I Nengah Sandi
Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Olahraga, Universitas Udayana

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PELATIHAN-A LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA PELATIHAN-B DALAM MENINGKATKAN KECEPATAN PUKULAN LURUS KIRI-KANAN PADA SISWA SMKN-5 DENPASAR Adi Swandana, I Gusti Made; Sandi, I Nengah
Sport and Fitness Journal volume 1, no 1, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

A research to increase the speed of the left-right straight punch with the two types of training ie training hit 25 times faster and 25 times slower eight reps (training-A) and the training to hit 50 times faster and 50 times slower four reps (training-B) was conducted a six-week training in Denpasar Hall of SMK-5 starting at 16:00 until 17:30 pm. Samples of each group of nine people picked at random simple from the students SMKN Denpasar. Each group is given different treatment groups are given training-1-A and group-2-B are given training. Data speed of punches taken before and after training. Data were tested by paired t-test to determine the difference between the mean velocity blows before and after training in each group and unpaired t-test to determine the average velocity difference between the two groups of stroke. Limit of significance used was 0.05 (p <0.05). Different rates of speed blows before and after training in group-1 is 60.22 X / mt, which showed a significant difference p = 0.000 and in group-2 is p = 47.22 X / mt, which also showed a significant difference in the p = 0.000. Punch speed after training between groups showed a significant difference, namely p = 0.000. So that the training-A and-B training can increase the speed of a punch. Training-A better than training-B in increasing the speed of the left-right straight punch. For it is expected that the trainers who train speed left-right straight punch to apply the training to hit 25 times faster and 25 times slower three sets of eight reps in training.
KOMBINASI TERAPI ULTRASOUND DAN INTEGRATED NEUROMUSCULAR INHIBITION TECHNIQUES (INIT)_1 SAMA EFEKTIF DENGAN KOMBINASI TERAPI ULTRASOUND DAN TRANSVERSE FRICTION MASSAGE UNTUK MENURUNKAN NYERI MYOFASCIAL TRIGGER POINT SYNDROME OTOT UPPER TRAPEZIUS N, Yuniarti; Sutjana, Dewa Putu; Imron, Muh. Ali; Sandi, I Nengah; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Lesmana, S.Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.1, Januari 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.747 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i01.p10

Abstract

Myofascial Trigger Point Syndrome (MTPs) adalah suatu daerah kecil yang hipersensitif yang mempengaruhi fascia otot upper trapezius. Penggunaan otot dalam posisi statis yang lama, kompresi pada otot dan mekanisme kerja yang buruk pada leher dan bahu dapat mengakibatkan spasme, pemendekan otot, serta gangguan sirkulasi darah yang menyebabkan timbulnya trigger point pada otot yang nantinya dapat menimbulkan MTPs. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan kombinasi terapi ultrasound dan metode integrated neuromuscular inhibitation techniques (INIT)_1 lebih efektif menurunkan nyeri pada MTPs otot upper trapezius daripada kombinasi terapi ultrasound dan transverse friction massage. Penelitian ini bersifat eksperimental dengan rancangan randomized pre test and post test group design. Terdapat dua Kelompok sampel, dengan masing-masing Kelompok terdapat 10 sampel. Kelompok 1 diberikan intervensi terapi ultrasound dan integrated neuromuscular inhibition techniques_1 sedangkan kelompok 2 diberikan intervensi terapi ultrasound dan transverse friction massage. Data berupa skala VAS diambil sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Perlakuan diberikan selama 6 kali terapi di Klinik Merdeka Medical Centre (MMC) Denpasar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terjadi penurunan rerata nyeri pada Kelompok 1 dari rerata 5,39±0,70 menjadi rerata 1,64±0,51 dan Kelompok 2 dari rerata 5,83±0,81 menjadi rerata 1,39±0,50 setelah perlakuan. Beda rerata penurunan nyeri dilakukan sebelum dan sesudah intervensi setiap Kelompok menggunakan paired sample t-test didapatkan nilai p=0,000 (p<0,05). Hasil perbedaan rerata nyeri setelah intervensi kombinasi terapi ultrasound dan integrated neuromuscular inhibitation techniques_1 dan kombinasi terapi ultrasound dan transverse friction massage menggunakan independent sample t-test didapatkan hasil p=0,287 (p>0,05) yang berarti tidak ada perbedaan bermakna intervensi antar Kelompok. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan antara kombinasi terapi ultrasound dan integrated neuromuscular inhibition techniques (INIT)_1 dengan kombinasi terapi ultrasound dan transverse friction massage untuk menurunkan nyeri pada myofascial trigger point syndrome otot upper trapezius. Diperlukan alat ukur nyeri yang lebih objektif.Kata Kunci : nyeri myofascial trigger point syndrome, otot upper trapezius, terapi ultrasound, integrated neuromuscular inhibition techniques, transverse friction massage.
OLAHRAGA DI LINGKUNGAN INDOOR PADA MALAM HARI MENGHASILKAN RASIO KERINGAT LEBIH BANYAK DIBANDINGKAN PAGI HARI Mita Andriana, Laily; Ashadi, Kunjung; Sandi, I Nengah
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.3, September 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (334.965 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i03.p08

