Saifuddin Sirajuddin
Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Hasanuddin

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PENENTUAN MASA KADALUARSA PRODUK BUBUR BEKATUL INSTAN DENGAN METODE ACCELARATED SHELF LIFE TEST Utami, Noor Mansurya; Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; Najamuddin, Ulfah
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 10, No 3: SEPTEMBER 2014
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.998 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v10i3.497

Abstract

Salah satu produk olahan bekatul adalah bubur bekatul instan. Secara alamiah produk pangan akan mengalami penurunan mutu seiring dengan bertambahnya waktu sehingga ada batas waktu, yakni suatu produk menjadi tidak diterima (masa kadaluarsa). Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui masa kadaluarsa dengan metode Accelarated Shelf Life Test (ASLT) berdasarkan pendekatan Arrhenius pada produk bubur bekatul instan. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian experiment dengan desain post test only control design. Pada penelitian ini, ada dua formula produk bubur bekatul instan. Formula I terbuat dari bekatul saja, Formula II terbuat dari bekatul ditambahkan tepung maizena, bubuk kayu manis dan susu bubuk low fat. Kedua Formula ini disimpan pada suhu 25 C, 35C dan 45C selama 14 hari untuk perhitungan Kadar FFA. Untuk Kadar Air dan Total Mikroba Kedua Formula ini disimpan pada suhu 25C dan 35 C selama 14 hari.  Penelitian dilakukan  pada dua tahap, yaitu pembuatan formula bubur bekatul instan dan analisis kadar air, total mikroba dan kadar FFA pada tiap formula produk bubur bekatul instan. Analisis data dilakukan dengan metode regresi linear mengikuti model Arrhenius. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa masa simpan paling lama pada suhu ruang masa simpan Formula I selama 316 hari dan Formula II selama 327 hari.
Kejadian Anemia pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; Masni, Masni
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 9 No. 3 Februari 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.803 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i3.574

Abstract

Anemia gizi besi masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat dengan prevalensi pada anak 5 - 12 tahun sebesar 29% di Indonesia dan di Kota Makassar sebesar 37,6%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor determinan (status kecacingan, status seng, kebiasaan sarapan pagi, pola konsumsi makanan sumber heme dan nonheme, pola konsumsi sumber makanan pelancar dan penghambat zat besi) terhadap kejadian anemia. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah potong lintang yang dilaksanakan pada bulan April – Juni 2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain potong lintang yang dilaksanakan pada siswa kelas 3 - 5 SD Negeri Cambaya Kecamatan Ujung Tanah Kota Makassar. Sampel sebanyak 120 siswa yang dipilih secara acak sederhana. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat dengan uji kai kuadrat dan multivariat dengan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor determinan kejadian anemia adalah status kecacingan (nilai p = 0,007), kebiasaan sarapan pagi (nilai p = 0,002), pola konsumsi makanan sumber heme (nilai p = 0,004), dan pola konsumsi sumber makanan penghambat zat besi (nilai p = 0,016). Hasil analisis multivariat menunjukkan bahwa pola konsumsi makanan sumber heme (OR = 5,09 dan 95% CI = 1,98 – 13,08) dan pola konsumsi sumber makanan penghambat zat besi (OR = 4,53 dan 95% CI = 1,65 – 12,43) adalah determinan utama kejadian anemia gizi.  Anemia Incidence among Elementary School StudentsIron deficiacy anemia has been a public health problem with prevalence on 5 - 12 year old children worth 29% in Indonesia and 37.6% in Makassar. This study aimed to determine the determinant factors (worm status, zinc status, breakfast habit, consumption pattern of heme and nonheme source of food, consumption pattern of iron enhancer and inhibitor food) toward anemia incidence. The study used cross sectional design conducted in April - June 2014. The population was third to fifth grade students of Cambaya State Elementary School at Ujung Tanah District , Makassar City. Sample of 120 students were selected randomly. Data was analyzed using univariate, bivariate with chi-square test, and multivariate with logistic regression test. The results showed that the determinant factors of anemia incidence were wormy status (p value = 0.007), breakfast habits (p value = 0.002), consumption pattern of heme and non-heme source of food (p value = 0.004), and consumption pattern of iron enhancer and inhibitor (p value = 0.016). Multivariate analysis result showed that consumption pattern of heme (OR = 5.09 and 95% CI = 1.98 - 13.08) and consumption pattern of iron enhancer and inhibitor food (OR = 4.53 and 95% CI = 1. 65 - 12.43) was a major determinant of nutritional anemia. 
THE EFFECT OF EDUCATION LACTATION ON BREASTFEEDING BEHAVIOR INFANT 0-6 MONTHS IN KENDARI INDONESIA miaty, Nur; Arsin, A. Arsunan; Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; Syafar, Muh
Public Health of Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2016): April - June 2016
Publisher : Public Health of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (360.367 KB)

