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KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH HINDIA BELANDA TERHADAP PENDIDIKAN KAUM BANGSAWAN DI INDONESIA ( 1900-1920) Siregar, Erwin
JURNAL EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 3 No 1 (2016): Vol.3 No. 1 Nopember 2016
Publisher : Institut Pendidikan Tapanuli Selatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (894.037 KB)

Abstract

This research aims to know state of the implementation of the Dutch East Indies government ability in the field of education for the nobility Indonesia in 1900-1920. The method is the historical research methods. The collection data technique used documentation an literation study, while the analysis of the data used is analysis of qualitative data. The results showed that the Dutch East Indies Government’s education policy is given to the Indonesian people are preferred for the nobility Bumiputera. Dutch East Indies government policy of education for the nobility in Indonesia is in the form of the estabilishment of school institution. School that established by the Ducth Government for the nobility in Indonesia, among which: ELS.
Deformasi Slot Beberapa Produk Braket Stainless Steel Akibat Gaya Torque Pada Kawat Stainless Steel Zairina, Atika; Siregar, Erwin; Ismaniati, Nia Ayu
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (714.597 KB)

Abstract

Deformasi slot braket dapat mengurangi besar gaya torque  yang akan dihantarkan ke gigi dan jaringan pendukungnya. Beberapa braket stainless steel yang beredar dipasaran belum pernah diteliti kualitasnya dalam perawatan ortodonsi. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk membandingkan besar gaya torque akibat sudut puntir 30° 45°  kawat stainless steel dan deformasi slot permanen akibat gaya torque tersebut antara kelompok merk braket (3M, Biom, Versadent, Ormco dan Shinye). Penelitian dilakukan pada lima puluh braket stainless steel edgewise dari lima kelompok merk braket (n=10) di lem ke akrilik. Masing-masing braket dilakukan pengukuran tinggi slot dengan mikroskop stereoskopi lalu dipasang ke alat uji torque yang sudah dibuat untuk penelitian ini. Setelah dilakukan uji torque, braket di ukur kembali tinggi slotnya dan dibandingkan dengan pengukuran sebelumnya untuk mengetahui adanya deformasi slot. Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan perbedaan bermakna besar gaya torque pada sudut puntir 30° dan 45° antara Biom dan Shinye dengan Omrco. Gaya torque paling besar yaitu pada merk braket 3M (30°= 442,12 gmcm dan 45°= 567,99 gmcm), sedangkan yang terkecil adalah Biom (30°= 285,50 gmcm, 45°=361,38 gmcm). Perbedaan deformasi slot braket terjadi hampir pada semua kelompok merk braket. Deformasi slot braket hanya terjadi pada merk braket Biom (2,82 µm) dan Shinye (2,52 µm). Kesimpulan, salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi besar gaya torque dan terjadinya deformasi slot yaitu komposisi dan proses manufaktur dari braket stainless steel. Proses manufaktur yang tidak sesuai standar dapat menyebabkan kualitas braket yang buruk. Deformasi slot permanen dalam penelitian ini terjadi pada merek braket Biom dan Shinye.ABSTRACT: Slot Deformation of Various Stainless Steel Bracket Due to Torque Expression On The Wire. Bracket slot deformation can reduce the amount of torque that will be transmitted to teeth and supporting tissues. The quality of some stainless steel brackets in the market is still questionable for orthodontic treatments. This research aims to compare the amount of torque expression due to torsion angle of 30° and 45° at the stainless steel wire and bracket slot permanent deformation caused by the torque in each examined bracket brands (3M, Biom, Versadent, Ormco and Shinye). Fifty Stainless Steel Edgewise brackets from five different brands (n = 10) were attached onto an acrylic. Each bracket slot width was measured with a stereoscopic microscope and then mounted onto a torque apparatus that had been prepared for this study. Once the torque test was done, the width of bracket slot was re-measured to determine if there was a difference from initial bracket slot width at 45°. The results of ANOVA showed significant differences in the amount of torque at torsion angle of 30°and 45° between Biom and Shinye with Omrco. The 3M transmitted the highest load (30°= 442,12 gmcm and 45°= 567,99 gmcm), while the lowest was of Biom (300  = 285,50 gmcm and 450 = 361,38 gmcm). Differences in slot bracket deformation were found virtually in all groups of bracket brands. Deformation of bracket slots occurs only in Biom (2.82 µm) and Shinye (2.52 µm). From the observation, it is concluded that one of the major factors that affect torque and deformation of bracket slot is composition and manufacturing process of the stainless steel brackets. Manufacturing process that does not meet the standard can lead to a poor quality bracket. Permanent slot deformation in this study occurrs with Biom and Shinye bracket brands.
Deformasi Slot Beberapa Produk Braket Stainless Steel Akibat Gaya Torque Kawat Beta Titanium Huda, Marisa Mifta; Siregar, Erwin; Ismah, Nada
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (598.513 KB)

