides that low toxicity for mammals but it is high toxicity for fishs, insects and water microorganisms.Zeolyte is aluminosilicate minerals that can be used for degradation of permethryn. Percentage degradation of permethryn is lower withoutzeolyte than using zeolyte as catalyst by photolysis method. 20 mg/l permethryn solution could be degraded 5.40% after 120 minutesirradiation, while by adding 0.20 g natural zeolyte, permethryn could be degraded 69.70
DEGRADASI ZAT WARNA ORANGE-F3R DAN VIOLET-3B SECARA SONOLISIS FREKUENSI RENDAH DENGAN PENAMBAHAN KATALIS C-N-CODOPED TIO2 Putri, Reza Audina; Safni, Safni; Wellia, Diana Vanda; Septiani, Upita; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Kimia Valensi Jurnal Kimia VALENSI Volume 5, No. 1, May 2019
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic Uni

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1026.793 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/jkv.v5i1.7801

Abstract

Zat warna orange-F3R dan violet-3B merupakan zat warna organik sintetis turunan vat yang bersifat non-biodegradable. Degradasi kedua zat warna ini telah dilakukan secara sonolisis dengan penambahan katalis semikonduktor TiO2 anatase yang didoping karbon dan nitrogen. Proses sonolisis menggunakan iradiasi ultrasonik dengan frekuensi 35 kHz. Massa katalis optimum yang diperoleh untuk sonolisis zat warna orange-F3R adalah 9 mg dan 6 mg untuk violet-3B. Persen degradasi meningkat secara signifikan dengan penambahan katalis yaitu dari 8.3% menjadi 36.2% untuk sonolisis zat warna orange-F3R selama iradiasi 180 menit. Sedangkan, dengan waktu iradiasi yang sama persen degradasi dari zat warna violet meningkat dari 5.8% menjadi 34.2% setelah penambahan katalis. Kata kunci: C-N-codoped TiO2, sonolisis, ultrasonik, vat  Orange-F3R and violet-3B are non-biodegradable synthetic organic dyes. The degradation of these two dyestuffs has been done by sonolysis process with the addition of semiconductor TiO2 anatase catalyst which is doped by carbon and nitrogen atoms. The sonolysis process used ultrasonic irradiation with a frequency of 35 kHz. The optimum catalyst mass obtained for the orange-F3R dye sonolysis was 9 mg and 6 mg for violet-3B. The percentage of degradation increased significantly with the addition of the catalyst; it was from 8.3% to 36.2% for the orange-F3R dye during irradiation for 180 min. Meanwhile, by the same irradiation time, the degradation percentage of violet dye increased from 5.8% to 34.2% after the addition of the catalyst. Keywords: C-N-codoped TiO2, sonolysis, ultrasonic, vat-dye.
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PARAQUAT DALAM PESTISIDA GRAMOXONE SECARA SONOLISIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN ZnO Arfi, Febrina; Safni, Safni; Abdullah, Zaimi
Lantanida Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UIN AR-RANIRY

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (487.902 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/lj.v3i1.1442

Abstract

Degradation of paraquat in gramoxone pesticide had been done by sonolysis with adding ZnO. Sonolysis method were performed using an ultrasound with frequency 50 kHz. The optimum condition of sonolysis were found at temperature 40oC. The percentage of degradation of 20 mg/L paraquat by sonolysisi method without adding ZnO during 120 minutes treatment was 20,70%, and with adding0,08 g percentage of degradation increasesd to 56,83% at the same treatment.
DEGRADASI ZAT WARNA METANIL YELLOW DENGAN PENYINARAN MATAHARI DAN PENAMBAHAN KATALIS TiO2-SnO2 Gita Bhernama, Bhayu; Safni, Safni; Syukri, Syukri
Lantanida Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : UIN AR-RANIRY

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (391.958 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/lj.v3i2.1653

