Lintang Dian Saraswati
Dosen Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

Published : 121 Documents
Articles

Beberapa Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian HIV/AIDS pada Wanita (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Kendal) Musyarofah, Siti; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Laksono, Budi; Sofro, Muchlis Achsan Udji; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 2, No 1: Februari 2017
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jekk.v2i1.3968

Abstract

Background: HIV/AIDS are major problem that threatens Indonesia and many countries around the world. In 2011 there were 17.3 million adults living with AIDS were women. The purpose of studies proved that host and environmental factors were associated the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women. Method: The research using case-control study, was supported by indepth interview. The target population were women in Kendal with a sample of 76 women consisted of 38 women with HIV/AIDS and 38 women negative HIV. Samples case with consecutive sampling technique, control with cluster sampling. Bivariate analysis using chi-square test and multivariate analysis used logistic regression. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that host factors significantly associated with the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women were the number of sexual partners more than 1 (p = 0,003), level of education was low ≤ 9 years (p = 0,049) and the first married age < 20 years (p = 0,03); environment factors significantly associated was history of HIV/AIDS on her husband (p=0,001). Host factors were not significantly associated with the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women were history of receiving blood donors,  history of sexually transmitted diseases, the status of drug users, the habit of drinking alcohol, violence, type of job, and socioeconomic. Conclusion: Host factors significantly associated with the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women were the number of sexual partners more than 1, level of education was low ≤ 9 years, and the first married age <20 years; environment factors significantly associated was history of HIV/AIDS on her husband. Background:HIV/AIDSaremajorproblemthatthreatensIndonesiaandmanycountriesaround theworld.In2011therewere17.3millionadultslivingwithAIDSwerewomen.Thepurposeof studiesprovedthathostandenvironmentalfactorswereassociatedtheoccurenceofHIV/AIDS inwomen.Method:Theresearchusingcase-controlstudy,wassupportedbyindepthinterview.Thetarget population were women in Kendal with a sample of 76 women consisted of 38 women with HIV/AIDSand 38 women negative HIV. Samples case with consecutive sampling technique, controlwithclustersampling.Bivariateanalysisusingchi-squaretestandmultivariateanalysis usedlogisticregression.Results:    Multivariateanalysisshowedthathostfactorssignificantlyassociatedwiththe occurenceofHIV/AIDSinwomenwerethenumberofsexualpartnersmorethan1(p=0,003), levelofeducationwaslow≤9years(p=0,049)andthefirstmarriedage<20years(p=0,03); environmentfactorssignificantlyassociatedwashistoryofHIV/AIDSonherhusband(p=0,001).HostfactorswerenotsignificantlyassociatedwiththeoccurenceofHIV/AIDSinwomen were history of receiving blood donors,  history of sexually transmitted diseases, the status of drugusers,thehabitofdrinkingalcohol,violence,typeofjob,andsocioeconomic.Conclusion: Host factors significantly associated with the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women werethenumberofsexualpartnersmorethan1,levelofeducationwaslow≤9years,andthefirst marriedage<20years;environmentfactorssignificantlyassociatedwashistoryofHIV/AIDSon herhusband.
GAMBARAN STATUS KECACATAN KUSTA PADA PENDERITA KUSTA DI KABUPATEN BLORA Umaya, Umaya; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Leprosy is a communicable disease that can cause permanent physical deformities. According to data from Health Department of Blora District, it was known that Public Health Center of Kunduran and Bogorejo had the highest new cases, with an increasing trend during the last 3 years. Those two PHCs still had 'high' grade 2 disability compared with national target. This research aimed to describe some factors related to the occurrence of disability in leprosy. This research is a descriptive observational with cross sectional design. Population of this research are 83 people affected by leprosy, registered in two PHCs during the last 3 years. These results indicated that the proportion of disability is higher in lepers with non productive age (38,5%), male (32,0%), having low education (36,8%), having good knowledge (55,6%), having no job (55,6%), multibacillary leprosy (36,5%), experiencing lepra reaction (50,0%), having delay of treatment >1 year (44,4%), having nerve impairment (100,0%), doing wound care (100,0%), and without support of family members (33,3%). This research concluded that the proportion of disability found higher in lepers with non productive age, male, having low education, having good knowledge, having no job, having multibacillary leprosy, experiencing lepra reaction, having delay of treatment >1 year, having nerve impairment, doing wound care, and without support of family members. This research suggest to the PHCs to give more counseling and training to the lepers about wound care and provide them tools to do this. Family members are expected to oversee the lepers when consuming MDT and reminds them to complete the treatment.
