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RESPONS HEMATOLOGI DAN KIMIA DARAH DOMBA LOKAL INDONESIA TERHADAP STRES TRANSPORTASI SELAMA 12 JAM (HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL RESPONSES TO 12 HOUR TRANSPORTATION STRESS IN IN LOCAL INDONESIAN SHEEP) Sarmin, Sarmin; Hana, Amelia; Astuti, Pudji; Febrianto, Yuda Heru; Airin, Claude Mona
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.246 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.1.48

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of transport 12 hours on  haematological and some biochemical responses of local Indonesian sheeps.  Ten adults (2.0-2.5 years)  male local Indonesian sheeps  BW adult 30-40 kg were transported by L-300 pickup truck starting at 3:00 pm to 3:00 am on the d 2 without stopping. Jugular blood were collecte-d at 7 am (-8 h pre- transportation as baseline), 15:00  immadiately after (0 h),  19:00 (4 h), 23:00 (8 h) ,  03.00 (12 h ), and at 11.00 d 2 (+8 h)  post-  transportation as recovery period). Under  the conditions of the present study, transport of local Indonesian sheeps significantly increased glucose  during 4 h  transport (P <0.05), increased eosinophil at 0 h (P <0.05) and no significant changed in erythrocytes, haemoglobin , monocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, leukocytes,  packed cell volume (PCV), and total plasma protein (TPP) (P> 0.05). Our findings showed that transportation 12 h affected  eosinophil during 0 h and glucose metabolism during 4 h of transportation, but did not any affect on some haematology and dehydration responses in local Indonesian sheeps. 
KONSUMSI, KECERNAAN NUTRIEN, PERUBAHAN BERAT BADAN DAN STATUS FISIOLOGIS KAMBING BLIGON JANTAN DENGAN PEMBATASAN PAKAN Suwignyo, Bambang; Wijaya, Ulil Amri; Indriani, Rieska; Kurniawati, Asih; Widiyono, Irkham; Sarmin, Sarmin
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 34, No 2 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6704.108 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.27560

Abstract

This study were aimed to determine the dry matter and organic matter intake, nutrients digestibility, body weight gain and physiological status of male Bligon goats treated with feed restriction. Six Bligon goats average age of 12 months and an average body weight of 23.6 kg were fed 40% of peanut raughages (rendeng) and 60% concentrate. Goats were divided into two (2) treatment groups. Control goat treatment were fed diets based on dry matter (DM) requirements 3.5% of body weight, and feed restriction goat treatment were fed diets with 50% reduction of DM requirement. Feed restriction was conducted for 35 days. The variables measured were dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) intake, total digestibility nutrient (TDN) intake, body weigh gain, dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) digestibility, rectal temperature, respiration frequency, and heart rate. Data were analyzed by independent samples T-test. The results showed that the feed restriction significantly decreasedconsumption of DM (676.07 ± 14.76 into 372.30 ± 53.08) and OM (639.38 ± 15.89 into 349.88 ± 49.35), consumption of TDN (461.60 ± 10.23 into 253.99 ± 36.17), DM digestibility (74.39 ± 1.60 into 71.27 ± 0.89) and OM digestibility (79.42 ± 1.54 into 76.34 ± 0.24), but had no significant effect on body  temperature, respiration frequency and heart rate (pulsus) of male Bligon goat. Value of ADG was 55.24 g/day (P0) then increased to 131.43 g/day when the feed was filled back. A feed restriction up to 50% decreased goat production performance, but did not interfere with the health status of livestock (can be indicated from physiological status of goat still in the normal range).
RESTRIKSI PAKAN YANG DIIKUTI DENGAN REFEEDING MENURUNAN LEVEL FOSFAT INORGANIK DAN KALSIUM PADA KAMBING KACANG JANTAN DEWASA (FEED RESTRICTION FOLLOWED BY REFEEDING DECREASED THE INORGANIC PHOSPHATE AND CALCIUM LEVELS IN ADULT KACANG GOATS) Sarmin, Sarmin; Widiyono, Irkham; Astuti, Pudji; Putro, Prabowo Purwono
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.34 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.2.297

