Fadjar Satrija
Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Institut Pertanian Bogor

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PREVALENSI DAN FAKTOR RISIKO INFEKSI PARASIT SALURAN PENCERNAAN PADA KERBAU LUMPUR DI KABUPATEN BREBES, JAWA TENGAH Nurhidayah, Nanis; Satrija, Fadjar; Retnani, Elok Budi; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Murtini, Sri
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 4 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.4.572

Abstract

Kerbau lumpur merupakan ternak multiguna yang memiliki kedekatan dengan kehidupan masyarakat di kawasan lumbung ternak khususnya di Kabupaten Brebes, Jawa Tengah. Infeksi parasit saluran pencernaan pada kerbau lumpur bedampak negatif terhadap kesehatan ternak sekaligus menyebabkan kerugian ekonomi. Data epidemiologi infeksi saluran pencernaan pada kerbau lumpur di Kabupaten Brebes belum tersedia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur prevalensi, derajat infeksi serta analisis faktor risiko infeksi parasit saluran pencernaan pada kerbau lumpur di Kabupaten Brebes. Sebanyak 240 sampel tinja diperoleh dari kerbau di empat kecamatan, yaitu; Salem, Bantarkawung, Tonjong dan Brebes. Hasil pemeriksaan mikroskopik dengan teknik Mc Master menunjukkan bahwa 27.5% kerbau terinfeksi oleh parasit saluran pencernaan. Infeksi disebabkan oleh Toxocara vitulorum (1.67%; telur tiap gram tinja [TTGT] 174.4), cacing Strongyle (Cooperia, Nematodirrus, Trichostrongylus) (4.17%; TTGT 140.18), Trichuris spp. (3.33%; TTGT 64.84), Moniezia expansa (9.17%; TTGT 122.47) dan Eimeria spp (21.25%; TTGT 162.37). Infeksi lebih tinggi tercatat pada kelompok jantan, umur muda (>12?30 bulan), kerbau di Kecamatan Salem dan yang dipelihara pada daerah bertipe iklim D4. Variabel umur merupakan satu-satunya faktor risiko infeksi yang ditunjukkan dengan ­P-value 0.03. Nilai odd ratio kelompok muda dan pedet adalah 3.424 dan 2.529, artinya, kelompok muda dan pedet memiliki risiko 3.424 dan 2.529 lebih tinggi dibandingkan kerbau dewasa (referensi). Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan, baik prevalensi maupun derajat infeksi parasit saluran pencernaan di Kabupaten Brebes terjadi dalam taraf yang rendah dan dipengaruhi oleh faktor umur ternak.
PF-25 CUB SCOUT LEADER GATHERING FOR ZOONOSES AWARENESS: A MODEL FOR COMMUNITY PARTICIPATORY PROGRAM FOR ZOONOTIC DISEASES CONTROL IN INDONESIA Satrija, Fadjar; Murtini, Sri
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Outbreaks of zoonotic diseases such as avian influenza and rabies during the last decade have caused fatalities and fear among people in Indonesia. The Government of Indonesia, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), as well as other international and domestic NGOs have been working together to control those diseases and prevent human pandemic. However, the zoonotic disease control programs will not succeed without active participation of local communities including young people.Indonesia Scout Movement (Gerakan Pramuka) is a non-formal educational organization having more than 20 million members that serve educational process outside the school and outside the family using basic principles and methods of scouting (GOI 2010). Members of Gerakan Pramuka consist young people of different age categories namely  Cub Scouts/Siaga (ages 7 to 10 y.o), Scouts/ Penggalang (ages 11 to 15 y.o), Rover Scouts/ Penegak  (ages 16 to 20 y.o), Pandega (ages 21 to 25 y.o), and Adult members/Pembina  (ages > 25 y.o, or married person).Nowadays, Gerakan Pramuka has more than 20 millions members distributed in all districts in Indonesia, and thus may become a potential media to enhance young people awareness on zoonotic diseases control programs. Dissemination of information on the diseases and its prevention can be done through scout regular events such as Pesta Siaga  (Cub Scout Gathering), Jamboree (Scout Gathering), Raimuna (Rover Scout Gathering), and Karang Pamitran (Adult Scout member Gathering).Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, IPB, in collaboration with IPB Student Scouting Activity Unit, has developed a model for the community participatory program for zoonotic diseases control in Indonesia through scouting activities. Cub Scout Leader Gathering for Avian Influenza Awareness is a scout event that designed as a method for dissemination of information regarding prevention of avian influenza transmission to school age children and their relatives.
TREMATODOSIS PADA SAPI POTONG DI WILAYAH SENTRA PETERNAKAN RAKYAT (SPR) KECAMATAN KASIMAN, KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO Satyawardana, Wirokartiko; Ridwan, Yusuf; Satrija, Fadjar
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): Juli 2018
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (640.412 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.6.2.1-7