GAMBARAN PENGGUNAAN KONTRASEPSI HORMONAL PADA KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI (STUDI PADA WANITA PASANGAN USIA SUBUR DI KELURAHAN TEMBALANG) Fatmasari, Yuli; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Hypertension or high blood pressure disease is a condition where a person experiences an increase in blood pressure above normal. A person is said to have hypertension if his blood pressure is always readable above 140/90 mmHg, whether with symptoms or not, the health effects caused by hypertension continue.The purpose of this study was to describe the accurrence factors of hypertension in women of fertile age couples . This research is descriptive research with cross sectional approach conducted in Tembalang. The population in this research is a woman of fertile age couples in Tembalang then taken samples as many as 100 peoples. Sampling technique with simple random sampling. Measurements of blood pressure and filling questionnaire. From 100 respondents of the study found 47% of respondents who are hypertention. The highest proportion of hypertension on the respondents who have duration of hormonal contraceptive use >5 years (62.8%), types of contrasepsi hormonal used types of pil (62.5%), knowledge of good hormonal contraceptive side effects (48.1%). Required checks of blood presure on a regular basis, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and more wise in using hormonal contraception.
HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN MENARCHE DINI PADA SISWI SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN PATI, KABUPATEN PATI Tyas, Ayu Dya Puspaning; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Susanto, Henry Setyawan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Early menarche is the first menstruation in women in early adolescence that occurs under the age of 12 years. Nutritional status / BMI (Body Mass Index) can affect the occurrence of early menarche through the rate of growth and sexual maturity, which is an indicator of the occurrence of menarche. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of nutritional status with the incidence of early menarche in elementary school students. This type of study is analytical observational with cross-sectional study design. The sample of this study amounted to 110 elementary school students with early menarche and 110 elementary school students who experienced normal menarche. Data analysis was done by univariate and bivariate using the Spearman rank correlation test. The results of the analysis show that there is a relationship between nutritional status and early menarche incidence in elementary school students (p = 0.001, rs = -0.321). If children have more nutritional status, they will have an age of early menarche. It is hope that respondents who have excess nutritional status, control the consumption of foods containing fat.
PENGARUH VARIASI WARNA KUNING PADA FLY GRILL TERHADAP KEPADATAN LALAT (STUDI DI TEMPAT PELELANGAN IKAN TAMBAK LOROK KOTA SEMARANG) EFFECT OF VARIATION THE COLOR YELLOW ON FLY GRILL TO DENSITY OF FLIES (STUDY AT FISH OUCTION PLACE TAMBAK LOROK SEMARANG CIT Wulandari, Dewi Agustina; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Martini, Martini
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Flies are vectors that carrying disease so need measured it densities for control purposes. Flies also the insects which have compound eyes can distinguish some colors frequencies. Fly grill one the tools measuring density of flies. Fly grill made wooden planks with varied color. Fly grill used given paint the ocher, light yellow, white and one fly grill without paint. The general objective of this study was determine the effect of variations of yellow color the fly grill to the density of flies. The study design used was quasi experiment with models Post Test Only Design. This research was conducted at the fish auction place (TPI) Tambak Lorok Semarang city for four days at four different locations. At predetermined point, did measurements ten times by calculating the average data five times the highest calculation. The results show the werage number of fly grill without paint is 8,5 flies, white 9,5 flies, ocher 16 ekor, light yellow 9,75 flies. Data were analyzed by Kruskall Wallis the significant level ?=0.05. From the calculation using Mann Whitney, states that there are differences the density of flies the fly grill by using different color variations, in order from highest to lowest is ocher color, light yellow, white and without paint. Herefore, is advisable to use the fly grill with ocher colors in measuring the density of flies also the need for the control of flies in TPI because of the results from research obtained the flies have exceeded five flies per block grill.
