Kiston Simanihuruk
Loka Penelitian Kambing Potong Sei Putih P.O. Box 1, Galang 20585

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Utilization of Passion fruit hulls (Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis Deg) as component of complete feed for growing Kacang goats Simanihuruk, Kiston
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (143.113 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i1.361

Abstract

Processing of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis Deg) to produce passion fruit juice produce passion fruit hulls that is potential for feedstuff. Twenty male kacang goats (average initial body weight 17±1.24 kg) were used in an experiment to study the effect of utilization of passion fruit hulls as feed component in the complete pellet ration on their growth. The experiment was arranged in completely randomized design consisting of 4 diets and 5 replications. Animal were randomly allocated into 4 diets (0, 15, 30, 45% level of passion fruit hulls). Each diet contained 14% crude protein and 2550 Kcal kg-1 metabolism energy. The ration was offered at 3.8% of body weight based on dry matter. The result of the experiment showed that all variables observed were not affected by level of passion fruit hulls (P>0.05). Average daily gain and feed efficiency tended to decrease with the increase level of passion fruit hulls. The highest dry matter, organic matter and N intake (768,78 g h-1 d-1; 687,37 g h-1 d-1 and 17,22 g h-1 d-1 respectively) were found from R1 treatment (15% level of passion fruit hulls). It was concluded that passion fruit hulls can be used till 45% level in the diet of Kacang goat. Key Words: Passion Fruit, Complete Pellet Ration, Kacang Goat
Pineapple waste-silages as basal feed for growing Boer X Kacang cross goats Ginting, Simon P; Krisnan, Rantan; Simanihuruk, Kiston
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.149 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i3.485

Abstract

The study was aimed: 1) to evaluate the effects of using different additives on the quality of pineapple waste-silage (SLN), and 2) to investigate the responses of goats fed with PAS as a basal feed. Pineapple processing wastes include skins and the pulp left after cannery wastes are pressed to extract the juice. Six additive treatments were used in the processing of pressed pineapple wastes, namely 1) urea (5% DM), 2) Urea (2% DM) and cassava meal (3% DM), 3) molasses (5% DM), 4) urea (2.5% DM) and molasses (2.5% DM), 5) fermented-juice lactic acid bacteria (5% DM), and 6) without additives. Fermentation periode were set at 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 days. The best SLN obtained from those treatments was then used in feeding trials. Twenty male Boer x Kacang crosses with an initial body weight averaging 13.2 ± 1.9 kg were used in this experiment. The animals were allocated to one of the following feed treatments, in DM: A) Grasses (75%) + SLN (25%), B) SLN (75%) + Concentrates (25%), C) SLN (50%) +Concentrate (50%), and D) SLN (25%) + Concentrates (75%). Using molasses as additive material at 5% and 15 days of fermentation period gave the best chemical and physical characteristics of the SLN. Its crude fiber content decreased and it showed the lowest pH (4.7) The silage showed temperature at 280C, and its taste was sour, and no fungi contamination. The DM and OM intakes and DM, OM and N digestibility were not different (P>0.05) between the animals fed 75% Grass/25% CON and 75% SLN/25% CON. When the proportion of concentrates in the rations was increased, the feed intake and digestibility were increase significantly (P<0.05). ADG (71.3 vs 68.8 g) and feed efficiency (11.2 vs 13.4) was similar between the 75% Grass/25% CON and 75% SLN 25% CON groups. ADG increased significantly (P<0.05) when the proportion of concentrates in ration was increased to 50% (82.6 g) or to 75% (89.1 g). N retention was positive in all treatments, and it was increased significantly (P<0.05) as the proportion of concentrates in ration increased. It is concluded that pineapple wastes could be preserved to silages using molasses as additive material. Pineapple waste silage could be used as roughage to substitute grass in ration. When fed with the pineapple waste silage the responses of goats will increase as the proportion of concentrates in the ration increased. Key Words: Pineapple Wastes, Silages, Goats
The effect of passion fruit hulls level (Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis Deg) as Kacang goat feed component: I. Intake digestibility and nitrogen retention Simanihuruk, Kiston; Wiryawan, Komang G; Ginting, Simon P
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.742 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i2.513

Abstract

To study the effect of utilization of passion fruit hulls (Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis Deg) as feed component on consumption, digestion and nitrogen retention in kacang goats, a trial was conducted using 20 young kacang goats (average initial body weight 23.73±2.16 kg). The experiment was arranged in completely randomized design consisting of 4 diets and 5 replications. Animal were randomly allocated into 4 diets (0, 15, 30, 45% of passion fruit hulls). Each diet contains 2550 Kcal/kg metabolism energy and 14% crude protein. The feeding level was set at 3.8% of body weight based on dry matter. The results of the experiment showed that average dry matter intake, nutrient digestibility, and nitrogen retention were not affected by level of passion fruit hulls (P>0.05), although nutrient digestibility and nitrogen retention tended to decrease with the increasing level of passion fruit hulls. It was concluded that passion fruit hulls can be used till 45% level in the diet. Key Words: Passion Fruit, Consumption, Digestibility, Nitrogen Retention, Kacang Goat
POTENSI INDIGOFERA SP. SEBAGAI PAKAN KAMBING: PRODUKSI, NILAI NUTRISI DAN PALATABILITAS Sirait, Juniar; Simanihuruk, Kiston; Hutasoit, Rijanto
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 1 No 2
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2012.v01.i02.p06

