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PENGARUH PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH SAPI PERAH TERHADAP TINGKAT KEBAUAN Sarwanto, Doso; Tuswati, Sari Eko
MEDIA PETERNAKAN Vol 13, No 2 (2011): Media Peternakan Volume 13 Nomor 2, Agustus 2011
Publisher : MEDIA PETERNAKAN

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Sistem produksi ternak sapi perah dapat mengakibatkan pencemaran lingkungan berupa bau menyengat yang ditimbulkan oleh gas NH3 dan H2S  limbah ternak. Tingkat kebauan NH3 dan H2S dipengaruhi oleh  kondisi lingkungan dan perilaku peternak dalam pengelolaan limbah ternak. Penelitian dengan menggunakan metode survey pada peternakan sapi perah rakyat di Provinsi Jawa Tengah dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kondisi lingkungan dan perilaku peternak terhadap tingkat kebauan. Wilayah penelitian dikelompokan menjadi tiga wilayah yaitu kondisi lingkungan dan perilaku peternak tinggi (LPT); kondisi lingkungan dan perilaku peternak sedang (LPS) dan wilayah untuk kondisi lingkungan dan perilaku peternak rendah (LPR). Penentuan wilayah sampai dengan lokasi peternak terpilih ditentukan secara purposive sampling berdasarkan kriteria yang telah ditentukan.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa wilayah dengan kondisi lingkungan dan perilaku peternak rendah (LPR)  adalah wilayah yang tercemar limbah peternakan sapi perah, karena mempunyai tingkat kebauan H2S yang telah melampaui baku mutu.   Kata Kunci : sapi perah, lingkungan, tingkat kebauan   EFFECT OF DAIRY CATTLE WASTE MANAGEMENT ODOR ABSTRACT Dairy production systems can cause environmental contamination in the form of nasty odor caused by NH3 and H2S gas from the livestock waste. The odor levels of NH3 and H2S are influenced by environmental conditions and farmers behavior of in waste management. The research using survey methods at the dairy cattle ranch in Central Java carried out to determine the effect of environmental conditions and farmers behavior towards the odor cases. Research areas are grouped into three areas, namely high of both condition environmental and the farmers behavior, medium of both condition environmental and the farmers behavior and areas for the low of both condition environmental and the farmers  behavior. Determination of the region up to the location of the selected farmers  is specified using purposive sampling based on the determined criteria. The results showed that the low of both condition environmental and the farmers  behavior is the area of contaminated dairy cattle farm waste, because it has the H2S levels that have exceeded the quality standard. Key words: dairy cattle, environment, odor levels
ANALISIS KUALITAS AIR MINUM SAPI PERAH RAKYAT DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS JAWA TENGAH Sarwanto, Doso; Hendarto, Eko
MEDIA PETERNAKAN Vol 13, No 1 (2011): Media Peternakan Volume 13 Nomor 1 Februari 2011
Publisher : MEDIA PETERNAKAN

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Produksi susu sapi perah dipengaruhi oleh kuantitas dan kualitas air yang dikonsumsinya.  Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kualitas air minum sapi perah rakyat di Kabupaten Banyumas yang sumber airnya berasal dari mata air (MA) dan sungai (AS). Penelitian menggunakan metode survey yang penentuan lokasinya dilakukan secara  purposive sampling. Pengambilan sampel dan analisis air dilakukan sesuai  Standar Nasional Indonesia (2004) dan (2005)  serta Hill Laboratories (2009).  Parameter air minum yang dianalisis meliputi pH, TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), Nitrat, dan Nitrit.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa air minum sapi perah rakyat di Kabupaten Banyumas yang berasal dari mata air (MA) mempunyai kualitas yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan air sungai (AS) namun masih di bawah baku mutu yang ditetapkan.   Kata Kunci : kualitas air minum, sapi perah, baku mutu ABSTRACT Milk production of dairy cattle greatly influenced by the quantity and quality of water which is consumed.  The study was conducted to determine the quality of drinking water of small holder dairy cattle in Banyumas regency which the source of water is comes from springs and rivers.  Survey method is used in this research, while the determination of the site was undertaken by purposive sampling.  Water sampling and analysis carried out in accordance with Indonesian National Standard (SNI) and Hill Laboratories (2009).  The parameters of drinking water which is analyzed were pH, TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), Nitrate and Nitrite. The result of this study showed that drinking water which comes from springs have a higher quality than river, but it is quality still below the specified of quality standard.   Key Word : Drinking water quality, Dairy cattle, Quality Standard
INTRODUCTION OF DWARF ELEPHANT GRASS (PENNISETUM PURPUREUM CV. MOTT) AND ANNUAL LEGUMES IN THE DISUSED LIMESTONE MINING IN KARST GOMBONG AREA, CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA Sarwanto, Doso; Tuswati, Sari Eko
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (545.53 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.28734