Abstract

Trematodosis pada sapi adalah penyakit penting yang disebabkan oleh trematoda yang mengakibatkan kerugian ekonomi yang tinggi pada peternakan sapi potong dan sapi perah. Studi cross sectional dilakukan untuk menentukan prevalensi dan faktor risiko trematodosis pada sapi potong yang dilaksanakan dari bulan Agustus 2014 sampai bulan Maret 2015 di Kecamatan Kasiman Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Sebanyak 533 sampel tinja secara acak diambil dari peternakan sapi potong tradisional. Sampel diperiksa untuk keberadaan telur trematoda dengan metode modifikasi filtrasi dan sedimentasi. Prevalensi trematodosis dihubungkan dengan kategori musim, umur, jenis kelamin, pola pemeliharaan dan padang penggembalaan yang dianalisis statistik dengan uji Chi-square. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa ditemukan telur trematoda pada 12 (2.25%) sampel. Spesies trematoda yang menginfeksi dengan prevalensi tertinggi adalah Paramphistome (1.31%) dan rataan ukuran telur terbesar adalah Fasciola sp. Berdasarkan pada kategori di atas, prevalensi tertinggi ditemukan pada musim hujan, sapi betina dengan umur lebih dari 2 tahun, digembalakan di padang penggembalaan sebelah Timur dengan nilai masing-masing 2.59%; 3.1%; 2.68%; 2.71% dan 5.49%. Perbedaan signifikan (P<0.05) hanya ditemukan pada tingkat prevalensi kategori lokasi padang penggembalaan
TRICHINELLOSIS PADA BABI DI KOTA MANADO PROVINSI SULAWESI UTARA Pramono, Syahdu; Satrija, Fadjar; Purnawarman, Trioso
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 4 No. 1 (2016): Januari 2016
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (530.403 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.4.1.27-34

Abstract

Trichinellosis adalah penyakit zoonnotik yang berasal dari makanan yang disebabkan oleh cacing nematoda Trichinella spp. Penyakit ini masih kurang mendapatkan perhatian di negara maju dan negara berkembang. Parasit ini mempunyai distribusi yang sangat luas hampir di seluruh dunia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji keberadaan trichinellosis pada daging babi di Manado. Penelitian ini menggunakan lintas sektional dengan total sampel otot maseter babi (n=139) dan otot diafragma babi (n=139) berasal dari 4 rumah potong hewan babi di Manado. Pengujian laboratorium terhadap Trichinella spp. menggunakan uji pool digesti terdeteksi larva yang diduga Trichinella spp. dalam satu pool yang terdiri dari 9 sampel otot diafragma babi. Pool yang terdeteksi positif kemudian secara individu diuji dengan menggunakan uji kompresi dan dilakukan pembuatan preparat dengan metode pengecatan Hemaktosili Eosin. Hasil dari pengujian individual tidak terdeteksinya Trichinella spp. pada sampel yang diuji. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian tersebut diatas daging babi yang diperiksa tidak terinfeksi oleh Trichinella spp.Kata kunci: digesti, kompresi, Trichinella spp. (Trichinellosis in Pig in Manado North Sulawesi Province)Trichinellosis is a food-borne zoonotic disease caused by the nematode Trichinella spp. However it is still a neglected disease in development and developing country. This parasite has worldwide distribution in a worldwide. The aims of this study were to observe the occurance Trichinella spp. in pork in Manado. The research was conducted using cross sectional study. A total of pig masseter muscle (n=139) and pig diaprhagmatic muscle (n=139) came from 4 slaughter house in Manado. Laboratory examination of Trichinella larvae using pooled sample digestion method was detected one larva in a pooled batch of 9 pig diaprhagmatic muscle samples whereas the suspected positive findings were individually subjected to the compression method and Hematoxilin Eosin staining method. The result showed that the infected  could not be identified. Based on these findings, the absence of Trichinella infection in pigs slaughtered pigs indicates that not infected by Trichinella spp.Keywords: compression, digestion, Trichinella spp.
CHANGES IN UTERINE CAPABILITY DUE TO INCREASED LITTER SIZE AT 7 WEEKS OF PREGNANCY IN KACANG GOAT Arif, Ridi; Satrija, Fadjar; Winarto, Adi; Boediono, Arief; Manalu, Wasmen
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 12, No 4 (2018): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v12i4.6558

