Ratna Setyaningrum
Lambung Mangkurat University

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FAKTOR PENYEBAB PENYAKIT AKIBAT KERJA PADA PEKERJA LAS Husaini, Husaini; Setyaningrum, Ratna; Saputra, Maman
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 13, No 1: MARET 2017
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.55 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v13i1.1583

Abstract

Pengelasan merupakan tempat kerja yang berisiko tinggi menimbulkan gangguan kesehatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan Penyakit Akibat Kerja (PAK) pada pekerja las di Jalan A.Yani, Kota Banjarbaru. Desain penelitian adalah observasional analitik menggunakan metode cross sectional. Jumlah sampel berdasarkan quota sampling sebanyak 30 orang. Hasil menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan antara usia (p=0,513), masa kerja (p=0,729), lama kerja (p=0,337) terhadap PAK. Namun, adahubungan pengetahuan (p=0,046) dan penggunaan APD (p=0,000) terhadap PAK. Secara simultan usia, masa kerja, lama kerja, tingkat pengetahuan, dan penggunaan APD tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian PAK pada pekerja las. Secara parsial tingkat pengetahuan dan penggunaan APD hubungan parsial yang signifikan terhadap penyakit akibat kerja pada pekerja las. Tukang las yang memiliki tingkat pengetahuan yang kurang berisiko 5,442 kali lebih besar dibanding yang memiliki tingkat pengetahuan baik. Tukang las yang tidak menggunakan minimal empat APD utama berisiko 1,000 kali lebih besar dibanding yang menggunakan minimal empat APD utama. Tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara usia, masa kerja, dan lama kerja dengan penyakit akibat kerja. Ada hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan dan penggunaan APD terhadap penyakit akibat kerja.
KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA TB PARU PENGGUNA OBAT ANTI TUBERKULOSIS (OAT) DI INDONESIA Zubaidah, Tien; Setyaningrum, Ratna
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstrak Tuberkulosis (TB) Paru merupakan penyakit infeksi kronik dan menular yang erat kaitannya dengan keadaan lingkungan dan perilaku  masyarakat.  Upaya penurunan TB Paru di Indonesia telah dimulai sejak tahun 1969, namun sampai sekarang perkembangan penanggulangan  TB Paru belummenunjukkanhasilyangmenggembirakan.Ketidakpatuhan penderita dalam pengobatan TB Paru membuat bakteri TB  Paru menjadi resisten pada tubuh. Pengawasan selama proses pengobatan yang berlangsung tidak dapat terlaksana dengan baik oleh keluarga maupun penderita sendiri. Tujuan umum yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini adalah menganalisis faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap penggunaan OAT pada penderita TB Paru di Indonesia ditinjau dari karakteristik individu (umur, jenis kelamin dan tingkat pendidikan) dan status pekerjaan. Jenis penelitianstudi non-intervensi dan desain penelitian potong lintang (cross sectional). Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 33 (tiga puluh tiga) provinsi di Indonesia. Hasil uji regresi logistik menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara jenis kelamin, umur, tingkat pendidikan, dengan penggunaan OAT. Variabel status pekerjaan penderita TB Paru tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap penggunaan OAT (p=0,454). Kata-kata Kunci : Karakteristik Penderita TB Paru, Penggunaan Obat Anti Tuberkulosis Abstract                Pulmonary tuberculosis is a chronic infectious and contagious disease that is closely related to the environment and peoples behavior. Pulmonary tuberculosis reduction efforts in Indonesia have started since 1969, but until now the development of pulmonary tuberculosis prevention have not shown encouraging results. Non-compliance in the treatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis make Pulmonary tuberculosis bacteria become resistant to the body. Supervision during the treatment process which takes place can not be implemented properly by the family and the patient himself. The general objective to be achieved in this research was to analyze the factors that influence the use of anti-tuberculosis drugs in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Indonesia in terms of individual characteristics (age, gender and level of education) and job status.The study of non-intervention studies and cross-sectional study design (cross-sectional). This study was conducted on 33 (thirty-three) provinces in Indonesia. The results of logistic regression test showed a significant relationship between sex, age, education level with the use of anti-tuberculosis drugs. Job status variables pulmonary tuberculosis patients did not significantly affect the use of anti-tuberculosis drugs (p = 0.454). Factors that influence the use of anti-tuberculosis drugs in patients with Pulmonary in Indonesia that the characteristics of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (gender, age, level of education) are an influential factor in this study and statistically significant. Keywords: The Characteristics of Patients With Pulmonary Tuberculosis, The use Anti-Tuberculosis Medicine