Abstract

Background: Provision of breast milk (ASI) is important because it lowers the risk of morbidity and mortality in infants. Breast milk is the ideal food for a babys growth and development from birth to age 6 months. Thus, the appropriate interventions to improve the behavior of exclusive breastfeeding is really needed.Aim: To determine the effect of education lactation on behavior breastfeeding for infants 0-6 months.Methods: This was Quasy Experiment study with pre-test and post-test design with control group. Samples mother (gestational age ≥28-32 weeks) were divided into 3 groups: 1) those who received education lactation and a modification module (n = 21), 2) a group that only received a modification module (n = 21) and 3) a group that only received the MCH book (n = 20). Data were collected using a questionnaire, the implementation of the pre-test before starting lactation education, the first post-test after the intervention with a lag time of 2 months and the second post-test after the intervention with a lag time of 3 months.Results: There had been an increase of knowledge and attitude scores in each group and the highest in the group 1. At the age of 0-3 months, there was a difference in breastfeeding in all groups. In the sixth month, there was a change in group 2, while group 3 had no change, but some mothers given partially breastfed and formula. The tendency of increasing age of the baby causes mothers to give formula milk, but in group 1, majority of women still gave exclusive breastfeeding until the baby 6 months old. It was shown that there was an influence of  lactation education on behavior of breastfeeding infants 0-6 months.Conclusion: Education lactation can improve  knowledge, attitudes and behavior of mother to give breastfeeding up to 6 months.
PENGARUH EKSTRAK TEMPE TERHADAP MEKANISME DAN LAJU PERUBAHAN ß-KAROTEN DALAM SAUS CABE Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; ., Masni
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

THE EFFECT OF TEMPE EXTRACT ON THE MECHANISM AND RATE OF CHANGES OF β-CAROTEN IN CHILI SAUCEChili sauce has the potential to be used as a vehicle for vitamin A fortification in the form of β-carotene, since it can be added to various foods. However, we need information about the resistanceof β-carotene in chili sauce during processing and storage. The objectives of this study are: toidentify the degradation patterns of β-carotene in chili sauce which contains tempe extract in variousconcentration during processing and storage in room temperature, and to identify the mathematicsmodel of β-carotene degradation. This study consists of three steps: preparing tempe extract usingtempe inoculum; preparing chili sauce; and analysis of changes of β-carotene in chili sauce duringprocessing and storage.The results of this study are: the tempe produced rendement extract of 14,18% with 3-hydroxianthranilic acid concentration of 33,5 mg/100 grams dried tempe; tempe extract was able toinhibit the changes of β-carotene in chili sauce caused by heating and storage in room temperature;β-carotene changes in chili sauce during storage in room temperature with and without tempe extractare following the null reaction order; mathematics model of β-carotene changes in chili sauce duringroom temperature storage can be used to determine β-carotene concentrations in storage timeintervals through kinetic reaction analysis.Keywords: chili sauce, tempe extract, β-carotene, fortification
PENGARUH EKSTRAK TEMPE TERHADAP MEKANISME DAN LAJU PERUBAHAN ß-KAROTEN DALAM SAUS CABE Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; ., Masni
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

THE EFFECT OF TEMPE EXTRACT ON THE MECHANISM AND RATE OF CHANGES OF β-CAROTEN IN CHILI SAUCEChili sauce has the potential to be used as a vehicle for vitamin A fortification in the form of β-carotene, since it can be added to various foods. However, we need information about the resistanceof β-carotene in chili sauce during processing and storage. The objectives of this study are: toidentify the degradation patterns of β-carotene in chili sauce which contains tempe extract in variousconcentration during processing and storage in room temperature, and to identify the mathematicsmodel of β-carotene degradation. This study consists of three steps: preparing tempe extract usingtempe inoculum; preparing chili sauce; and analysis of changes of β-carotene in chili sauce duringprocessing and storage.The results of this study are: the tempe produced rendement extract of 14,18% with 3-hydroxianthranilic acid concentration of 33,5 mg/100 grams dried tempe; tempe extract was able toinhibit the changes of β-carotene in chili sauce caused by heating and storage in room temperature;β-carotene changes in chili sauce during storage in room temperature with and without tempe extractare following the null reaction order; mathematics model of β-carotene changes in chili sauce duringroom temperature storage can be used to determine β-carotene concentrations in storage timeintervals through kinetic reaction analysis.Keywords: chili sauce, tempe extract, β-carotene, fortification
Peningkatan praktek gizi seimbang dan PHBS Pada murid sekolah dasar Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; Masni, Masni; Najamuddin, Ulfa
Media Gizi Pangan Vol 25, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (141.819 KB) | DOI: 10.32382/mgp.v25i2.988