STATUS RESISTENSI LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI (LINNAEUS) TERHADAP TEMEPHOS (STUDI DI KELURAHAN JATIASIH KECAMATAN JATIASIH KOTA BEKASI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT) Sinaga, Lasrika S.; Martini, Martini; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Larvacides temephos has long been used in vector control of DHF Ae. aegypti. The use of insecticides for a long time and continuously can increase the incidence of insecticide resistance. The aim of this research is to determine the resistance status of Ae. aegypti in Jatiasih Village to temephos. This research includes the study of pure experimentation (True Experiment) to posttest design with control group (Only posttest control group design) with a sample of Ae.aegyptiinstar III and instar IV larval rearing the results of the first generation of larvae survey results. The results showed the percentage of larval mortality Ae. aegypti of Village Jatiasih to temephos by using a concentration of 0.0025 mg/l; 0.005 mg/l; 0.01 mg/l; 0.02 mg/l; 0.04 mg/l and 0.08 mg/l. According to WHO?s recommended concentration category of 0,02 mg/l showed that village Jatiasih is still susceptible to temephos with the death of Ae. aegypti by 98%. The analysis of the data was tested by using Kruskal Wallis test and Mann Whitney Test to determine the differences in each concentration. Kruskal Wallis test was obtained on the value of 0.001 (p
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KEBERSIHAN DIRI DAN PRAKTIK HIGIENE PENJUAL DENGAN KEBERADAAN ESCHERICHIA COLI PADA NASI RAMES DI PASAR TRADISIONAL KOTA SEMARANG Akhsanti, Mutia Farida; Hestiningsih, Retno; Martini, Martini; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Nasi rames is favorite food for many people in all ages, because it tastes good and easy to find. The process of making nasi rames is still traditional and lacks attention of hygiene and sanitation aspects and it can cause bacteria contamination. Escherichia coli is indicator of nasi rames's contamination. The purpose of this study was to determine ralationship between personal hygiene and hygiene practice with the existence of Escherichia coli in nasi rames sold in traditional market of Semarang City. The study design was analytic descriptive using survey method and laboratory examination with cross sectional approach. The study sample taken were 38 nasi rames using purposive sampling method from nasi rames sellers in traditional markets of Semarang City. Data was analyzed using Fisher exact test. The results showed that 30 (78,9%) nasi rames were found to be positive for Echerichia coli. Statistical results showed a relation between personal hygiene (p=0,012) and hygiene practices (p=0,017) with the existence of Escherichia coli in nasi rames. From this study, it can be concluded that personal hygiene and hygiene practices have significant relationship with the existence of Escherichia coli in nasi rames sold in traditional markets of Semarang City.
