Articles

Found 40 Documents
Search

ANALISIS POTENSI BAHAYA DAN UPAYA PENGENDALIAN RISIKO BAHAYA PADA PEKERJA PEMECAH BATU Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Wahyuni, Ida; Jayanti, Siswi
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 9, No 1 (2010): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (154.903 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.9.1.27-32

Abstract

Risk Assessment is an activity that analyze a risk by determining the likelihood/ probability and severity ofconsequence / Consequences of a risk. This study is aimed to describe and assess the risk level in terms ofworker characteristics, equipment, materials, work processes and working environment of stone breakersworkers and making recommendations on hazard control efforts of workers.This was a descriptive qualitative research by conducting interviews on the workers and make observations onthe environment and work processes, and measuring the work environment. The study population was allworkers in the village of stone breaker Rowosari, Tembalang, Semarang with a sample of 41 people taken bysimple random sampling. Qualitative data analysis with content analysis using the form Hazard Identificationand Risk Assessment (HIRA).Results from this study is the level of risk of accidents at stone-breaking workers of each variable: thecharacteristics of workers with medium category, such as basket work tools, hammers, ganco and chairs with themedium category, with categories of stone material from the medium, such as the work process collecting,splitting, collecting and collating the stone with the medium category, and work environment with the mediumcategory. Workers are expected to wear the working tools such as carts and wearing personal protectiveequipment such as masks and gloves in order to reduce the risk of hazards during work.Keywords: risk assessment , stone breaking employees. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA)http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/mkmi/article/view/2906 
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU DAN RIWAYAT PENYAKIT DENGAN NILAI AMBANG DENGAR POLISI LALU LINTAS SUBUNIT PATWAL KOTA SEMARANG Sandyasti, Laksnita Kumara; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.446 KB)

Abstract

The increasing number of vehicles and the permanent number of streets resulted in increasing levels of traffic noise. Patwal traffic police has the main task to resolve the traffic jam. Patwal traffic policemen have hearing loss risk that indicated by the increase of the hearing threshold value. This study aims to analyze the relationship of age, work period, hobbies, history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and the degree of smoking to the hearing threshold value of Patwal traffic policemen in Semarang City. The type of research used is analytical with cross sectional method. The samples used in this study were 34 Patwal traffic policemen. The data were taken with audiometry test and questionnaire. Based on the analysis using Chi-Square test, it can be concluded that the variables related to hearing threshold value are working period (p = 0,004) and smoking degree (p = 0,026). While unrelated variables were age, hobby, history of diabetes mellitus, and history of hypertension. It can be concluded that work period and degree of smoking are related to hearing threshold value of Patwal traffic policemen of Semarang City.
POLIMORFISME GEN CYP1A1 SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO KANKER PARU PADA PEKERJA PELAPIS LOGAM Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Mutmainnah, Mutmainnah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Volume 14. No. 1. Tahun 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.692 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jkmi.v14i1.4789

