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CHARACTERIZATION OF NATURAL IRON SAND FROM KATA BEACH, WEST SUMATRA WITH HIGH ENERGY MILLING (HEM) Rianna, Martha; Sembiring, Timbangen; Situmorang, Marhaposan; Kurniawan, Candra; Setiadi, Eko Arief; Tetuko, Anggito P; Simbolon, Silviana; Ginting, Masno; Sebayang, Perdamean
Jurnal Natural Volume 18, Number 2, June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/jn.v18i2.11163

Abstract

Iron sand is one of the natural resources in West Sumatra that has not been optimally utilized. One of the potential locations to get this iron sand deposits is the coast of Kata. This study aims to analyze the content and size of the iron grains found on the coast of Kata Padang Beach, West Sumatera Province. Coastal sand samples are extracted using permanent magnets to separate magnetic and non-magnetic materials. Characterization of iron sand using Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). The result of characterization using SEM-EDX shows that iron sand samples contain Fe and O elements derived from Phase Magnetite (Fe3O4).  Keywords: iron sand, magnetic materials, SEM-EDX, VSM
Analisis Strukt Kristal Dan Sifat Magnet SrO6Fe2O3 Yang Dihasilkan Via Solid-Solid Mixing Dan Sintering -, Muljadi; Sardjono, Prijo; Sebayang, Perdamean
Jurnal Fisika Indonesia Vol 17, No 49 (2013)
Publisher : Department of Physics Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.036 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jfi.24412

Abstract

Telah dilakukan sintesis dan karakterisasi bahan magnet SrO.6Fe2O3. Bahan system SrO - Fe2O3 dibuat melalui proses solid-solid mixing dan di sintering pada suhu 1200 oC selama 2 jam. Hasil refinement dari pola difraksi sinar-x menunjukkan bahwa telah terbentuk single phase bahan magnet system SrO.6Fe2O1 dengan struktur kristal heksagonal. Hasil pengukuran sifat magnet menunjukkan bahwa bahan SrO.6Fe2O1  memiliki medan koersivitas, magnetisasi saturasi, dan magnetisasi remanen berturut-turut adalah 1650 Oe, 63.21 emu/gr, dan 48.01 emu/gr. Disimpulkan bahwa telah berhasil dibuat magnet SrO.6Fe2O3 dengan karakteristik sifat magnetic yang relative tinggi sehingga diharapkan dapat diaplikasikan sebagai komponen motor.
Fluid Dynamics Properties of Barium Hexaferrite Particle Sebayang, Perdamean; -, Muljadi; Tetuko, Anggito; Sardjono, Priyo
Jurnal Fisika Indonesia Vol 17, No 49 (2013)
Publisher : Department of Physics Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1325.722 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jfi.24411

Abstract

Particle size distribution of Barium Hexaferrite sample has been performed with commonly used methods of mathematical models by Rosin-Rammler (RR model) distribution. By using sieving method from 20-400 mesh, the basis of network analysis distribution function F(d) and density function, f(d) were obtained. Particle size estimation was performed using sedimentation gravitation based on Stokes law to obtained Reynolds numbers and terminal velocity of flocs in medium value has been calculated. The results of Reynolds numbers shows that Barium hexaferrite flocs in ethanol medium in laminar flow, whereas terminal velocity increases as larger particle size and density, however, bulk density reduce due to contained highly porous in the sample which yields lower bulk density. The relationship of turbidity with the floc size has been evaluated. The results show that turbidity and bulk density increases as smaller particle size, meanwhile, terminal velocity reduced. Differences in turbidity for each sample (20-400 mesh) has been determined which shows two region instead, with first region from 150-850 µm yields larger differences compared to the second region: 37-105 µm.  
Efek Aditif 3Al2O3.2SiO2 dan Suhu Sintering terhadap Karakteristik Keramik -Al2O3 Sebayang, Perdamean; Tetuko, Anggito Pringgo; Khaerudini, Deni Shidqi; Muljadi, Muljadi; Ginting, Masno
Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya Vol 3, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (640.543 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j24604682.v3i2.977

Abstract

Telah dilbuat keramik corundum (-Al2O3) menggunakan serbuk Al2O3 dan masing-masing ditambah: 10, 15, 20 dan 25% (berat) 3Al2O3.2SiO2, digiling 24 jam, lolos ayakan 200 mesh, dikeringkan 110C, dicetak 50 Mpa, dan disintering pada suhu: 1300, 1400, 1500 dan 1600C. Sebesar 20% aditif 3Al2O3.2SiO2 dan suhu sintering 1600C merupakan kondisi optimum, menghasilkan: densitas = 3,47 g/cm3, porositas = 0,64%, kekerasan (Hv) = 1454 kgf/mm2, kuat patah = 313 MPa, dan koesien ekspansi termal = 6,3 x 10−6 C−1.Corundum (-Al2O3) merupakan fasa dominan, partikelnya bulat, grain size: 0,3-0,8 μm dan minornya adalah mullite (Al2O3.2SiO2), berbentuk jarum, dan grain size: 0,3-3,0 μm.
REMANENSI DAN FLUX DENSITY DARI BERBAGAI BENTUK GEOMETRI MAGNET PERMANEN Nurdiyansyah, Lukman Faris; Tetuko, Anggito P.; Aryanto, Didik; Sebayang, Perdamean
Telaah Vol 32, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Research Center for Physics

