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Conflicts of Utilization and Sustainable Production Forest Management in Forest Management Unit of Meranti in South Sumatera Napitu, Ja Posman; Hidayat, Aceng; Basuni, Sambas; Sjaf, Sofyan
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 23 No. 3 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Utilization conflicts among users threatening the sustainability of forest management. This study is to determine the intensity of conflict and the sustainability of forest management in FMU Meranti by integrating the convergent parallel mixed method and Rapid Land Tenure Assessment. Data was collected through interviews with key informants, literatures, maps, documents, and histories studies; as well as focus groups discussions in eight villages around the FMU Meranti. The results showed that the people's bundle of right, the interaction and social capital, dispute against the coorporation's financial modal. Generally, the interaction and social capital elements are owned by the local community, while the financial modal is owned by the permit holder and the local elite. Based on the power analysis on each object, the power of both community and permit holders are equally strong. The conflict intensity is subdivided into three conflict categories, i.e.: open (31%), appear (44%), and latent conflicts (25%). The special area (wilayah tertentu) and open access area are highly prioritized, that need conflict resolution. The existence of the environmental damages, unclear ownership rights, lack of stakeholder supporting, and non-optimal institutional performance lead the sustainable forest management to bad category (40.6%).
Pembentukan Identitas Etnik di Arena Ekonomi Politik Lokal Sjaf, Sofyan; M. Kolopaking, Lala
SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan

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Abstract

Pembentukan identitas etnik di arena ekonomi politik lokal penting untuk dikaji dalam rangka memahami pluralisme di Indonesia. Tujuan dari tulisan ini adalah untuk mempelajari pembentukan identitas etnik di arena ekonomi politik lokal. Penelitian ini menggunakan metodologi kualitatif dengan paradigma non-positivistik perspektif struktural-konstruktivisme. Unit analisis dalam penelitian ini adalah masyarakat yang tinggal di Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam, wawancara tertruktur dan Focus Grup Discussion (FGD) yang dilakukan aktor dari latar belakang berbagai etnis (Tolaki, Muna, Buton, dan Bugis) dan berbagai profesi (politisi, birokrasi, akademisi, and aktivis LSM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembentukan identitas etnik di arena politik lokal dipengaruhi oleh sejarah kelompok etnis (posisi) dan pengalaman aktor (disposisi). Dari keduanya, bentuk garis yang berkelanjutan membentuk suatu interaksi (kesenangan) yang dinamakan pembentukan identitas etnik. Struktur ini mengacu pada dua bentuk: (1) bentuk identitas etnik dengan skala besar dan (2) pembentukan batas identitas etnik. Kedua struktur tersebut merupakan penentu arena ekonomi politik lokal. Psinsip hirarki ganda (prinsip hirarki heteronomus dan autonomus) memberikan kontribusi pada pembentukan identitas etnik yang disebabkan oleh mobilisasi [identitas], positif atau negatif.Kata Kunci: struktur pembentukan identitas etnis, politik identitas, ekonomi politik lokal.
Class, Income, and Class Consciousness of Labor Fishers Kinseng, Rilus A; Sjaf, Sofyan; Sihaloho, Martua
Journal of Rural Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development

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Abstract

There have been debates on the role of class in “influencing” income inequality in contemporary societies.  Some argue that class position is no longer relevant in determing one’s income, while others argue that class still counts.  Therefore, it is very interesting to investigate relations between class structure and income among fishers in Indonesia. Furthermore, Marxian argued that class position will determine class consciousness. Therefore, it is interesting to study the class consciousness of labor fishers in Indonesia. Analyzing relations between class structure and income as well as class consciousness of labor fishers in Indonesia is especially very interesting and important since fishers have a very typical patront-client relationships. Moreover, study of this subject in Indonesia is still limited. This study has three main objectives: first to investigate the class structure of fishers and how this structure has been formed, second to analyse the income of fishers in different class locations, and third to analyze class consciousness of labor fishers. This study uses combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. The study was conducted in Indramayu, West Java in 2013. Our analysis shows that the class structure of fishers consists of four main classes, namely large-scale, medium-scale, small-scale, and labor classes. These classes have been formed through complex and long processes, including the so-called “modernization” programmes promoted by the government.  In term of income, the study shows that there are significant differences of income among fishers in different class locations. The Gini Ratio is very high, that is 0.88. Thus, class structure does influence fishers’ income significantly. Furthermore, this study finds that class consciousness of labor fishers has not fully developed yet. Labor class is a class in itself, but not class for itself. © 2014 Journal of Rural Indonesia [JoRI] IPB. All rights reserved.Keywords: fishers, class structure, income, class consciousnessReceived: 14th October 2014; Accepted: 15th November 2014[How to Cite: Kinseng, R., Sjaf, S., & Sihaloho, M. (2014). Class, Income, and Class Consciousness of Labor Fishers. Journal Of Rural Indonesia, 2(1), 93-104. Retrieved from http://ejournal.skpm.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ruralindonesia/article/view/296]
SISTEM MONITORING DAN TEKNIK PERAMALAN HARGA DAGING SAPI DI INDONESIA Pamungkas, Wahyu w; Sjaf, Sofyan
Seminar Nasional Informatika (SEMNASIF) Vol 1, No 4 (2012): Information System and Application
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Informatika