Abstract

Deformasi slot braket Stainless Steel akan mempengaruhi gaya yang diaplikasikan kepada gigi.Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui deformasi slot braket dari lima merek braket yaitu 3M, Biom, Versadent, Ormco dan Shinye akibat gaya torque kawat Beta Titanium 0.021x0.025 inci dengan sudut puntir 45° dan besar gaya torque dengan sudut puntir 30° dan 45°. Penelitian juga bertujuan untuk membandingkan deformasi dan besar gaya torque antara kelima merek braket. Penelitian dilakukan pada 50 braket Stainless Steel Edgewise dari lima kelompok merek braket (n=10) dilem ke akrilik. Masing-masing braket dilakukan dua tahapan pengukuran yaitu pengukuran deformasi braket dengan menghitung rerata tinggi slot braket dengan mikroskop stereoskopi sebelum dan sesudah uji torque dan pengukuran besar gaya torque dengan alat uji torque. Hasil analisa statistik menunjukkan terdapat deformasi slot braket pada kelima merek braket dengan deformasi permanen secara klinis pada braket Biom (2,79 µm) dan Shinye (2,29 µm). Besar gaya torque pada kelima braket dari yang paling besar yaitu 3M, Ormco, Versadent, Shinye dan Biom. Perbandingan deformasi slot braket dan besar gaya torque antara kelima braket adalah terdapat perbedaan deformasi slot braket antara kelima merek braket kecuali antara 3M dan Ormco dan Biom dan Shinye dan terdapat perbedaan besar gaya torque antara kelima braket dengan sudut puntir 30° (kecuali 3M dan Ormco) dan 45°. Kesimpulan, Komposisi logam dan proses pembuatan braket merupakan faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya deformasi slot braket dan besar gaya torque. Proses pembuatan dengan metode MIM dan komposisi logam AISI 303 dan 17-4PH menurunkan risiko deformasi.ABSTRACT: Slot Deformation in Various Stainless Steel Bracket Products due to The Torqueing Force of Beta Titanium Wire. Stainless Steel bracket slot deformation affects force applied to teeth. The research aims to determine slot deformation of five different bracket brands namely, 3M, Biom, Versadent, Ormco and Shinye due to torque of Beta Titanium wire 0.021 x 0.025 inch with torsional angle of 45° and the amount of torque with torsional angle of 30° and 45°. The research also attempts to compare the deformation and amount of torque among all five bracket brands. Fifity Stainless Steel Edgewise brackets from five bracket group brands (n=10) were attached on acrylic. Bracket slot measurement was carried out in two stages: firstly, deformation measurement by calculating average bracket slot height with stereoscopy microscope before and after application of torque; and secondly, measurement of torque with a torque measurement apparatus. Statistical analysis showed that there are slot deformations on the five bracket brands with clinical permanent deformation on Biom (2,79 µm) and Shinye (2,29 µm). The amount of torque on the five bracket brands from the highest is 3M, Ormco, Versadent, Shinye and Biom. From correlation assessment between bracket slot deformation and amount of torque in the five brands, a difference is found in the deformation in five brands except 3M, Ormco, Biom and Shinye. There is a difference in the amount of torque between the five brands with torsional angle of 30° (except 3M and Ormco) and 45°. It is concluded that metal compositions and manufacturing process are the factors that influence the occurrence of deformation bracket slot and the amount of torque. Manufacturing process using MIM and metal compositions of AISI 303 and 17-4 PH reduce the risk of deformation.
Efficacy of various topical agents to prevent enamel demineralization Hendrawan, Priska Lestari; Siregar, Erwin; Krisnawati, Krisnawati
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 44, No 3 (2011): (September 2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.532 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v44.i3.p141-144