Abstract

Background: Physical exercise cannot be separated with body sweating, which is one of effort the body to maintain the homeostatic and thermoregulation. the factor of sweat rate is environment condition, for examples are room temperature and relative humidity. Aim: Compare physical exercise in two different environmental conditions, including at night and in the morning to the sweat rate. Method: The quantitative research design with descriptive design uses a one shot case study. Using as many as 40 male students divided into four groups. Result: To find out the differences between the two groups, this study used independent samples t-test. The group continuous running activity in the morning and at night has an average sweat rate as much as 0,49 liter ± 0,28 and 0,62 liter ± 0,31 with the value of (p > 0,05). The group cycing with HIIT activity in the morning and at night has an average sweat rate as much as 0,34 liter ± 0,177 and 0.42 liter ± 0,176 with the value of (p > 0,05). Conclusion: The average sweat rate of night physical exercise is more than the average sweat rate in the morning, even though there is no significant difference between both.Keywords: Relative humidity, night physical exercise, morning physical exercise, sweat rate, thermoregulation
MULLIGAN BENT LEG RAISE LEBIH MENINGKATKAN LINGKUP GERAK SENDI LUMBOSAKRAL DAN MENURUNKAN DISABILITAS DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN SLUMP STRETCHING PADA PENGRAJIN GENTENG DENGAN MECHANICAL LOW BACK PAIN DI DESA DARMASABA Prianthara, I Made Dhita; Jawi, I Made; -, Wahyuddin; Sandi, I Nengah; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; Munawaroh, Muthiah
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (527.695 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p04

Abstract

Background: Mechanical low back pain is pain that resulting from poor posture which cause decreased disability and limitation of lumbar range of motion. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to prove mulligan bent leg raise more effective to increase lumbosacral range of motion and decreased disability than slump stretching among tile craftsman with Mechanical low back pain in Darmasaba village. Methods: This research was an experimental study with pre and post test control group design. Sample of this study is tile craftsman with mechanical low back pain with 20 samples aged 30-55. Samples were divided into two groups, which the first group (n = 10) was given Mulligan bent leg raise, while the second group was given slump stretching. Do exercise 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Lumbar range of motion was measured with modified-modified schober test while level of disability was measured with modified oswestry disability index. Result: Paired Sample T-test in Group 1 and Group 2 obtained p=0,000 that showed in each Group 1 and Group 2 there is significant difference. Independent Samples Test of Group 1 and Group 2 showed the result p=0,000 which mean that there is significant difference in increased lumbar range of motion and decreased disability. Conclusion: Mulligan bent leg raise more effective to increase lumbosacral range of motion and decreased disability than slump stretching to tile craftsman with mechanical low back pain in Darmasaba village.
PELATIHAN LARI SIRKUIT HALUAN KIRI LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA HALUAN KANAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KELINCAHAN PEMAIN SEPAK BOLA SISWA SMK X DENPASAR Womsiwor, Daniel; Sandi, I Nengah
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Agility is basic movement of physic or activity of human body required to be trained exclusively. Until today, all coaches not yet find excellent type and measurement of training to enhance agility of football player, so study is performed, tried two types and measurement of training, that are, running training with left and right side circuit system to enhance agility. Training is conducted in the morning at Stadium Ngurah Rai Denpasar start from 7.30 am until 9.30 am. Duration is 6 weeks by frequency three times a week. Sample are 24 people chosen randomly simple from student grade II SMK X Denpasar comply terms. Total sample each are 12 people, then each groups are given different training, i.e. group 1 is given running training with left side circuit system and group 2 is given running training with right side circuit system. Data for agility before and after treatment. Data obtained is tested with program SPSS, each with couple T-test to know enhancement result of running of each treatment group and T-test uncouple to know better treatment in increasing agility result. Meaning limit used is 0,05 (p<0,05). Statistic test is obtained meaning increase on running training with left side circuit system (p<0,05) and running training with right side circuit system (p<0,05). Different result of agility can not meaning different (p>0,05) and after training, there are meaning differences (p<0,05). This means that running training with left side circuit system is more giving effect to increase of agility result to football player. Therefore it is expected to all coaches and sport teacher train football in order to apply left side circuit system in giving training.
KOMBINASI ULTRASOUND DAN DRY NEEDLING LEBIH MENURUNKAN DISABILITAS LEHER DARI PADA KOMBINASI ULTRASOUND DAN HOLD RELAX PADA MYOFASCIAL PAIN SYNDROM OTOT UPPER TRAPEZIUS Santoso, Iman; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Munawaroh, Muthiah; Sandi, I Nengah; Muliarta, Made; -, Wahyuddin
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.2, Mei 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (327.768 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i02.p02

