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Journal : Biota Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati

KONDISI OPTIMUM UNTUK PRODUKSI KITINASE DARI STREPTOMYCES RKT5 DAN KARAKTERISASI PH DAN SUHU ENZIM Yurnaliza, Yurnaliza; Margino, Sebastian; Sembiring, Langkah
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 13, No 3 (2008): October 2008
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.446 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v13i3.2571

Abstract

Chitinase is chitin degrading enzyme which is produced by Streptomyces Rkt 5 is isolated microorganism from peanut rhizosfer. This enzyme and its microorganism can be used in many agricultural, medicine and industrial purposes. The aim of the research was to find out the optimum condition for production of chitinase and to characterize of pH and temperature to chitinase activity. Optimalizing production the research had 4 treatments. The optimum conditions were achieved at mineral liquid medium containing with chitin 0,2% (w/v) as inducer, 10% (v/v) inoculum, pH 7 and 48 hours incubation. The crude enzyme was partially purified by salting out with 70% ammonium sulfate resulted in 3.31 time more purity enzyme than the crude one. This enzyme had maximum activity at 50oC and pH 5.5.
SELEKSI, KARAKTERISASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI BAKTERI PENDEGRADASI 2-(THIOCYANOMETHYLTHIO) BENZOTHIAZOLE (TCMTB) Sembiring, Langkah; Susilawati, Lela; Suhartanti, Dwi
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 13, No 3 (2008): October 2008
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.973 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v13i3.2565

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the capabilities of bacteria isolated from industrial tanning waste to degrade TCMTB. The bacteria was initialy screened, based on their tolerance to various concentration of TCMTB using paper disk method. Then, those strains were further analyzed in terms of their ability to produce ammonia (NH4+) and sulphate (SO42-). Degradation activity was measured based on remaining residue of TCMTB analyzed using HPLC. The superior strain that showed the highest activity in degradation of TCMTB then were characterized and identified based on phenotypic and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The result of the experiments showed that four selected strains among seven were choosen based on their high tolerance to various concentration of TCMTB, namely PK1, PK2, PK4 and PK6. All four strains showed the ability to produce ammonia and sulphate but three of which, namely PK2, PK4 and PK6 showed the high capability to degrade TCMTB. One particular strain (PK2) was observed to degrade TCMTB 40.8% within 7 days, but the others were less than 30%. Based on the phenotypic characteristics and 16S rDNA sequence analysis, the best strains (PK2) was identified to be member of genus Pseudomonas.
UJI PATOGENISITAS ISOLAT BAKTERI INDIGENOUS (BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS) TERHADAP SERANGGA HAMA KUBIS (CROCIDOLOMIA BINOTALIS ZELL) Salaki, Christina L.; Situmorang, Jesmandt; Sembiring, Langkah; Handayani, Niken
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 14, No 3 (2009): October 2009
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.033 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v14i3.2582

Abstract

Pathogenicity of 34 indigenous B. thuringiensis isolates against C. binotalis were determined. The pathogenicity test was conducted by using leaf dipped method with various spore concentrations. Third instar larvae of C. binotalis were used as insect test. Mortality data of test larvae were used to determine the pathogenicity of the isolates in terms of 72 hours LC50 by using probit analysis. The results of experiments showed YPPA 1. was the most pathogenic isolate, producing 72 hours LC50 = 9.5 x 103 spore.ml-1 with LT50 (1.5 x 107 spore.ml-1) of 24.6 hours while the ACH 2.3 was found to be the least pathogenic isolate with 72 hours LC50 = 2.3 x 106 spore.ml-1 and LT50 (1.5 x 107 spoore.ml-1) of 40.7 hours. The shortest LT50 (1.5 x 107 spore.ml-1 was found to be 18.2 hours produced by TUS.1 with 72 hours LC50 = 3.9 x 105 spore.ml-1 whereas the longest LT50 (1.5 x 107 spore.ml-1) was found tobe 83.2 hours produced by the SLK 4.1 with 72 hours LC50 = 3.1 x 104 spore.ml-1. Therefore, it can be concluded that both YPPA.1 and TUS.1 isolates are potential candidate to be developed for biological control agent.
OPTIMASI PRODUKSI POLI-β-HIDROKSIBUTIRAT (PHB) OLEH BACILLUS SP. PSA10 Yanti, Nur Arfa; Margino, Sebastian; Sembiring, Langkah
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 3 (2010): October 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (469.574 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i3.2587