Abstract

The objective of this research was to evaluate metabolism of inorganic phosphat (Pi) and calcium (Ca) in kacang goats subjected to 60-d feed restriction and 60-d full feeding (refeeding). Nine adult male goats were divided into three groups used in this study. Restrictions include 40% (group I), 50% (group II), and 60% (group III) of the ration of dry fodder. To obtain the baseline all animals from all groups were fullfeeding from the start of the study (day 0) to day 60 then followed by restriction stage on day 61 to day 120. The next stage is refeeding from day 121 to 180. Pi and Ca levels were analyzed on days 60, 120, and 180, respectively. The results showed that restriction followed by refeeding decreased Ca levels in all three groups and Pi of animals in groups II and III was below the baseline. The level of Pi reach above the baseline were seen only in animals in group I following restriction and refeeding, although there was a tendency to decrease after refeeding. Based on the results of the study it is concluded that the restriction followed by refeeding decreases the level of Pi and Ca in adult male kacang goats. ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengkaji metabolisme fosfat inorganik (Pi) dan kalsium (Ca) selama 60 hari restriksi (pembatasan) pakan yang diikuti dengan 60 hari pemberian pakan kembali secara fullfeeding (refeeding) pada kambing kacang jantan dewasa. Sembilan ekor kambing kacang jantan dewasa terbagi menjadi tiga kelompok digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Restriksi meliputi 40% (kelompok I), 50% (kelompok II), dan 60% (kelompok III) dari 3,5% bahan kering dari bobot badan. Tahap awal sebagai baseline dimulai dengan pemberian pakan fullfeeding pada hari ke-0 sampai hari ke-60 dilanjutkan dengan tahap restriksi dimulai pada hari ke-61 sampai hari ke-120. Tahap berikutnya adalah refeeding mulai hari ke-121 sampai dengan hari ke-180. Level Pi dan Ca dianalisis pada hari ke-60, 120, dan 180. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa restriksi yang diikuti refeeding menurunkan level Ca pada ketiga kelompok dan Pi kelompok II dan III di bawah baseline. Level Pi berada di atas baseline hanya pada kelompok I setelah restriksi dan refeeding, meskipun cenderung menurun setelah refeeding Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa restriksi yang diikuti dengan refeeding menurunkan level Pi dan Ca pada kambing kacang jantan dewasa.  
PENGARUH PEMBATASAN PAKAN DAN PEMENUHAN KEMBALI PAKAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI NUTRIEN KECERNAAN NUTRIEN, STATUS FISIOLOGI DAN PERUBAHAN BERAT BADAN KAMBING BLIGON Suwignyo, Bambang; Wijaya, Ulil Amri; Indriani, Rieska; Kurniawati, Asih; Widiyono, Irkham; Sarmin, Sarmin
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 34, No 2 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.11603

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kecernaan nutrien pakan dan status fisiologi pada kambing Bligon yang diberi perlakuan pembatasan pakan (feed restriction). Enam ekor kambing Bligon jantan umur rata-rata 12 bulan dengan bobot badan rata-rata 23,6 kg diberi pakan yang terdiri dari hijauanjerami kacang tanah (rendeng)dan konsentrat. Kambing dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok perlakuan. Tiga ekor kambing untukperlakuan kontrol diberi pakan berdasarkan kebutuhan bahan kering (BK) 3,5% dari bobot badan, dan tiga ekor kambing untuk perlakuan pembatasan pakandilakukan pembatasan pakan dengan pengurangan pakan 50% dari kebutuhan bedasarkan BK selama 35 hari. Variabel yang diamati adalah konsumsi bahan kering (BK), konsumsi bahan organik (BO), konsumsi total digestible nutrients (TDN), perubahan berat badan, kecernaan bahan kering (BK), kecernaan bahan organik (BO), temperatur tubuh, frekuensi respirasi, dan frekuensi detak jantung. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan independent samplesT-Test. Hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembatasan pakan (feed restriction) berpengaruh nyata terhadap penurunan konsumsi bahan kering (BK), konsumsi bahan organik (BO), konsumsi total digestible nutrients (TDN), kecernaan bahan kering (BK) dan bahan organik (BO), tetapi tidak berpengaruh nyata pada temperatur tubuh, frekuensi respirasi, dan frekuensi detak jantung (pulsus) kambing Bligon. Pemenuhan kembali (refeeding) pakan berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) menaikan kembali konsumsi BK dan konsumsi BO. Perubahan berat badan kambing mengikuti pola jumlah pemberian pakan. Saat pembatasan pakan, berat badan kambing perlakuan turun 55,24 g/hari dan ketika pakan dipenuhi kembali berat badannya meningkat 131,43 g/hari.
PEMBERIAN PAKAN BAHAN KERING BERKUANTITAS TERBATAS SELAMA EMPAT MINGGU TIDAK MENGANGGU KESEHATAN DAN REPRODUKSI KAMBING KACANG JANTAN DEWASA (FEEDING WITH A RESTRICTED QUANTITY OF DRY MATTER OVER FOUR WEEKS IS NOT DETRIMENTAL TO HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION IN Widiyono, Irkham; Suwignyo, Bambang; Sarmin, Sarmin; Susmiyati, Trini
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 17 No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.878 KB)