Abstract

Latar Belakang:  Pekerja  pelapisan kromium memiliki risiko 2-80 kali lipat terkena kanker paru. Patogenesis kanker paru tidak lepas dari peranan gen yang berperan dalam metabolisme karsinogen Gen yang berperan dalam metabolisme karsinogen adalah CYP1A1. Polimorfisme gen CYP1A1 dapat menyebabkan kanker paru karena enzim tersebut merupakan enzim kunci dalam aktivasi prokarsinogen tembakau dan bahan-bahan kimia lain. Metode: Jenis penelitian explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel diambil secara purposif sebanyak 66 orang pada pekerja pelapis logam di kecamatan Talang kabupaten Tegal. Variabel independen yang diamati meliputi jenis pekerjaan, kebiasaan merokok dan umur sedangkan variabel dependennya adalah polimorfisme gen CYP1A1. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ditemukan 2 genotip polimorfisme m1 gen CYP1A1 pada tiap kelompok yaitu genotip homozigot varian (m1/m1) dan homozigot wild type (w1/w1). Selain itu juga ditemukan 2 genotip polimorfisme m2 gen CYP1A1 pada tiap kelompok  yaitu genotip homozygot varian (m2/m2) dan homo zygot wild type (w2/w2). Uji beda polimorfisme gen CYP1A1 m1 dan m2 ini menunjukkan hasil yang berbeda bermakna antara kelompok paparan kromium tanpa merokok dan kelompok paparan kromium dengan merokok. Kelompok dengan paparan kromium dan merokok lebih berisiko membawa alel varian dibandingkan alel wild tipe. Kesimpulan: Terdapat polimorfisme gen CYP1A1 pada pekerja pelapis logam yang terpapar kromium dan merokok. Individu dengan paparan kromium dan merokok berisiko memiliki genotip varian gen CYP1A1.
FAKTOR – FAKTOR DETERMINAN KEJADIAN NEEDLESTICK INJURY PADA PERAWAT BAGIAN RAWAT INAP RS X, KOTA SEMARANG Putranto, Tomas Jalu; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.541 KB)

Abstract

Needlestick Injury (NSI) as a wound caused by a needle that accidentally punctures the skin, it can be caused by needles such as hypodermic syringes, blood-taking needles, intravenous stylets, and connecting needles from the intravenous delivery system. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlations between age, sex, years of service, education level, perception of risk, safe working training and nonstandard action with the incidence of needlestick injury on inpatient nurses in X Hospital, Semarang City. The type of this study is a descriptive analytic research with a cross-sectional study model. The sample in this study are  72 nurses inpatient section of X Hospital, Semarang City. The research instrument uses a questionnaire that has been tested for validity to determine the age, sex, work period, level of education, and participation in training to work safely and measure risk perceptions and nonstandard actions. The results of this study found that 21 nurses (29.9%) experienced needlestick injury in the last year and showed a corelations between age (sig 0.015), years of service (sig 0.001), and nonstandard action (sig 0.001) with needlestick injury incidence. There was no correlations between sex (sig 0.552), education level (sig 1,000), risk perception (sig 0.625), and work safe training  (sig 0.271) with needlestick injury events. To prevent and reduce the incidence of needlestick injuries the hospital should review the SPO injection by paying more attention to needle recapping and the behavior of the use of safety boxes and reviewing the existing training system to make it more effective and efficient. The hospital should also improve data management regarding NSI to detect and suppress the needlestick injury incidence
INTERVENSI EDUKASI TERHADAP PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN PESTISIDA SECARA AMAN DAN SEHAT PADA PETANI DI BIMA INDONESIA Erwin, Erwin; Maher Denny, Hanifa; Setyaningsih, Yuliani
JST (Jurnal Sains Terapan) Vol 5, No 2 (2019): JST (Jurnal Sains Terapan)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Politeknik Negeri Balikpapan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32487/jst.v5i2.690

