Baduy community is a Sundanese ethnic isolating themselves around Kendeng Mountains, South Banten. They occupy an area about 5101.8 hectares of land in which the property rights were granted from the government. The people strictly adhere to their customary rules and norms. Hence, this article described to conditions of Baduy community and their behaviour in managing its forests, land and environments. The Baduy behaviour is different from the general community. These behaviour were believed to be initiated by the decrease availability of cultivated areas due to the population growth and influence their customary rules and norms. Their behaviour forms of local wisdom in managing the environment. The behaviour of Baduy community implemented in managing agricultural land, forest, and environment.
Farm poultry, especially chicken, is a producer of meat and eggs. In addition to producing meat and eggs, chicken farms also have negative impacts, which can cause odorless gasthat can pollute the environment. In the village there are six places Srikaton laying chickenfarms that always make chicken manure every day. Alternative technology that can beapplied and has a positive outlook is to convert poultry farm waste, ie chicken manure intocompost. IBM outer target groups laying chicken farming is to produce compost chickenthat can be utilized by the villagers Srikaton (short-term targets), and the long-term targetis to sell the compost to other consumer good in the village Srikaton, and outside thevillage Srikaton . Effective technology for the transformation of society is using extensionmethods, training by making demonstrations, or direct practice coupled with mentoring.The target of this service is Srikaton village community, which consists of chickenbreeders, youth organization group, the PKK, and residents who do not have a job(unemployed). Based on the activities carried out, the people were very enthusiastic.Through these activities, the village Srikaton has the skills to produce compost chickenmanure that can be used for fertilizer in the garden itself, and or for sale, so as to improvetheir welfare.Keywords: chicken manure, compost
Hutan adalah sumberdaya alam yang harus dimanfaatkan secara arif untuk kesejahteraan rakyat. Telah banyak terjadi dampak negatif pengelolaan hutan yang tidak ramah lingkungan termasuk banjir, longsor dan kekeringan. Salah satu bentuk pengelolaan hutan yang ramah lingkungan telah dilakukan oleh masyarakat Baduy, melalui berbagai bentuk kearifan lokal. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif yang mengkaji sistim pengelolaan hutan yang ramah lingkungan oleh masyarakat Baduy. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Baduy masih menerapkan autran-aturan dan norma-norma tradisional dalam perhubungan sosial dan dalam memanfaatkan sumberdaya hutan. Sistim sosial masyarakat Baduy dapat mengontrol eksploitasi hutan yang tidak ramah lingkungan. Pada saat yang sama masyarakat Baduy mempunyai tingkat pendapatanÂ di atas garis kemiskinan.
Hutan lindung merupakan kawasan hutan yang fungsi pokoknya sebagai perlindungan lingkungan. Kenyataannya banyak hutan lindung yang diolah masyarakat menjadi kebun dan rnenjadi salah satu sumber pendapatannya. Upaya pemerintah mengeluarkan masyarakat dari kawasan ini berarti akan mengurangi pendapatannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui besarnya pendapatan masyarakat yang diperoleh dari hutan lindung. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Air Lanang, Bengkulu. Metode dasar yang digunakan adalah metode survey dengan teknik PRA. Data dan informasi yang dikumpulkan, dianalisis dengan analisis dekriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bahwa jumlah penduduk desa adalah 1.460 jiwa (285 KK). 96% pekerjaannya sebagai petani, 60 % tingkat pendidikannya lulusan sekolah dasar. Tanaman kopi merupakan tanaman utama dan menjadikan prestise bagi pemiliknya. Luas lahan mereka sekitar 2,5 hektar di lahan milik dan kawasan hutan. Kontribusi pendapatan masyarakat dari kawasan hutan lindung ini sebesar 52,5 % dari total pendapatan. Ini berarti bahwa mengeluarkan masyarakat dari aktifitasnya di hutan lindung akan mengurangi pendapatannya sebesar 52,5 %.
Masyarakat Baduy merupakan masyarakat yang hidupnya mengasingkan diri di pedalaman Banten Selatan. Masyarakat Baduy terkenal sebagai masyarakat yang mampu mengelola hutan dan lingkungannyadengan baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kondisi masyarakat Baduy dan lingkungan serta bagaimana mereka memanfaatkannya dengan arif dan bijaksana. Metode dasar yang digunakanadalah metode survey dengan beberapa teknik PRA. Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Kanekes, Kecamatan Leuwidamar, Kabupaten Lebak. Propinsi Banten. Data yang dikumpulkan, baik data primer ataupun data sekunder, kemudian dianalisis dengan analisis dekriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Luas wilayah Baduy adalah 5.101,8 hektar, terdiri dari areal budidaya seluas 2.570 hektar (50,4 %) dan areal perlindungan lingkungan seluas 2.532 hektar (49,6 %). Jumlah penduduknya sebanyak 11.172 jiwa (2.948 KK). Seluruh penduduknya bermata pencaharian sebagai petani padi kering (huma) dengan sistem perladangan berpindah yang diatur oleh adat. Areal perlindungan lingkungannya terdiri dari hutan lindungan kampung dan hutan tutupan yang mutlak hanya untuk kawasan perlindungan. Dalam pengelolaan lingkungannya, masyarakat Baduy berpegang pada aturan adat yang intinya adalah pengaturan tata ruang yang tegas untuk kawasan lindung dan kawasan budidaya.