Abstract

The study was aimed to investigate the effects of restricted feeding for four weeks on some bloodchemistry and seminal parameters in kacang goats. Six adult clinically healthy male kacang goats wereused in this study. Each animal was kept in individual box for 12 weeks. Animal was fed with aerial partof peanut plant and concentrate with ratio of 60:40. The experiment was devided into two feeding periods,fullfeeding and restricted feeding. After four weeks adaptation (week 1-4), each animal was fullfed formaintenance plus medium activity (a quantity of dry matter at the level of 3% of body weight) for fourweeks (week 5-8) and then was fed only 50% of the fullfeeding nutritional level for the following four weeks&nbsp;restricted feeding period (week 9-12). During the experiment, drinking water was supplied ad libitum.Each animal was ejaculated at weekly intervals by means of standard artificial vagina for small ruminant.Blood and semen samples were collected at the end of the ad libitum and restricted feeding period for bloodchemistry and seminal parameters analyses. Statistical differences were determined by paired t-test. A0.05 probability level was used as criterion to describe statistically significant differences. Restrictedfeeding at the dry matter intake level of 1.5% body weight for four weeks did not result in significantchanging of serum glucose and total protein concentrations as well as seminal parameters. The level ofblood chemistry and seminal parameters during the feed restriction period were within the values reportedfor clinically healthy goats. It is concluded that feeding with a restricted quantity of dry matter at the levelof 1.5% of body weight for four weeks is not detrimental to health and reproduction in male kacang goats.
LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES EMPLOYED BY SUCCESSFULL STUDENTS IN DEVELOPING ENGLISH-SPEAKING PERFORMANCE Tahang, Heriyanti; Sarmin, Sarmin; Yuliana, Yuliana; Taslim, Taslim
Qalam : Jurnal Ilmu Kependidikan Vol 7, No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (678.774 KB)

Abstract

This research aimed to discover the language learning strategies used by successfull students in developing speaking performance in speaking performance at English Language Education Program in Universitas Muhammadiyah Sorong. This research used qualitative method in the form of descriptive qualitative. the participants of this research were taken from the third semester of English Language Education Program in Universitas Muhammadiyah Sorong with the total 6 students. The participants were the students who gained score A in speaking class. Based on the data gathered, the result showed that the students applied both of Direct and Imdirect learning strategies in developing their speaking English Language Education Program in Universitas Muhammadiyah Sorong, namely social strategies, metacognitive strategies, affective strategies in Indirect Strategy and memory strategies, cognitive strategies, and compensation strategies in Direct Strategy. From those of six strategies applied, most of the students tended to apply Indirect Strategy that was social strategies by asking help, working in pair, practicing with the proficient user of English and making small group discussion.
Pembangunan Infrastruktur Pertanian dan Sosial Dalam Rangka Mempersiapkan Selopamioro Mandiri Sejahtera Berbasis Potensi Lokal Sarmin, Sarmin; Widiyono, Irkham; Widiyanto, Slamet
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 2, No 1 (2016): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (627.49 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.22090

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Tis program aims to develop agricultural infrastructure and social culture for Selopamioro empowering and prosperous based on local potential. Te priority of  frst year programs were development of water reservoir in Kalidadap 2 and Srunggo, smart home fnishing in Srunggo 1, processed cashew as jam and shredded, promotion assistance in Bantul Expo event, branding and packaging innovation for cashew, to initiate government licensing, and develop standar operating procedure in processed cashew. All of programs as baseline to holistic development in Selopamioro based on local potential.
ANALYSIS OF APOLIPOPROTEIN-B (APO-B) GENE IN ATHEROSCLEROSIS MICE GIVEN CURCUMINOID EXTRACT OF ZANTHORRIZA IN ORAL Susmiati, Trini; Widayanti, Rini; Purwantoro, Aris; Airin, Claude Mona; Sarmin, Sarmin
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 13, No 2 (2019): June
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v13i2.10219