Abstract

A new strain characterized as Bacillus sp. PSA10 was found to produce poly-?-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) at concentration of 52.28% (g PHB/g dry cell weight) in shaken flask culture, using sago starch as a carbon source. This research is aimed to determine the optimum culture condition of PHB production Bacillus sp. PSA10 at laboratory scale. Optimization of PHB production was conducted in this research, in terms of inoculum concentration, concentration of the major components in minimal medium, environmental condition and incubation time. The result showed that optimum conditions for the production of PHB by Bacillus sp. PSA10 were achieved at minimal medium (Ramsay medium) with 5% (v/v) inoculum concentration, 2% (w/v) sago starch, 1.0 g/l (NH4)2SO4, 6.7 g/l Na2HPO4.7H2O, and 0 g/l KCl. The optimum environmental conditions were achieved with initial pH 7, temperature 37oC, agitation speed at 150 rotary per minute (rpm) and the best of incubation time was 48 hour. Under this optimum condition, the maximum PHB production by Bacillus sp. PSA10 increased from 52.28% to 71.35% (g PHB/g dry cell weight) at 48 hour cultivation. Therefore, Bacillus sp. PSA10 is potential to apply for PHB production from sago starch at industrial scale.
ISOLASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI STREPTOMYCETES DARI RIZOSFER JAGUNG (ZEA MAYS L.) YANG BERPOTENSI SEBAGAI PENGHASIL ANTIBIOTIKA Ambarwati, Ambarwati; Soegihardjo, C. J.; Sembiring, Langkah
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 1 (2010): February 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.332 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i1.2639

Abstract

In attempt to understand the diversity of Actinomycetes that is potential to be antibiotic producer, Streptomycetes were isolated and identified from soil sample taken from rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere of corn (Zea mays L.). The best antibiotic producers were identified by Scanning Electron Microscopy analysis and the identification of antibiotic produced conducted by using Thin Layer Chromatography analysis. The result of the study showed that 58 isolates were assigned to 17 colour groups. Ten isolates among the representatives of 17 colour groups were found potential to be antibiotic producer. Four isolates out of 10 isolates could inhibit both Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Bacilus subtilis FNCC 0060, one isolate could inhibit only Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and five isolates could inhibit only Bacilus subtilis FNCC 0060. But no isolate could inhibit Escherichia coli ATCC 35218 and Salmonella typhimurium FNCC 0164. Among 10 isolates of antibiotic producer it was found that only one isolate (RNJ14) could strongly inhibit Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 with inhibition zone diameter of 32.33 mm. On the bases of Thin Layer Chromatography analysis, the antibiotic produced by the isolate RNJ14 was identified to be lincomycin. Therefore it could be concluded that streptomycetes isolated from the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere of corn (Zea mays L.) were potential to produce antibiotic.
ANALISIS KEANEKARAGAMAN ISOLAT BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS YANG PATOGENIK TERHADAP SERANGGA HAMA KUBIS (CROCIDOLOMIA BINOTALIS) DENGAN PENDEKATAN SISTEMATIKA NUMERIK Salaki, Christina L.; Situmorang, Jesmandt; Sembiring, Langkah; Handayani, Niken
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 3 (2010): October 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (540.381 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i3.2605

Abstract

Diversity of B. thuringiensis (Bt.) isolates pathogenic to C. binotalis was determined by using Numerical Systematic Method. Ten isolates were taken to represent 34 pathogenic isolates along with two reference strains namely B. thuringiensis serovar kurstaki and B. thuringiensis serovar israelensis. The test isolates were examined for 89 phenotypic characters by using convensional method for colonial and cell morphology (37 characters) as well as physiological characteristics (3 characters) but biochemical characterization (49 characters) was conducted by using commercial API-50 CHB procedures. All phenotypic characters existed in one of two mutually exclusive states and were either scored plus (1) of minus (0). The binary data were prepared in Programmer?s File Editor (PFE) software. The data then were analysed by using the Multi Variate statistical Package (MVSP) Plus-Version 3.1 using the Simple Matching Coefficient (SSM). Clustering was achieved using the UPGMA algorithm. The results were presented as dendrograms. It was obtained that the test isolates were clearly assigned to two distinct multimembered clusters defined by 79.6 similarity level (S-level) in the SSM, UPGMA analysis. The two distinct clusters represented by each of two widely known different group of Bt. strains, namely serovar israelensis and serovar kurstaki. The first cluster contained reference strain of B. thuringiensis serovar israelensis, and two of the isolates (Slk2.3, and YPPA1) and the second cluster contained another reference strain of B. thuringiensis serovar kurstaki, and 8 of the isolates. Therefore, it strongly suggested that the application of numerical-fenetic analysis could provide a tool to unravel the strain diversity belong to B. thuringiensis.
Sistematik Numerik Strain-Strain Anggota Genus Pseudomonas Pendegradasi Alkilbenzen Sulfonat Liniar Berdasarkan Sifat Fenotip dan Protein Fingerprinting Suharjono, Suharjono; Sembiring, Langkah; Subagja, Jusup; Ardyati, Tri; Lisdiana, Lisa
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 12, No 1 (2007): February 2007
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.138 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v12i1.2536