Abstract

It is estimated that millions of Indonesian people who are involved in agricultural works are suffered from pesticide poisoning due to unsafe and lack of healthy pesticides used in crops. To describe the knowledge, attitude, and practices on pesticides use among farmers in Bima before and after the intervention. Subsequently, this study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of education intervention in improving farmers? knowledge, attitudes, and practices on pesticide use. This study utilized a quasi-experimental research with pre- and post-test design. The intervention group were given an educational intervention using a pocketbook to explain about safe and healthy use of pesticides. Finally, the result of pre- and post-test on knowledge, attitude and practice on the use of pesticides were compared. A significant result was found that there was a significant difference before and after receiving an educational intervention on safe and healthy use of pesticides among farmers in Bima, Indonesia (p-value: 0.000; ?: 0.005).Keywords: Farmers? occupational health, pesticides, health and safety at work, agricultural health promotionABSTRAKSetiap hari ribuan petani dan para pekerja di sektor pertanian di Indonesia teracuni pestisida dan setiap tahun diperkirakan jutaan orang yang terlibat di pertanian menderita keracunan akibat pestisida, karena perilaku penggunaan pestisida tidak aman dan tidak sehat. Tujuan: Untuk menganalisa aspek pengetahuan, sikap, dan praktik penggunaan pestisida bagi para petani di Bima sebelum dan setelah dilakukan intervensi edukasi penggunaan pestisida aman dan sehat. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi-experiment dengan rancangan pre- dan post test untuk menguji perbedaan sebelum dan sesudah menerima edukasi penggunaan pestisida secara aman dan sehat pada petani di Bima. Perbandingan skor pre- dan post-test atau sebelum dan sesudah diberikan edukasi penggunakan pestisida secara aman dan sehat, pada kelompok petani yang menjadi subyek penelitian berbeda secara signifikan dengan p value: 0.000 pada ?: 0.005. Skor pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku penggunaan pestisida secara aman dan sehat sesudah pemberian edukasi lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan skor sebelum diberikan edukasi.Kata kunci: Kesehatan Kerja Petani, pestisida, bekerja secara aman dan sehat, promosi kesehatan di pertanian
TINGKAT STRES KERJA PERAWAT DI RSUD BIMA NUSA TENGGARA BARAT SEBELUM DAN SETELAH SAFETY MORNING TALK Kartika Syarif, Rita; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Zen Rahfiludin, Mohammad
JST (Jurnal Sains Terapan) Vol 5, No 2 (2019): JST (Jurnal Sains Terapan)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Politeknik Negeri Balikpapan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32487/jst.v5i2.685

Abstract

Nurse work stress is an important issue in third world countries. Working with the pressure of a deadline, having an excessive workload is also a process that stimulates stress due to work. Special communication between the head of the room and the nursing nurse will be a conducive atmosphere to reduce work stress. One type of communication can be in the form of safety morning talk with the theme of work stress therapy with the help of a guidebook media. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of safety morning talk on the level of work stress on nurses in Bima Hospital before and after treatment, with the type of research that is the quasiexperiment design conducted in February - April 2019. The population in this study were nurses in the surgical treatment room and treatment room internal diseases which amounted to 35 respondents using total sampling techniques. The measuring instrument used is the Nurse Stress Scale questionnaire. The results of this study indicate that there is an effect of safety morning talk in reducing nurses' work stress in Bima Hospital (p value <0.05). Keywords :Safety Morning Talk , Job Stress , Nurse StressABSTRAKStres kerja perawat merupakan isu yang penting di negara-negara dunia ketiga.Bekerja  dengan  tekanan batas waktu, memiliki beban kerja yang berlebih juga merupakan proses yang merangsang  terjadinya  stres  akibat  kerja.  Komunikasi yang khusus yang dilakukan antara kepala ruangan dan perawat pelaksana akan menjadi suasana yang kondusif untuk mengurangi stres kerja. Salah satu jenis komunikasinya bisa dalam bentuksafety morning talk bertema terapi stres kerja dengan bantuan media buku panduan.Tujuan  penelitian  ini  untuk mengetahui  dampak safety morning talk terhadap tingkat  stres  kerja  pada  perawat Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Bima sebelum dan setelah perlakuan, dengan jenis penelitian yaitu rancangan quasi experiment yang dilakukan pada Pebruari ? April 2019. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah perawat pelaksana di ruang perawatan bedah dan ruang perawatan penyakit dalam Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Bima yang berjumlah 35 responden dengan menggunakan teknik total sampling. Alat ukur yang digunakan yaitu kuesioner Nurse Stress Scale disingkat NSS. Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan ada pengaruh safety morning talk dalam menurunkan stres kerja perawat RSUD Bima (nilai p < 0,05). Kata kunci :Safety Morning Talk, Stres Kerja, Stres Perawat
PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN KECELAKAAN KERJA SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH PENYULUHAN K3 PADA PERAJIN BATIK Hasanah, Maryam Uswatun; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 6, No. 2, Agustus 2011
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.232 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.6.2.146-151