Abstract

Indigofera sp. is a potential legume to use as goat feed. The aim of this research was to study morphology, nutritive value, and palatability of Indigofera sp. that planted on 0.4 ha area at 1x0.5m2 plant-spaced. The research has conducted in lowland-wet climate agro-ecosystem at Goat Research Institute in Sungai Putih, Deli Serdang, North Sumatra, Indonesia. The fresh legume Indigofera sp. which harvested at seven months age and Leucaena leucocephala were fed to goats at the same time on palatability study. Twelve Boerka-goats were used in this experiment with average body weight 11.86±1.5 kg. The animals were allocated randomly into individual cages. The study of Indigofera sp. palatability has conducted for two weeks by competition system using L. leucocephala as the comparative. Data of dry matter intake were analysed using t-test. The result of this experiment showed that Indigofera sp. had good growth with high production and nutritive value. Fresh and dry matter productions at first harvest were 52 and 11 t/ha, respectively. Leaves proportion (36.4%) was lower than stem (63.6%). Crude protein content of Indigofera sp. was quite high (24.17%) based on dry matter. The palatability of Indigofera sp. was relatively similar with L. leucocephala. There was no difference of dry matter intake between Indigofera sp. (187.38±29.69 g/h/d) and L. leucocephala (193.85±21.53g/h/d). It was concluded that Indigofera sp. was a-high production and nutritive value; potential for goat feed.
Pineapple waste-silages as basal feed for growing Boer X Kacang cross goats Ginting, Simon P; Krisnan, Rantan; Simanihuruk, Kiston
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 12, No 3 (2007): SEPTEMBER 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.149 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i3.485

Abstract

The study was aimed: 1) to evaluate the effects of using different additives on the quality of pineapple waste-silage (SLN), and 2) to investigate the responses of goats fed with PAS as a basal feed. Pineapple processing wastes include skins and the pulp left after cannery wastes are pressed to extract the juice. Six additive treatments were used in the processing of pressed pineapple wastes, namely 1) urea (5% DM), 2) Urea (2% DM) and cassava meal (3% DM), 3) molasses (5% DM), 4) urea (2.5% DM) and molasses (2.5% DM), 5) fermented-juice lactic acid bacteria (5% DM), and 6) without additives. Fermentation periode were set at 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 days. The best SLN obtained from those treatments was then used in feeding trials. Twenty male Boer x Kacang crosses with an initial body weight averaging 13.2 ± 1.9 kg were used in this experiment. The animals were allocated to one of the following feed treatments, in DM: A) Grasses (75%) + SLN (25%), B) SLN (75%) + Concentrates (25%), C) SLN (50%) +Concentrate (50%), and D) SLN (25%) + Concentrates (75%). Using molasses as additive material at 5% and 15 days of fermentation period gave the best chemical and physical characteristics of the SLN. Its crude fiber content decreased and it showed the lowest pH (4.7) The silage showed temperature at 280C, and its taste was sour, and no fungi contamination. The DM and OM intakes and DM, OM and N digestibility were not different (P>0.05) between the animals fed 75% Grass/25% CON and 75% SLN/25% CON. When the proportion of concentrates in the rations was increased, the feed intake and digestibility were increase significantly (P<0.05). ADG (71.3 vs 68.8 g) and feed efficiency (11.2 vs 13.4) was similar between the 75% Grass/25% CON and 75% SLN 25% CON groups. ADG increased significantly (P<0.05) when the proportion of concentrates in ration was increased to 50% (82.6 g) or to 75% (89.1 g). N retention was positive in all treatments, and it was increased significantly (P<0.05) as the proportion of concentrates in ration increased. It is concluded that pineapple wastes could be preserved to silages using molasses as additive material. Pineapple waste silage could be used as roughage to substitute grass in ration. When fed with the pineapple waste silage the responses of goats will increase as the proportion of concentrates in the ration increased. Key Words: Pineapple Wastes, Silages, Goats
The effect of passion fruit hulls level (Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis Deg) as Kacang goat feed component: I. Intake digestibility and nitrogen retention Simanihuruk, Kiston; Wiryawan, Komang G; Ginting, Simon P
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 11, No 2 (2006): JUNE 2006
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.742 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i2.513