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/tel.32.1.176

Abstract

dari berbagai bentuk geometri magnet permanen berbasis ferrite (BaFe12O19) dan logam tanah jarang (NdFeB). Nilai remanensi magnet (Br) diperoleh dari kurva histerisis (B-H curve) yang diukur dengan alat permagraph dan flux density Bz diukur secara langsung dengan menggunakan gaussmeter. Bentuk geometri dan jenis sampel uji adalah cube, ring, dan disk dari magnet permanen berbasis NdFeB dan BaFe12O19. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa magnet permanen berbasis NdFeB memiliki nilai remanensi yang lebih besar dibanding dengan magnet permanen berbasis BaFe12O19. Dari pengukuran magnet permanen berbasis BaFe12O19 didapatkan nilai Br = 1:17 kG untuk bentuk geometri ring dan untuk disk didapat sebesar Br = 1:78 kG, sedangkan dari magnet permanen berbasis NdFeB yang berbentukcube (tipe 1), cube tipe 2, dan disk didapatkan nilai Br = 7:5 kG, Br = 10:8 kG, dan Br = 5:2 kG. Untuk pengukuran flux density Bz sebagai fungsi jarak z didapatkan kesesuaian antara eksperimen dan teori. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa nilai Br dan Bz sangat dipengaruhi oleh bentuk geometri dan jenis magnet permanen.
PENGARUH KECEPATAN ROTOR DAN MAGNETIC FLUX DENSITY TERHADAP OUTPUT TEGANGAN GENERATOR AXIAL FLUX PERMANENT MAGNET Sebayang, Perdamean; Nurdiyansyah, Lukman Faris; Ginting, Masno; Prasetya, Fresky Agung; Siregar, Masbah Rotuante Tagore
Telaah Vol 32, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Research Center for Physics

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/tel.32.2.185

Abstract

Pada penelitian ini akan dikaji pengaruh kecepatan putar rotor n dan kerapatan fluks magnet Br terhadap output tegangan, Erms melalui simulasi dan analisis pada generator axial flux permanent magnet (AFPM). Generator fluks aksial magnet permanen yang dibuat dalam penelitian ini adalah terdiri atas dua rotor yang menggunakan magnet permanen NdFeB dengan Br = 0.2 Tesla dan satu stator dengan jumlah 9 kumparan, 70 lilitan, dan 3 fase. Dari hasil ujicoba generator yang dibuat output tegangan mulai terbaca apabila kecepatan putaran > 228 rpm. Sedangkan dari hasil simulasi, tegangan dapat terbaca setelah putaran pertama. Pada kecepatan rotor 1000 rpm, korelasi antara kerapatan fluks magnet, Br terhadap output tegangan induksi generator Erms adalah Erms = 34.706Br. Apabila kecepatan rotor ditingkatkan menjadi 1.5 kali, maka Erms juga akan meningkat sebesar 1.5 kalinya.
EFFECTS OF CURING TEMPERATURE AND ATMOSPHERE ON THE PROPERTIES OF ISOTROPIC BONDED NDFEB MAGNETS. Sudiro, Toto; Wismogroho, Agus Sukarto; Sebayang, Perdamean
Jurnal Sains Materi Indonesia Vol 16, No 2: JANUARI 2015
Publisher : Center for Science & Technology of Advanced Materials - National Nuclear Energy Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17146/jsmi.2015.16.2.4209

Abstract

EFFECTS OF CURING TEMPERATURE AND ATMOSPHERE ON THE PROPERTIES OF ISOTROPIC BONDED NdFeB MAGNETS. The purpose of this paper was to synthesize the isotropic bonded NdFeB magnets at varying curing temperature and atmosphere, and to clarify their properties. For the aforesaid objective, the NdFeB powder was mixed with polyacrylate binder (3wt%) and compacted by hydraulic pressure with a compressive pressure of 30 MPa. The specimens were then separately cured at 100, 150, 180 and 200°C for 1 h in air and vacuum. The effects of curing temperature in air and vacuum on the bulk density and magnetic properties of isotropic bonded NdFeB magnets were studied. The results indicated that the bulk density and fluxmagnet density of bonded NdFeB magnets decreased with increase in curing temperature. This seems to be due to the binder vaporization and oxidation of element of NdFeB magnet. The bulk density of specimens cured in air was higher than that in vacuum for all temperatures. On the contrary, the magnetic flux density showed the opposite behavior. The optimum magnetic properties were achieved at curing temperature of 100oC for 1 h in vacuumwith Br = 6,61 kG, HCJ = 8,841 kOe, and BHmax = 9,01 MGOe.
EFFECT OF MN-TI IONS DOPING AND SINTERING TEMPERATURE ON PROPERTIES OF BARIUM HEXAFERRITE Soehada, Achmad Maulana; Sebayang, Kerista; Sudiro, Toto; Kurniawan, Candra; Sebayang, Perdamean
Jurnal Sains Materi Indonesia Vol 15, No 4: JULI 2014
Publisher : Center for Science & Technology of Advanced Materials - National Nuclear Energy Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17146/jsmi.2014.15.4.4337