Abstract

Background: Enamel demineralization is a common and undesirable side effect of fixed appliance orthodontic treatment. Many sudies showed that the prevalence varied between 2–96%. There are many ways to prevent demineralization and increased remineralization such as oral hygiene instruction and by topical application such as acidulated phosphate fluor (APF) casein phospo peptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP), casein phospo peptide-amorphous calcium phosphate plus (CPP-ACPF). Purpose: The purpose of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the efficacy of various topical agents to prevent enamel demineralization. Methods: Fourty extracted human premolars were allocated to 1 of 4 groups: 1.23% APF gel; 10% CPP-ACP paste; 10% CPP-ACPF paste; and untreated control. All samples were subjected to pH cycling treatment for 12 days through a daily procedure of demineralization solution with pH 4 for 6 hours and remineralization solution with pH 7 for 18 hours. Microhardness testing were done before and after pH cycling and the delta hardness values were determined. Results: APF, CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF application significantly prevent lowering of enamel microhardness value compared with untreated control group. Kruskal-Wallis, ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U, Tukey and Bonferroni Post-Hoc multiple comparison test showed significant difference between mean delta microhardness value of CPP-ACPF and CPP-ACP group with APF group, but there is no significant difference between mean delta microhardness value of CPP-ACPF and CPP-ACP group. Conclusion: APF, CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF prevent enamel demineralization. CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF prevent demineralization more than APF.Latar belakang: Demineralisasi email merupakan efek samping negatif yang sering dijumpai pada perawatan ortodontik cekat. Beberapa penelitian menyatakan bahwa prevalensinya bervariasi 2–96 persen. Ada beberapa cara untuk mencegah demineralisasi dan meningkatkan remineralisasi, misalnya dengan instruksi kebersihan mulut dan menggunakan bahan topical aplikasi seperti acidulated phosphate fluor (APF) casein phospo peptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP), casein phospo peptide-amorphous calcium phosphate plus (CPP-ACPF). Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian in vitro ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi efektivitas berbagai agen topikal untuk mencegah demineralisi email yang dilihat dengan uji kekerasan mikro permukaan email. Metode: emapat puluh gigi premolar yang sudah di ekstraksi dibagi dalam 4 kelompok: aplikasi gel 1,23% APF; aplikasi psta 10% CPP-ACP; aplikasi pasta 10% CPP-ACPF dan kelompok Kontrol. Semua sampel diberikan perlakuan siklus pH selama 12 hari yang terdiri dari perendaman dalam larutan demineralisasi dengan pH 4 selama 6 jan dilanjutkan dengan perendaman dalam larutan remineralisasi dengan pH 7 selama 18 jam. Uji kekerasan dilaku kan sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan serta diperoleh juga data delta kekerasan. Hasil: Semua aplikasi agen topikal tersebut dapat mencegah demineralisasi email secara signifikan dibandingkan kelompok kontrol. Kesimpulan: APF, CPP, ACP, dan CPD-ACPF mencegah demineralisasi enamel. CPP-ACP dan CPD-ACPF mencegah demineralisasi lebih baik dibanding APF.
Deformasi Slot Beberapa Produk Braket Stainless Steel Akibat Gaya Torque Kawat Beta Titanium Huda, Marisa Mifta; Siregar, Erwin; Ismah, Nada
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2013): August
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (598.513 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/majkedgiind.8340

