Articles

Found 36 Documents
Search

BRAIN DERIVED NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR LEVELS AND ANEMIA IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN Juhaina, Ena; Flora, Rostika; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Zulkarnain, Mohammad; Faisya, Ahmad Fickry; Fajar, Nur Alam; Nurlaili, N
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Article in Press
Publisher : STIKes Aisyah Pringsewu Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (34.816 KB)

Abstract

Defisiensi zat besi dapat menyebabkan defisit BDNF di daerah tertentu dari otak. BDNF memiliki peran penting dalam fungsi otak khususnya memori dan pembelajaran dan dilaporkan rendah pada Anemia Defisiensi Zat Besi (ADB) dalam penelitian pada hewan. ADB rentan terjadi pada kelompok umur  anak-anak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan antara kadar Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) dengan kejadian anemia pada anak Sekolah Dasar di Kabupaten Seluma. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian obsevasional analitik dengan rancangan studi cross-sectional dilaksanakan pada bulan April 2019 terhadap 50 responden anak Sekolah Dasar yang berusia 9-12 tahun di Kabupaten Seluma.  Dilakukan pengambilan darah vena untuk mengukur kadar BDNF serum dengan menggunakan metode Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Kadar Hb diukur dengan menggunakan alat Easy Touch. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji Chi square. Berdasarkan hasil pengukuran kadar BDNF serum diperoleh 46% anak mempunyai kadar BDNF di bawah rata-rata (kurang dari 3258,6084 ng/mL). Berdasarkan hasil pengukuran Hb terdapat 30% anak anemia. Analisis bivariat menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara kadar BDNF dengan anemia (p lebih dari 0,05), Prevalence Odds Ratio (POR) adalah 2,250. Petugas  Puskesmas dapat melakukan kolaborasi dengan pihak sekolah untuk memberikan penyuluhan tentang anemia dan dampaknya bagi anak sekolah.
FAKTOR FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEBUGARAN CALON JEMAAH HAJI KOTA PALEMBANG TAHUN 2019 Yusri, Y; Zulkarnain, M; Sitorus, Rico Januar
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 5, No 1: Februari 2020
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jekk.v0i0.6911