Abstract

The aim of this research was to revegetate the disused limestone quarry by introducing dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) and annual legumes such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.), soybeans (Glycine max), cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) and  mung beans (Vigna radiata). The study was conducted experimentally in a disused limestone quarry applying Completely Randomized Design. The research method used was experimental in disused limestone mining in karst Gombong area applying Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Treatment consisted of 6 planting methods with 4 replicates. The 6 treatments research were the followings: RO: Single planting of dwarf elephant grass,  R1: Single planting of dwarf elephant grass + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost,  R2: Mixture Planting of dwarf elephant grass + legume peanuts + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost,  R3: Mixture planting of dwarf elephant grass + legume soybeans + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost,  R4: Mixture planting of dwarf elephant grass + legume cowpeas + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost and R5: Mixture planting of dwarf elephant grass + legume mung beans + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost. The measured response variables were plant?s height, fresh yield, dry matter yield and crude protein content of dwarf elephant grass aged 8 weeks. The result showed that the addition of goat compost and the planting method of annual legumes on the disused limestone quarry had highly significant influence (P<0.01) on the increase productivity and quality of dwarf elephant grass. The best method of planting dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) on disused limestone mining in karst Gombong area is mixture planting with soybean legumes (Glycine max) and adding the 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost.
The Diversity and Productivity of Indigenous Forage in Former Limestone Mining Quarry in Karst Mountain of Southern Gombong, Central Java Indonesia Sarwanto, Doso; Prayitno, Caribu Hadi
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 2 (2015): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (785.478 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.2.520

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Indonesia is a country that has a lot of limestone mountains, covering 15.4 million hectares. Limestone mountains have strategic functions as limestone is used as building materials and as raw material in cement industry. Therefore, limestone mining quarry in various areas of limestone mountains in Indonesia is increasingly widespread. The biggest negative impact of limestone mining is the formed open land which is abandoned and unutilized. Changes in the ecosystem will lead to the reduced levels of diversity and productivity of indigenous forage which will ultimately reduce the performance and development of ruminants livestock kept by farmers in the mountainous region of limestone. This study aims to determine the diversity and productivity of indigenous forage on former limestone mining quarry in limestone mountains of southern Gombong. The research was conducted through survey by identifying and measuring the forage production of sample plots assigned purposively. Location of the study was divided into three categories, mild, moderate and heavy mining. Results showed that soil fertility levels in open fields of former limestone mining in southern Gombong mountains are low with total N content of 0.049 - 0.141%, total P2O5 of 0.067 - 0.133% and total K2O of 0.086 - 0.100%. The diversity of indigenous forage on mild mining was more diverse than that of moderate and heavy mining, i.e. 13 species comprising 7 grass species, 2 legumes species, and 4 species of shrubs. The most dominant species in all mining categories are Cynodon dactylon, Imperata cylindrica, Ageratum conyzoides and Mikania micrantha. The results also showed that in the open land of mild mining had the highest production of fresh and dry matter compared to that of moderate and severe mining
Keragaman dan Produktivitas Hijauan Pakan Indigenous pada Berbagai Tingkat Kerapatan Vegetasi di Pegunungan Kapur Gombong Selatan Sarwanto, Doso; Tuswati, Sari Eko; Widodo, Pudji
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.3.337

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Research aims to conduct diversity and productivity of indigenous forage in different levels vegetation density in Gombong-Selatan karst mountain. We used survey method to explain the research by sampled three location of vegetation density, they are moderate, high, and very high. In each location vegetation density we take five parts by using random sampling. Then, a descriptive technique is used to analyzed the indigenous forage diversity data result whereas variance analysis is used to analyzed the productivity.The results shows the highest diversity of indigenous forage in Gombong-Selatan karst mountain is in moderate vegetation density area where has 36 species, high vegetation density has 20 species, and the highest vegetation density has 16 species. Eragrotis amabillis, Oplismenus burmannii, Centrosema pubescens, Ageratum conyzoides and Urena lobata are the dominant indegenous forage species in Gombong-Selatan karst mountain. The variances result shows that indigenous forage productivity in Gombong Selatan karst mountain is influenced by vegetation density. We found that lowest productivity is in high vegetation density.
Pertumbuhan Rumput Gajah Kerdil (Pennisetum purpureum ‘Mott’) di Lahan Terbuka Bekas Penambangan Batu Kapur Kawasan Karst Gombong Jawa Tengah Sarwanto, Doso; Tuswati, Sari Eko
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 34, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2017.34.3.502