Abstract

Deformasi slot braket Stainless Steel akan mempengaruhi gaya yang diaplikasikan kepada gigi.Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui deformasi slot braket dari lima merek braket yaitu 3M, Biom, Versadent, Ormco dan Shinye akibat gaya torque kawat Beta Titanium 0.021x0.025 inci dengan sudut puntir 45° dan besar gaya torque dengan sudut puntir 30° dan 45°. Penelitian juga bertujuan untuk membandingkan deformasi dan besar gaya torque antara kelima merek braket. Penelitian dilakukan pada 50 braket Stainless Steel Edgewise dari lima kelompok merek braket (n=10) dilem ke akrilik. Masing-masing braket dilakukan dua tahapan pengukuran yaitu pengukuran deformasi braket dengan menghitung rerata tinggi slot braket dengan mikroskop stereoskopi sebelum dan sesudah uji torque dan pengukuran besar gaya torque dengan alat uji torque. Hasil analisa statistik menunjukkan terdapat deformasi slot braket pada kelima merek braket dengan deformasi permanen secara klinis pada braket Biom (2,79 µm) dan Shinye (2,29 µm). Besar gaya torque pada kelima braket dari yang paling besar yaitu 3M, Ormco, Versadent, Shinye dan Biom. Perbandingan deformasi slot braket dan besar gaya torque antara kelima braket adalah terdapat perbedaan deformasi slot braket antara kelima merek braket kecuali antara 3M dan Ormco dan Biom dan Shinye dan terdapat perbedaan besar gaya torque antara kelima braket dengan sudut puntir 30° (kecuali 3M dan Ormco) dan 45°. Kesimpulan, Komposisi logam dan proses pembuatan braket merupakan faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya deformasi slot braket dan besar gaya torque. Proses pembuatan dengan metode MIM dan komposisi logam AISI 303 dan 17-4PH menurunkan risiko deformasi.Slot Deformation in Various Stainless Steel Bracket Products due to The Torqueing Force of Beta Titanium Wire. Stainless Steel bracket slot deformation affects force applied to teeth. The research aims to determine slot deformation of five different bracket brands namely, 3M, Biom, Versadent, Ormco and Shinye due to torque of Beta Titanium wire 0.021 x 0.025 inch with torsional angle of 45° and the amount of torque with torsional angle of 30° and 45°. The research also attempts to compare the deformation and amount of torque among all five bracket brands. Fifity Stainless Steel Edgewise brackets from five bracket group brands (n=10) were attached on acrylic. Bracket slot measurement was carried out in two stages: firstly, deformation measurement by calculating average bracket slot height with stereoscopy microscope before and after application of torque; and secondly, measurement of torque with a torque measurement apparatus. Statistical analysis showed that there are slot deformations on the five bracket brands with clinical permanent deformation on Biom (2,79 µm) and Shinye (2,29 µm). The amount of torque on the five bracket brands from the highest is 3M, Ormco, Versadent, Shinye and Biom. From correlation assessment between bracket slot deformation and amount of torque in the five brands, a difference is found in the deformation in five brands except 3M, Ormco, Biom and Shinye. There is a difference in the amount of torque between the five brands with torsional angle of 30° (except 3M and Ormco) and 45°. It is concluded that metal compositions and manufacturing process are the factors that influence the occurrence of deformation bracket slot and the amount of torque. Manufacturing process using MIM and metal compositions of AISI 303 and 17-4 PH reduce the risk of deformation.
Deformasi Slot Beberapa Produk Braket Stainless Steel Akibat Gaya Torque Pada Kawat Stainless Steel Zairina, Atika; Siregar, Erwin; Ismaniati, Nia Ayu
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2013): August
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (714.597 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/majkedgiind.8306