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Abstract

Pemanfaatan teknologi telah terbukti sangat membantu kehidupan bermasyarakat dalam suatu negara. Sistem monitoring harga daging sapi seperti yang diterapkan di dalam Sistem Informasi Pasar, Kementerian Perdagangan Republik Indonesia merupakan salah satu contohnya. Langkah demikian dilakukan mengingat peran dan nilai strategis daging sapi di Indonesia. Seperti diketahui bahwa daging sapi merupakan sumber protein bagi sebagian besar masyarakat Indonesia. Tujuan pusat monitoring harga ini adalah untuk menyediakan informasi mengenai harga daging sapi di seluruh wilayah Indonesia, memantau perkembangannya secara harian. Dengan demikian, sistem informasi ini berfungsi untuk memberikan notifikasi dini jika diprediksi akan terjadi gejolak perubahan harga, serta memantau disparitas harga di provinsi-provinsi di seluruh Indonesia, sehinggaPemerintah Indonesia, dalam hal ini yaitu Kementerian Perdagangan Republik Indonesia dapat secara dini mengambil langkah-langkah strategi yang sesuai untuk mengatasi gejolak tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada tahun 2010. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dari pasar-pasar rujukan di setiap kota atau kabupaten di wilayah Indonesia, sedangkan analisis harga dilakukan dengan identifikasi faktor-faktor penentu harga komoditas. Rekomendasi akhir diusulkan sebagai langkah mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang harus dicek di lapangan jika terjadi kenaikan harga daging sapi.
Strategi Pembangunan Pertanian Berkelanjutan di Pedesaan Berbasis Citra Drone (Studi Kasus Desa Sukadamai Kabupaten Bogor) arham, ihsan; Sjaf, Sofyan; Darusman, Dudung
Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 17, No 2 (2019): Agustus 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan,Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (995.49 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jil.17.2.245-255

Abstract

Most of the agricultural sector activities are in rural area. Rural and agricultural development requires accurate spatial information so that accuracy in sustainable development planning can be attained. This study was aimed to determine the strategy of sustainable agriculture development planning in a rural area. This research method used a spatial data approach acquiring village imagery produced using a drone. The actual land use analysis used ArcGIS software through a participatory digitization process. Analysis of land carrying capacity using the approach of land availability and land requirements. The results of the analysis became a reference for compiling the direction of planning for sustainable agricultural village development. Analysis of alternative program priorities using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach. The study found that agricultural areas dominated land use in Sukadamai Village with an area of 112,942 ha (42,693%). Land carrying capacity in Sukadamai Village was in a deficit with a comparison ratio of land availability (SL) to land requirements (DL) of 0.22. The strategy of sustainable agricultural development that can be done is the innovative application of effective and efficient land intensification. The program prioritized the criteria of social justice and maximized the government's role in realizing development goals.
Analisis Respon Masyarakat terhadap Pengelolaan Dana Desa untuk Pembangunan Pedesaan Arifiani, Tisha Alya; Sjaf, Sofyan
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 2, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.824 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.2.3.317-332