Abstract

Background: Physical fitness status of hajj pylgrime candidate in Palembang in 2018 has low and very low category. The category is still relative high and the score is 23.3 %. The research objective is to analyze the factors that influence physical fitness of hajj pylgrime candidate in Palembang City.Methods: An analitycal study was conducted with a cross sectional design on Juli - Agustus 2019. The study population is 2444 hajj pylgrims candidate of Palembang City in 2019 who have done checking physical health and physical fitness test by eight Puskesmas of Hajj Checking Health. 313 samples choosen by means of proportional random sampling. Data collection instrument was a data calecting paper that contains research variables. Tthe data taken from health checking form and physical fitness test form which is available in the puskesmas. The data were analyzed using chi-square and logistic regression.Result: 107 respondens ( 34,2% ) have physical fitness status is not fit. Statistical test showed that age ? 60 years variable (p=0,000. PR = 3,601), gender variable (p=0,024. PR=2,113), Hypertension (p=0,001. PR=2,565), waist circumstance variable (p=0,003. PR=3,173), Body Mass Indeks (BMI) variable (p=0,000. PR=3.567) and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) variable (p=0,042. PR=2,360) influence the physical fitness. Age variable is the variable that has the greatest influence the physical fitness of hajj pylgrime candidates. The researcher suggests that physical activity excirse by regularly and rotine in waiting periode will increase physical fitness.Conclusion: There are relationship age, gender, Hipertension, waist circumstance, Body Mass Indeks (BMI) and Diabetes Mellitus with physical fitness status.
KELUHAN KESEHATAN SUBJEKTIF PADA MASYARAKAT PENGGUNA INSEKTISIDA ANTINYAMUK DI KECAMATAN INDRALAYA Purba, Imelda Gernauli; Sunarsih, Elvi; Septiawati, Dwi; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Lionita, Widya
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia 2020: Article In Press
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Latar belakang: Anti nyamuk merupakan insektisida yang banyak digunakan di rumah tangga untuk mengendalikan nyamuk. Penanganan yang tidak baik terhadap anti nyamuk dapat membahayakan manusia dan lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan pajanan insektisida anti nyamuk dengan keluhan kesehatan subjektif pada masyarakat di Kecamatan IndralayaMetode: Penelitian ini adalah analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel diambil sebanyak  136 orang pengguna anti nyamuk secara cluster sampling. Variabel bebas penelitian ini adalah umur, Indeks Massa Tubuh, pengetahuan, personal higiene, penggunaan sesuai petunjuk, cara penyimpanan,  penggunaan alat pelindung diri, frekuensi pemakaian, dan durasi pemakaian. Pengumpulan data  melalui wawancara menggunakan kuesioner dan observasi menggunakan checklist. Pengolahan dan analisis data dilakukan dengan bantuan software, data dianalisis dengan uji statistic Chi-Square dan regresi logistik.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebesar 58,1 % reponden mengalami keluhan kesehatan subjektif yaitu sakit kepala, lelah, pusing, gatal pada mata,  penglihatan kabur, hilang selera makan, kejang otot, tremor, sesak nafas, mata berair, keringat berlebihan. Berdasarkan hasil uji Chi-square terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara umur (p=0,015; RP=0,36; 95% CI=0,158-0,819), durasi pemakaian (p=0,032; RP=2,96; 95% CI=1,099-7,975), tingkat pengetahuan (p=0,000; RP=0,211; 95% CI=0,089-0,499) dengan keluhan kesehatan subjektif.Simpulan: Disimpulkan bahwa durasi pemakaian anti nyamuk dalam sehari menjadi factor risiko dominan untuk terjadinya keluhan kesehatan subjektif pada masyarakat penggunaanti nyamuk di Kecamatan Indralaya Ogan Ilir. ABSTRACTTitle: Subjective Health Complaints In Communities Anti-Mosquito Insecticides User In Indralaya Sub-DistrictBackground:Anti-mosquito is an insecticide that is widely used in households to control mosquitoes. Handling that is not good against mosquitoes can harm humans and the environment. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between anti-mosquito insecticide exposure and subjective health complaints in the Indralaya District communityMethod:This studywas an analytical with cross-sectional approach. Samples were taken as many as 136 anti-mosquito users by cluster sampling. The independent variables of this study  were age, body mass index, knowledge, personal hygiene,usage according to instruction, use of personal protective equipment, frequency of use, and duration of use. Collecting data was through interviews using questionnaires, and observationsusing a checklist.Processing  data  was performed using  software. Data were  analyzed by  Chi-square test at 0.05 level of significant.ResultResearch result showed that 58,1% respondents experienced subjective health complaints such as headache, fatique, dizziness, itching in the eyes, blurred vision, loss of appetite, muscle spasm, tremors, shortness of breath,watery eye, and excessive sweating. Based on Chi-square test resut there was  significant relationship between age (p = 0.015; RP = 0.36; 95% CI = 0.158-0.819), duration of use (p = 0.032; RP = 2.96; 95% CI = 1.099-7.975),knowledge (p = 0,000; RP = 0,211; 95% CI = 0,089-0,499) with subjective health complaintsConclusion:It was concluded that the duration of anti-mosquito use in a day was the dominant risk factor for the occurrence of subjective health complaints on mosquito users in Indralaya Ogan Ilir. 
MODEL PREDIKSI PENGENDALIAN KOMPLIKASI PENYAKIT PENYERTA PADA PENGGUNA NARKOTIKA DI PALEMBANG Sitorus, Rico Januar; Utama, Feranita; Purba, Imelda G.; Melvina, Bina
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 13, No 4: DESEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.844 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v13i4.3161