PENGENDALIAN SEKTOR INFORMAL PADA LAMA PAJANAN KEBISINGAN DENGAN GANGGUAN FUNGSI PENDENGARAN PADA NELAYAN IKATAN NELAYAN SAIJAAN (INSAN) KECAMATAN PULAU LAUT UTARA KOTABARU Sholihah, Qomariyatus; Setyaningrum, Ratna; Saputra, M.Trisetya Hadi
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Desember 2014
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

Insan Fishermen most of whole day catch the fish with a ship engine that make a high intensity noise. Based on the beginning of the measurement results found that ship engine noise levelsreach 113 dB. The fishermen work in these conditions 6 to 12 hours a day for an average of more than 5 years. It is very potential to cause hearing loss among fishermen. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation of length of noise exposure to ward hearing function disorder among Insan fisherman Pulau Laut Utara District Kotabaru. This study uses observational analytic with cross-sectional approach. This study population are fishermen who are members of the Association of Saijaan Fishermen and sampled by random sampling as many as 36 people to look at the table Krejcie (alpha= 5%). The research instruments used in this study are the blank sheet, sound level meter, and a 512 Hz tuning fork. Based on Chi Square test statistics obtained that p-value is 0.002, it means that p-value is less than alpha (0.05) so that Ho is rejected. It can be concluded that there is significant correlation between length of noise exposure to ward hearing function disorder on Insan fishermen.  Keywords:        noise, length of noise exposure, turning fork, hearing function disorder, fishermen
PENGARUH USIA, PENDIDIKAN DAN JAMINAN SOSIAL TERHADAP KEPUASAN KERJA KARYAWAN BAGIAN OPERATOR DI PT. CAKRAWALA PUTRA BERSAMA Zein P, Dicky Rezki; Setyaningrum, Ratna; Lenie, Lenie
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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AbstrakKaryawan merupakan aset perusahaan yang sangat berharga yang harus dikelola dengan baik oleh perusahaan, salah satu hal yang harus menjadi perhatian utama perusahaan adalah kepuasan kerja karyawannya. Karyawan yang tidak merasakan kenyamanan, kurang dihargai, tidak bisa mengembangkan segala potensi yang dimiliki, maka secara otomatis karyawan tidak dapat fokus dan berkonsentrasi secara penuh terhadap pekerjaannya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh usia, pendidikan dan jaminan sosial terhadap kepuasan kerja karyawan bagian operator PT. Cakrawala Putra Bersama. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Populasi penelitian sebanyak 117 orang, dan besar sampel diambil dengan metode purposive sampling sebanyak 40 orang. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner. Variabel bebas usia, pendidikan dan jaminan sosial, sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah kepuasan kerja. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian karyawan bagian operator di PT. Cakrawala Putra Bersama diketahui sebanyak 19 orang (70,4%) berusia lebih dari 40 tahun, 18 orang (85,7%) berpendidikan tinggi dan 18 orang (78,3%) menganggap jaminan sosial dari perusahaan telah baik. Hasil uji statistik dengan menggunakan uji Chi Square (α= 5 %) menunjukkan terdapat pengaruh usia terhadap kepuasan kerja (Pvalue= 0,013) terdapat pengaruh pendidikan terhadap kepuasan kerja (Pvalue= 0,001), terdapat pengaruh jaminan sosial (Pvalue= 0,002). Perlu dipertahankannya sistem pengorganisasian kerja yang sudah ada diantaranya sistem jaminan sosial yang telah berlaku sebagai upaya mempertahankan kepuasan kerja yang sudah tinggi.Kata-kata kunci: usia, pendidikan, jaminan sosial, kepuasan kerja, karyawan operator AbstractEmployees are highly valuable corporate asset that should be managed by the company, one of the things that should be a major concern of the company is employee job satisfaction. Employees who do not feel comfortable, less appreciate cannot develop all its potential, it is automatically the employee is not able to focus and concentrate fully on the job. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of age, education and social insurance to job satisfaction of operator employees in PT. Cakrawala Putra Bersama. This is an observational analytic study with cross-sectional approach. The study population as many as 117 people, and a large sample was taken by purposive sampling method as many as 40 people. The research instrument using a questionnaire. Independent variables are age, education and social insurance, while the dependent variable is job satisfaction. Based on the results of research employees of the operator PT. Cakrawala Putra Bersama known to as many as 19 people (70.4%) aged over 40 years, 18 (85.7%) of highly educated and 18 (78.3%) consider the social insurance of the company has been good. Results of statistical test by using Chi Square test (α = 5%) show that there is influence of age to job satisfaction (Pvalue= 0,013), there is influence education to job satisfaction (Pvalue = 0.001), there is influence of social insurance to job satisfaction (Pvalue = 0.002). It is necessary to maintain a system of organizing the existing work including social insurance systems that have been implemented in order to maintain the already high job satisfaction.Keywords: age, education, social security, job satisfaction, operator employee