Abstract

Introduction : Upper trapezius myofascial pain syndrom (MPS) is characterized by presence of trigger points in upper trapezius muscle. MPS can cause disability and also has negative economic effect. Purpose : The reserach?s goal is to improve that combination of ultrasound and dry needling was better than combination of ultrasound and hold relax to decrease neck disability index. Methods : This research used experimental methods to study with pre-test and post-test control group design. Number of samples of the experimental group was 17 subjects given three times treatment of combination of ultrasound and dry needling, while in the control group were 17 subjects given three time treatment of combination of ultrasound and hold relax. NDI was used as out come measure. Shaphiro-wilk test was used to test the normality and levene?s test was used to test the homogenity. wilcoxon signed ranked test was used for hipothesis I, t-test related was used for hipothesis II and t-test independent wa used for hipothesis III. Results : The research showed that: (1) There was significant decrease of NDI in the experimental group . values of mean for pre test were 42,04 + 7,33 % and post test were 10,18 + 3,78 %. with p value = 0.000 (p <0.05) (2) there was significant decrease of NDI in the control group. values of mean for pre test were 45,29 + 6,03 % and post test were 22,24 + 5,42 %, with p value = 0.000 (p <0.05) (3) There were significant differences between experimental group and control group comparing with the differences of post test values between the group. The mean of post test values in experimental group showed 10,18 + 3,78 % meanwhile 22,24 + 5,42% in control group, with p value = 0.000 (p <0.05). Conclution : It was concluded that combination of ultrasound and dry needling and combination of ultrasound and hold relax can decrease the neck disability index. Combination of ultrasound and dry needling was better than combination of ultrasound and hold relax to decrease neck disability index in subject with upper trapezius myofascial pain syndrom.
HIGH INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING (HIIT) SAMA BAIKNYA DENGAN CIRCUIT WEIGHT TRAINING DALAM MENURUNKAN PERSENTASE LEMAK TUBUH DAN MENINGKATKAN KAPASITAS VITAL PARU Yudistira, Efraldo; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Indra Lesmana, Syahmirza; Inten Dwi Primayanti, Dewa Ayu; Sandi, I Nengah; Imron, Ali
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.2, Mei 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (413.525 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i02.p06

Abstract

High-intensity exercise exercises in the exercise process use enormous amounts of muscle glycocal energy to strengthen adipose tissue into energy acids, energy requirements balanced with oxygen demand that will improve pulmonary performance and physiology. Weight-adjusting exercises are adjusted to the adaptation and physiology of muscles, increased muscle development and physiological muscles and muscles increases into more so that the energy process increases both muscle glycogen and increased fat oxidation. In this study the sample will be divided into 2 groups, group I will be given High intensity interval training, group II will be given Circuit weight training, both groups aim to reduce the percentage of body fat and increase the vital capacity of the lung. This study measures the pre and post test results so that it will be measured before treatment and after treatment after the exercise program for 6 weeks. Samples will be measured using Bioelectrical Impedance Analisys to measure the percentage of body fat and Spirometry to measure vital pulmonary capacity.The results of the first group hypothesis test showed the value before the fat percentage of 21.75 and after training to be 19.46, then before the vital capacity of the lungs 2.32 and after training to 4.02. While in group 2 the fat percentage value was 21.55 and the training was determined to be 19.79. For the value of vital capacity of lung 2.46 and after training to 3.64, with the probability value in both groups was 0.000 which means (p <0.05) and the measurement was no significant difference from both exercises. In the test of hypothesis III the comparison of results in group I , II, t-test independent sample with the result of the average group I fat difference 2.29 ± 0.46, KVparu 1.75 ± 0.55, Group II fat% 1.70 ± 0.43, KVparu 1.17 ± 0.45 with fat% probability value (p = 0,725) and KVparu (p = 0,073) which means (p> 0,05) and can. There was no significant difference between the three interventions.The conclusion of this research is high intensity interval training as well as ciecuit weight training in decreasing body fat percentage and increasing vital capacity of lung
ANCANG-ANCANG 11 LANGKAH LEBIH BAIK DARI 7 DAN 15 LANGKAH PADA NOMOR LOMPAT JAUH Sandi, I Nengah
Medicina Vol 40 No 1 (2009): Januari 2009
Publisher : Medicina