Abstract

To study the effect of utilization of passion fruit hulls (Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis Deg) as feed component on consumption, digestion and nitrogen retention in kacang goats, a trial was conducted using 20 young kacang goats (average initial body weight 23.73±2.16 kg). The experiment was arranged in completely randomized design consisting of 4 diets and 5 replications. Animal were randomly allocated into 4 diets (0, 15, 30, 45% of passion fruit hulls). Each diet contains 2550 Kcal/kg metabolism energy and 14% crude protein. The feeding level was set at 3.8% of body weight based on dry matter. The results of the experiment showed that average dry matter intake, nutrient digestibility, and nitrogen retention were not affected by level of passion fruit hulls (P>0.05), although nutrient digestibility and nitrogen retention tended to decrease with the increasing level of passion fruit hulls. It was concluded that passion fruit hulls can be used till 45% level in the diet. Key Words: Passion Fruit, Consumption, Digestibility, Nitrogen Retention, Kacang Goat
Utilization of Passion fruit hulls (Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis Deg) as component of complete feed for growing Kacang goats Simanihuruk, Kiston
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 14, No 1 (2009): MARCH 2009
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (143.113 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i1.361

Abstract

Processing of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims f. edulis Deg) to produce passion fruit juice produce passion fruit hulls that is potential for feedstuff. Twenty male kacang goats (average initial body weight 17±1.24 kg) were used in an experiment to study the effect of utilization of passion fruit hulls as feed component in the complete pellet ration on their growth. The experiment was arranged in completely randomized design consisting of 4 diets and 5 replications. Animal were randomly allocated into 4 diets (0, 15, 30, 45% level of passion fruit hulls). Each diet contained 14% crude protein and 2550 Kcal kg-1 metabolism energy. The ration was offered at 3.8% of body weight based on dry matter. The result of the experiment showed that all variables observed were not affected by level of passion fruit hulls (P>0.05). Average daily gain and feed efficiency tended to decrease with the increase level of passion fruit hulls. The highest dry matter, organic matter and N intake (768,78 g h-1 d-1; 687,37 g h-1 d-1 and 17,22 g h-1 d-1 respectively) were found from R1 treatment (15% level of passion fruit hulls). It was concluded that passion fruit hulls can be used till 45% level in the diet of Kacang goat. Key Words: Passion Fruit, Complete Pellet Ration, Kacang Goat
Supplementation of inorganic and organic zinc mixtures in feed of Boerka goats fed by oil palm fronds Ginting, Simon P.; ., Antonius; Simanihuruk, Kiston
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.034 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i2.1798

Abstract

Zinc is an element of many enzymes and hormones having very important physiological functions in the body so that it influences the production and reproduction of animals including the activity of the rumen microflora in degrading fiber in a diet. The aim of this study was to improve the performances of goats offered oil palm fronds based diets through the supplementation of 35 ppm of Zn in the form of inorganic (ZnO) and organic zinc (Zn-methionine). Thirty mature male crossing Boer x Kacang (Boerka) goats were divided into five groups and randomly allocated to one of the five feed treatments as follows: P1: complete feed based on the palm oil fronds (Control), P2: P1 + 35 ppm Zn (100% Zn0), P3: P1 + 35 ppm Zn (75% Zn0 + 25% Zn-methionine), P4: P1 + 35 ppm Zn (50% Zn0 + 50% Zn-methionine), P5: P1 + 35 ppm Zn (25% Zn0 + 75% Zn-methionine). The experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design of six replications. Increasing the proportion of Zn methionine in the mixtures elevated feed consumption, and the highest feed intake was observed in goats received 75% Zn-methionine/25% ZnO. Daily body weight gains was only affected (P&lt;0.05) by the 75% Zn-methionine/25% ZnO supplement. The concentration of Zn in the blood increased significantly (P&lt;0.05) when Zn methionine was added and it increased steadily as the proportion of Zn methionine greater in the mixtures, but the VFA compositions of the rumen were not affected (P&gt;0.05) by Zn supplementation. It is concluded that the performances of goat fed complete diets based on the oil palm fronds could be improved by supplementation of inorganic and organic Zn mixture.
PENGGUNAAN SILASE BIOMASSA TANAMAN UBI KAYU (KULIT UMBI, BATANG, DAN DAUN) SEBAGAI PAKAN KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWAH (PE) Simanihuruk, Kiston; Sirait, Juniar; Syawal, Muhammad
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 2 No 2
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2013.v02.i02.p06

Abstract

Cassava biomass (bark tubers, stems and leaves) is quite potential and need to be explored as feed component for goats. The research was carried out to determine the effect of cassava biomass silage as feed supplementation for growth of male Etawah crossbred post weaning. The experiment was using a completely randomized design (CRD) for 30 (thirty) male Etawah crossbreds post weaning (11-14 kg live weight). Technology of silage biomass cassava plant used 12% additives molasses. The feed treatment consists of: P0 = without giving silage biomass cassava plant, P1=750g/head/day of cassava biomass silage, and P2=1000 g/head/day of cassava biomass silage. These cassava silages were given to Etawah crossbred in the morning. The result showed that the chemical and physical characteristics of cassava silage biomass plant which was using 12% of molasses additives could be categorized significant. Statistical analysis showed that feeding silage crop cassava gave significant effect (P&lt;0.05) to growth of male Etawah crossbred post weaning. The highest average growth was P2 = 53.71g/head /day. It can be concluded that silage technology could increase the period of saving cassava biomass and improved growth of countryside goats.