Land management with agroforestry systems have proven economic benefits for communities and benefit protection for the environment. Baduy community in South Banten has implemented agroforestry systems in managing the farm. This study aims to determine the process of agricultural land management with agroforestry systems by Baduy community. The method used is survey method with the partisipatory approaches. Data retrieval is done by field observations and in-depth open interviews. The results showed that Baduy community, especially Baduy-Luar, implement agroforestry systems ?kebun sengon campuran? in managing the farm. The farming systems is dryland rice with shifting cultivation with 5-7 years of fallow period. The procedure for farming is governed by customary norms that must be obeyed by the whole community Baduy. On the farm planted with agricultural crops and trees. In the first year of land, found rice vegetables, pulses, the chicks sengon, and trees. In the second years of land found various pulses, vegetables, and tree sengon, and the third-fifth year land has formed the mix sengon plantations. The age of stands sengon as the fallow period in management of their land.
Bukit Basa Limited Production Forest covers 125 hectares, located in Rejang Lebong District, Bengkulu Province, Indonesia. The main function of limited production forest is to yield forest products, timber and non timber. In Bukit Basa Limited Production Forest, there has been a change of land use from forest land to a crop land. There has been conflict in this forest area. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of communities cutivating forest land and to suggest conflict resolution of this forest area. The data were collected by field observation, and interview. The accidental sampling technique was used to select 42 respondents. Legal approaches were used to find solutions to the tenurial conflict. The results showed that land use of Bukit Basa Limited Production Forest, in 2017 was entirely crop land. All of this forest areas have been illegaly occupied by people. The average land area of occupied by a household was 1.24 ha. The people acquired their land by buying (4.76%), renting (21.43%), clearing the forest (42.86%), and inheriting (30.95%). The dependence of this community on the forest area was quite high. Only 38.10% of them had agricultural land outside the forest area; 61.9% depended on the land in the forest area. The contribution of farmers' incomes from agricultural business in forest land was 77.22% of their total income. The legalization of the use of limited production forests as crop lands must be enforced through policy schemes of community-based forest management, such as community forests, village forests, community plantations forest, or partnerships.
Baduy community is a Sundanese ethnic isolating themselves around Kendeng Mountains, South Banten. They occupy an area about 5101.8 hectares of land in which the property rights were granted from the government. The people strictly adhere to their customary rules and norms. The increase of population has resulted in changes in social and cultural aspect of this community. Hence, this study aimed to investigate social and cultural dynamics of Baduy community in managing its forests and environments. The technique of Partisipatory Rural Apraisal surveys were employed in the study. Data were collected by conducting participating observations and open in-depth interviews in the Kanekes Village, Leuwidamar, Lebak, Banten. The results showed that there have been some dynamic changes in terms of social and cultural of the community in managing their forests and environment. These changes were believed to be initiated by the decrease of availability of cultivated areas due to the population growth. The Baduy community started adjusting their ways of life in order to survive. Customary rules (pikukuh karuhun) which were originally applicable to all people have been shifting. The evidence was clear from the obvious differences in the life of the people of Baduy-Luar and Baduy-Dalam. There has been, for example, an alteration in the peopleâ??s status in the society. It was all community members that have to obey the pikukuh karuhun rules. However, currently Baduy-Luar community has also been helping to maintain the persistence of Baduy-Dalamâ??s pikukuh karuhun. Basic rules that must be followed by Baduyâ??s people include farming procedures and post-productions, the treatment to the forest and environment, and the implementation of the Sunda Wiwitan pillars. These customary rules were absolutely compulsory for the Baduy-Dalamâ??s people. However, there are some exceptions for Baduy-Luar community members, particularly in relations to fulfilling their daily life necessities. Some socio-cultural changes in the life of Baduyâ??s people include dress codes, the use of manufactured goods, land preparation methods, variety of cultivated crops and plantations, the use of transportation means, and the design of residential buildings.
This research is aimed at knowing environmental carrying capacity of Enggano Island, knowing suitability value of land for various activities. Method used is survey method explore environment. The environment carrying capacity is calculated based on comparison between natural resources owned and people need according to established standard, parameter, and indicator. Suitability of land for various needs is based on established criterion and standard. Recently, development in Enggano Island is still under its environmental carrying capacity, both form ecologic and economic aspects. Along with population growth, need of space and natural resource will increase so that it is necessary to determine threshold of environmental carrying capacity. The Enggano Island are suitable to be developed for coastal tourism, nautical tourism, catching fishery, agricultural and plantation, settlement and conservation area. The main problem in development and improvement in Enggano island is fresh water availability that is only derived from rainfall and vegetation cover. Therefore, forest existence as manager and protector of soil water management has to be absolutely exixt and appropriate with it?s location, wide and quality.
Study of Land Suitability for Protected Area Selection in Konak Forest Protection, Kepahiang Regency, BengkuluThe study aims to determine land suitability of the area into a forest protection by using field physical factors i.e. rainfall intensity, soil type, slope, and altitude. The research is conducted in Konak Forest Protection, Kepahiang, Bengkulu. Basic method used in this research was survey, with sampling and measurement in the field. The results shows the average value of forest protected areas: slope is 0-8% with value of 20, the type of land is podsolic (sensitive to erosion) with value of 60, and rainfall intensity is under 13.6 mm per day, with value of 10, and altitude is 500 meters above sea level. The total value of the factors is 90, far below the standard value of the protected forest which should be more than 174. This means that utilization for other functions, such as recreation area, city garden or land cultivation, will be more appropriate and useful than if only defined as forests protection.