Abstract

Short and thin nutritional problems faced by students in Cambaya Elementary School in Makassar City are still high at 39.4% and 23.1% respectively. Breakfast habits that are very low at only 22.1% have the potential to cause stunted growth and development of the child's brain, which has implications for the decrease in intelligence of the child. This research aims to improve the knowledge, motivation, and skills of parents and teachers about balanced nutrition of school children and improving students' practice and motivation in a clean and healthy environment. The research uses quasi-experimental methods with pre and post test designs. The population in this study were 50th grade students of the Makassar Cambayya state primary school. Implementation of activities in the form of lectures, discussions, balanced nutrition practices and PHBS. Knowledge, motivation, skills about balanced nutrition and PHBS were measured using a questionnaire. Assessment is carried out before and shortly after giving counseling and a week after giving counseling. The results of this service are based on the Wilcoxon test. It is known that there is a significant increase in knowledge before and shortly after giving counseling p = 0.039 (p <0.05) and a decrease in knowledge a week after counseling p = 0.011 (p <0.05). Suggestions that can be given to the school should be active in conveying information about PHBS to school children.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SUSU BEKATUL TERHADAP KONSENTRASI KOLESTEROL DAN TRIGLISERIDAPADA TIKUS PUTIH WISTAR DIABETES Khatimah, Husnul; Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; Zainal, Zainal
Poltekita: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 12, No 02 (2018)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.23 KB) | DOI: 10.33860/jik.v12i02.101

Abstract

ABSTRACT In diabetics there is usually an increase in free fatty acids in the blood and increases the concentration of cholecerols and triglycerides, this condition is called diabetes dyshidemia. This study aimed to find out at the effect of bran milk treatment on the changes of the concetration of cholesterol and triglycerides in diabetetic white wistar rats. Conducted on May 15 until 15 August 2018. Experimental research pre-post test with control design. Subjects of twenty wistar white rats were made diabetic by injecting alloxan 140mg / kg. After being declared diabetic, the rats were divided into four groups, namely group 1 (negative control), group 2 (positive control), group 3 (bran milk 0.54g / 200 gr) and group 4 (bran milk 1.08g / 200gr). The intervention was given for fourteen days. The data analysis used the paired T-test to test the subject before and afterthe treatment and the One-Way ANOVA test was used to test the difference between the groups. The research results indicated that  the treatment with bran milk there were no significant differences in cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in the four groups. But when viewed from changes before and after the intervention showed that group 4 (bran milk 1.08g / 200gr) decreased cholesterol concentration and in group 3 (bran milk 0.54g / 200gr) a decrease in triglycerides was better than group 1 (control negative) and group 2 (positive control). It was concluded that the administration of bran milk can reduce the concentration of cholesterol and triglycerides in wistar diabetic white rats.Keywords : Bran milk, Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Rats, Diabetic
Kejadian Anemia pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; Masni, Masni
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 9 No. 3 Februari 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.803 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i3.574

