Pradana Soewondo
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta

Published : 11 Documents
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Journal : Medical Journal of Indonesia

The correlation between hs C-reactive protein and left ventricular mass in obese women Alwi, Idrus; Harun, S.; Sukmoko, Satrio; Soewondo, Pradana; Waspadji, Sarwono; Soegondo, Sidartawan
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2006): April-June
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.996 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v15i2.223

Abstract

Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations are increased in obese individuals. In this study, we examined the correlation between hsCRP and left ventricular mass (LV mass). Fourty five healthy obese women and fourty five healthy non obese women as the controls group were studied by echocardiography and hsCRP. There was no significant correlation between hsCRP and left ventricular mass in obese women (r = 0.29, p 0.06). There was a significant correlation between hs CRP and body mass index (r = 0.46, p 0,002), and also hsCRP and visceral fat (r= 0.33, p 0.03). (Med J Indones 2006; 15:100-4) Keywords: hs C-reactive protein, LV mass, obese women
Non-psychogenic polydipsia in 45-year-old man with primary hyperparathyroidism and recurrent bilateral nephrolithiasis Cahyanur, Rahmat; Sarwono, Johannes; Armelia, Linda; Marbun, Maruhum B.H.; Soewondo, Pradana
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 21, No 4 (2012): November
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (446.727 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v21i4.506

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Non-psychogenic polydipsia with hyponatremia is a rare clinical presentation. Primary hyperparathyroidism is a disorder of calcium, phosphate, and bone metabolism caused by increased level of parathyroid hormone (PTH). It is estimated the incidence of primary hyperparathyroidism are 21.6 per 100,000 person a year. This case report describe a 45-year-old man presented with non-psychogenic polydipsia. This patient drank a lot of water out of the fear of recurrent kidney stones. He had history of recurrent nephrolithiasis with hypercalcemia. We investigate further the cause of hypercalcemia and we diagnosed primary hyperparathryoidism as the cause. (Med J Indones. 2012;21:230-4)Keywords: Hyponatremia, non-psychogenic polydipsia, primary hyperparathyroidism
The DiabCare Asia 2008 study – Outcomes on control and complications of type 2 diabetic patients in Indonesia Soewondo, Pradana; Soegondo, Sidartawan; Suastika, Ketut; Pranoto, Agung; Soeatmadji, Djoko W.; Tjokroprawiro, Askandar
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 19, No 4 (2010): November
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.097 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v19i4.412

Abstract

Aim: To collect information on diabetes management, diabetes complications, and awareness of self-control in diabetic population of the country. This study also evaluated the physician perspectives, psychological aspects, and quality of life of diabetic patients.Methods: This was a non-interventional, cross-sectional study, which recruited 1832 patients from secondary and tertiary medical centers across Indonesia. Data on demography, medical history, risk factors and clinical examination reports including laboratory assessments were collected from medical records of patients. Blood samples of all patients were collected for centralized HbA1c measurements.Results: Among 1832 patients, 1785 individuals were eligible for analysis. The mean age of the patients was 58.9+9.6 years. The mean duration of diabetes was 8.5+7.0 years. Majority (97.5%) of the patients had type 2 diabetes. 67.9% had poor control of diabetes (A1c:8.1 ± 2.0%). 47.2% had FPG>130 mg/dL (161.6±14.6 mg/dL). Dyslipidemia was reported in 60%  (834/1390) and 74% (617/834) of those received lipid lowering treatment. Neuropathy was most common  complication (63.5%); other complications were: Diabetic retinopathy 42%, nephropathy 7.3%, severe late complications 16.9%, macrovascular complications 16%, microvascular complications 27.6%. About 81.3% of patients were on OADs (± insulin), 37.7% were on insulin (±OADs). Majority used biguanides followed by sulfonylureas. Human insulin was used by 73.2%, premix regimen 58.5%, analogues usage was 24.9%. Majority of the WHO-5 well being index responses fell in positive territoryConclusion: Poor glycaemic control in majority of patients is a concern. There is a need for a large proportion of patients to be adjusted to more intensive pharmacotherapy and a multi-disciplinary approach for management should be adopted. The study fi ndings should be communicated to policymakers and physicians to help them provide proper healthcare and its facilities in Indonesia. (Med J Indones 2010; 19:235-44)Keywords: DiabCare, DiabCare Indonesia, Diabetes complications, Dyslipidaemia, Glycaemic control, Hypertension.
Prevalence, characteristics, and predictors of pre-diabetes in Indonesia Soewondo, Pradana; Pramono, Laurentius A.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 20, No 4 (2011): November
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1041.548 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v20i4.465

