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OPTIMASI KONDISI FERMENTASI UNTUK PRODUKSI SELULOSA BAKTERI OLEH STRAIN SLK-1 DALAM MEDIA DASAR AIR KELAPA (OPTIMIZATION OF FERMENTATION CONDITIONS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BACTERIAL CELLULOSE BY SLK-1 STRAIN IN COCONUT WATER BASED MEDIUM) Sarkono, Sarkono; Moeljopawiro, Sukarti; Setiaji, Bambang; Sembiring, Langkah
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Seminar Nasional IX Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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Abstract

ABSTRAK   Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengoptimasi kondisi fermentasi terbaik strain Bakteri Asam Asetat penghasil selulosa yaitu isolat SLK-1.  Strain ini diisolasi dari buah salak pada penelitian sebelumnya.  Hasil optimasi menunjukkan bahwa kondisi fermentasi optimum untuk pertumbuhan dan produksi selulosa pada isolat SLK-1  dicapai dengan sumber karbon gula pasir, sumber nitrogen ammonium sulfat, pH 7, suhu inkubasi 25°C dan metode fermentasi statis. Karakter struktur permukaan selulosa hasil fermentasi isolat SLK-1 dipengaruhi oleh metode fermentasi yang digunakan.  Metode fermentasi goyangan berpengaruh menurunkan produksi selulosa pada  isolat SLK-1 dan merubah struktur permukaan yaitu susunan mikrofibril lebih renggang dan membentuk gelembung.   Kata Kunci: bakteri asam asetat, optimasi, fermentasi, selulosa bakteri, penggoyangan
Kondisi Optimum untuk Produksi Kitinase dari Streptomyces Rkt5 dan Karakterisasi pH dan Suhu Enzim Yurnaliza, Yurnaliza; Margino, Sebastian; Sembiring, Langkah
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 13, No 3 (2008): October 2008
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.446 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v13i3.2571

Abstract

Chitinase is chitin degrading enzyme which is produced by Streptomyces Rkt 5 is isolated microorganism from peanut rhizosfer. This enzyme and its microorganism can be used in many agricultural, medicine and industrial purposes. The aim of the research was to find out the optimum condition for production of chitinase and to characterize of pH and temperature to chitinase activity. Optimalizing production the research had 4 treatments. The optimum conditions were achieved at mineral liquid medium containing with chitin 0,2% (w/v) as inducer, 10% (v/v) inoculum, pH 7 and 48 hours incubation. The crude enzyme was partially purified by salting out with 70% ammonium sulfate resulted in 3.31 time more purity enzyme than the crude one. This enzyme had maximum activity at 50oC and pH 5.5.
Seleksi, Karakterisasi dan Identifikasi Bakteri Pendegradasi 2-(thiocyanomethylthio) benzothiazole (TCMTB) Sembiring, Langkah; Susilawati, Lela; Suhartanti, Dwi
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 13, No 3 (2008): October 2008
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.973 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v13i3.2565

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the capabilities of bacteria isolated from industrial tanning waste to degrade TCMTB. The bacteria was initialy screened, based on their tolerance to various concentration of TCMTB using paper disk method. Then, those strains were further analyzed in terms of their ability to produce ammonia (NH4+) and sulphate (SO42-). Degradation activity was measured based on remaining residue of TCMTB analyzed using HPLC. The superior strain that showed the highest activity in degradation of TCMTB then were characterized and identified based on phenotypic and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The result of the experiments showed that four selected strains among seven were choosen based on their high tolerance to various concentration of TCMTB, namely PK1, PK2, PK4 and PK6. All four strains showed the ability to produce ammonia and sulphate but three of which, namely PK2, PK4 and PK6 showed the high capability to degrade TCMTB. One particular strain (PK2) was observed to degrade TCMTB 40.8% within 7 days, but the others were less than 30%. Based on the phenotypic characteristics and 16S rDNA sequence analysis, the best strains (PK2) was identified to be member of genus Pseudomonas.
Kemampuan Kitinase Streptomyces RKt5 sebagai Antijamur terhadap Patogen Fusarium oxysporum Yurnaliza, Yurnaliza; Margino, Sebastian; Sembiring, Langkah
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.537 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.1.42-46