Abstract

Worker in the informal batik sector provide potential health risk in their work, such as exposure by synthetic chemicals that used in the production process of batik and un ergonomic working posture. The purpose of this study was determine the difference in knowledge, attitude and practice of prevention of workplace accidents before and after safety induction. It was use pre - experiment research method with pre and post test design. The population of this studied was to batik craftsman with totally numbers 14 people and the sample was taken as many as total of the population. The data were processed by bivariate Wilcoxon test analysed with the significance p<0,05. From the Wilcoxon statistical test found difference of knowledge (p = 0.002), difference of attitude (p = 0.003), and difference of accident in prevention practice before and after safety induction (p = 0.002). The result of this study showed difference of knowledge, attitude, and practice in prevention workplace accident before and after safety induction the batik craftsman in Kampung Batik Semarang.
PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH CAIR INDUSTRI TEMPE DI DESA BANDUNGREJO –KECAMATAN MRANGGEN – KAB. DEMAK Joko, Tri; Sulistiyani, Sulistiyani; Setyaningsih, Yuliani
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2003): APRIL 2003
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10503.322 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.2.1.32 - 38

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background : Problems  which often appear in small industrial environment especially from the central industry of tempe is lack of awareness of society in management of the environment It is associated with the limited fund to build waste water facility and also its operating expenses. The Central Industry of tempe in Bandungrejo District of Mranggen at this time. The amount of  is 26 home industries of tempe product are marketed to the region of Demak and its surroundings, amount to and also to region part of east town of Semarang. For the efficacy of product of tempe,  waste also generate problem especially related to contamination of ground water, decrease quality of wells, dig water  as the source of clean. Method : To overcome the mentioned hence, it requires a cheap waste water treatment system design, easy to operate and also with  economized  energy. Result : As conclusion of this research is that source of waste water of tempe industry comes from washing process, poaching of seed process, soaking and resolving of soy husk and seed process, debit/capacities waste water of tempe mean equal to 1,27 m3/day/industry, waste water characteristic of tempe Industry  has the character of organic with comparison of BOD/COD = 0,4 - 0,5, the proposed of IPAL design is by using batch system through anaerobic system with usage of PVC pipe media of wasp den at biofilter process. Suggested from results of this research are the importance of giving knowledge to society of central industry of tempe about tere impacts  to the  environment by activity making of tempe and also the importance of forming and stabilization of organization management of industrial waste water so that reaching of continuity of operation and maintenance of WWTP (Waste Water Treatment Plan).   Key words : anaerobic biofilter, industrial  waste water of tempe
FAKTOR RISIKO BAHAYA TEMPAT KERJA DAN LINGKUNGAN RUMAH TERHADAP KESEHATAN HOME-BASED WORKER DI KOTA SEMARANG Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita; Sulistiyani, Sulistiyani; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 17, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.595 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.17.1.52-58

