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INVESTIGASI PENYAKIT PADA PEMBESARAN LOBSTER PASIR PANULIRUS HOMARUS DI KARAMBA JARING APUNG (LOMBOK, PEGAMETAN DAN PANGANDARAN) sudewi, .; Widiastuti, Zeny; Slamet, Bejo; Mahardika, Ketut
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 10 No. 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v10i1.18976

Abstract

Lobster pasir, Panulirus homarus adalah salah satu komoditas perikanan yang memiliki nilai ekonomis tinggi, baik di pasar lokal maupun internasional. Akan tetapi, dalam usaha pembesaran lobster terdapat hambatan yaitu tingginya mortalitas yang disebabkan oleh infeksi penyakit. Oleh karena itu, dilakukan penelitian ini dengan tujuan untuk melakukan investigasi penyakit pada pembesaran lobster pasir P. homarus di tiga lokasi karamba jaring apung (KJA). Metode penelitian meliputi pengambilan sampel lobster, pengamatan parasit, isolasi bakteri dan jamur, serta deteksi Milky Hemolymph Disease of Spiny Lobster (MHD-SL) melalui analisis Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Lokasi pengambilan sampel meliputi Lombok (NTB), Pangandaran (Jabar) dan teluk Pegametan (Bali) dengan sampel lobster masing-masing sebanyak 5 ekor. Tiga ekor lobster dari Pangandaran terinfeksi parasit Octolasmis sp. yang menginfeksi terutama pada lamela insang. Satu sampel lobster dari Lombok terinfeksi jamur Fusarium sp. yang merupakan penyebab penyakit black gill disease dengan gejala insang yang menghitam. Dua lobster dari Lombok dan 1 lobster dari Pegametan terinfeksi oleh MHD-SL yang ditandai dengan hemolimfa berwarna putih susu.
PERTUMBUHAN DAN KANDUNGAN NUTRISI IKAN KERAPU SUNU PLECTROPOMUS LEOPARDUS PADA PEMELIHARAAN DI KARAMBA JARING APUNG, TAMBAK DAN BAK Setiawati, Ketut Maha; Kusumawati, Daniar; Asih, Yasmina Nirmala; Slamet, Bejo
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 12 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.104 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v12i1.23339

Abstract

Pendederan kerapu banyak dilakukan di bak-bak semen dan hatchery, tetapi usaha pendederan juga dapat dilakukan di laut dengan menggunakan karamba jaring apung (KJA) maupun di tambak.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa pertumbuhan, dan kandungan nutrisi pada kerapu sunu yang dipelihara pada lingkungan berbeda yaitu di KJA, tambak dan bak hatchery.  Benih ikan kerapu sunu berukuran panjang total 6,56±0,52cm dan berat 4,48±1,04 g dengan kepadatan 50 ekor/jaring dipelihara dalam jaring berukuran 1mx1mx1m dengan ukuran mata jaring 4 mm yang ditempatkan dalam KJA di laut (A), tambak (B) dan bak hatchery (C) sebagai perlakuan percobaan. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan tiga perlakuan dan diulang 3 kali. Penelitian dilakukan selama 90 hari pemeliharaan, dan benih ikan kerapu sunu diberi pakan buatan komersial dengan kandungan protein 48%. Frekuensi pemberian pakan 2 kali sehari pada pagi dan sore hari.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemeliharaan pada lingkungan berbeda tidak berpengaruh terhadap sintasan dan pertumbuhan mutlak panjang total namun berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan mutlak bobot benih (P<0,01). Pertumbuhan mutlak benih terbaik pada pemeliharaan di bak hatchery yakni 23,12±2,91 g, KJA 8,43±2,13 g dan tambak 12,58±2,58 g.  Kandungan protein benih ikan kerapu sunu tidak dipengaruhi oleh lingkungan pemeliharaan, namun kandungan kalori benih pada pemeliharaan di bak hatchery dan tambak lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan yang di KJA.  Benih ikan kerapu sunu yang didederkan dalam bak hatchery memiliki pertumbuhan bobot mutlak 1,84 kali lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan yang di tambak atau 2,74 kali dari yang  di KJA.
THE GROWTH PATTERN OF BLACKSADDLED CORALGROUPER LARVAE (PLECTROPOMA LAEVIS LACEPÈDE, 1801) AND THEIR CONSUMPTION RATE TO ZOOPLANKTON ROTIFER (BRACHIONUS ROTUNDIFORMIS) Melianawati, Regina; Astuti, Ni Wayan Widya; Astuti, Ni Wayan Widya; Slamet, Bejo; Slamet, Bejo
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 4 No. 2 (2012): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.983 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v4i2.7784