Abstract

Degradation of Methanil yellow has been done. In this research the degradation process was done by sunlighting and using TiO2-SnO2 catalysis. The residu of methanil yellow was centrifuged and measured by UV/Vis Spectrophotometer at 300 – 600 nm after degradation. 6 mg/L of Methanil yellow and addition of 0,03 g TiO2-SnO2 for 150 min, gave the percentage of degradation 98,413% after lighted by sun with 1,13256 1015 foton cm-2/s intensity.
DEGRADASI ZAT WARNA METHANIL YELLOW SECARA SONOLISIS DAN FOTOLISIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TiO2 ANATASE Safni, Safni; Sari, Fardila; Maizatisna, Maizatisna; Zulfarman, Zulfarman
Jurnal Sains Materi Indonesia Vol 11, No 1: OKTOBER 2009
Publisher : Center for Science & Technology of Advanced Materials - National Nuclear Energy Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.078 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/jsmi.2009.11.1.4562

Abstract

DEGRADASI ZAT WARNA METHANIL YELLOW SECARA SONOLISIS DAN FOTOLISIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TiO2 ANATASE. Degradasi zat warna methanil yellow telah dilakukan secara sonolisis dan fotolisis dengan penambahan TiO2 anatase. Metode sonolisis menggunakan iradiasi ultrasonik dengan frekuensi 47 kHz. Degradasi zat warna methanil yellow 6 mg/L secara sonolisis dengan penambahan 0,1000 g TiO2 anatase optimum pada pH 5 suhu 40 ºC, dan persentase degradasi diperoleh sebesar 41,74% setelah 300 menit sonolisis. Metode fotolisis menggunakan iradiasi sinar UV dengan  = 359 nm. Degradasi methanil yellow 6mg/L secara fotolisis dengan penambahan 0,1000 g TiO2 anatase optimumpada pH 5 dengan persentase degradasi mencapai 80,99% setelah 90 menit fotolisis, sementara secara sonolisis hanya diperoleh persentase degradasi sebesar 26,86% pada waktu yang sama.
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PARAQUAT DALAM PESTISIDA GRAMOXONE® SECARA SONOZOLISIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TiO2-ANATASE Yenni, Neila; Safni, Safni; Suyani, Hamzar
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 3, No 2 (2010): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v3i2.58

Abstract

 ABSTRACT Degradation of Paraquat compound in Gramoxone pesticide had been done by sonolysis, ozonolysis, and sonozolysis. Sonolysis methods were performed using an ultrasound VC-1, ozonolysis using a bio-ozone space age sterilizer, and sonozolysis by combining sonolysis and ozonolysis methods. The optimum condition for degradation of 4 mg/L paraquat by sonolysis was found at temperature 40±1°C. Percentage of degradation at optimum condition was 22.80% with 90 minutes treatment. Whereas, with using ozonolysis method percentage of degradation of paraquat 4 mg/L was 50.39% with 60 minutes treatment. The combination of sonolysis and ozonolysis method simultaneously, these so-called sonozolysis, for degradation of the same compound, extend the percentage of degradation to 45.87% with only 30 minutes treatment. Keywords: Paraquat, Sonolisis, Ozonolisis
Adsorpsi Cu2+ Menggunakan Nanofiber Polisulfon-FeOOH Yang Disintesis Dengan Metode Elektrospinning Adam, Dini Hariyati; Suyani, Hamzar; Nasir, Muhamad; Safni, Safni; Nugraha, Willy Cahya
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1725.154 KB) | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v3i2.629.101-108