Abstract

Penyalahgunaan narkotika dapat mengakibatkan komplikasi fisik, psikologis dan beban ekonomi keluarga. Semakin lama menggunakan narkotika dan tidak menjalani rehabilitasi akan membuat kecanduan yang berat. Pengguna narkotika dengan adiksi berat akan berdampak juga terhadap beratnya penyakit yang dialami dan lamanya menjalani rehabilitasi. Beban penyakit yang diakibatkan ketergantungan narkotika akan berdampak terhadap kondisi sosial ekonomi sendiri dan keluarga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan suatu model prediksi terhadap pengendalian komplikasi penyakit penyerta pengguna narkotika. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional study dengan populasi penelitian adalah semua pengguna narkotika baik pengguna narkotika suntik dan narkotika bukan suntik. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah pecandu narkotika yang menggunakan jenis narkotika dengan total sampel 211 orang. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa tidak melakukan hubungan seksual yang berisiko akan mencegah pengguna narkotika mengalami komplikasi penyakit penyerta dengan p=0,04, OR Adj=0,47 dengan interval kepercayaan 0,22 ? 0,99 setelah dikontrol jenis kelamin dan status perkawinan. Temuan ini memberikan informasi bahwa hubungan seksual berisiko harus dihindari. Untuk itu diharapkan dukungan keluarga untuk lebih perduli, aktif merekomendasikan untuk mengikuti rehabilitasi dan dukungan pemerintah untuk melakukan penjangkauan dengan memberi informasi yang tepat bahwa mereka yang secara sadar melapor tidak akan ditangkap untuk masuk penjara, tetapi direkomendasikan untuk direhabilitasi.
PT. PUPUK SRIWIDJAJA PALEMBANG MANAGES THE HAZARDOUS AND TOXIC MATERIAL IN TERMS OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ASPECTS Zahra, Yuliana; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Hasyim, Hamzah
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 2, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background : Despite its benefits to the production activities, the use of hazardous and toxic materials in any industrial activities could also pose a risk to the environment, human living and also any other living creatures. In order to avoid or at least minimize the risks of health and safety problems of the workers, it is important to manage hazardous and toxic materials well. The purpose of this research was to find out how PT. Pupuk Sriwidjaja Palembang manages the hazardous and toxic material in terms of occupational safety and health aspects. Method: This research was a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. The methods of the research are in-depth interviews, observation and documents reviews. The interviews were done to twelve informants, one of them are expert in relevant field. Result : The results of the research showed that safety and health efforts done by PT. Pusri in order to manage hazardous and toxic materials still need to be improved. It is difficult to complete the material safety data sheets that had been ordered, insufficient emergency response system in the storage room, the transportation officer also has not yet safely equipped with protection, there are still workers who work without personal protective equipment and there is still hazardous and toxic materials waste existing without symbol on its packaging. Conclusion: For a better future, workers should take material safety data sheets to the supplier at the time of acceptance hazardous and toxic materials. Besides, the quality of emergency response system in the storage room obviously needed to be improved and simulated too. Changing the no-longer adequate protective equipment for the transportation worker and improving facilities of hazardous waste management to prevent environmental contamination are the two things that also needed to be done. Keywords: hazardous and toxic materials, management, occupational safety and health 
FACTORS WHICH RELATED WITH EYE FATIQUE IN MELATI PUTIH BATIK STUDIO JAMBI Sofiati, Sofiati; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Purba, Imelda G
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 2, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: The process of making batik is not immune from the risk of eye fatigue due to working process causes the eye muscles will work continuously and more forced. Method: The study design was used cross sectional method. The questionnaire used to determine the age and years of service batik craftsmen. Luxmeter used to determine the intensity of illumination. Photostress Recovery Time method used to measure the eyestrain. Result: There is no significant relationship between age and eye fatigue (P value = 1,00). There is no significant relationship between the intensity of illumination with eyestrain (P value = 0,122) Conclussion: There is a significant relationship between years of service with eye fatigue (P value = 0,007) with RP = 3.231 so that it can be said that the craftsmen who had worked for five years or more has a chance of 3.231 times the risk of eyestrain compared to a new worker employed for less than five years, with 95% confidence level range from 0.991 to 10.533. Keywords: Batik, Risk, Eyes Fatigue, illumination. 
USE OF NARCOTICS SUPPORTS RISK BEHAVIORS Sitorus, Rico Januar
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Drug abuse is a public health issue it is very important because it can lead to dependence, economic loss, loss of health and social impacts of drug abuse provides changes to the behavior of the user. Changes in behavior of drug users were more likely to negative behaviors that contribute to good health problems or social relations. The objective of this study is describe the use of narcotics support risk behaviorsMethod: This paper used a study literature from various source related to use of narcotics.Result: Research has shown that smoking and drinking behaviors associated with drug abuse. Risky sexual behavior is also often committed by drug addicts. Risky behaviors are very bad for the physical and psychological health of drug addicts. The adverse effects that can occur from the misuse of these substances, namely impairment of health due to the dependency can lead to death for the wearer, the destruction of the future generation to remember the majority of users are young people, and in certain circumstances can result in transmission of HIV/AIDS infection.Conclusion: To prevent the adverse effects resulting from the use of narcotics and risk behaviors, it is recommended to increase self-efficacy, family support for recovery, distancing themselves from the influence of the previous social groups and undergo rehabilitation.Keywords: Behavior, Smoking, Narcotics, HIV/AIDS DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.7.1.1-5
FACTORS WHICH RELATED WITH EYE FATIQUE (ASTENOPIA) OF COMPUTER USER AT SAMSAT OFFICE PALEMBANG Dewi, Yulyana Kusuma; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Hamzah Hasyim, Hamzah
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background : The over use of computer will increase risk in eye health (astenopia). The risk factors astenopia are  The over use of computer, inadequate lighting intensity increase of age, and frequent of breaks not regularly. Method : The research uses cross sectional design held to 30 computer users in SAMSAT office Palembang. The aim of this research is to know about factors which related with eye fatique. This research uses  Questionnaire Luxmeter and reaction timer instruments Result : Based on exact fisher test, there are relation among independent variable and dependen varible (an eye fatique) such us age  P value is 0,246, lenght of VDT P value is 0,028 frequent of breaks  P value is 0,042 light intensity  P value is 0,108 Conclusion : From results of reserach, periodical medical check up especially eye condition must be held regularly. The screen should have been changed with LCD. Filter screen is needed to avoid radiation and increase the level of contrast. Added energy of lamp to increase lighting intensity and the position of monitor must be based on ergonomics factors. Keywords : Computer user, eye fatique 
HUBUNGAN SHIFT KERJA DENGAN KELELAHAN KERJA DAN PERUBAHAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PERAWAT UNIT RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT BUKIT ASAM TANJUNGENIM TAHUN 2009 Maulana, Harry Cahya; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Hasyim, Hamzah
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background : The shift work can cause fatigue and influence the blood pressure of workers. The change of activity schedule from day to night can intrude circadian rhytm which affects body function, involved fatigue and decreasing of blood pressure especially night shift’s workers. Method : The objectives of this research were to know the correlation between shift work and work fatigue of nurses of Inpatient Unit at Bukit Asam Hospital Tanjung Enim and the differences of the change of blood pressure among nurses of morning, evening and night shift. This research used the cross sectional design. The questionnaire was used to know the respondences characteristics and shift work. To measure fatigue, the reaction timer was used, and to measure the change of blood pressure, the sphygnomanometer was used. Result : The results show that there is a correlation between shift work and work fatigue which was measured using Chi-Square (P value = 0,034) and there is no differences of the change of blood pressure among nurses of morning, evening and night shift which was measured through Annova (P value = 0,441). Conclusion : Some suggestions are the shift commutation is done in every three days with eight hours per each shift, the nurses of night shift should get additional food, check their health in every six months, sleep one hour before work and take turn their bedtime, check their body weight regularly and take care of their physical condition. Keywords : shift work, work fatigue, the change of blood pressure. 
Perilaku Seksual Berisiko Pengguna Narkotika Sitorus, Rico Januar; Natalia, Merry
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 9 No. 4 Mei 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i4.748