GAMBARAN PENGOBATAN MASSAL FILARIASIS ( STUDI DI DESA SABABILAH KABUPATEN BARITO SELATAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH ) Dewi, Supatmi; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, M. Sakundarno; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Filariasis Elimination program through MDA (Mass Drug Administration) filariasis is a major national priority in all filariasis endemic area. Sababilah is the spot check site which started MDA in 2008. In 2014, Transmission Assessment Survey showed Mf rate Sababilah village of 1,7%. As a result, MDA failed and Sababilah village must add MDA filariasis 2 years which is the last round has been done in 2016. This study aimed to describe the filariasis mass treatment of endemic areas in Sababilah village. The research was descriptive with cross sectional approach. The data were collected using structured questionnaires as an instrument,observations, and Transmission Assessment Survey. Total sample of 107 respondents obtained by using cluster random sampling method as sampling technique.the data was analyzed using univariate frequency distribution table with narration. The result showed that 100% amicrofilaria,0% mf rate filariasis with non endemic area category, 78,5% respondent with good knowledge about filariasis,96% medicine practice, 99,1% respondent who received support from Ministrant personel of elimination, Further, required refresher and filariasis training for Minister Personel of Elimination, monitoring of patient in the period of selective treatment, Transmission Assessment Survey as follow up and improve the administration and data report of MDA filariasis.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STATUS KESEMBUHAN PENDERITA TUBERKULOSIS PARU Niviasari, Dhina Nurlita; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Martini, Martini
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Pulmonary tuberculosis patients cure rate is an indicator of the national programme to combat tuberculosis disease in an area. The target for national cure rate is 85%. Cure rate in Semarang from 2010 to 2013 experienced fluctuative trend and the latest in 2013 riched 61%. The purpose of this research was  to know several factors associated with cure status of pulmonary tuberculosis patients  after undergone treatment during six months. This research used observational analytic study with case control design study. This case control study used data which was taken from cases that taken from January 2013-March 2015. This cases consist of 36 patients who were cured and 36 others who were not cured. The sample was selected by using purposive sampling. Bivariat analysis result proved the existence of relationship between patients who are above 45 years old (OR = 5.1; 95% CI 1,379-19,106), regularity of treatment (OR = 7.7; 95% CI 2,452-24,496), and the presence of another disease (OR= 7.0; 95% CI 1,799-27,236) with cure status of pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Based on these research we suggest the availability of health workers who are responsible to monitor the uptake of the drugs and the availability of form for PMO to monitor the regularity of patients in taking medication.
GAMBARAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT DALAM PELAKSANAAN POPM FILARIASIS DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG (STUDI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS GEDANGAN KECAMATAN TUNTANG) Layli, Fania Maulida; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 2 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Gedangan?s Health Center is one of the health centers in the Semarang Regency, which in the implementation of the MDA filariasis didn?t reach the coverage filariasis prevention drugs intake from the target population with 83.6% and 83.8%. To increase the coverage required community compliance in taking that drugs, therefore the study aimed to describe the factors of compliance in implementing MDA filariasis in the working area of the Gedangan?s Health Center. This was a rapid survey with a cross-sectional approach, with a study population of 21.380 people. The first stage selecting 30 clusters with PPS (Proportion Population Size) and then selecting 7 subjects from each cluster with simple random sampling. The sample size in this study was 210 people. The result showed 69.5% of respondents complied prevention drugs of filariasis. The proportion of compliant respondents is greater in the age group 26-45 years (74.7%), female (72.1%), low education level (84.6%), employed (84,6%), good level of filariasis knowledge ( 73.3%), good level of MDA knowledge (79%), receiving filariasis cadres support (88.2%), receiving social support (92.1%), and haven?t experience any side effects (84.6%). In conclusion, the age group 26-45 years old, female, low education level, employed, good level of filariasis and MDA knowledge, receiving filariasis cadres support, receiving social support and haven?t experience any side effect, more compliant of taking preventive drugs of filariasis. Although in this study, the filariasis cadres support was less than optimal.