Abstract

Deformasi slot braket dapat mengurangi besar gaya torque  yang akan dihantarkan ke gigi dan jaringan pendukungnya. Beberapa braket stainless steel yang beredar dipasaran belum pernah diteliti kualitasnya dalam perawatan ortodonsi. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk membandingkan besar gaya torque akibat sudut puntir 30° 45°  kawat stainless steel dan deformasi slot permanen akibat gaya torque tersebut antara kelompok merk braket (3M, Biom, Versadent, Ormco dan Shinye). Penelitian dilakukan pada lima puluh braket stainless steel edgewise dari lima kelompok merk braket (n=10) di lem ke akrilik. Masing-masing braket dilakukan pengukuran tinggi slot dengan mikroskop stereoskopi lalu dipasang ke alat uji torque yang sudah dibuat untuk penelitian ini. Setelah dilakukan uji torque, braket di ukur kembali tinggi slotnya dan dibandingkan dengan pengukuran sebelumnya untuk mengetahui adanya deformasi slot. Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan perbedaan bermakna besar gaya torque pada sudut puntir 30° dan 45° antara Biom dan Shinye dengan Omrco. Gaya torque paling besar yaitu pada merk braket 3M (30°= 442,12 gmcm dan 45°= 567,99 gmcm), sedangkan yang terkecil adalah Biom (30°= 285,50 gmcm, 45°=361,38 gmcm). Perbedaan deformasi slot braket terjadi hampir pada semua kelompok merk braket. Deformasi slot braket hanya terjadi pada merk braket Biom (2,82 µm) dan Shinye (2,52 µm). Kesimpulan, salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi besar gaya torque dan terjadinya deformasi slot yaitu komposisi dan proses manufaktur dari braket stainless steel. Proses manufaktur yang tidak sesuai standar dapat menyebabkan kualitas braket yang buruk. Deformasi slot permanen dalam penelitian ini terjadi pada merek braket Biom dan Shinye.Slot Deformation of Various Stainless Steel Bracket Due to Torque Expression On The Wire. Bracket slot deformation can reduce the amount of torque that will be transmitted to teeth and supporting tissues. The quality of some stainless steel brackets in the market is still questionable for orthodontic treatments. This research aims to compare the amount of torque expression due to torsion angle of 30° and 45° at the stainless steel wire and bracket slot permanent deformation caused by the torque in each examined bracket brands (3M, Biom, Versadent, Ormco and Shinye). Fifty Stainless Steel Edgewise brackets from five different brands (n = 10) were attached onto an acrylic. Each bracket slot width was measured with a stereoscopic microscope and then mounted onto a torque apparatus that had been prepared for this study. Once the torque test was done, the width of bracket slot was re-measured to determine if there was a difference from initial bracket slot width at 45°. The results of ANOVA showed significant differences in the amount of torque at torsion angle of 30°and 45° between Biom and Shinye with Omrco. The 3M transmitted the highest load (30°= 442,12 gmcm and 45°= 567,99 gmcm), while the lowest was of Biom (300  = 285,50 gmcm and 450 = 361,38 gmcm). Differences in slot bracket deformation were found virtually in all groups of bracket brands. Deformation of bracket slots occurs only in Biom (2.82 µm) and Shinye (2.52 µm). From the observation, it is concluded that one of the major factors that affect torque and deformation of bracket slot is composition and manufacturing process of the stainless steel brackets. Manufacturing process that does not meet the standard can lead to a poor quality bracket. Permanent slot deformation in this study occurrs with Biom and Shinye bracket brands.
PENANAMAN NILAI-NILAI KEBANGSAAN PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI TAPANULI SELATAN SIREGAR, ERWIN
JURNAL EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1 No 1 (2016): Volume 1 No.1 Mei 2016
Publisher : Institut Pendidikan Tapanuli Selatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2647.448 KB)

Abstract

Nationalism is a belief held by most people in which they expressed a sense of nationhood as a feeling of belonging together within a nation. In the practice of everyday life of the students in the southern Tapanuli has not been able to demonstrate the values ​​of nationalism. Strengthening the sense of nationhood on the whole nation to be touching sense of justice in order to build a sense of togetherness that round. In realizing the actualization is that various gaps must be narrowed even abolished. For example in the areas of society the students do not understand that they all have to live in a society with people around without regard to the differences that exist in the field of state while the students should understand that they all have to abide by and adhere to the government and the state. This understanding is all they get from the material presented cottage teachers. So, in essence, needed a way to print the spirit of nationalism.
PENANAMAN NILAI-NILAI KEBANGSAAN PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI TAPANULI SELATAN SIREGAR, ERWIN
Jurnal Education and Development Vol 1 No 1 (2016): Volume 1 No.1 Mei 2016
Publisher : Institut Pendidikan Tapanuli Selatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2647.448 KB)

