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Cytotoxicity of Tetrahydropentagamavunon-0 (THPGV)-0 and Tetrahydropentagamavunon-1 (THPGV-1) in Several Cancer Cell Lines Ikawati, Muthi; Purwanto, Heri; Imaniyyati, Niar Nurul; Afifah, Anis; Sagiyo, Marrita Langgeng; Yohanes, Jasson; Sismindari, Sismindari; Ritmaleni, Ritmaleni
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 4, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1198.508 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss4pp179

Abstract

Tetrahydropentagamavunon-0 (THPGV-0) and Tetrahydro-pentagamavunon-1 (THPGV-1), are analogs of a curcumin metabolite, tetrahydrocurcumin, and a derivate of Pentagama-vunon-0 (PGV-0) and Pentagamavunon-1 (PGV-1), respectively.  THPGV-0 and THPGV-1 have been successfully synthesized and are investigated for their anticancer potency.  Cytotoxic assays were performed toward several cancer cell lines to determine values of the IC50 against those cell lines. Assessing cytotoxicity in Vero normal cell line showed the selectivity of those compound.  THPGV-1 showed highest cytotoxic activity in lymphoma Raji cells, a suspension cell line, with an IC50 of 180mM.  Both THPGV-0 and THPGV-1 showed similar potencies in T47D breast cancer cell line with IC50 values of 250-270mM.  Regardless their high selectivity, however, cytotoxic activities of THPGV-0 and THPGV-1 were lower compared to PGV-0 and PGV-1 in HeLa cervical, T47D breast, and WiDr colon cancer cell lines.  Further study using different types of cancer cell lines and confirmation of cell viability by another assays and apoptosis detection may give more benefit. 
EFEK ANTI PROLIFERATIF EKSTRAK ETANOL KULIT BATANG TANAMAN CANGKRING (Erythrina fusca Lour) TERHADAP SEL MYELOMA Meiyanto, Edy; Sismindari, Sismindari; Triastuti, Asih
Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi Vol 1, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

ABSTRACTErythrina fusca Lour has been traditionally used to cure hepatosis, malaria, hematuria, andcancer. The bark of this plant contains  carotene, polifenol, thiamin, saponin, and alkaloiderythralin and erythramin. The aim of this research was to know the underlying mechanism of itseffect as antiproliferative against Myeloma cells. The bark powder was extracted using ethanol(70%) and was used for the experiment after freezed drying. Citotoxicity test of this extractperformed LC50 of 0,367 mg/ml. The rate of proliferation was observed by doubling time effectagainst proliferating cells. The cells were exposed with ethanolic extract in RPMI 1640 mediumcontaining 1) 0,25 mg/ml 2) 6,25x10-2mg/ml, and 3) 1,56x10-2mg/ml and every 0, 6, 12, 24, 48,and 72 hours cell were counted. The result showed that extract treated cells delayed proliferation atall concentration with doubling time dose 2) of 161, 38 hours, and dose 3) of 93,91 hours, whereasdoubling time of control cells were 69,86 hours. Ethidium bromide staining of extract treated cellsshowed apoptosis like profile. These results indicated that ethanolic extract of the bark of Erythrinafusca Lour has an antiproliverative effect on Myeloma cell line. Several mechanisms might accountfor this effect, like inhibiting cell cycle progression, signal transduction, causing delayed andapoptosisKeywords: Erythrina fusca Lour, atiproliferative, Myeloma
USFDA-GUIDELINE BASED VALIDATION OF TESTING METHOD FOR RIFAMPICIN IN INDONESIAN SERUM SPECIMEN Raharjo, Tri Joko; Wahyudi, Tri; Sismindari, Sismindari
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 10, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.574 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijc.21494