Co-Authors Adi, M Sakundarno Adiratna, Widia Afiff, Raysha Agus Suwandono Akhsanti, Mutia Farida Amilia, Yunita Annisa, Yunita Antonius Raga Wida Dirgantara, Antonius Raga Wida Anugrah Dian Wardhani, Anugrah Dian Ari Udiyono Arini Arini Br Nababan, Berkat Budi Laksono Cahyaningsih, Mega Nur Chasanah, Mazroatul choirunnisa, sheila Damayanti, Vika Agustin Dela Rosa, Satya Kirana Devi Priyantika, Devi Devy Amelia Nurul Alamsyah Dewi Agustina Wulandari, Dewi Agustina Dewi, Supatmi Dhina Nurlita Niviasari, Dhina Nurlita Diajeng Sri Andriani Permatasari, Diajeng Sri Andriani Dwi Puryani, Dwi Dwi Utari Nugroho, Dwi Utari Endang Sri Utami, Endang Sri Ernianti, Dika Fatmasari, Yuli Firman Apul Aritonang, Firman Apul Fitri Dewi Puspita Anggraini, Fitri Dewi Puspita Fitrianur Laili, Fitrianur Flora Theodora Parapat, Flora Theodora Frima Rifqi Azzahroh, Frima Rifqi Galuh Ajeng Pangestika, Galuh Ajeng Ghea Yanna Aulia, Ghea Yanna Girsang, Princessila Enjelin Hany Yuliani, Hany Hardianti, Dwi Hartanto, Teguh Dwi Haryuti, Haryuti Helmi, Tri Amelia Rahmitha Hendri Setyawan Henry Setyawan Santoso, Henry Setyawan Henry Setyawan Susanto, Henry Setyawan Henry Setyawan, Henry Hidayatullah, Syarifah Ida Mahfiroh, Ida Ihwatun, Siti Isnaeni, Laela Isnina Adi Indrarini, Isnina Adi Jannah, Fina Khiliyatus Jorghi BP, Herlysse Kairul Kairul, Kairul Keptiyah, Siti Maryatul Khairunnisa Khairunnisa Kusariana, Nissa Lasrika S. Sinaga, Lasrika S. Layli, Fania Maulida Lestari, Nita Dwi M. Arie Wuryanto M. Sakundarno Adi Madyasari, Ria Nur Marisa Gita Putri, Marisa Gita Marlisa, Wahid Martini Martini Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Mazroatul Khasanah, Mazroatul Milka Noviananda Hardy, Milka Noviananda Moch Ardyan Pratama Putra, Moch Ardyan Pratama Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro Muh Fauzi, Muh Muniroh, Muflihatul Muyassaroh Muyassaroh Najwati, Hafidzoh Nandariesta, Faradina Pramesti Nashiroh, Insani NINGSIH, SRI WAHYU Ningtyas, Angelia Galuh Nomitasari, Dessy Nuraisya, Meza Nurul Aini Fadilah, Nurul Aini Praba Ginandjar Praba Ginanjar Prameyllawati, Diaz Mora Purnamaningsih, Indah Putri Septyarini, Putri Putri, Cornelia Palmasari Ariesta Putri, Evrilda Andani Rachmah, Rissa Amalia Rahayu, Khasanah Budi Rahfiludin, Muhamad Zen Rahmania, Mia Ratih Amanda Puspitasari, Ratih Amanda Ratih Ristyanti, Ratih Ratna Puspita Sari, Ratna Puspita Retno Cahyani, Retno Retno Hestiningsih Ridha Nurhayati, Ridha Rizki Arbaiatusholeha, Rizki Rohmah Kusuma Putri, Rohmah Kusuma Rozzaq Alhanif Islamudin, Rozzaq Alhanif Saputra, Anggi Gian Saraswati, Dwi Setyawati, Melina Setyowati, Idha Setyowati, Maknunah Shofi Nazilatul Rizqi, Shofi Nazilatul Silfiya Silfiya, Silfiya Simanjutak, Tri Damayanti Sirait, Merry Putri R. Siti Musyarofah, Siti Siti Rahayu Sitohang, Marya Yenita Sri Nuraini, Sri Sri Yuliawati Suharyo Hadisaputro Susiana Purwantisari Sutrisni, Dian Tunjung Trisna, Ferina Hana Tyas, Ayu Dya Puspaning Tyas, Kinanti Fajar Cahyaning Udijono, Ari Umaya Umaya, Umaya Umi Ardiningsih, Umi Wandhana P., Wana Weildsrie Ewildsycraev R., Weildsrie Whawan Bayu Arusyid, Whawan Bayu Wijayanti, Koni Agustyana Yolanda, Anisa Ayu Yudhianto, Kristian