Eka Meutia Sari
Jurusan Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Published : 13 Documents
Articles

Found 13 Documents
Search

KARAKTERISASI PENAMPILAN REPRODUKSI SAPI ACEH BETINA SEBAGAI SUMBER DAYA GENETIK TERNAK LOKAL DI KOTA SUBULUSSALAM Novita, Cut Intan; Sari, Eka Meutia; Rahma, Erlisa
Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v18i1.10130

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penampilan reproduksi sapi Aceh betina. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Subulussalam Provinsi Aceh yang meliputi lima kecamatan, yaitu  kecamatan Simpang Kiri, Rundeng, Longkip, Penanggalan dan Sultan Daulat. Penelitian dilakukan selama satu bulan (23 Januari sampai 23 Februari 2017). Metode survei digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Penentuan responden adalah dengan menggunakan metode Purposive Sampling yaitu mengambil sampel dengan persyaratan minimal peternak memelihara satu ekor sapi Aceh yang telah beranak dua kali. Sebagai responden ditetapkan sebanyak 30 petani. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa kinerja reproduksi sapi Aceh baik, usia pubertas mencapai usia 1-2 tahun, nilai rata-rata pelayanan per konsepsi adalah 1,5 dan jarak beranak 12,97 bulan.(Characterization of reproductive performans of aceh cattle as local animal genetic resources in subulussalam city)ABSTRACT. This study aims to determine the characterization of reproductive performance of Aceh cattle. This study was conducted in Subulussalam City of Aceh Province covering five districts of Simpang Kiri, Rundeng, Longkip, Penanggalan and Sultan Daulat. The study was conducted for one month (January 23 to February 23, 2017). Survey method was used in this research. Determination of respondent is by using method of Purposive Sampling that is taking sample with minimum requirement of breeder to keep one Aceh cattle that have gave birthtwo times. As the respondents set as many as 30 farmers. From the results can be concluded that the performance of Aceh cattle reproductive is good, age of puberty reached at age 1-2 years, the average value of service per conception is 1.5 and calving interval 12.97 month.
EVALUASI PROGRAM INSEMINASI BUATAN PADA SAPI LOKAL BETINA DI KECAMATAN JULI, KABUPATEN BIREUEN, PROVINSI ACEH Novita, Cut Intan; Abdullah, Mohd. Agus Nashri; Sari, Eka Meutia; Zulfian, Zulfian
Jurnal Agripet Vol 19, No 1 (2019): Volume 19, No. 1, April 2019
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v19i1.13005

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keberhasilan program inseminasi buatan pada sapi lokal betina. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kecamatan Juli, Kabupaten Bireuen, Provinsi Aceh, yaitu Desa Keude Dua, Bunyot, Blang Ketumba, Paya Cut dan Desa Batee Raya. Metode survei digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Responden yang digunakan adalah peternak sapi lokal dan inseminator. Responden ditetapkan dengan menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Sebagai responden ditetapkan 40 peternak dan 4 inseminator. Peternak responden harus memenuhi kriteria  memelihara minimal dua ekor sapi lokal yang telah beranak 2 (dua) kali dan sistem perkawinan dilakukan secara inseminasi buatan (IB). Inseminator telah memiliki Surat Izin melakukan Inseminasi Buatan (SIMI). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pelaksanaan program inseminasi buatan di Kecamatan Juli telah berjalan dengan baik, dimana rataan nilai conception rate (CR) sebesar 88,05%, service per conception (S/C) adalah 1,2, jarak beranak (calving interval) sebesar 12,36 bulan, dan calving rate sebesar 84,23%.  (Evaluation of artificial insemination programs in local cows in Juli district, Bireuen, Aceh Province) ABSTRACT. This study aimed to determine the success of the artificial insemination program in local female cattle. This research was carried out in Juli District, Bireuen , Aceh Province, namely the villages of Keude Dua, Bunyot, Blang Ketumba, Paya Cut and Batee Raya villages. The survey method was used in this  study. Respondents were determined by purposive sampling method. Respondents used were local cattle breeders and inseminators. The respondents involved ware 40 breeders and 4 inseminators. Breeders must maintaining minimal two female local cows that have given birth 2 (two) times with artificial insemination as mate system. The Inseminator  involved is the one who has Artificial Insemination License. The results showed that the implementation of the artificial insemination program in the District of Juli has gone well, where the average value of the conception rate (CR) is 88.05%, service per conception (S/C) is 1.2, calving interval equal to 12.36 months and calving rate is 84.23%.
ESTIMASI NILAI HERITABILITAS SIFAT KUANTITATIF SAPI ACEH Sari, Eka Meutia; Abdullah, Mohd. Agus Nashri; Hasnani, Cut
Jurnal Agripet Vol 16, No 1 (2016): Volume 16, N0. 1, April 2016
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v16i1.3530