Abstract

It had been done a research about adsorption of Cu2+ using polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber prepared by elektrospinning method. Polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber was synthesized by dissolving polysulfone pellets in 30 mL dimethylacetamide (DMAc). The effects of process conditions such as concentration, distance between the nozzle and collector, voltage and flow rate on the morphology and diameter of nanofibers were investigated. The optimum conditions of polysulfone nanofiber synthesizing was obtained with concentration 25%, distance 12 cm, voltage 25 kV, and flow rate  0.05 mL/min with average diameters of fibers was 762.927 nm. Polysulfone nanofiber was coated with FeOOH to increase the adsorbtion capacity of Cu2+. The results showed that optimum condition for removal of Cu2+ used polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber was obtained in 2 hours contact time, pH 6, adsorbent dosage 25 mg, and concentration of Cu2+ 10 mg/L with adsorbstion capacity was 9.79 mg/g, while for polysulfone nanofiber the adsorption capacity was 8.34 mg/g. The adsorbtion pattern of Cu2+ by the both of adsorbent followed the Freundlich isotherm pattern.ABSTRAK Penelitian mengenai pemisahan ion Cu2+menggunakan nanofiber polisulfon-FeOOH yang disintesis dengan metode elektrospinning telah dilakukan. Nanofiber polisulfon P-3500 disintesis dengan cara melarutkan pelet polisulfon ke dalam 30 mL dimethylacetamide (DMAc). Pengaruh kondisi seperti konsentrasi, jarak nozzle dengan kolektor, tegangan dan laju alir terhadap morfologi dan diameter serat dipelajari. Kondisi optimum pembuatan nanofiber polisulfon diperoleh dengan konsentrasi 23 %, jarak 12 cm, tegangan 25 kV, dan laju alir 0,05 mL/min dengan ukuran diameter serat rata-rata 762,927 nm. Nanofiber yang terbentuk dilapisi dengan FeOOH untuk meningkatkan kapasitas penyerapannya terhadap ion Cu2+. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan kondisi optimum untuk pemisahan ion Cu2+ menggunakan nanofiber polisulfon-FeOOH yaitu waktu kontak 2 jam, pH 6, bobot adsorben 25 mg, dan konsentrasi Cu2+10 mg/L dengan kapasitas penyerapan 9,79 mg/g, sedangkan untuk nanofiber polisulfon kapasitas penyerapan 8,34 mg/g. Pola penyerapan Cu2+ untuk kedua jenis adsorben lebih sesuai dengan pola isoterm Freundlich 
C-N-Codoped TiO2 Synthesis by using Peroxo Sol Gel Method for Photocatalytic Reduction of Cr(VI) Wellia, Diana Vanda; Fitria, Dytta; Safni, Safni
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 7, No 1 (2018): Edition January-April 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (860.226 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2018.007.01.373

Abstract

C-N-codoped TiO2 (CNTO) photocatalysts were successfully synthesized by using “green” method peroxo sol-gel. XRD results revealed the presence of anatase phase only for all samples. The result of Scanning Electron Microscope-Electron Dispersive X-Ray (SEM-EDX) showed surface morphology of CNTO10 was spherical (44 nm) and homogeneous.  Diffuse Reflectance Spectra UV-Vis (DRS UV-Vis) result showed red shift in absorbance indicating successful modification of TiO2 by C and N. The result of photocatalytic activity in reducing Cr(VI) showed that  the Cr(VI) reduction  increase with the increase of irradiation time and photocatalyst’s mass.  The highest Cr(VI) reduction was 90.07% for CNTO10 sample. This is due to the synergistic effects of C and N dopants that improves  TiO2 photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation.
SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF CADMIUM, COPPER AND LEAD IN SEA WATER BY ADSORPTIVE STRIPPING VOLTAMMETRY IN THE PRESENCE OF CALCON AS A COMPLEXING AGENT Deswati, Deswati; Suyani, Hamzar; Safni, Safni; Loekman, Umiati; Pardi, Hilfi
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 13, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.532 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijc.21282

Abstract

A selective and sensitive adsorptive stripping voltammetric (AdSV) procedure for the simultaneous determination of cadmium, copper and lead in the sea water was conducted. The aim of this research is to get optimum condition for simultaneous determination of cadmium, copper and lead. Adsorptive stripping voltammetry has been used for determination of trace amount of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Pb (II) by using calcon as a complexing agent. The parameters studied were variation of calcon concentration, pH, accumulation potential and accumulation time. In this study, the optimum conditions were calcon concentration of 0.6 mM, pH = 4.0, accumulation potential of -0.7 V and accumulation time of 80 sec. At the optimum conditions, the relative standard deviation were 8.78%, 3.12%, and 4.02% for Cd(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) respectively for eight replicates (n = 8) measurements of 10 μg/L mixed standard solution of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II). The method was applied to the direct simultaneous determination of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) in sea water around Bungus, Padang City. Concentration of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) in samples were equal to 1.8 μg/L for Cd(II), 38.6 μg/L for Cu(II) and 0.7 μg/L for Pb(II) with recovery of 87.03%, 98.80%, and 95.73%, respectively.