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to study the changes in uterine support capability power due to increase of litter size in Kacang goat. In this study, 9 pregnant female Kacang goats were divided into 4 different groups based on litter size, namely 1, 2, 3, and 4. At 7 weeks of pregnancy, the experimental Kacang goats were sacrificed to observe the macro and micro parameters of the uterus. The results showed that the litter size had a quadratic relationship with micro parameters of uterus but it had a linear relationship with macro parameters of the uterus. The variables of uterine glands area, glands lumen area, and cytoplasmic area reached maximum condition at the litter size of 2.5. Litter size had a linear relationship with the volume, weight, and dimension of the uterus. It can be concluded that the optimal number of litter size in Kacang goat was two offsprings which was proven by the optimal function of the uterus to support fetal development.
JUDUL SEROPREVALENSI TRICHINELLOSIS PADA TERNAK BABI DI WILAYAH KABUPATEN TANGERANG, PROPINSI BANTEN (SEROPREVALENCE OF TRICHINELLOSIS IN PIGS IN THE TANGERANG DISTRICT PROVINCE OF BANTEN) Setyani, Evie; Satrija, Fadjar; Sudarnika, Etih
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2018.19.2.269

Abstract

Trichinellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by parasitic roundworms of the nematode class Trichinella spp, which is distributed worldwide. Indonesia is one of the countries with trichinellosis cases. This study aims to determine the seroprevalence of Trichinellosis in pigs in Tangerang Village, Banten Province. The sample size is determined with 95% confidence level, the expected prevalence is 5%, and the error rate is 5%. A total of 80 sera were collected from farm (27 sera) and from the sample banks of Disease Investigation Centre Subang (DIC Subang(53 sera)). The sample collection was examined serologically by the ELISA method for the examination of anti-Trichinella antibodies. The results showed that seroprevalence of trichinellosis in this study was 1.25% (confidence interval (CI) 95%; 0,22-6,75%). This case can be a threat to human health. Pigs that show seropositive results were the pigs with traditional husbandry practices with ground  flooring and without fences. The results of the questionnaires that distributed to the farmers indicated that all farmers did not know about trichinellosis, this may affect the presence of Trichinella in pigs. 
COMPARISON OF POLYPEPTIDE PROFILE OF TRYPANOSOMA EVANSI ISOLATES FROM INDONESIA AND THEIR RELATION TO BIOTYPE AND SENSITIVITY TO TRYPANOCIDAL Yuniarto, Ichwan; Subekti, Didik T; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Satrija, Fadjar
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 12, No 2 (2018): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v12i2.11486