Abstract

Blacksaddled coralgrouper Plectropoma laevis has been started to conserve to prevent from over exploitation. The study purposes were to determine the growth pattern during larvae to juvenile stage of Blacksaddled coralgrouper and their consumption rate to zooplankton rotifers Brachionus rotundiformis. Domesticated broodstocks have been rearing in 100,000 l concrete tanks. The eggs from spawning broodstocks were hatched and the larvae have been kept to juvenile. Larvae rearing was done in 6,000 l concrete tanks. During the rearing period, larvae were fed with zooplankton rotifer, artemia and artificial food. Parameters measured were eggs and oil globule diameter, larval total length, length of larval dorsal fin and ventral fin, the number of zooplankton that consumed by larvae and water temperature. Microscopic method was used to measure the parameters. The result showed that eggs and oil globule diameter ranged in 800-850 ?m and 168-200 ?m, respectively. Total length of newly hatched larvae was 2.53±0.13 mm. The growth pattern of total length from larva to juvenile stage was exponential, while the growth pattern of dorsal fin and ventral fin length was linear. Larvae grew very fast after 35 days old. The pattern of larval consumption rate to zooplankton rotifers was linear. Time period from larvae to juvenile stage was 45-55 days on water temperature 27-29oC.Keywords: growth, consumption rate, rotifers, larvae, Blacksaddled coralgrouper
THE GROWTH PATTERN OF BLACKSADDLED CORALGROUPER LARVAE (PLECTROPOMA LAEVIS LACEPÈDE, 1801) AND THEIR CONSUMPTION RATE TO ZOOPLANKTON ROTIFER (BRACHIONUS ROTUNDIFORMIS) Melianawati, Regina; Astuti, Ni Wayan Widya; Astuti, Ni Wayan Widya; Slamet, Bejo; Slamet, Bejo
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 4 No. 2 (2012): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.983 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v4i2.7784

Abstract

Blacksaddled coralgrouper Plectropoma laevis has been started to conserve to prevent from over exploitation. The study purposes were to determine the growth pattern during larvae to juvenile stage of Blacksaddled coralgrouper and their consumption rate to zooplankton rotifers Brachionus rotundiformis. Domesticated broodstocks have been rearing in 100,000 l concrete tanks. The eggs from spawning broodstocks were hatched and the larvae have been kept to juvenile. Larvae rearing was done in 6,000 l concrete tanks. During the rearing period, larvae were fed with zooplankton rotifer, artemia and artificial food. Parameters measured were eggs and oil globule diameter, larval total length, length of larval dorsal fin and ventral fin, the number of zooplankton that consumed by larvae and water temperature. Microscopic method was used to measure the parameters. The result showed that eggs and oil globule diameter ranged in 800-850 ?m and 168-200 ?m, respectively. Total length of newly hatched larvae was 2.53±0.13 mm. The growth pattern of total length from larva to juvenile stage was exponential, while the growth pattern of dorsal fin and ventral fin length was linear. Larvae grew very fast after 35 days old. The pattern of larval consumption rate to zooplankton rotifers was linear. Time period from larvae to juvenile stage was 45-55 days on water temperature 27-29oC.Keywords: growth, consumption rate, rotifers, larvae, Blacksaddled coralgrouper
STEMFLOW VARIABILITY IN TROPICAL LOWLAND FOREST LANDSCAPE TRANSFORMATION SYSTEM: CASE STUDY AT JAMBI PROVINCE, INDONESIA Slamet, Bejo; Jaya, I Nengah Surati; Hendrayanto, Hendrayanto; Tarigan, Suria Darma
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 21 No. 1 (2015)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1799.209 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.21.1.1