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Telah dilakukan penelitian perbedaan ancang-ancang (AA) lompat jauh 7 langkah (lk), 11 lk dan 15 lk pada siswa usia 11 tahun. Sampel diambil dari siswa SD 7 Pedungan dan dipilih sebanyak 29 orang secara acak sederhana dan dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok. Kemudian setiap kelompok diberikan 3 perlakuan yang dialokasikan secara cross over yaitu: AA 7 lk (± 10m), AA 11 lk (± 15m) dan AA 15 lk (± 20m) selama tiga hari berturut-turut. Pada hari pertama kelompok-1 dengan  AA 7 lk, kelompok-2 11 lk dan kelompok-3 15 lk, pada hari kedua kelompok-1 dengan AA 11 lk, kelompok-2 15 lk dan kelompok-3 7 lk, sedangkan pada hari ketiga kelompok-1 dengan AA 15 lk, kelompok-2 7 lk dan kelompok-3 11 lk. Uji One Way Anova dengan Least Significant Differencs (LSD) dipakai untuk menganalisis data pada tingkat kemaknaan 0,05.  Beda hasil lompatan antara AA 11 lk dengan AA 7 lk dan antara AA 11 lk dengan AA 15 lk berturut-turut 0,16m dan 0,18m dengan nilai p berturut-turut 0,05 (p ? 0,05) dan 0,03 (p < 0,05). Jadi lompatan terjauh dihasilkan dari AA 11 lk, yang beda bermakna (p ? 0,05) dengan AA 7 lk dan AA 15 lk.  Untuk itu disarankan kepada siswa usia 11 tahun menggunakan AA 11 lk dalam berlatih.[MEDICINA 2009;40:5-10].
JARAK ANCANG-ANCANG MEMPENGARUHI HASIL LOMPATAN PADA NOMOR LOMPAT JAUH Sandi, I Nengah
Medicina Vol 38 No 3 (2007): September 2007
Publisher : Medicina

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Abstract

Lompat jauh adalah bagian dari nomor lompat yang bertujuan untuk memindahkan titik berat tubuh jauh ke depan tanpa jatuh ke belakang saat mendarat. Hasil tersebut dipengaruhi oleh jarak ancang-ancang. Untuk menguji asumsi tersebut maka dilakukan penelitian dengan rancangan sama subjek. Sampel berusia 11 tahun dipilih 19 orang secara acak sederhana dari laki-laki kelas V SD 7 Pedungan yang berjumlah 44 orang. Setiap sampel diberikan 3 perlakuan yaitu; lompat jauh dengan ancang-ancang 10m, 15m, dan 20m. Uji one way Anova dengan LSD dipakai untuk menganalisis data pada tingkat kemaknaan 0,05. Beda rerata hasil lompat jauh dari ancang-ancang 15m terhadap ancang-ancang 10m dan ancang-ancang 20m berturut-turut 16,65cm dan 18,42cm dengan nilai p 0,04 dan 0,03 (p < 0,05). Jadi lompatan terjauh dihasilkan dari ancang-ancang 15m dengan beda bermakna terhadap kedua ancang-ancang tersebut. 
PENGARUH KELEMBABAN RELATIF TERHADAP PERUBAHAN SUHU TUBUH LATIHAN Sandi, I Nengah; Ariyasa, I Gede; Teresna, I Wayan; Ashadi, Kunjung
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No. 1, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Latihan fisik dapat menyebabkan berbagai perubahan fungsi tubuh diantaranya adalah peningkatan terhadap suhu tubuh. Peningkatan suhu tubuh ini disebabkan karena sebagian besar energi saat aktivitas diubah menjadi panas. Panas yang dihasilkan itu harus segera dikeluarkan agar homeostasis tubuh berjalan dengan baik. Kecepatan pengeluaran panas tubuh tergantung dari faktor lingkungan, diantaranya adalah suhu dan kelembaban relatif udara. Semakin meningkat kelembaban udara, semakin meningkat pula suhu tubuh saat latihan dan sebaliknya semakin menurun kelembaban relatif udara maka suhu tubuh akan semakin menurun. Perubahan suhu tubuh ini tidak terus menurun, akan tetapi diatur oleh sistem saraf. Peningkatan panas tubuh berkelanjutan dapat disebabkan karena latihan fisik berkelanpanjangan dalam waktu yang lama yang dilakukan dalam ruangan dengan kelembaban yang tinggi. Peningkatan sehu tubuh ini dapat disebabkan karena menurunnya cairan tubuh akibat dari pengeluaran keringat berlebih. Untuk menanggulangi penurunan cairan tubuh maka perlu mengkonsumsi cairan yang sesuai dengan cairan yang keluar. Artikel ini ditulis dengan tujuan untuk menguraikan efek dari latihan fisik terhadap perubahan suhu tubuh.