FAKTOR RISIKO PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS GUNTUNG PAYUNG KOTA BANJARBARU (TINJAUAN TERHADAP FAKTOR MANUSIA, LINGKUNGAN, DAN KEBERADAAN JENTIK) Fakhriadi, Rudi; Yulidasari, Fahrini; Setyaningrum, Ratna
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstrak Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) merupakan salah satu penyakit menular yang menjadi masalah kesehatan di dunia. Tahun 2009 di kota Banjarbaru terdapat 130 kasus Penderita Demam Berdarah dengan penderita meninggal dunia terbanyak di Kecamatan Guntung Payung sebanyak 7 orang. Faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian penyakit DBD antara lain host, lingkungan, dan keberadaan jentik. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui faktor risiko DBD berdasarkan perilaku keluarga yaitu pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan tentang pemberantasan sarang nyamuk (PSN), faktor lingkungan (dinding rumah, keberadaan sumur gali dan kepadatan hunian) serta keberadaan larva Aedes aegypti (Container Index) di wilayah Puskesmas Guntung Payung. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan rancangan penelitian case control yang. Sampel penelitian dengan teknik purposive sampling adalah 50 orang dengan 25 orang kontrol dan 25 orang kasus.Berdasarkan uji odd ratio dengan derajat kepercayaan 95% pengetahuan (OR=7,944), sikap (OR=7,875), dan tindakan (OR=14,636) tentang PSN merupakan faktor risiko kejadian DBD. dinding rumah yang rapat (OR = 11,296), ketersediaan sumur gali (OR = 1,263), dan kepadatan hunian (OR = 6,682) merupakan faktor risiko kejadian DBD. Container Index merupakan faktor risiko kejadian DBD (OR = 8,143). Disimpulkan bahwa faktor manusia, lingkungan, dan keberadaan jentik merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya penyakit DBD di wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Guntung Payung kota Banjarbaru. Kata-katakunci:DBD, PSN, container index Abstract Dengue fever is one of the world health problem for communicablediseases. Banjarbaru City has recorded 130 cases with 7 death casualties in GuntungPayungsubdistrict at year 2009. Dengue Fever was affected by several causes including host, environment and wiggler existence. The Main Purpose for this research is to discover risk factor based on family behavior like basic knowledge, attitude and action to exterminate mosquito breed place (PSN), surrounding environment (tight house wall, conventional well and housing density) and existence of larva AedesAegypti (Container Index) around GuntungPayung Community Health Center. This research used Obsevational Analytic method with Case Control for Research Design. Purposive Sampling technique from 50 people including 25 people for Control and 25 people for Case in Research Sampling. According to Odd Ratio test using trust-degree for 95% knowledge (OR=7,944), attitude (R=7,875) and action (OR=14,636) about PSN were accumulated to Dengue Fever risk factors. Tight house wall (OR = 8,143), availability of conventional well (OR = 1,263) and housing density (OR = 6,682) were accumulated to Dengue Fever risk factors. Container Index (OR = 8,143) were accumulated to Dengue Fever risk factor. Being said that Human, Environtment and Wigler existence were considered the risk factors for Dengue Fever at GuntungPayung Community Center in Banjarbaru City.Keywords:DBD, PSN, container index 
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI PADA BIDAN SAAT MELAKUKAN PERTOLONGAN PERSALINAN NORMAL Studi Observasional Analitik pada Bidan Praktik Swasta di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Selatan Nurhayati, Shofia Adibah; Setyaningrum, Ratna; Fadillah, Noor Ahda