Abstract

AbstrakPenyalahgunaan narkotika yang melakukan hubungan seksual sebelummenikah, dan berganti-ganti mitra seksual merupakan perilaku berisiko.Masalah yang diakibatkan penyalahgunaan narkotika sangat kompleks,seperti masalah sosial dan kesehatan. Kecenderungan pengguna narkotika melakukan perilaku seksual dini dan tidak aman semakin memperparah kondisi kualitas hidup pecandu dan tentunya berdampak besar pada kelangsungan hidup di masa depan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui determinan perilaku seksual berisiko di kalangan pengguna narkotika. Metode penelitian adalah potong lintang menggunakan data sekunder kajian rekam medis di instalasi Medical Psikiatric Evaluation di rumah sakit ketergantungan obat (RSKO) Jakarta tahun 2013. Populasi penelitian adalah pasien ketergantungan narkotika yang dirawat inap di RSKO Cibubur selama tahun 2013. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh pasien yang dirawat inap berjumlah 74 responden. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis secara univariat, bivariat, dan multivariat. Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa mayoritas responden telah melakukan perilaku seksual berisiko, yaitu sebesar 82,4% dengan usia pertama kali berhubungan seksual ≤ 17 tahun sebesar 78,4%. Usia pertama kali berhubungan seksual ≤ 17 tahun merupakan variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap perilaku seksual berisiko di kalangan pecandu narkotika. Model akhir analisis multivariat menunjukkan bahwa pengguna narkotika yang telah melakukan hubungan seksual ≤ 17 tahun berpeluang 6,74 kali (CI = 1,84 – 24,73) untuk melakukan perilaku seksual berisiko dibandingkan dengan pengguna narkotika > 17 tahun.AbstractNarcotic abuse having premarital sexual intercourse and multiple sexualpartners is risky behavior. Problems caused by narcotic abuse are verycomplex, such as social and health problems. Tendency of narcotic userscommitting early and unsafe sexual intercourse worsen condition of the addict’s quality of life and definitely has a big impact on life survival in the future. This study aimed to determine determinants of risky sexual behavior among narcotic users. The method was cross sectional study using secondary data of medical record assessment at Medical PsikiatricEvaluation installation in Jakarta hospital for drug addicts in 2013. The study population was narcotic-addicted patients hospitalized at Cibubur Hospital for Drug Addicts within 2013. Sample of this study was all hospitalized patients amounted to 74 respondents. Data analysis used was univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. Results proved that most respondents had committed risky sexual behaviors worth 82.4% in which the age of first intercourse ≤ 17 years old worth 78.4%. The age of first intercourse ≤ 17 years old was the most influential variable to risky sexual behavior among narcotic addicts. The final model of multivariate analysis showed that narcotic users who committed sexual intercourse ≤ 17 years had 6.74 times opportunity (CI = 1.84 – 24.73) to commit risky sexual behavior than > 17 yearold narcotic users.