Abstract

The purpose of the reasearch is to determine of antifungal activity from chitinase from Streptomyces RKt5 to inhibite growth of Fusariumoxysporum. The chitinase of Streptomyces RKt5 produced in liquid chitin medium with optimum conditions (inoculum concentration, pHand incubation time) and then partially purified with ammonium sulphate. The enzyme products were tested the antifungal activity againstF.oxysporum. The results showed that mycelial growth of F.oxysporum can be inhibited by Streptomyces RKt 5 in dual culture test. Thepartial purified chitinase enzyme couldn’t inhibit the fungal growth. But if the mycellium fragmented, the enzyme could degrade the fungalcell wall in incubation time. The frequency of fungal cell wall lysis and levels of N-acetylglucosamine released that have been increasingalong with the length of incubation time.
Uji Patogenisitas Isolat Bakteri Indigenous (Bacillus thuringiensis) terhadap Serangga Hama Kubis (Crocidolomia binotalis Zell) Salaki, Christina L.; Situmorang, Jesmandt; Sembiring, Langkah; Handayani, Niken
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 14, No 3 (2009): October 2009
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.033 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v14i3.2582

Abstract

Pathogenicity of 34 indigenous B. thuringiensis isolates against C. binotalis were determined. The pathogenicity test was conducted by using leaf dipped method with various spore concentrations. Third instar larvae of C. binotalis were used as insect test. Mortality data of test larvae were used to determine the pathogenicity of the isolates in terms of 72 hours LC50 by using probit analysis. The results of experiments showed YPPA 1. was the most pathogenic isolate, producing 72 hours LC50 = 9.5 x 103 spore.ml-1 with LT50 (1.5 x 107 spore.ml-1) of 24.6 hours while the ACH 2.3 was found to be the least pathogenic isolate with 72 hours LC50 = 2.3 x 106 spore.ml-1 and LT50 (1.5 x 107 spoore.ml-1) of 40.7 hours. The shortest LT50 (1.5 x 107 spore.ml-1 was found to be 18.2 hours produced by TUS.1 with 72 hours LC50 = 3.9 x 105 spore.ml-1 whereas the longest LT50 (1.5 x 107 spore.ml-1) was found tobe 83.2 hours produced by the SLK 4.1 with 72 hours LC50 = 3.1 x 104 spore.ml-1. Therefore, it can be concluded that both YPPA.1 and TUS.1 isolates are potential candidate to be developed for biological control agent.
A Study on Production of Poly-β-Hydroxybutyrate Bioplastic from Sago Starch by Indigenous Amylolytic Bacteria Yanti, Nur Arfa; Sembiring, Langkah; Margino, Sebastian; Muhiddin, Nurhayani H.
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 18, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Bacillus sp. PSA10 and Bacillus sp. PPK5 were two indigenous strain amylolytic bacteria from SoutheastSulawesi that have ability to produce bioplastic poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) from sago starch. The study wasattempted to determine the mechanism of PHB production by bacteria amylolytic was grown on sago starchcontainingmedia. Two amylolytic bacteria i.e. Bacillus sp. PSA10 and Bacillus sp. PPK5 was grown for 168 hin a mineral salts medium with sago starch as carbon source. Growth of amylolytic bacteria was monitoredby cell dry weight. Extraction of PHB was done by N-hexane acetone-diethyl ether method and PHB contentwas quantifi ed with UV spectrophotometer at 235 nm. Glucose level was determined by using kit of glucoseGOD 10” and was quantifi ed with spectrophotometer at 500 nm. Sago starch concentration was determinedby phenol method using specthrophotometer at 490 nm. The result of the study showed that Bacillus sp.PSA10 was produced PHB up to 66,81 % (g PHB/g cell dry weight) at 48 h and Bacillus sp. PPK5 up to 24,83% (g PHB/g cell dry weight) at 84 h. Bacillus sp. PSA10 has ability to converse sago starch to be PHB directlywithout glucose accumulation in the media, whereas Bacillus sp. PPK5 have to accumulate glucose as productof sago starch hydrolysis to produce of PHB. PHB synthesis by Bacillus sp. PHB production on sago starchof the Bacillus sp. PSA10 was found to be growth-associated whereas Bacillus sp. PPK5 was found to be nongrowth-associated. Therefore, two indigenous amylolytic bacteria were having of difference in biosynthesismechanism of PHB in sago starch medium and their characteristics of PHB synthesis should be consideredin developing cultivation methods for the effi cient production of PHB.Keywords : Production, PHB, Amylolytic bacteria, Sago starch.
Production of Poly--hydroxybutyrate (PHB) from Sago Starch by The Native Isolate Bacillus megaterium PSA10 Yanti, Nur Arfa; Sembiring, Langkah; Margino, Sebastian
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 14, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A new bacterial strain that produces amylase and poly-a-hidroxybutyrate (PHB) using sago starch as carbon source was characterized and identified to be member of the Bacillus megaterium group based on phenotypic characteristics  and 16S rDNA gene sequences. Amylase activity was determined spectrophotometrically on the basis of substrate concentration reduction. PHB production was quantified with UV spectrophotometer. The polymer produced by B. megaterium PSA10 was identified by  Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The result of the study showed that the amylase specific activity B. megaterium PSA10 was 593,61 DUN/mg protein and PHB production from sago starch was 52,28 % of cell dry weight (CDW). FTIR analysis of the polymer indicated that the strain B.megaterium PSA10 was a potent PHB producer.
Phylogenetic relationship of Gram Negative Bacteria of Enterobacteriaceae Family in the Positive Widal Blood Cultures based on 16S rRNA Gene Sequences Darmawati, Sri; Sembiring, Langkah; Asmara, Widya; Artama, Wayan T.; Kawaichi, Masashi
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 19, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the phylogenetic relationship of Gram negative bacteria (3strains of Salmonella typhi, 1 strain of Escherichia coli, 1 strain of Serratia marcescens, and 3 strains of Enterobactercloacae) of Enterobacteriaceae family in positive Widal blood cultures based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Theresults respectively showed that each two 16S rRNA gene clones of Serratia marcescens KD 08.4 had a closerelationship with 16S rRNA gene of Serrratia marcescens ATCC 13880 (similarity: 99.53-99.8%), Eschericia coliBA 30.1 with Eschericia coli ATCC 11775T (similarity: 99.38-99.67%), Salmonella typhi BA 07.4, Salmonella typhiKD 30.4, and Salmonella typhi SA 02.2 with Salmonella typhi ATCC 19430T (similarity: 99.4-100%) as well as theisolates of Enterobacter cloacae SA 02.1, Enterobacter cloacae BA 45.4.1, one 16S rRNA gene clone of Enterobactercloacae TG 03.5 with Enterobacter cloacae ATCC 23373 (similarity: 99.0-99.87%).
Production of Poly-α-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) from Sago Starch by The Native Isolate Bacillus megaterium PSA10 Yanti, Nur Arfa; Sembiring, Langkah; Margino, Sebastian
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 11, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (340.322 KB)