Abstract

This study aimed to determine whether the variant or biotype of Trypanosoma evansi can be seen from their polypeptide profiles using 12%sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS PAGE) stained with Brilliant Blue Commasie. The results generally showed thatthe molecular weight (MW) of polypeptides from nine isolates from East Java, Central Java, Banten, South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, andLampung provinces were in the range of 85.46 to 15.76 kD and each isolate has different polypeptide profile. Isolates A13 and A14 were isolatedfrom the same place but have different polypeptide profiles. Likewise, isolates S13 and S18 also have different polypeptide profiles despite beingisolated from the same place at the same time. On the other hand, isolate 372, 87, and 06 have different protein profiles but was classified in thesame biotype namely biotype I. Generally, the difference in protein profile actually more related to the biological diversity of the metabolism ofeach Trypanosoma evansi isolate from Indonesia.
SEROPREVALENSITRICHINELLOSISPADABABI DI KOTA KUPANG, PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR (SEROPREVALENCE OF TRICHINELLOSIS ON PIG AT KUPANG CITY, PROVINCE OF NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR) Angi, Andrijanto Hauferson; Satrija, Fadjar; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati; Sudarnika, Etih
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Trichinellosisis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection of Trichinella spp. and is found world-wide.The seroprevalence of trichinellosis in pig population has never been reported in East Nusa TenggaraProvince particularly Kupang City. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence oftrichinellosis in pig at Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara. A cross-sectional study was conducted byexamining 376 blood samples of pigs collected from slaughterhouses in Oeba, Kupang using simplerandom sampling method. Blood samples were tested by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) using Screen®Trichinella indirect multi-species ELISA kit. Test results showed that 3 (0.8%)serum samples were positive of trichinella antibody. In conclusion ,some pigs in the city of Kupang hasbeen infected by Trichinella sp. and could be a threat for human health.
PEMAKAIAN DUDDINGTONIA FLAGRANS DAN SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE DALAM MEREDUKSI LARVA INFEKTIF HAEMONCHUS CONTORTUS (THE STUDY OF DUDDINGTONIA FLAGRANS AND SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE USE ON REDUCING OF INFECTIVE HAEMONCHUS CONTORTUS LARVAE) Ahmad, Riza Zainuddin; Satrija, Fadjar; Sukarno, Nampiah; Pasaribu, Fachriyan Hasmi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 13 No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The use of Duddingtonia flagrans as the biological control of nomatode infections has been widelyreported. However, no report is available on the use of yeast Saccharomyces cerviciacae for such purpose.The aim of this study was to ivestigate the use of both fungi to reduce the number of Heamoncus contortusinfective larvae. Agar and fecal media containing the spore of the fungi was inoculated with infected H.contortus larvae (3rd stage). Fecal media containing the fungi was prepared by oral inoculation of sheepwith liquid containing 106, 107 spores of D. flagrans, and 106, 107 spores of D. flagrans, and 106, 1012 sporesof S. cerviciae. The number of larvae trapped in the fungi was counted. The result showed both fungi wereable to reduce the number of infective lave. However, for D. flagrans, beside it able to kill the larvae, it alsoable to trap the larva which did not occur in S. cerviceae. The combination of both fungi can be used to reduceof the number of invected H. contortus larvae.
IDENTIFIKASI NEMATODA GASTROINTESTINAL PADA KATAK FEJERVARYA CANCRIVORA DAN LIMNONECTES MACRODON DI WILAYAH KABUPATEN BOGOR, JAWA BARAT (GASTROINTESTINAL NEMATODE IDENTIFICATION OF FROGS FEJERVARYA CANCRIVORA AND LIMNONECTES MACRODON IN BOGOR RESIDENCE) Suzanna, Erna; Satrija, Fadjar; Kusrini, Mirza Dikari; Fania, Dwi
Media Konservasi Vol 11 No 1 (2006): Media Konservasi
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.11.1.%p

Abstract

A research was conducted to identify and to descript nematode worm genera as parasite from gastrointestinal tract of local consumption frogs. Fifty five adult Fejervarya cancrivora and seventy Limnonectes macrodon were collected from three subdistricts in Bogor Residence; Caringin, Cibatok, and Cimanggis. The research was also carried out to quantify prevalence nematode that infest both of frogs and to observe relationship between prevalence level and resource area also spesies of its. Nematode generas which found in F. cancrivora were identified as Amplicaecum, Camallanus, Aplectana, Cosmocerca, Cosmocercella,and Spinicauda. The same generas infested L. macrodon for exception Camallanus. Fejervarya cancrivora nematode prevalence level was higher than L. macrodon in all subdistricts. Its prevalence level weren?t influenced by resource area. But, there was significant correlation between prevalence level and species of frogs (?=0,01 and ?=0,05). The differences of gastrointestinal nematode infestation are related to differences in habitat and food type of frogs also life cycle of nematodes.Keywords: Fejervarya cancrivora, Limnonectes macrodon, Amplicaecum, Camallanus, Aplectana, Cosmocerca, Cosmocercella,and Spinicauda