Abstract

Background: Pre-diabetes is a state where glucose level higher than normal, but not satisfy the criteria for diabetes. This condition is very critical, so that if subject don’t do lifestyle modification and pharmacology therapy, they could fall to diabetes. This research objective is to describe the prevalence and predictors of pre-diabetes in Indonesia.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by Metabolic Endocrinology Division, Department of Internal Medicine FMUI/RSCM and Jakarta Diabetes and Lipid Center using secondary data from National Health Survey 2007. Total  respondents are 24417 subjects from 33 provinces in Indonesia. We analyze characteristics, correlation, predictors, and  attributable risks for some predictors of pre-diabetes and diabetes.Results: Prevalence of pre-diabetes (based on impaired glucose tolerance data) in Indonesia is 10%. Predictors of pre-diabetes are male, old-age, high socio-economic status, low education level, hypertension, obesity, central obesity, and smoking. Priority for pre-diabetes and diabetes prevention in Indonesia directed to decrease blood pressure (Attributable Risk/AR  56.5%), reduce waist circumference (AR 47.3%), and stop smoking (AR 44.4%).Conclusion: Prevalence of pre-diabetes in Indonesia is high so that we need a prevention strategy for pre-diabetes and the development from pre-diabetes to diabetes. The implementation of those strategies is compiled in the Indonesian Diabetes Prevention Program.(Med J Indones 2011; 20:283-94)Keywords: diabetes, Indonesian diabetes prevention program, pre-diabetes
Ende Diabetes Study: diabetes and its characteristics in rural area of East Nusa Tenggara Waspadji, Sarwono; Soewondo, Pradana; Subekti, Imam; Soebardi, Suharko; Harbuwono, Dante S.; Pramono, Laurentius A.; Supali, Taniawati
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2013): February
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (575.721 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v22i1.517

Abstract

Background: There are only few studies about diabetes in rural area in Indonesia. Epidemiological study are needed to formulate health policy of disease management in specific area. The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of diabetes and knowledge of diabetes among the community in Nangapanda Village, Ende District, East Nusa Tenggara.Methods: A cross-sectional study “Ende Diabetes Study” was conducted in Nangapanda Village. This study use cluster random sampling method to a total number of 19756 residents in Nangapanda village. From the sampling frame of 1800 adult subjects who underwent screening with glucometer in 2008 and 2009, 125 subjects have been diagnosed as diabetes or impaired fasting glucose (IFG). All of the subjects who were diagnosed as diabetes or IFG from the previous screening and 218 subjects from control (normal subjects in the 2008 and 2009 screening) were included in the present study. Each subject underwent general anamnesis, nutritional interview, complete physical examinations, and laboratory test (blood and urine). The data were analyzed using SPSS 13.0.Ressult: There were 343 subjects in this study. The prevalence of diabetes in Nangapanda using blood glucose criteria (using fasting and post-glucose load values) was 2%; using post glucose load criteria, the prevalence of DM was 1.56%; while with HbA1c criteria, the prevalence was 2.83%. The prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) was 2.2%, and IFG was 6.2%. A number of 71.1% Nangapanda residents have sufficient knowledge about diabetes.Conclusion: Prevalence of diabetes in Nangapanda (using fasting and post-glucose load criteria) was 2% and 1.56% (using post-glucose load values). As much as 71.1% of Nangapanda residents have sufficient knowledge about diabetes. (Med J Indones. 2013;22:30-8)Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Ende Diabetes Study, prevalence, rural Indonesia
Sunlight–derived vitamin D affects interleukin-4 level, T helper 2 serum cytokines, in patients with Graves’ disease: a prospective cohort study Purnamasari, Dyah; Soewondo, Pradana; Djauzi, Samsuridjal
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 24, No 4 (2015): December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.046 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v24i4.1270

Abstract

Background: Graves’ disease (GD) is the most common autoimmune disease leading to hyperthyroidism. The role of Th1/Th2 pathways balance in GD is still controversial. Vitamin D is reported to have an effect on those pathways. This study aims to examine the effect of sunlight exposure on vitamin D 25(OH) level and Th1 and Th2 pathway-derived cytokines in GD patients. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 32 GD patients to compare the effect of sunlight exposure on vitamin D level and cytokines of Th1 and Th2 pathways between exposed and unexposed groups. Exposed group received sunlight exposure three times a week for 30 minutes each between 9–11 a.m for 1 month. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxin (fT4), vitamin D 25(OH), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) serum levels, were investigated before and after one month of sunlight exposure. Paired t-test or Mann Whitney test were used to analyze the difference between exposed and unexposed GD groups before and after sun exposure.Results: One month of sunlight exposure increased vitamin D 25(OH) level by 27.90% among exposed GD group (15.34 ng/mL to 19.62 ng/mL, p<0.001). Meanwhile, unexposed GD group’s vitamin D 25(OH) level decreased from 20.48 ng/mL to 18.86 ng/mL (p<0.001). Increased vitamin D 25(OH) level in exposed group was not accompanied by the increase of IL-4 level after sunlight exposure.Conclusion: Sunlight exposure increases vitamin D 25(OH) serum level and may affect the level of IL-4, Th2 pathway-derived cytokine, in patients with GD. However, the role of sunlight-derived vitamin D on IFN-γ in GD patients can not be concluded in this study.