Abstract

A new bacterial strain that produces amylase and poly-α-hidroxybutyrate (PHB) using sago starch as carbon source was characterized and identified to be member of the Bacillus megaterium group based on phenotypic characteristics and 16S rDNA gene sequences. Amylase activity was determined spectrophotometrically on the basis of substrate concentration reduction. PHB production was quantified with UV spectrophotometer. The polymer produced by B. megaterium PSA10 was identified by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The result of the study showed that the amylase specific activity B. megaterium PSA10 was 593,61 DUN/mg protein and PHB production from sago starch was 52,28 % of cell dry weight (CDW). FTIR analysis of the polymer indicated that the strain B.megaterium PSA10 was a potent PHB producer.
Molecular Identification of Lactic Acid Bacteria Producing Antimicrobial Agents from Bakasang, An Indonesian Traditional Fermented Fish Product Lawalata, Helen Joan; Sembiring, Langkah; Rahayu, Endang Sutriswati
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 16, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

AbstractTwenty seven strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from bakasang, Indonesian traditional fermented fish product. In general, LAB have inhibitory activity againts pathogenic bacteria and spoilage bacteria. Screening for antimicrobia activity of isolates were performed with well-diffusion method. One isolate that was designed as Pediococcus BksC24 was the strongest against bacteria pathogenic and spoilage bacteria. This strain was further identified by 16S rRNA gen sequence comparison. Isolates LAB producing antimicrobial agents from bakasang were identified as Pediococcus acidilactici.Keywords : Bakasang, LAB, antimicrobial, phenotypic characteristics, 16S rRNA gene