Abstract

ABSTRACTGovernment effort for increasing and leveling rural development done by village funds allocation as mandated by UU No. 6 Tahun 2014 about also by Goverment Regulation (PP) No. 60 Tahun 2014 about village funds that sourced from APBN. Referred to village funds purpose which is for increasing community welfare so for the management community should involve. The purpose from this research is analyzing how’s the community’s attitude and participation towards village funds management and to analyze how’s the level of inequality distribution of development results. The methods that being used in this research is quantitative methods supported with qualitative data and using analysis of multiple linear regression test. The results of this research shown if community’s attitude who joined village discussion tend positively and the participation level is high, while the community’s attitude who wasn’t join the village discussion tend negatively and the participation level is low. The community’s responses is affecting the transparency level and accountability of village funds management.Key words: community’s responses, village development, village funds-----------------------ABSTRAKUpaya pemerintah untuk meningkatkan dan memeratakan pembangunan desa dilakukan melalui pengalokasian dana desa sebagaimana amanat UU No.6 Tahun 2014 tentang Desa serta Peraturan Pemerintah (PP) No. 60 Tahun 2014 tentang Dana Desa yang bersumber dari APBN. Merujuk tujuan dari dana desa yaitu untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat maka pengelolaannya harus melibatkan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis bagaimana sikap dan partisipasi masyarakat terhadap pengelolaan dana desa serta untuk menganalisis bagaimana tingkat ketimpangan pendistribusian hasil pembangunan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kuantitatif yang didukung data kualitatif dengan menggunakan analisis uji regresi linear berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sikap masyarakat yang mengikuti musyawarah desa cenderung positif dan tingkat partisipasinya tinggi, sedangkan masyarakat yang tidak mengikuti musyawarah cenderung memiliki sikap yang negatif dan tingkat partisipasi yang rendah. Respon masyarakat tersebut mempengaruhi tingkat transparansi dan akuntabilitas pengelolaan dana desa.Kata kunci: dana desa, pembangunan pedesaan, respon masyarakat
Hubungan Strategi Pemberdayaan Peternak dengan Kesejahteraan Peternak Jayanti, Dwi; Sjaf, Sofyan
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 1, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (326.501 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.1.3.299-316

Abstract

 Livestock is one of the livelihoods of Indonesian communities to meet their needs. However, socio-economic conditions of farmers face problems including low bargaining position, low education levels, the condition of scattered farms, simple technology. To overcome these problems, we need to empower breeder. Kampoeng Ternak is a network of Dompet Dhuafa who engaged in the empowerment of breeders. Empowerment process requires an effective strategy to achieve the goal. To that end, the purpose of this research is to examine the relationship of empowerment strategies to improve the welfare of farmers. The method used in this research is quantitative method with the approach of the survei and supported by qualitative methods. Respondents were determined through simple random sampling. Test the relationship will be conducted with test-Spearman Rank. The results of this research showed that there is a relationship between empowerment strategies with the welfare of farmers. Such relations are moderate. While on each pattern empowerment strategy, only strengthening group associated with the level of welfare.Keywords: Empowerment, Empowerment Strategy, Welfare ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ABSTRAKPeternakan rakyat merupakan salah satu mata pencaharian masyarakat Indonesia untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya. Namun, kondisi sosial ekonomi masyarakat peternak menghadapi permasalahan diantaranya posisi tawar yang rendah, tingkat pendidikan rendah, kondisi peternakan tersebar, teknologi sederhana. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut, perlu dilakukan pemberdayaan peternak rakyat (kecil). Kampoeng Ternak merupakan jejaring Dompet Dhuafa yang bergerak dalam pemberdayaan peternak. Proses pemberdayaan memerlukan strategi yang efektif untuk mencapai tujuan. Untuk itu, tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengkaji hubungan dari strategi pemberdayaan dengan kesejahteraan peternak. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu metode kuantitatif dengan pendekatan survai dan didukung oleh metode kualitatif. Responden ditentukan melalui simple random sampling. Uji hubungan dilakukan dengan uji Rank-Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara strategi pemberdayaan dengan tingkat kesejahteraan peternak. Hubungan tersebut tergolong moderat. Sedangkan pada masing-masing pola strategi pemberdayaan, hanya penguatan kelompok yang berhubungan dengan tingkat kesejahteraan.Kata kunci: Kesejahteraan, Pemberdayaan, Strategi Pemberdayaan
MEKANISME AKSES PADA HAK KEPEMILIKAN DI KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN PRODUKSI MERANTI, SUMATERA SELATAN Napitu, Ja Posman; Hidayat, Aceng; Basuni, Sambas; Sjaf, Sofyan
Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sosial, Ekonomi, Kebijakan dan Perubahan Iklim

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2633.614 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jpsek.2017.14.2.101-118