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengestimasi nilai heritabilitas sifat kuantitatif pada sapi Aceh. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul (BPTU) Indrapuri Aceh Besar, dengan menggunakan metode survey (data primer dan data sekunder), dan analisis data menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap Pola Searah. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah nilai heritabilitas sifat kuantitatif meliputi panjang badan, tinggi gumba, lingkar dada, bobot lahir dan bobot sapih. Nilai heritabilitas bobot lahir 0,06 ± 0,29, bobot setahun 0,12 ± 0,32, bobot satu setengah tahun 0,37 ± 0,41. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sifat kuantitatif pada sapi Aceh memiliki nilai heritabilitas yang rendah (bobot lahir) dan sedang (bobot setengah tahun). Perbedaan nilai heritabilitas disebabkan karena jumlah sampel yang digunakan, tempat dan waktu penelitian dan metode perhitungan yang berbeda.  (Heritability estimation of quantitative traits in Aceh cattle) ABSTRACT. The objective of this research was to estimate the heritability of quantitative trait of Aceh cattle. This research was conducted in BPTU Indrapuri, Aceh Besar. The method used was survey, and the Completely Randomized Design Pattern Unidirectional was used to analyze the data. The parameter which was observed in this research was the heritability of quantitative trait including body length, body height, chest size, birth weight and weaning weight. Heritability for birthweight 0.06 ± 0.29, for yearling weight 0.12 ± 0.32, and heritability for the weight of one and a half years 0.37 ± 0.41. The result shows that the heritability of quantitative traits in Aceh cattle was low (birth weight). The difference in heritability was due to the number of samples used, the place and time of the research and different calculation methods.
KAJIAN ASPEK TEKNIS PEMELIHARAAN KERBAU LOKAL DI KABUPATEN GAYO LUES Sari, Eka Meutia; Abdullah, Mohd. Agus Nashri; Sulaiman, Sulaiman
Jurnal Agripet Vol 15, No 1 (2015): Volume 15, N0. 1, April 2015
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v15i1.2301

Abstract

(Study on The Technical Aspect Management of Local Buffalo in Gayo Lues District) ABSTRACT. The objective of this research to study on the technical aspect management of local buffalo in Gayo Lues district. Forty local buffalo farmers located in three selected sub district of Rikit Gaib, Pantan Cuaca and Dabun Gelang in Gayo Lues were visited and data or informations were collected through interview of the farmers. Data collected included: breed and breeding performance, feed and feeding practices, rearing practices, health aspect and marketing. The data were tabulated and compared with the standard guideline of buffalo management from the Directorate General of Livestock Service (DGLS). Result showed that management practices of local buffalo applied by farmers in Gayo Lues were found very low, only 40.16% of the standard management from DGLS. Application of health (64.57%), and housing (74.78%), while application of breeding and reproduction, rearing practices and feed and feeding were 41.76%, 46.50%, and 17.67% of the standard, respectively.
MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN REARING BUFFALO VIEWED FROM THE TECHNICAL ASPECT MANAGEMENT IN GAYO LUES DISTRICT Sari, Eka Meutia; Basri, Hasan; Safrizal, Safrizal
Jurnal Agripet Vol 12, No 2 (2012): Volume 12, No. 2, Oktober 2012
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v12i2.200