Abstract

Regarding a new regulation from Indonesia FDA (Badan POM-RI), all new non patent drugs should show bioequivalence with the originator drug prior to registration. Bioequivalence testing (BE-testing) has to be performed to the people that represented of population to which the drug to be administrated. BE testing need a valid bio-analytical method for certain drug target and group of population. This research report specific validation of bio-analysis of Rifampicin in Indonesian serum specimen in order to be used for BE testing. The extraction was performed using acetonitrile while the chromatographic separation was accomplished on a RP 18 column (250 × 4.6 mm i.d., 5 µm), with a mobile phase composed of KH2PO4 10 mM-Acetonitrile (40:60, v/v) and UV detection was set at 333 nm. The method shown specificity compared to blank serum specimen with retention time of rifampicin at 2.1 min. Lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 0.06 µg/mL with dynamic range up to 20 µg/mL (R>0.990). Precision of the method was very good with coefficient of variance (CV) 0.58; 7.40 and 5.56% for concentration at 0.06, 5, 15 µg/mL, respectively. Accuracies of the method were 3.22; 1.94; 1.90% for concentration 0.06, 5 and 15 µg/mL respectively. The average recoveries were 97.82, 95.50 and 97.31% for concentration of rifampicin 1, 5 and 5 µg/mL, respectively. The method was also shown reliable result on stability test on freezing-thawing, short-term and long-term stability as well as post preparation stability. Validation result shown that the method was ready to be used for Rifampicin BE testing with Indonesian subject.
AKTIVITAS KEMOPREVENSI EKSTRAK TEMU KUNCI (BOESENBERGIA PANDURATA) PADA KARSINOGENESIS KULIT MENCIT BALB/C TERINDUKSI RADIASI ULTRA VIOLET Listyawati, Shanti; Sismindari, Sismindari; Mubarika, Sofia; B. Murti, Yosi
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Seminar Nasional IX Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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Abstract

ABSTRAK   Temu kunci (B.pandurata) mengandung senyawa-senyawa yang berpotensi antikanker. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji efek kemoprevensi ekstrak etanolik rimpang temu kunci pada karsinogenesis kulit terinduksi ultra violet. Ekstraksi serbuk rimpang B. pandurata dilakukan dengan metode maserasi  menggunakan etanol. Hewan uji yang digunakan adalah mencit Balb/C betina umur 28 hari yang dicukur rambut punggungnya, dikelompokkan menjadi 5 kelompok perlakuan, yaitu kelompok kontrol dan empat  kelompok   perlakuan ekstrak etanolik temu kunci yang diberikan secara oral. Induksi karsinogenesis dengan paparan UV dosis 0,167 J/cm2/hari, sebanyak 60 paparan (5 kali paparan/minggu). Efek penghambatan karsinogenesis kulit  dipelajari pada tingkat insidensi dan multiplisitas kanker. Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak etanolik temu kunci mampu menurunkan angka insidensi dan multiplisitas kanker kulit pada mencit Balb/C terinduksi UV. Ekstrak tersebut berpotensi   dikembangkan sebagai agen kemoprevensi kanker.   Kata Kunci: Boesenbergia pandurata, kemoprevensi, karsinogenesis , ultra violet,
Polyphenols extracted from the Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) augments the protective immune responses in mice challanged with Salmonella typhimurium Ratnaningsih, Tri; Asmara, Widya; Sismindari, Sismindari
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2004): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (333.117 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v13i1.122