Abstract

Land cover change may cause change on the hydrological function of an area, particularly on the distribution of rainfall that reach land surface. This study describes the characteristic of stemflow occurred within 4 ecosystems in Jambi, namely logged forest, jungle rubber, rubber plantation, and oil palm plantation. The main objective of the study was to measure the variability of stemflow in those 4 ecosystems. The main data used were rainfall and stemflow data that were directly measured for 5 months. The derived regression equation model showed that stemflow increase with rainfall depth. It was shown that values of stemflow amongs plantation types was varied indicated by the difference of its regression coefficients, as well as variations of the rainfall at the same transformation type. The percentage of stemflow to rainfall was ranging from 0.04?0.21% for rubber, 0.10?0.38% for jungle rubber, 0.28?0.54% for forest, and 0.84?3.07% for oil palm. The oil palm provided the highest stemflow volume compared to other land cover type. The uniqueness of oil palm canopy may cause the drainage of water from the canopy to the main stem that indicated by highest stemflow funneling ratio value. Rainfall significantly affected the amount of stemflow compared with the characteristics of the plant.
DEVELOPMENT OF DIGESTIVE ENZYMES ACTIVITY ON BLACK SADDLED CORAL GROUPER (PLECTROPOMUS LAEVIS) LARVAE Slamet, Bejo; Aslianti, Titiek
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 8 No. 1 (2016): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v8i1.12427

Abstract

ABSTRACTProtease, amylase, and lipase enzymes were used as biological indicators to measure larvae?s food digestion. The aim of this study was to describe digestive enzyme activity development of black saddled coral grouper (Plectropomus laevis) larvae. The just hatching larvae were reared in concrete tank 2x3x1 m3 with stocking density of 10 larvae/L. In the larval rearing media were added with Nanochloropsis oculata at 105 cel/ml started from 1 day old (D-1). The larvae was fed with rotifer (Brachionus rotundiformis) at 10-20 ind/ml started from D-2 and artificial diet from D-10. To analyze  the protease, amylase, and lipase enzymes activities, samples were taken 0.5-1 g or about 1000 larvae on D-3, D-4, D-6, D-8 and 500 larvae on D-10, D-12, D-16, and D-20. The result showed that the protease, amylase, and lipase enzymes activity were positively correlated with the growth. Digestive enzymes activity was increased when larvae started on endogenous feeding (D-3), become down on D-6, stable on D-8 to D-10, increased on D-12, and reached the highest level on D-16. Digestive enzymes activity was higher when larvae started feeding with artificial diet compared to the larvae before feeding with artificial diet. Keywords:  digestive enzymes, development, larvae, blacksaddled coral grouper
INVENTARISASI DAN PENGENDALIAN PENYAKIT PARASIT PADA INDUK IKAN LAUT DI BAK PEMELIHARAAN Slamet, Bejo; Tridjoko, Tridjoko; P., Agus; Setiadharma, T.; Giri, N. A.; Suwirya, K.
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jfs.8906

Abstract

Observation on parasitic diseases had been conducted in Gondol Research Institute for Marine culture on mild fish (Chanos chanos), seabass (Lates calcarifer), tiger grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus), humpback grouper (Cromileptes altivelis), mangrove grouper (E. coioides), camouflage grouper (E. microdon), coral trout (Plectropoma leopardus, P. maculatus), snappers (Lutjanus argentimaculatus, L. seabae) and napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) rearing in captivity. The result showed that Cryptocaryon irritans was found on napoleon wrasse and humpback grouper; Amyloodinium ocellatum was found only on napoleon wrasse; Gill flukes (Haliothrema sp. dan Diplectanum sp. ) was found on humpback grouper and mangrove grouper; skin flukes Neobenedenia sp. was found only on napoleon wrasse and Benedenia was found on all grouper, snapper and seabass; Crustacea (Rhexanella sp.) and copepod (Caligus sp. and Lepeophtheirus sp.) was found on all grouper, snapper and seabass; Hirudinae (Zeylanicobdella arugamensis ) was found on all grouper, snapper and seabass.
MORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF Napoleon WRASSE, Cheilinus undulatus LARVAE Hutapea, Jhon Harianto; Slamet, Bejo
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1048.736 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.1.2.2006.145-151