Abstract

Tatalaksana pemeliharaan kerbau ditinjau dari aspek teknis pemeliharaan di kabupaten gayo lues ABSTRAK. Survey lapangan telah dilakukan untuk mengetahui tatalaksana pemeliharaan ternak kerbau di Kabupaten Gayo Lues Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. Empat puluh empat peternak kerbau di wawancara dan observasi langsung pada tiga daerah yang berbeda yaitu Blangkejeren, Kutapanjang dan Rikit Gaib. Data yang diperlukan dalam penelitian ini berasal dari pengukuran dan perhitungan terhadap aspek-aspek teknis pemeliharaan ternak yang mengacu kepada pedoman yang dikeluarkan oleh Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan Indonesia tahun 1992, meliputi: pemuliaan dan reproduksi, makanan ternak, tatalaksana pemeliharaan, tujuan pemeliharaan dan kesehatan ternak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tatalaksana pemeliharaan kerbau di Kabupaten Gayo Lues masih rendah, yaitu 42.33 % dari standard Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan Indonesia. Penerapan aspek teknis dari pemuliaan dan reproduksi, makanan ternak, tatalaksana pemeliharaan, tujuan pemeliharaan dan kesehatan ternak masing-masing 52.95%, 18.22%, 38.46%, 60.71%, dan 74.73%.
THE IMPROVEMENT OF SEMEN QUALITY AND TESTOSTERONE LEVEL OF BALI CATTLE AFTER PROSTAGLANDIN F2α ADMINISTRATION Sari, Eka Meutia; Tanjung, Satria; Sari, Dewi Ratna; Akmal, Muslim; Siregar, Tongku Nizwan; Thasmi, Cut Nila
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 13, No 4 (2019): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v13i4.14821

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of prostaglandin F2? (PGF2?) administration on improving semen quality and testosterone levels on Bali cattle. This study used 3 Bali cattle aged 2, 3.5, and 5 years old. The sample used in this study was Bali cattle semen. In this study, the Latin Square Design was used with three different treatments were administered over three time periods. The treatments performed were P1 (5 mL physiological NaCl), P2 (25 mg prostaglandin), and P3 (37.5 mg prostaglandin) while treatment period was three weeks of treatment administration, which were 1st. 2nd, and 3rd week. Blood collected through coccygea vein 30 minutes after treatment to measure testosterone levels using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Statistical analysis showed that PGF2? administration at a dose of 25 mg and PGF2? at a dose of 37.5 mg had no effect (P 0.05) on volume, color, pH, consistency, concentration, and motility of Bali cattle spermatozoa. The volume of semen obtained from P1; P2; and P3 were 6.5±0.9; 6.3±0.6; and 6.2±1.2 mL, respectively. The color of the semen in P1, P2, and P3 were beige and milky white. The pH in groups P1; P2; and P3 were 6.7±0.6; 7.1±0.2; and 6.5±0.2, respectively. Spermatozoa concentration in P1; P2; and P3 were 1,328±96.43 x 106 cells/mL; 1,354±102.19 x 106 cells/mL; and 1,353.3±88.55 x 106 cells/mL, respectively. Spermatozoa motility in P1; P2; and P3 were 73.3±2.8%; 71.6±2.8%; and 73.3±2.8%, respectively. Testosterone levels in P1 and P3 were 5.05±0.22 and 6.74±1.38 ng/mL, respectively (P 0.05). Based on the results of this study, it was concluded that the administration of PGF2? does not affect semen quality but can increase the level of testosterone on Bali cattle.
ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE BREEDING OBJECTIVE FOR MEAT SHEEP Sari, Eka Meutia
Jurnal Agripet Vol 2, No 1 (2001): Volume 2, No. 1, April 2001
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v2i1.3089