Abstract

Anemia gizi besi masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat dengan prevalensi pada anak 5 - 12 tahun sebesar 29% di Indonesia dan di Kota Makassar sebesar 37,6%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor determinan (status kecacingan, status seng, kebiasaan sarapan pagi, pola konsumsi makanan sumber heme dan nonheme, pola konsumsi sumber makanan pelancar dan penghambat zat besi) terhadap kejadian anemia. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah potong lintang yang dilaksanakan pada bulan April ? Juni 2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain potong lintang yang dilaksanakan pada siswa kelas 3 - 5 SD Negeri Cambaya Kecamatan Ujung Tanah Kota Makassar. Sampel sebanyak 120 siswa yang dipilih secara acak sederhana. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat dengan uji kai kuadrat dan multivariat dengan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor determinan kejadian anemia adalah status kecacingan (nilai p = 0,007), kebiasaan sarapan pagi (nilai p = 0,002), pola konsumsi makanan sumber heme (nilai p = 0,004), dan pola konsumsi sumber makanan penghambat zat besi (nilai p = 0,016). Hasil analisis multivariat menunjukkan bahwa pola konsumsi makanan sumber heme (OR = 5,09 dan 95% CI = 1,98 ? 13,08) dan pola konsumsi sumber makanan penghambat zat besi (OR = 4,53 dan 95% CI = 1,65 ? 12,43) adalah determinan utama kejadian anemia gizi.  Anemia Incidence among Elementary School StudentsIron deficiacy anemia has been a public health problem with prevalence on 5 - 12 year old children worth 29% in Indonesia and 37.6% in Makassar. This study aimed to determine the determinant factors (worm status, zinc status, breakfast habit, consumption pattern of heme and nonheme source of food, consumption pattern of iron enhancer and inhibitor food) toward anemia incidence. The study used cross sectional design conducted in April - June 2014. The population was third to fifth grade students of Cambaya State Elementary School at Ujung Tanah District , Makassar City. Sample of 120 students were selected randomly. Data was analyzed using univariate, bivariate with chi-square test, and multivariate with logistic regression test. The results showed that the determinant factors of anemia incidence were wormy status (p value = 0.007), breakfast habits (p value = 0.002), consumption pattern of heme and non-heme source of food (p value = 0.004), and consumption pattern of iron enhancer and inhibitor (p value = 0.016). Multivariate analysis result showed that consumption pattern of heme (OR = 5.09 and 95% CI = 1.98 - 13.08) and consumption pattern of iron enhancer and inhibitor food (OR = 4.53 and 95% CI = 1. 65 - 12.43) was a major determinant of nutritional anemia. 
Determinan Pelaksanaan Inisiasi Menyusu Dini Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; Abdullah, Tahir; Lumula, Sutriyani N
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 8. No. 3 Oktober 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.034 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v8i3.350

Abstract

Inisiasi Menyusu Dini (IMD) adalah salah satu program Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, yang memberikan rangsangan awal dimulai pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) secara dini, dan diharapkan berkelanjutan selama enam bulan pertama. Kegagalan IMD dan pemberian ASI eksklusif pada periode tersebut, berpotensi menimbulkan defisiensi zat gizi pada bayi, serta memungkinkan terjadi status gizi kurang, yang berujung pada penurunan poin kecerdasan intelektual bayi, dan menjadi ancaman terhadap sumber daya manusia Indonesia peda masa mendatang. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh faktor determinan pendidikan, pengetahuan, sikap ibu, tindakan bidan dan dukungan keluarga) terhadap Pelaksanaan IMD. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah potong lintang, populasi adalah ibu yang bersalin di Puskesmas Tilamuta, Kabupaten Boalemo. Sampel sebanyak 215 orang ditentukan secara acak sederhana. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat dengan uji kai kuadrat dan analisis multivariat dengan regresi linier ganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat tiga variabel yang berkontribus meliputi dukungan keluarga, pendidikan, tindakan bidan (nilai p < 0,05). Variabel dukungan keluarga, pendidikan dan tindakan bidan adalah determinan penting, sedangkan variabel dukungan keluarga adalah determinan utama terhadap pelaksanaan IMD.Early Breastfeeding Initiation (IMD) is Indonesian?s Ministry of Health program, which is intended to provide early stimulation start of breastfeeding, and expected to sustained during the first six months (exclusive breastfeeding). IMD failure and exclusive breastfeeding during this period, potentially causing nutrient deficiency in infants, and allow the malnutrition status, which led to the decline of infant IQ points, and a threat to Indonesia?s human resource in the future. This study aims to determine the determinant factors (education, knowledge, attitude mother, midwife, and family support measures) of implementation of IMD. The study design was cross sectional study, population was mothers who delivered at health centers Tilamuta, Boalemo district. Sample as many as 215 drawn by simple random sampling. Data analysis was performed using univariate, bivariate by chi square test and multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regression. The results of the study showed that there were a relation between education, knowledge, mother attitude, midwife action, and family support with the implementation of IMD (p value < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that vari- able family support, education, and midwife action contribute to the implementation of the IMD (p value < 0.05), and family support give the highest contribution. Family support, education and midwife action are an important determinant, whereas family support is the main determinants of the implementation of IMD.