Abstract

Green tea is an aqueous infusion of dried unfermented leaves of Camellia sinensis. Numerous biological activities of green tea have been reported. The aqueous infusion and its polyphenolic substance are known for their activity as an antimutagenic,  antibacterial, hypocholesterolemic, antioxidant, and mutagenic of B lymphocyte. Studies have demonstrated that green tea polyphenols increase IL-12 production. Salmonella spp infection is an important public health problem in many countries. Cell-mediated immunity (CMI), especially T-cell help is important for protection against this infection. Recent evidence indicates that IL-12 is one such factor that plays a crucial role in the development of CMI. These studies were carired out to investigate the effect of green tea polyphenols to the immune cellulare in mice responses of mice during Salmonella typhimurium infection. The subject consisted of 36 female mice (Balb/C), 6-8 weeks old, divided into 3 groups. The first group was given 10 mg polyphenols/mouse, the second group was given 5 mg polyphenols/mouse, and the third group as the control. In day 31, all mice were infected with 108 CFU Salmonella typhimurium orally. On day 0, 3, 5, and 7 postinfection, 3 mice from each groups were sacrificed, the splenocytes were extracted and cultured to measure  the level of IFN-g in the supernatan and. The peritoneal macrophages were also extracted and cultured to measure the phagocytic activity. The level of IFN-g in splenocyte culture supernatant  increased during infection  in all groups, but the level of the experimental groups  were higher than in control group. The  percentage of phagocytic activity of peritoneal macrophages were higher in the experimental groups than in the control group. The increase of the phagocytic activities were seen corelate with the level of IFN-g supernatan splenocyte culture. (Med J Indones 2004; 13: 1-7)Keywords: polyphenols, green tea, macrophages, phagocytosis
Antiproliferatif Ekstrak Metanol Daun Dianella nemorosa Lam. (Liliaceae) terhadap Sel Kanker MKN45 dengan Menggunakan Metode WST-1 Karim, Aditya Krishar; Sismindari, Sismindari
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Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Papua

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Abstract

Dianella nemorosa Lam. was known containing alkaloids, terpenoid, phenolic compouds and tanin. Antiproliferative effect of D. nemorosa leaves methanol exctract, which demonstrated to have an in vitro cytotoxic effect on cancer cell line. The aim of research was examined the effect antiproliferative methanol extract of D. nemorosa leaves against MKN45 (gastric cancer) cell line. Leaves powder extracted using methanol. Antiproliferative effect was determined by Cell Proliferation Reagents WST-1 ((2-(4-iodophenyl)-3-(4-nitro-phenyl)-5-(2,4-disulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium monosodium salt). Test for 1h, 2h, and 4h after incubated for 72h was done. The result of this research showed that methanol exctract from D. nemorosa possessed remarkable no had antiproliferative activity against MKN45 cell line. The result indicated methanol extract of D. nemorosa leaves selective inhibitory effect or antiproliferative against cell line.Key words: Dianella nemorosa, Antiproliferative, MKN 45, and WST-1 
Cytotoxic effects of methanol extract isolated from Erythrina fusca Lour on cancer cell-lines Sismindari, Sismindari
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 35, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Background: Erythrina is a medicinal plant which is frequently used to treat cancer in Africa. People in Java, however, use Erythrina fusca (cangkring) to treat varicella and measles. Previous works demonstrated that the methanol extract of this plants leaves induced DNA topoisomerase II mediated DNA cleavage. This activity has been used widely as a target to find anticancer medicine. In order to be scientifically proofed the activity, therefore, it is necessary to analyze directly on the cancer cell-lines. Objectives: To identify the cytotoxicity effect of methanol extract of E. fusca leaves against cancer cell-lines.Methods: Cytotoxicity analysis of methanol extract isolated from E. fusca leaves was carried out against myeloma and HeLa S-3 cancer cell-lines, and to normal mononuclear cell. The level of cytotoxicity was determined by calculating the level of IC50 which was based on the percentage of the cell death following the 24 hours incubation with the extract.Results: It was demonstrated that this methanol extract was cytotoxic to myeloma and HeLa S-3 cell-lines with the IC50 of 0.005 mg/ml and IC50 of 0.08 mg/ml respectively. The percentage of the cell death on treated normal mononuclear cell with the extract, however, was very much low 110%). This was similar to that on the DMSO treated cells.Conclusion: The methanol extract isolated from E. fusca leaves was demonstrated had a selective cytotoxicity effect, as indicated by the level of the IC50 which was higher to myeloma compared to HeLa S3 cell-line, and had much less cytotoxic on normal mononuclear cells.Key words: Erythrina fusca, cytotoxicity, cancer cell-lines, mononuclear cell
VALIDASI METODE ANALISA PENETAPAN KADAR EPIGALOKATEKIN GALAT DENGAN KROMATOGRAFI CAIR KINERJA TINGGI Sugihartini, Nining; Fudholi, Achmad; Pramono, Suwidjiyo; Sismindari, Sismindari
Pharmaciana Vol 4, No 2 (2014): Pharmaciana
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.743 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/pharmaciana.v4i2.1567