Abstract

ABSTRACT. Data ultrasound and Computer Tomography (CT) diambil dari Meat Elite Project NSW Australia. Tujuan dari penelitian untuk mengembangkan indek seleksi pada berat domba pada saat dijual (PWWT) dan sifat kualitas daging (EM4, EMD, EMW, FD) pada domba pedaging seluruh dat diambil sejak tahun 1992-1994 sebanyak 869 data yang diambil dari Meat Elite Project di Australia. Jenis domba yang dipergunakan adalah domba Poll Dorset. Heritabilitas untuk kualitas daging 0.15-0.36. Secara keseluruhan perolehan nilai ekonomi dari ultrasound lebih kecil dari Computer Tomography yaitu; $4.27 dan $5.91. Peningkatannya nilai ekonomi pada ketebalan lemak ($-4.66), menyebabkan perubahan pada indek seleksi terhadap semua sifat dengan menggunakan ultrasound lebih kecil dari menggunakan Computer Tomography. 
Performans Reproduksi Kerbau Lumpur (bubalus bubalis) Betina di Kecamatan Simeulue Barat Kabupaten Simeulue Samsuandi, Riki; Sari, Eka Meutia; Abdullah, Mohd. Agus Nashri
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.378 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui performans reproduksi kerbau betina lumpur (Bubalus bubalis) di Kecamatan Simeulue Barat Kabupaten Simeulue. Penelitian telah dilaksanakan pada bulan Januari 2016. Pemilihan lokasi penelitian dilakukan pada 4 desa yaitu: Desa Malasin, Lamamek, Sigulai dan Sembilan. Pemilihan lokasi penelitian ini dilakukan secara sengaja (purposive sampling). Metode penelitian yang digunakan metode survei untuk memperoleh data primer dan data sekunder. Data primer dilakukan melalui teknik wawancara langsung dengan pemilik ternak kerbau berdasarkan daftar pertanyaan yang telah disiapkan dalam bentuk kuesioner. Data sekunder diperoleh dari instansi-instansi terkait di Kabupaten Simeulue dan Kecamatan  Simeulue Barat. Materi penelitian meliputi 40 orang peternak yang berdomisili di 4 (empat) desa di Kecamatan Simeulue Barat. Penentuan peternak responden adalah dengan menggunakan metode simple random sampling, dengan ketentuan minimal peternak memelihara 2 (dua) ekor kerbau. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan umur dewasa kelamin 2,5-3,0 tahun, umur beranak pertama 3,5-4,0 tahun, lama bunting 310-330 hari, jarak antara melahirkan sampai bunting kembali 4-6 bulan, selang beranak 14-16 bulan, Angka Kelahiran 36%, sedangkan Angka perkawinan per kebuntingan dan angka kebutingan agak sulit untuk diketahui dikarenakan sistem perkawinan ternaknya bebas alami dan sistem pemeliharaannya masih ekstensif. Disimpulkan bahwa performans reproduksi ternak kerbau betina lumpur di Kecamatan Simeulue Barat belum optimal, namun mempunyai reproduksi yang baik dan berpeluang untuk dikembangkan. Reproduction Performance of Female Mud Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) In West Simeulue District Simeulue RegencyAbstract. This research aims to find out the reproductio performance of female mud buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in West Simeulue District Simeulu Regency. This research was conducted in four villages: Malasin Village, Lamamek, Sigulai and Sembilan. The selection of research location was done intentionally (purposive sampling). The research method used was survey methods that is to obtain primary data and secondary data. Primary data was collected through direct interview techniques with the owner of buffaloes by a list of questions that had been prepared in the form of questionnaire. Secondary data obtained from the relevant institutions at the Simeulue Regency and West Simeulue District. The research material includes 40 (fourty) breeders who live in 4 (four) villages in the West Simeulue District. Determination of the respondent breeders by using simple random sampling method, with minimum provisions the breeders maintain 2 (two) buffaloes. The results showed the age of sexual maturity are 2.5 to 3.0 years, the age of first birth are 3.5 to 4.0 years, pregnant duration are 310-330 days, the duration between the giving birth to repegnant are 4-6 months, giving birth interval are 14-16 months, the Birth Rates are 36%, while the number of marriages per pregnancies and pregnancy rate were rather difficult to know because the mating system is naturally free and maintenance system are still extensive. In conclusion, that the reproductive performance of female mud buffaloes in the West Simeulue District still has not been optimal, but have a good reproductive and likely to be developed
Karakteristik Reproduksi Kerbau Betina Simeulue di Kecamatan Simeulue Timur Kabupaten Simeulue Rasid, Sabri; Sari, Eka Meutia; Mahyuddin, Mahyuddin
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Februari 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (31.174 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui karakteristik reproduksi kerbau betina Simeulue yang dipelihara secara tradisional. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kecamatan Simeulue Timur Kabupaten Simeulue meliputi empat desa yaitu Desa Air Pinang, Kuala Makmur, Ganting dan Linggi yang berlangsung dari tanggal 20 Desember 2015 sampai 20 Januari 2016. Data karakteristik reproduksi sangat dibutuhkan untuk mengetahui tingkat kesuburan dari seekor betina.Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 348 kerbau betina dari 40 orang  peternak. Sampel yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan table frekuensi dan persentase dengan bantuan sheet excel. Umur dewasa kelamin terbanyak 33 – 36 bulan 40,20%, umur pertama melahirkan 3 – 4 tahun 70, 10%, birahi pertama setelah melahirkan 6 – 9 bulan 70,10%, jarak beranak >12- 18 bulan, dan gangguan reproduksi sering di temukan distokia dan abortus. Karakteristik reproduksi kerbau betina di Kecamatan simeulue Kabupaten Simeulue masih dalam kondisi baik.  Reproductive Characteristics Of Female Buffalo Simeulue, Simeulue Timur sub-district, district of SimeulueAbstract. This study was conducted to determine the reproductive characteristics of female buffalo Simeulue reared traditionally. This research was conducted in the Eastern District of Simeulue, Simeulue District includes four villages namely Air Pinang, Kuala Makmur, Ganting and Linggi which was held on December 20, 2015 to January 20, 2016. The reproduction characteristics data is needed to determine the level of fertility of a female buffalo. The sample used in this study were 348 female buffalo and 40 farmers. Samples were analyzed using frequency tables and percentages with the help sheet excel.Adulthood sex female buffalo 33-36 months 40.20%, age at first childbirth 3-4 years 70, 10%, first estrus postpartum 6-9 months 70.10%, lambing distance> 12 to 18 months, and reproductive disorders frequently found distokia and abortion. Reproductive characteristics of female buffalo in the district of Simeulue, are still in good condition.
EVALUASI PERTAMBAHAN BOBOT BADAN SAPI ACEH JANTAN YANG DIBERI IMBANGAN ANTARA HIJAUAN DAN KONSENTRAT DI BALAI PEMBIBITAN TERNAK UNGGUL INDRAPURI Usman, Yunasri; Sari, Eka Meutia; Fadilla, Nuzul
Jurnal Agripet Vol 13, No 2 (2013): Volume 13, No. 2, Oktober 2013
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v13i2.819