Abstract

Nationalism is a belief held by most people in which they expressed a sense of nationhood as a feeling of belonging together within a nation. In the practice of everyday life of the students in the southern Tapanuli has not been able to demonstrate the values ​​of nationalism. Strengthening the sense of nationhood on the whole nation to be touching sense of justice in order to build a sense of togetherness that round. In realizing the actualization is that various gaps must be narrowed even abolished. For example in the areas of society the students do not understand that they all have to live in a society with people around without regard to the differences that exist in the field of state while the students should understand that they all have to abide by and adhere to the government and the state. This understanding is all they get from the material presented cottage teachers. So, in essence, needed a way to print the spirit of nationalism.
SEJARAH DAN MOTIF BUDAYA MANDAILING NATAL Siregar, Erwin
Jurnal Education and Development Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Vol.6 No.3 Oktober 2018
Publisher : Institut Pendidikan Tapanuli Selatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (687.826 KB)

Abstract

Fenomena yang terjadi dalam dunia Motif Mandailing saat ini yang menarik untuk dibahas adalah mengenai jenis motif yang memiliki Ragam kekhasan khusus yang mengusung tema symbol budaya bersejarah di Mandailing. Keberadaan motif Mandailing   sudah ada sejak dulu, sebelum dan sesudah jaman penjajahan jepang, Kemudian Suatu  hal yang  lazim di Mandailing adalah bahwa di sekitar pusat-pusat kekuasaan kuno/tradisonal terdapat kampung-kampung yang memakai symbol-simbol budaya sesuai dengan daerah atau budaya penduduknya. Hal ini dapat dibuktikan pada masa lalu, Mandailing   pernah punya aktivitas sosial, artinya ada jejak historis yang bisa dipakai sebagai pijakan. Nama Mandailing di sekitar wilayah Sumatera Utara, Mandailing bisa dijadikan acuan    mengenai jejak historis itu. Uniknya  lagi  penciptaan  motif  Mandailing tersebut dibuat berdasarkan dengan kondisi psikologis perajin, yang tidak mewajibkan untuk membuat pola Motif Mandailing melainkan motif yang dibuat bebas. Bentuk-bentuk  motif    tradisional  tidak  menggambarkan  keadaan alam   nyata   yang   dapat   ditangkap   oleh   orang   awam.   Penggunaan   gambar cenderung pada penggunaan bentuk-bentuk alam menjadi simbul-simbul yang mempunyai  makna    tertentu  dan  erat  hubungannya  dengan  pandangan  hidup. Sistem simbol dan epistemologi tidak terpisahkan dari sistem sosial, baik itu stratifikasi, gaya hidup, sosialisasi, agama, mobilitas sosial, organisasi kenegaraan maupun seluruh perilaku sosial. Demikian juga budaya material yang berupa karya arsitektur atau interior, tidak dapat dilepaskan dari seluruh konfigurasi budaya. Sebuah sistem budaya tidak pernah berhenti.
KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH HINDIA BELANDA TERHADAP PENDIDIKAN KAUM BANGSAWAN DI INDONESIA ( 1900-1920) Siregar, Erwin
Jurnal Education and Development Vol 3 No 1 (2016): Vol.3 No. 1 Nopember 2016
Publisher : Institut Pendidikan Tapanuli Selatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (894.037 KB)

Abstract

This research aims to know state of the implementation of the Dutch East Indies government ability in the field of education for the nobility Indonesia in 1900-1920. The method is the historical research methods. The collection data technique used documentation an literation study, while the analysis of the data used is analysis of qualitative data. The results showed that the Dutch East Indies Government?s education policy is given to the Indonesian people are preferred for the nobility Bumiputera. Dutch East Indies government policy of education for the nobility in Indonesia is in the form of the estabilishment of school institution. School that established by the Ducth Government for the nobility in Indonesia, among which: ELS.