Abstract

Kepentingan berbagai pihak terkait akses pemanfaatan hutan mengakibatkan ketidakjelasan hak kepemilikan karena tumpang tindih pengguna. Penelitian ini menjelaskan faktor penyebab ketidakjelasan hak kepemilikan dari mekanisme akses dan kaitannya dengan konflik lahan. Peneliti menggunakan teknik purposive sampling untuk mendapatkan data perubahan lahan, dokumen proses tata batas dan kepemilikan lahan, sejarah pengelolan, wawancara mendalam dengan 123 orang tokoh kunci. Analisis data menggunakan Rapid Land Tenure Assessment (RaTA) dan analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa teori akses dan hak kepemilikan dapat menjelaskan tumpang tindih lahan pada wilayah KPHP Meranti. Analisis akses mekanisme hak menjelaskan faktor-faktor perubahan status kepemilikan lahan dan penyebab tumpang tindih lahan, yaitu: a) dinamika perubahan pengelolaan, b) permasalahan batas kawasan, dan c) lemahnya pengawasan. Faktor penyebab pengguna lahan dari mekanisme struktur antara lain: ikatan kekerabatan, pemberian dari pesirah (sistem patrones), dan tokoh masyarakat/pemimpin agama. Akses mekanisme struktur mengakibatkan klaim lahan seluas 38,53% pada wilayah KPHP Meranti. Perubahan aturan main selalu menimbulkan pengguna baru dan mengakibatkan tumpang tindih pemanfaatan antara pemegang izin usaha dengan akses masyarakat. Rekomendasi dari penelitian ini adalah: a) menghindari perubahan bentuk pengelolaan, dan b) melibatkan masyarakat lokal untuk menentukan siapa pengguna, batas waktu, dan besaran kontribusi pendapatan.
CONFLICT RESOLUTION CONCEPT: IMPLEMENTATION OF CCA-FM MODEL IN MERANTI FOREST MANAGEMENT UNIT, SOUTH SUMATRA Napitu, Ja Posman; Hidayat, Aceng; Basuni, Sambas; Sjaf, Sofyan
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2018.5.2.103-118

Abstract

Local communities have been using forest land area far before Industrial Forest Plantation (HTI) permit was granted. The overlapping land use among different users potentially leads to conflict. This paper studies conflict resolution creatively and collaboratively with forest management. Conflict resolution is based on the Creativity and Collaboration Action - Forest Management (CCA-FM) model on field exploration that created participation pattern of all parties in the vision of forestry science principles as the basis of policymaking. Convergent Parallel Mixed Method (CPMM) approaches with Rapid Land Tenure Assessment (RaTA) were used. Results show that claim of the community as the owner of the authority rights and dominance of the local elites, greatly affect the action situation. However, the policy options taken by the government towards policy outcomes do not tend to consider the field conditions. The CCA-FM model has been implemented in five villages. The community strongly supports the government to devolve the management rights to the community and to facilitate the transfer of knowledge, technology, market information, supporting all parties, and collaboration on business license management. Research results recommend the CCA-FM model could be a basis for building village self-reliance and improving the performance of the Forest Management Unit (FMU).
DIAGNOSING PERFORMANCE IN GOVERNING UTILIZATION OF FOREST PRODUCTION IN FMU MERANTI–MUSI BANYUASIN, SOUTH SUMATRA Napitu, Ja Posman; Hidayat, Aceng; Basuni, Sambas; Sjaf, Sofyan
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (732.018 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2019.6.1.43-60

Abstract

Perspective difference of users related to forest area utilization has caused tenurial conflicts, as well as, possible utilization conflicts. This study aimed to understand stakeholders’ interests and influences as exogenic factors that caused the non-optimal institutional performance. This study used an institutional diagnostic approach to understand how the situation and action arena is from inter-influencing institutional entities. Data collection used the convergent parallel mixed method (CPMM) approach, while analysis used the rapid land tenure assessment (RaTA) method. Further, this study used the Institutional Analysis Development (IAD) method to explain how the exogenic factors influence each other. The results showed that the characteristics of biophysical attributes, community attributes, as well as, rule in use were inter-influencing within the action arena. Besides, based on the post-prospective analysis result, policy decision opted by the government tend to not consider the community existence, who have been using the land for their livelihood. This situation has caused utilization conflicts between communities and concession holders. Thus, this study recommends: 1) the stakeholders to establish a communication forum for all parties to obtain clear information about forest utilization and to support institutional performance; 2) institutionalizing local community to govern forest utilization, and 3) determining management and concept of sustainable forest, as well as, policy making.