Abstract

EFFECT OF Mn-Ti IONS DOPING AND SINTERING TEMPERATURE ON PROPERTIES OF BARIUM HEXAFERRITE. Mn-Ti doped (0, 0.1, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6 mole%-barium hexaferrite powders have been prepared from BaCO3, Fe2O3, TiO2 andMnO powder by mechanical alloying technique for 20 hours. The mixture powder were grinded and then dried at 100 °C for 24 hours, followed by calcined at 1,000 °C for 2 hours. The calcined powder was then crushed into 400 mesh (38 ?m) in particle size. X-Ray Diffraction analysis was performed to determine the phase formed. The powder was mixed with 3 wt%Celuna WE -518 polymer, and compressed with applied force of 5 tons. The sintering process was done at temperatures of 1100 °C and 1150 °C for 2 hours. The microstructure of sintered samples was observed by Scanning Electron Microscope - Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The magnetic properties and Reflection Loss (RL) was measured by permeagraph Magnet-Physik and Vector Network Analyzer (VNA), respectively. The results show that the remanance (Br) of samples are likely to decrease with increase in %mol of Mn-Ti and the optimum coercivity (HCJ) 4,42 kOe was achieved at 0,5 mole% Mn-Ti. The maximum reflection loss of -25,6 dB was obtained at 0,4mole%Mn-Ti with sintering temperature of 1100 °C for 2 hours. Accordingly, it can be potentially used for microwave absorption application.
PREPARASI BETON POLIMER BERBASIS SLUDGE – ABU TERBANG DAN KARAKTERISASINYA Sebayang, Perdamean; Muljadi, Muljadi; Khaerudini, Deni S; Tetuko1, Anggito P
Jurnal Ecolab Vol 3, No 2 (2009): Ecolab : Jurnal Pemantauan Kualitas Lingkungan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kualitas dan Laboratorium Lingkungan (P3KLL)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jklh.2009.3.2.61-68

Abstract

Polymer concrete has been made using fly ash and sludge waste for raw material bases, and epoxy resin was used asbinder material. The sludge raw material was dried and crushed until fine powder morphology, then the fly ash wascrushed again until through out 100 mesh and it blended until became homogeneous mixing materials. The rawmaterial compositions where added with epoxy resin, that is: 10 and 15 % from the total weight of raw material. Thesample testing was made by hand press method with dimension: 4 x 4 x 16 cm3. The testing of samples included:density, water absorption, fire resistance, compressive, and bending strength. Microstructure analysis was usedScanning Electron Microscope (SEM) method. The results show that polymer concrete based on fly ash - sludge andepoxy resin binder is properly moderate, if it is compared to conventional concrete. The best result has the compositionof 60 % fly ash, 40 % sludge, and 15 % epoxy resin (% weight) composition, with its characteristics: density= 1.93 g/cm3, water absorption = 0.74 %, compressive strength = 28 MPa, and bending strength = 12.8 MPa. Thepolymer concrete that has been made is suitable for building material application, especially in the water or submergedarea, and it also has light weight concrete specification.
INVESTIGATION OF Cu, Mn OR Ti ION SUBSTITUTIONS ON THE MICROWAVE ABSORBANCE PROPERTIES OF BARIUM HEXAFERRITE Sebayang, Perdamean; Sari, Ayu Yuswita; Ginting, Masno; Ginting, Riski Titian
Teknologi Indonesia Vol 37, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : LIPI Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (16.054 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jti.v37i3.233

Abstract

The influence of Cu, Mn or Ti ion substitution on the microwave absorbance properties of Barium M-Hexaferrite (BaFe12O19) has been investigated. The sample preparation was held by mixing the raw material of Copper oxide (CuO), Manganese oxide (MnO) or Titanium dioxide (TiO2) with a different composition into BaFe12O19 powder through ball milling process, then sintered at 1100oC for 2 h. The substitution composition for each metal ion (Cu, Mn or Ti) into BaFe12O19 powder was 0.1 and 0.5 % mol. The Vector Network Analyzer (VNA) measurement was used to determine the reflection loss and absorption properties of BaFe12O19 samples within frequency ranging from 410 GHz. The minimum reflection loss 20.3 dB at 4 GHz was achieved, which is related to the 0.1% mol of Ti substitution on BaFe12O19 sample. The reflection loss values could be modified by controlling the metal ions composition which consequently improves the microwave absorption properties. The complex permittivity and permeability were calculated using Nicholson-Ross Weir (NRW) method. The peak of real and imaginary parts of permittivity was consistently appeared at 5.05, 5.92, 6.76, and 7.75 GHz for all metal ions (Cu, Mn and Ti). Furthermore, the complex permeability was found to be independent from frequency and the ion substitution did not significantly influence hexagonal structure and particle size distribution of Barium hexaferrite.