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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AbstrakAlat pelindung diri merupakan komponen dari kewaspadaan standar dan juga merupakan metode pencegahan dan pengendalian infeksi yang harus rutin dilaksanakan terhadap semua pasien dan di semua fasilitas pelayanan kesehatan. Berdasarkan observasi pendahuluan yang dilakukan pada 10 bidan praktik swasta diketahui bahwa pada 10 bidan praktik swasta tersebut tidak menggunakan alat pelindung diri secara lengkap pada saat melakukan pertolongan persalinan normal. Dari 10 bidan praktik swasta hanya 5 orang yang menggunakan masker, kacamata/pengaman mata dan alat pelindung kaki/sepatu tertutup pada saat melakukan pertolongan persalinan normal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan penggunaan alat pelindung diri bidan praktik swasta pada saat pertolongan persalinan normal di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Selatan. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan observasional analitik melalui pendekatan cross-sectional. Jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 30 orang diambil menggunakan teknik sampling jenuh/total sampling. Hasil penelitian dengan uji fisher exact (α=0,05) menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan dan ketersediaan APD dengan penggunaan APD dengan p-value masing-masing sebesar 0,003 dan 0,0001, namun tidak terdapat hubungan antara sikap dengan penggunaan APD (p-value=0,102). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan dan ketersediaan APD dengan penggunaan APD pada bidan praktik swasta.Kata-kata kunci: pengetahuan, sikap, ketersediaan APD, penggunaan APD, bidan AbstractPersonal protective equipment as a component of standard precautions and a method of prevention and infection control should be routinely performed on all patients and in all health care facilities. Based on preliminary observations made on 10 private midwife note show that on 10 privately practicing midwives are not using personal protective equipment in full at the time of normal delivery assistance. Of the 10 privately practicing midwives only 5 people using masks, goggles / eye safety and protective gear feet / shoes closed at the time of normal delivery assistance. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the use of personal protective equipment privately practicing midwives during normal delivery assistance in Hulu Sungai Selatan regency. This is an observational analytic study with cross-sectional approach. The total sample in this study as many as 30 people were taken using sampling techniques saturated / total sampling. Based on analytic test using fisher exact (α = 0.05), shows that there is a significant relationship between knowledge and the availability of PPE with the use of PPE with p-value respectively of 0,003 and 0,0001, but there is no relationship between attitudes to the use of PPE (p-value = 0.102). It can be concluded that there is a relationship between knowledge and the availability of PPE with the use of PPE in private practice midwives.Keywords: knowledge, attitudes, availability of APD, use of PPE, midwives
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK DAN PENGETAHUAN PERAWAT DENGAN SIKAP MENDUKUNG PENERAPAN PROGRAM KESELAMATAN PASIEN DI RSUD BANJARBARU Wulandari, Nanda; Setyaningrum, Ratna; Musafaah, Musafaah
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Desember 2014
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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Background: The mortality rate of patients in hospitals need attention related to nursing care which refers to the concept of patient safety.Objective: To investigate the relations between knowledge and attitude characteristics of nurses with supporting the implementation of patient safety programs in Banjarbaru Hospital. Methods: observational study with cross sectional approach. Using a sample of 24 nurses, from a population of 124 nurses. Results: Found a relation between the level of knowledge with an attitude to support the implementation of the program p = 0.000. There is a relation between the age of respondents with an attitude to support the implementation of the program p = 0.031. There is a relation between the period of employment of the respondents with an attitude to support the implementation of the program p = 0.000. There is a relation between training with an attitude to support the implementation of the program p = 0.000.Conclusion: Knowledge and nurse characteristics (age, years of service, and training) have a significant relation with the application of a good attitude about the program supports patient safety. Keywords: knowledge, characteristics, attitude, patient safety, Banjarbaru hospital
HUBUNGAN ANTARA USIA, JENIS KELAMIN, LAMA KERJA, PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN KETERSEDIAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI (APD) DENGAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN APD PADA TENAGA KESEHATAN Apriluana, Gladys; Khairiyati, Laily; Setyaningrum, Ratna