Abstract

Latar belakang: Pekerja rumahan (home-based worker) adalah fenomena yang sering ditemui di kaya dan miskin Mereka biasanya bekerja di rumah dalam kondisi yang tidak menguntungkan baik dari aktivitas pekerjaan dan lingkungan rumahnya tanpa perlindungan kesehatan dan keselamatan kerja seperti pekerja sector formal pada umumnya termasuk kondisi lingkungan rumah yang buruk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat risiko bahaya tempat kerja dan lingkungan rumah terhadap kesehatan home-based worker di Kota Semarang.Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian observasional dengan menggunakan desain cross sectional, yang dilakukan di 6 kecamatan di Kota Semarang. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 275 pekerja yang dipilih dengan metode Snowball Sampling. Analisis data dengan mengunakan chi-square.Hasil: Kondisi lingkungan rumah yang buruk, seperti ventilasi 118 (42,9%), lantai 141 (51,3%) dan langit-langit rumah 209 (76%). Potensi bahaya fisik yang ditemukan dari aktivitas dan lingkungan kerja home-based worker adalah getaran dan radiasi, sedangkan bahaya kimia yang ada adalah debu. Gangguan kesehatan yang banyak timbul adalah pusing dan sakit kepala 139 (50,5%) pekerja, kesemutan 165 (60%) pekerja, sakit pada tulang dan otot 166 (60,4%) pekerja serta batuk dan sesak nafas 61 (27,2%) pekerja. Kondisi lingkungan rumah pekerja yang signifikan terhadap timbulnya gangguan kesehatan adalah kondisi lantai terhadap timbulnya batuk dan sesak nafas (p-value=0,0001) dan kondisi ventilasi rumah terhadap pusing dan sakit kepala (p-value=0,016).Simpulan: Risiko bahaya pada home-based worker di Kota Semarang timbul dari kondisi lingkungan rumah seperti kondisi lantai rumah buruk terhadap timbulnya batuk dan sesak nafas dengan risiko 2,46 kali lebih besar dan kondisi ventilasi rumah yang buruk terhadap timbulnya pusing dan sakit kepala dengan risiko 1,35 kali lebih besar. ABSTRACTTitle: Risk Factors Workplace and Home Environment Hazards to Home-based Worker Health in SemarangBackground: Home-based workers is a common phenomenon in almost all countries. They usually work at home in unfavorable conditions both from their occupational activities and home environment without health and safety protection such as formal sector workers in general, including poor home environment conditions. This study aims to look at the risk of workplace and environmental hazards home to home-based health worker in Semarang.Methods: The study was an observational using cross-sectional design, which was conducted in 6 districts in Semarang. The sample of research is 275 workers selected by Snowball Sampling method. Data were analyzed using chi-square. The research variables are workplace hazard and home environment condition as independent variable and health problem as dependent variable, as measured by interviews and observations.Results: Poor home environment conditions, such as ventilation 118 (42.9%), floor 141 (51.3%) and 209 (76%) house ceiling. The potential physical hazards found in the activity and work environment of the home-based worker are vibration and radiation, while the chemical dangers are dust. The most common health problems were dizziness and headache 139 (50.5%) workers, tingling 165 (60%) workers, bone and muscle pain 166 (60.4%) workers and cough and breathlessness 61 (27.2 %) of workers. Worker's significant environmental condition for the occurrence of health problems is the condition of the floor to the occurrence of cough and shortness of breath (p-value = 0.0001) and the condition of home ventilation to dizziness and headache (p-value = 0,016).Conclusion: Risk factors in home-based worker in Semarang arise from the condition of the home environment. Unsafe home floor conditions contribute 2.46 times greater risk for coughing and shortness of breath. Home ventilation conditions were <10% of the floor area contribute 1.35 times greater risk for dizziness and headache.
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN FAKTOR EKSOGEN DAN ENDOGEN TERHADAP KEJADIAN DERMATITIS AKIBAT KERJA PADA PEKERJA PENYAMAKAN KULIT PT. ADI SATRIA ABADI PIYUNGAN, BANTUL Rahma, Gresi Amarita; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Occupational dermatitis is skin disorders caused by contact with certain substances in the workplace. There are exogenous factors and endogenous factors which affects occupational dermatitis. PT. Adi Satria Abadi is an industry of leather tanning that requires dozens of chemicals in every process. This research aims to analyze the relationship of exogenous factors (working period, number of chemical type, mechanical factors) and endogenous factors (age, personal hygiene, personal protective equipment) with occupational dermatitis at PT. Adi Satria Abadi. The research is conducted analytically with cross sectional approach and explanatory research. The sample involved in this research is total population of wet production are 48 workers. The independent variable data was collected by questionnaire by respondent and occupational dermatitis data based on doctor medical check up. According to the result of research using Chi-Square test showed that the related variables with occupational dermatitis were number of chemical type (p-value = 0,001), mechanical factors (p-value = 0,001), personal hygiene (p-value = 0,001), and the type of work section (p-value = 0,001). While unrelated variables with occupational dermatitis were working period, age, and personal protective equipment.