Abstract

The evaluation of the Aceh cattle bulls weight which compensated between forage and concentrate at Superior Livestock Place in IndrapuriABSTRACT. This research was conducted at Superior Livestock Place in Indrapuri District, Aceh Besar  which lasted for 42 days. It was started on November 28th 2012 until January 9th 2013. This research was aims to know about the average daily gain for Aceh cattle bulls which compensated between forage and concentrate by using 12 bulls aged 2-2,5 years old. The design was used a Randomized Design Groups with 4 feed treatments and 3 repetitions. The feed percentages between forage and concentrate are ration A (100% forages), B (80%)forages and 20% concentrates), C (60% forages and 40% concentrates), and D (40% forages and 60% concentrates). The research analysis data were obtained by using ANOVA (Analysis of Variance). The parameters which observed in this study was the average daily gain, consumption, conversion, and efficiency rations. The result showed that the ration dry matter intake highly significantly (P 0,01) between treatment A (4,45 Kg), and B (3,61 Kg), C (2,72 Kg), and D (3,38 Kg), but the treatment B and D highly significantly than treatment C (P 0,01), the best ration consumption were derived from treatment C. The body weight Kg/bull/day significantly (P 0,05) between treatment A (0,47 Kg) and B (0,65 Kg), C (0,60 Kg), and D (0,61 Kg), the best average daily gain were derived from treatment B. The conversion ration showed that highly significantly (P 0,01) between treatment A (9,55 Kg), and B (5,55 Kg), C (4,60 Kg), and D (5,59 Kg), the best ration conversion were derived treatment C. Similarly, the efficiency ration showed that highly significantly (P 0,01) between treatment A (0,11%), and B (0,18%), C (0,22%), and D (0,18%), C is the best ration efficiency on the treatment.