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 3, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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AbstrakPekerja Rumah Sakit mempunyai risiko lebih tinggi dibanding pekerja industri lain untuk terjadinya Penyakit Akibat Kerja dan Kecelakaan Akibat Kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan hubungan antara usia, jenis kelamin, lama kerja, pengetahuan, sikap dan ketersediaan alat pelindung diri (APD) dengan perilaku penggunaan APD pada tenaga kesehatan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan desain cross-sectional. Sampel berjumlah 125 responden yang ditentukan dengan rumus Isaac & Michael. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan uji Chi Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara usia, lama kerja, pengetahuan dan sikap (p-value < 0,05) dan tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara jenis kelamin dan ketersediaan APD (p-value > 0,05) dengan perilaku penggunaan APD pada tenaga kesehatan di RSUD Banjarbaru. Perlu penelitian lanjut untuk mengetahui perilaku ini di rumah sakit lain dengan jumlah sampel yang lebih banyak dan membandingkannya dengan beberapa rumah sakit lainnya serta variabel lain yang belum diteliti.Kata-kata kunci: perilaku, penggunaan APD, tenaga kesehatan AbstractHospital workers have a higher risk than other industries workers to Occupational Diseases and Accident. This study aims to clarify relationship between age, sex, length of work, knowledge, attitudesand availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) with the behavior of the use of PPE among health workers. This is an observational analytic study with cross-sectional design. The sample was 125 respondents determined by the Isaac & Michael’s formula. The research instrument used questionnaire. Data analysis using Chi Square test. The results showed a significant relationship between age, length of work, knowledge and attitude (p-value <0.05) and no significant relationship between sex and the availability of PPE (p-value> 0.05) with the behavior of the use of PPE among health workers in Banjarbaru Hospital. Further research to determine this behavior in another hospital with bigger samples and compare it with some other hospitals as well as other variables that have not been studied is needed.Keywords: behavior, the use of PPE, health workers
HUBUNGAN KONSENTRASI DEBU DENGAN SICK BUILDING SYNDROM (SBS) DI BRI CABANG PANGERAN SAMUDERA BANJARMASIN Jaini, Muhammad; Setyaningrum, Ratna; Fakhriadi, Rudi
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Desember 2014
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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SBS is phenomenons that sufferred when still working insides a closed work room and air-conditioned room for long time. SBS caused of some free radical. The free radical comes from ultraviolet light radiation, metabolism in body, radiation ion, cigarette smoke, and air with particulatet dust flies or particulatet matter. This study aimed to analyze correlation between dust concentration with SBS at branch BRI Pangeran Samudera Banjarmasin. This study using survey analytic with cross sectional method. The numbers of sample is 34 workers. Dust concentration on floor 3 for location I, II, and III is 15,53μg/Nm3, 2,82 μg/Nm3­,dan 24,01 μg/Nm3 and on floor 4 is 8,47μg/Nm3, 4,24 μg/Nm3­,dan 5,65μg/Nm .The responden with SBS is 3(8,82%) people. The result analysis with chi square test got p=0,227 (p>0,05). The concluding of this study shown no correlation between dust concentration with SBS                                                          Keyword: dust, SBS, Particulatet Matter
TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TENTANG CUCI TANGAN PAKAI SABUN (CTPS) PADA SISWA SDN BATUAH I DAN BATUAH III PAGATAN Setyaningrum, Ratna; Rofi’i, Achmad; Setyanti, Annisa
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2015): JURNAL BERKALA KESEHATAN
Publisher : Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v1i1.660

Abstract

                                                                 Abstract One indicator of healthy and clean life behaviour is hand washing with soap. Habits of  Indonesian community in hand washing with soap is still relatively low, the indication can be seen by the high prevalence of diarrheal disease. Hand washing with soap focus is school student as "Agent of Change". The aim of this study is to describe the level of knowledge and attitude about hand washing with soap among student in Batuah I and Batuah III Public Elementary School Pagatan. This is a descriptive study with cross-sectional design. The subject are student of class V in Batuah I and Batuah III Public Elementary School Pagatan as many as 60 students. The result show that the level of knowledge about hand washing with soap majority in good category as many as 86, 67% in Batuah I Public Elementary School and as many as 76.67% in Batuah III Public Elementary School Pagatan. The attitude of respondents about hand washing with soap majority in good category as many as 83.33% in Batuah I and Batuah III Public Elementary School Pagatan. Keywords: knowledge, attitude, hand washing with soap, elementary student