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The negative impact of limestone mining on a karst area around Gombong is the destruction of ecosystem. Ecosystem’s destruction will decrease the variety, productivity, quality and continuity of indigenous livestock forages. The aim of this research is to know the growth rate of Dwarf Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Mott) in the post mining limestone with various methods of planting. The method used in this research is an experimental method in an open field that was used for limestone mining by using Completed Random Design. The treatment consists of 4 kinds of planting methods with 4 repetitions, while the research treatment used in this experiment is the RG (the field with Dwarf Elephant Grass); RGL (the field with Dwarf Elephant Grass + peanut legume); RGK (the field with Dwarf Elephant Grass + goat’s compost 1,5 kg/m2) and RGKL (the field with Dwarf Elephant Grass + peanut legume + goat’s compost 1,5 kg/m2). The parameter used for the research is the growth rate which includes the plant’s height, the length of the leaves, and also the width of Dwarf Elephant Grass’s leaves (Pennisetum purpureum ‘Mott’) until the 8th week.The result of this research shows that the use of goat’s compost 1,5 kg/m2 and planting of peanut can give significant results to the growth of Dwarf Elephant Grass in open field that was used for limestone mining.
Supplementation of Red Betel Leaf (Piper crocatum) in Dairy Cattle Feed on Fermentation Characteristics by in Vitro Prayitno, Caribu Hadi; Suwarno, Suwarno; Sarwanto, Doso; Hidayatun, Dinar; Solihah, Ma'ratul
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 18, No 2 (2016): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (670.658 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2016.18.2.527

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The aim of this study was to assess the impact and efficiency of red betel leaf?s extract supplementation in the diet of dairy cattle on fermentation characteristics by in vitro.  The research method was experiment by using completely randomized design.  The treatments that were tested were R1: basal feed, R2:  R1 + 15 ppm of  red betel  leaf (Piper crocatum) extract, R3: R1 + 30 ppm of  red betel leaf (Piper crocatum) extract, R4: R1 + 45 ppm of red betel leaf (Piper crocatum) extract, R5: R1 + 60 ppm of red betel leaf (Piper crocatum) extract. The parameters measured in this study were (1)Dry MatterDigestibility (DMD),(2)Organic Matter Digestibility (OMD)  (3) total gas production  (4) methane production (CH4) and (5)  total Volatille Fatty Acid (VFA).  The data were analyzed using analysis of variance followed Orthogonal Polynomial Test.The results showed that the suplementation red batel extract in the diet of dairy cow was significant (P < 0.01) on DMD, OMD, total gas production, methane production (CH4)  and total VFA.Orthogonal Polynomial test showed the effect of treatment on Dry MatterDigestibility (DMD), total gas and CH4 gas production were in the form of cubic curve, as well as Organic Matter Digestibility (OMD) and Volatille Fatty Acid (VFA) in the form of quadrate curvewith supplementation of red betel leaf.  
PRODUKTIVITAS TANAMAN UBI JALAR LOKAL (IPOMOEA BATATAS) DENGAN PEMUPUKAN SERASAH KOMPOS KAMBING DI LAHAN BEKAS PENAMBANGAN BATU KAPUR Sarwanto, Doso; Tuswati, Sari Eko
Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 22, No 1 (2020): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/agritech.v22i1.5703

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Penelitian bertujuan untuk merevegetasi lahan terbuka bekas penambangan batu kapur dengan tanaman ubi jalar (Ipomoea batatas) yang dipupuk dengan serasah kompos kambing.  Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimental dengan menggunakan pola percobaan Faktorial dengan rancangan acak lengkap yang masing-masing perlakukan diulang 3 kali.  Faktor I adalah jenis ubi jalar lokal yaitu ubi jalar warna ungu (U), warna putih (P) dan warna kuning (K), sedangkan Faktor II adalah level pemupukan serasah kompos kambing k1 : level pemupukan 0,5 kg/m2, k2 : level pemupukan 1 kg/m2, k3 : level pemupukan 1,5 kg/m2 dan k4 : level pemupukan 2 kg/m2.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis ubi jalar dan dan level pemupukan berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap produktivitas ubi jalar namun tidak terjadi interaksi (P>0,05) antar keduanya. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh bahwa ubi jalar kuning (K) dengan level pemupukan serasah kompos kambing minimal 1 kg/m2 atau 10 kg/ton memupunyai produktivitas ubi jalar yang tinggi.