Abstract

Bacteria strains consisting of Pseudomonas sp. strain J and R isolated from river ecosystem polluted and Pseudomonas sp. strain A and B isolated from river ecosystem unpolluted by detergent were capable to degrade of LAS. The objective of this research was to determine similarity value by numerically of LAS-degrading Pseudomonas strains based on phenotype character and protein fingerprinting using three reference strains consist of Pseudomonas putida FNCC071, P. fluorescens FNCC070, and P. aeruginosa FNCC063. Phenotype characteristics examined are cellular and colony morphology, biochemical nature, capability to degrade polysaccharide, tolerance to various environmental factors and antibiotics, and ability to ferment sugar. Cellular protein fingerprinting was analyzed using SDS?PAGE discontinuous. Strains classification was determined based on Simple Matching Method similarity index by UPGMA (Unweight Pair Group Method with Average) algorithm. Based on phenotype nature, all strains have similarity value 0.61; however, based on cellular protein fingerprinting, those strains have similarity value 0.52. All strains of LAS-degraded were including in the genus of Pseudomonas.
Sistematik Filogenetik Pseudomonas Strain Indigenous Pendegradasi Liniar Alkilbenzen Sulfonat Suharjono, Suharjono; Sembiring, Langkah; Subagja, Yusup; Widayati, Wiwik E.
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 1 (2010): February 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (402.933 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i1.2644

Abstract

Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate (LAS) was the dominant pollutant in the river ecosystem. Indigenous strains of Pseudomonas in river ecosystem had highly potency to LAS degradation. This research was carried out to study relationship of indigenous strains of LAS degrading to Pseudomonas strains. Indigenous strains of bacteria of LAS degrading were characterized based on ARDRA (Amplified Ribosomal 16S rDNA Restriction Analysis) and 16S rDNA sequence. Result of the research shows that Pseudomonas strain J and R which LAS degrading from detergent polluted river ecosystem based on 16S rDNA sequence, isolate J has 98.37% similarity and it has relationship to P. pseudoalcaligenes LMG 1225T whereas isolate R has 84.86% similarity and related to P. stutzeri phen8.
Analisis Filogenetik Burung Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) Berdasarkan Sekuen Intron Satu Gen Rhodopsin (RDP1) Nukleus Budiarsa, I Made; Artama, I Wayan Tunas; Sembiring, Langkah; Situmorang, Jesmandt
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 2 (2010): June 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.988 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i2.2693

Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships of the maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) were analyzed based on thefirst intron of rhodopsin nuclear gene sequence data obtained from 15 individuals, along withthose of 22 individuals taken from GenBank. The phylogenetic trees were reconstructed byNeighbor-Joining (NJ) method. Results indicated that 956 bp of RDP1 sequence, 414 (43.4%)sites were variable and 317 (33.2%) sites were phylogenetically-informative. The basecomposition for all species analyzed in this research were as follows: T 25.3%, C 26.3%, A18.5%, and G 29.9%. Analysis of RDP1 sequence produced trees that were remarkably wellresolved and had topologies at the marga level. The phylogenetic analysis showed that maleowas monophyly of Macrocephalon and closely related to Aepypodius, Talegalla, Leipoa andAlectura.
Isolasi dan Karakterisasi Jamur Pendegradasi Katekin dari Seresah Pinus Nurnawati, Elisa; Sembiring, Langkah
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 8, No 3 (2003): October 2003
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.808 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v8i3.2855

Abstract

Isolation of catechin-degrading fungus from pine litter samples was done using minimal medium that containing catechin as sole carbon and energy source.  A total of 53 isolates were chosen to represent different colonial types of catechin degrading-fungus. The isolates were screened for their ability to degrade catechin in three stages. The first stage of screening was based on their ability to grow on solid medium containing 2 mM, and as a result, 28 isolates were selected.  The second stage of screening on the same medium but containing 4 mM of catechin resulting in 14 selected isolates. The third stage screening was based on their mean growth rate constant (k), instantaneous growth rate constant (m) and generation time (g) on minimal medium containing 4 mM catechin. The result showed that four isolates (D9, K2, K11, and S11) were the best catechin degradator. Further growth kinetic study  (k, m ,and g) of selected  isolates   indicated that  D9, K2, and S11 grew well on the medium containing 40 mM, but  K11 was inhibited by concentration of higher than 10 mM. Catechin biodegradation process was determined by following the decrease of catechin concentration on liquid medium. It was found that isolate K2 had higher ability to degrade catechin than the isolate K11. Finally, the four selected isolates from the third stage were characterized in terms of macroscopic, microscopic and phenotypic characters and identified. The result of the study showed that the isolates D9, K2 and S11 were identified as member of Aspergillus niger group. The isolate D9 was very similar to isolate S11, while the isolate K2 was found to be the most similar with Aspergillus niger van Tiegh. IFO 6341. The isolate K11 was assigned to be member of the genus Trichoderma.