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the apolipoprotein-B (apo-B) gene in atherosclerosis mice which were orally given curcuminoid extract of Curcuma xanthorriza. A total number of 30 white mice were split into 6 groups, the first group considered as control (without any treatment), second group as atherogenic feed control, the third group as extract control, while the fourth, fifth and sixth groups as atherogenic feed and curcuminoid Curcuma xanthorriza extract group treated with 5 mg/mouse, 10 mg/mouse and 15 mg/ mouse, respectively for three months. The blood samples were taken from all six groups for the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis using total DNA isolation, DNA amplification with polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and DNA sequencing. The data analysis showed that 374 bp nucleotide sequence gen of apo-B from Rattus norvegicus in groups B, C, D, E, and F did not cause any changes in genes. The analysis showed the sequence of apo-B Rattus norvegicus gene in the treatment group was apparently identical with that of Rattus norvegicus group A as the control group without treatment. As conclusion, the administration of curcuminoid zanthorrizza to atherosclerosis mice did not change the gene structure of apo-B 100.
HIPERGLIKEMIA TIDAK MENYEBABKAN PERUBAHAN BOBOT BADAN DAN JUMLAH NEURON MIENTERIK NITRERGIK USUS HALUS TIKUS WISTAR (RATTUS NORVEGICUS) Hana, Amelia; Astuti, Pudji; Fibrianto, Yuda Heru; Sarmin, Sarmin; Airin, Claude Mona; Tauhid, Tauhid
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 36, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (11051.986 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.38409

Abstract

Digestive dysfunction is a common symptom of diabetes. Diabetes can lead to the loss of enteric neurons as well as nerve dysfunction and gastrointestinal complications. There has been no complete report of mienteric nitrergic of small intestines on hyperglycaemia condition, so the purpose of this study was to assess changes of nitrergic neural profile of small intestines on hyperglycemic Wistar strain rats (Rattus norvegicus). Twelve rats were adapted for 3 days, then they were randomly divided into 3 groups namely group I (K-1, as control), group II (K-2), and group III (K-3). Before treatment all rats were fasted for 12 hours, rats K-1 were induced with 1.0 ml of buffer citrate single peritoneal dose; rats K-2 were induced with 40 mg streptozotocin (STZ)/ kg body weight of single peritoneal dose; and rats K-3 were induced with 45 mg STZ /kg body weight of single peritoneal dose. On the 1st and 5th days after STZ induction, blood was collected through the coccigea vein to measure blood glucose levels and weigh the weight. On the day 5th the rats were uthanated with a high dose of ketamine, dissected and taken small intestines (duodenum, jejunum, and ileum) for staining with Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d). Morphometric changes of nitrergic neurons of the small intestine segments were observed. The results showed that on the 5th day increased blood glucose levels of the K-2 and K-3 groups were significantly higher than K-1 (P <0.01). The weight of three groups did not show any significant improvement difference (P> 0.05). The number of neurons in the duodenum, jejunum and ileum of K-2 group increased higher than that of K-1 and K-3 groups. These results indicate that in hyperglycaemic states, the number of nitrergic neurons increases (K-2 group), and there is a significant decrease in the number of neurons (group K-3) compared with K-1 and K-2 groups (P <0.01). The results of this study concluded, that the STZ induction treatment causes hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia does not affect to the body weight and the number of  nitrergic neurons of small intestines in Wistar strain rats (Rattus norvegicus).
Konselor Sebaya: Pemberdayaan Teman Sebaya dalam Sekolah Guna Menanggulangi Pengaruh Negatif Lingkungan Sarmin, Sarmin
BRILIANT: Jurnal Riset dan Konseptual Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Volume 2 Nomor 1, Februari 2017
Publisher : Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.603 KB) | DOI: 10.28926/briliant.v2i1.30

Abstract

Hubungan sebaya memiliki peranan yang kuat dalam kehidupan remaja. Hubungan sebaya menimbulkan suatu hubungan saling percaya antar teman sebaya. Hubungan ini dapat menimbulkan suatu perilaku dimana remaja lebih percaya terhadap teman sebaya daripada dengan orang tua Sehingga pembentukan dan pelatihan konselor sebaya dapat menjadi suatu pilihan yang tepat dalam upaya membentengi anak atau remaja dari pengaruh negative lingkungan. Hal ini juga yang diterapkan oleh dinas pendidikan kota Surabaya yang mana berhasil menekan dan menanggulangi perilaku menyimpang siswanya. Dalam pemberdayaan ini hendaknya guru tetap memberikan pembinaan, pelatihan dan pendampingan.