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High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) was one of analytical methodscommonly used to determine the concentration of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on green teaextract. The method must be validated in order to fit to its purpose. The aim of this research was toprove that the used method has selectifity, liniearity, precise, accurate and know limit of detection(LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) is acceptable. The selectivity of analytical method wasdetermined by calculating the resolution value between two peak. Data from 10 μg/mL and100 μg/mL with 5 replicates would give precition and accuration. Precition was known from CV value and accuration was known from recovery value in each concentration. Liniearity was knownfrom regression linear between concentration and wide area of peak. From regresion linear couldcalculate LOD and LOQ. Research show that method of analyse have selectificity withRs= 2.27>1.5; liniearity with r= 0.99; precision with CV 8.74% at concentration 200 µg/mL and3.74% at concentration 500 µg/mL; accuration with recovery 99.76% at concentration 200 µg/mLand 100.52% at concentration 500 µg/mL and the value of LOD is 33.28 μg/mL and LOQ is110.93 μg/mL.
PENGARUH LOKASI TUMBUH, UMUR TANAMAN DAN VARIASI JENIS DESTILASI TERHADAP KOMPOSISI SENYAWA MINYAK ATSIRI RIMPANG Curcuma mangga PRODUKSI BEBERAPA SENTRA DI YOGYAKARTA Astuti, Endang; Sunarminingsih, Retno; Jenie, Umar Anggara; Mubarika, Sofia; Sismindari, Sismindari
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 21, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Minyak atsiri rimpang Curcuma mangga telah diketahui bersifat toksik terhadap beberapa jenis sel kanker. Toksisitas minyak atsiri dipengaruhi oleh komposisi senyawa penyusunnya. Komposisi minyak atsiri dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor ekologi dan metode isolasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh lokasi tumbuh, umur tanaman dan variasi jenis destilasi terhadap komposisi senyawa minyak atsiri rimpang C. mangga. Untuk mempelajari pengaruh lokasi tumbuh diambil rimpang C. mangga yang berasal dari beberapa daerah di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Pengaruh umur tanaman terhadap komposisi senyawa dalam minyak atsiri digunakan rimpang C. mangga umur 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 11 dan 12 bulan, sedangkan jenis destilasi yang digunakan adalah destilasi uap dan uap air. Analisis komponen senyawa minyak atsiri digunakan Kromatografi Gas-Spektrometer Massa (KG-SM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rimpang yang berasal dari daerah dataran rendah memiliki jenis senyawa yang lebih banyak daripada dataran tinggi dan dimungkinkan karena curah hujan di dataran rendah lebih kecil daripada dataran tinggi. Minyak atsiri rimpang C. mangga optimum apabila tanaman dipanen pada saat umur 8-10 bulan dan jenis destilasi berpengaruh terhadap komposisi minyak atsiri.  Namun begitu, senyawa utama minyak atsiri rimpang C. mangga untuk semua variasi perlakuan adalah sama yaitu β-osimen, β-pinen, β-mirsen dan p-sineol. 
Kloning Gen Coat Protein SMV dengan Pendekatan PCR Sismindari, Sismindari; Sudjadi, Sudjadi
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (1996)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6016.187 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.9365

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SMV is RNA virus had to be converted to the first strand DNA using oligo (dT) and murine reverse transcriptase. Amplification of coat protein gene region was carried out by Polimerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with two primers, 5’-TACATCTTGGAACCAATGGCAGGCAAGGAGAGAAG-3’ and 5’-AGGACAACAAACATTGCCG-3’. The PCR product was blund ended by S1 nuclease, and ligated into SmaI digested pUC18 and phosphatase treatment by calf intestine phosphatase. Ligation mixture was used to transform E. coli DH5α. Recombinant plasmid was digested with EcoRI and HindIII showed 0,8 kb fragment. Southern blot analysis at high strigency using PCR using PCR product as a probe shows that the 0,8 kb fragment produced intense signal.Key words: SMV, coat protein