Abstract

To improve the survival rate, napoleon wrasse larval rearing trial was conducted at Research Institute for Mariculture, Gondol-Bali in 2003. The trial aims at assessing initial feed for larvae, food habit, and morphological development from early larval stage to juvenile. The results showed that chicken egg yolk could be applied as initial feed and followed by rotifer, Artemia and mysid (Mesophodopsis sp.). Three swimming behavior of larvae were observed, drifting, free swimming and hiding on the substrate as larvae develop. Digestive system development, simple tube like, transition stage and coiled where digestive system could be distinguished between stomach, intestine and rectum.
EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS OF MILKY HEMOLYMPH DISEASE IN SPINY LOBSTER Panulirus homarus Sudewi, Sudewi; Widiastuti, Zeny; Slamet, Bejo; Mahardika, Ketut
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (477.926 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.13.1.2018.31-40

Abstract

Milky hemolymph disease of spiny lobster (MHD-SL) is categorized as the most destructive disease in farming spiny lobster. Therefore, it is required to investigate the routes of milky disease infection in spiny lobster as a basic knowledge in order to prevent milky disease transmission. The aim of the present study was to perform an experimental infection of milky disease in spiny lobster Panulirus homarus. Experimental infection of milky disease was carried out by several modes of infection which were injection, immersion and per os exposure. Injection of each 0.2 mL undiluted and diluted hemolymph from the diseased lobster resulted in a cumulative mortality of 100% at 15 days post-infection (dpi), and 75% at 16 dpi, respectively. Experimental infection through water immersion caused in a cumulative mortality of 50% at 7 dpi. In contrast, no mortality was observed in per os exposure as well as in control groups. Results of this experimental study provided evidence for horizontal transmission of MHD-SL among P. homarus. Histopathological analysis exhibited that there were masses of Rickettsia-like bacteria (RLB) in the connective tissues of the gill, hepatopancreas, gonad, midgut, and muscle tissues of the affected lobsters. Mass of RLB was not only found in the moribund lobsters but also in the surviving lobsters with milky hemolymph appearance.
PEMELIHARAAN LARVA KERAPU RAJA SUNU (Plectropomus laevis) DENGAN PERBEDAAN AWAL PEMBERIAN PAKAN BUATAN Slamet, Bejo; Aslianti, Titiek; Setiawati, Ketut Maha; Andriyanto, Wawan; Nasukha, Afifah
Jurnal Riset Akuakultur Vol 10, No 4 (2015): (Desember 2015)
Publisher : Pusat Riset Perikanan, Badan Riset dan Sumber Daya Manusia Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (847.85 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jra.10.4.2015.531-540

Abstract

Ikan kerapu raja sunu (Plectropomus laevis) merupakan komoditas ekspor yang bernilai ekonomis tinggi di pasar Asia, namun stoknya di alam sudah langka. Pemberian pakan buatan dalam pemeliharaan larvanya telah dilakukan, namun waktu respon awal larva terhadap pakan buatan secara tepat belum diketahui. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui waktu awal pemberian pakan buatan yang efektif pada pemeliharaan larvanya. Tiga perlakuan pemberian pakan buatan yang diuji yaitu mulai umur 7 hari (D-7) (A), D-10 (B), dan D-13 (C). Parameter yang diamati meliputi perkembangan panjang total, sintasan larva, jumlah rotifer dalam lambung dan histologi organ pencernaan larva. Penelitian berlangsung sampai larva berumur 43 hari, menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK) dengan tiga kelompok waktu untuk setiap perlakuan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan waktu awal pemberian pakan buatan berpengaruh terhadap sintasan dan pertumbuhan larva. Panjang total dan sintasan larva umur 43 hari yang tertinggi dicapai pada perlakuan B yaitu 29,3 mm ± 0,36 mm dan 2,61% ± 0,21%; diikuti oleh perlakuan C dengan nilai 28,0 mm ± 0,85 mm dan 1,55% ± 0,18%; dan yang terendah pada perlakuan A adalah 27,0 mm ± 0,25 mm dan 0,85% ± 0,13%. Data ini menunjukkan bahwa waktu awal pemberian pakan buatan yang terbaik adalah mulai larva berumur 10 hari.