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SEJARAH PERKEMBANGAN BAHASA SAKAI*) Sofyan, Ahmad
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 19 (2012): September 2012
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Berdasarkan rekonstruksi yang dilakukan terhadap kata-kata kognat antara bahasa Sakai dengan Proto Malayik (PM), dapat diketahui bahwa bahasa Sakai mengalami perkembangan sebagai berikut. (1)     Unsur fonologis PM yang mengalami retensi adalah: vokal *a, *i, *u; diftong *aw dan *ay; konsonan: *p, *b, *t, *d, *c, *k, *g, *j, *h, *m, *n, *?, *ñ, *s, *l, *w, dan *y. (2)     Inovasi primer  yang terjadi pada vokal adalah substitusi, split, dan merger. Inovasi primer yang berupa substitusi antara lain: (a) *a >?, (b) *?>?, (c) *?> a, (d) *i > e; dan (e) *u >?; split antara lain: (a) *u >i dan ui dan (b) *i >i, e, dan a; dan merger adalah *?, *i > e. (3)      Inovasi primer yang terjadi pada konsonan antara lain: (a) *h > ø; (b) *r > ø; (c) *s > h; (d) split PM *b >b dan w; (e) merger PM *p, *t, dan *k >?. (4)     Unsur fonologis PM yang mengalami inovasi sekunder dalam bahasa Sakai antara lain: *aw *d, *n, *?,*ñ, *l, *r, *w, dan      *d ? l.  
SEJARAH PERKEMBANGAN BAHASA SAKAI Sofyan, Ahmad
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 16 (2009): September 2009
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Berdasarkan rekonstruksi yang dilakukan terhadap kata-kata kognat antara bahasa Sakai dengan Proto Malayik (PM), dapat diketahui bahwa bahasa Sakai mengalami perkembangan sebagai berikut. (1)     Unsur fonologis PM yang mengalami retensi adalah: vokal *a, *i, *u; diftong *aw dan *ay; konsonan: *p, *b, *t, *d, *c, *k, *g, *j, *h, *m, *n, *?, *ñ, *s, *l, *w, dan *y. (2)     Inovasi primer  yang terjadi pada vokal adalah substitusi, split, dan merger. Inovasi primer yang berupa substitusi antara lain: (a) *a >?, (b) *?>?, (c) *?> a, (d) *i > e; dan (e) *u >?; split antara lain: (a) *u >i dan ui dan (b) *i >i, e, dan a; dan merger adalah *?, *i > e. (3)      Inovasi primer yang terjadi pada konsonan antara lain: (a) *h > ø; (b) *r > ø; (c) *s > h; (d) split PM *b >b dan w; (e) merger PM *p, *t, dan *k >?. (4)     Unsur fonologis PM yang mengalami inovasi sekunder dalam bahasa Sakai antara lain: *aw *d, *n, *?,*ñ, *l, *r, *w, dan      *d ? l.
TANGGUNG JAWAB DALAM PENCEMARAN LAUT YANG DISEBABKAN OLEH MINYAK MENURUT HUKUM INTERNASIONAL Sofyan, Ahmad
INSPIRASI Vol 1, No 10 (2010)
Publisher : INSPIRASI

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Abstract

Tanggung jawab mutlak (strict liability) dalam pencemaran laut telah banyak diatur dalam peraturan dan regulasi baik hukum internasional maupun hukum nasional. Pencemaran laut menimbulkan kewajiban bagi pencemar baik itu negara, individu dan badan hukum lainnya yang masing-masing mempunyai peran dan bertanggung jawab untuk melakukan beberapa tindakan atau upaya dalam pencegahan dan penanggulangan serta pembayaran ganti rugi, terhadap pencemaran yang disebabkan oleh minyak. Tanggung jawab mutlak yang bersyarat dengan pembatasan jumlah pembayaran ganti ruginya yang ditetapkan terlebih dahulu. Kewajiban membayar ganti rugi pada negara pantai timbul seketika pada saat tumpahnya minyak dilaut dan timbulnya kerugian tanpa mempersoalkan bersalah atau tidaknya kapal tangki yang bersangkutan. Dalam strict liability telah ditentukan jumlah maksimum pembayaran ganti rugi melalui asuransi internasional seperti TOVALOP dan Cristal atau melalui dana International Oil Pollution Compentation Fund (IOPC Fund).
EVALUASI PROGRAM PRAKTIK PROFESI KEGURUAN TERPADU (PPKT) SOFYAN, AHMAD
Jurnal Evaluasi Pendidikan Vol 3 No 1 (2012): JURNAL EVALUASI PENDIDIKAN
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENELITIAN DAN EVALUASI PENDIDIKAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21009/JEP.031.02

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pelaksanaan Program Praktik Profesi Keguruan Terpadu (PPKT) pada Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan (FITK) Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Jakarta, meliputi proses, hasil, dan respon pemangku kepentingan. Penelitian ini berlangsung sejak Februari hingga Agustus Tahun Pelajaran 2008/2009, bertempat di FITK dan beberapa sekolah/madrasah yang terpilih sebagai tempat PPKT. Desain evaluasi yang digunakan adalah model evaluasi kesenjangan (Discrepancy Evaluation Model-DEM) dengan analisis deskriptif. mkanperlu dican kriteria.jangan yang terjadi antara                                        Sumber data diperoleh dari: 1) dekan FITK, 2) pengelola program, 3) dosen pembimbing, 4) kepala sekolah dan guru pamong, 5) mahasiswa karena dianggap dapat memberikan data yang dibutuhkan dalam penelitian ini selain ditunjang oleh arsip/dokumen. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa program PPKT secara umum jauh lebih baik jika dibandingkan dengan program Praktik Pengalaman Lapangan (PPL II). Manfaat program PPKT dapat dirasakan oleh mahasiswa, guru pamong dan kepala sekolah. Namun demikian, dalam pelaksanaan meskipun dapat dikatakan sudah baik, masih ada beberapa hal yang perlu mendapatkan perhatian pengelola program PPKT untuk peningkatan atau penguatan kompetensi lulusan peserta sebagai calon guru.
The use of earthworm meal (Lumbricus rubellus) as anti-pullorum agent in feed additive of broiler chicken Damayanti, Ema; Sofyan, Ahmad; Julendra, Hardi; Untari, Tri
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (114.826 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i2.348

Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the use of earthworm meal (TCT) L. rubellus as anti pullorum agent in poultry feed additive (IP). The antibacterial activity of TCT against Salmonella pullorum was examined using diffusion agar method at each of the following concentrations: 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% (w/v) in 100 µL DMSO. In vivo test was conducted using 80 broiler chicken and were infected by S. pullorum with treatments of: IP0: IP contained 0% TCT, IP1: IP contained 25% TCT, IP2: IP contained 50% TCT, IP3: IP contained 75% TCT and IP4: IP contained 100% TCT. Each treatment was replicated 4 times with 4 chicks each. Feed additive was periodically fed to broiler during 7 days before and 10 days after infection. Anti-pullorum activities were evaluated using serology test, isolation and biochemical identification of S. pullorum. The results showed that 75% TCT was optimum to inhibit S. pullorum in vitro. The isolation and identification of S. pullorum results showed that 0 out of 8 (0%) broilers treated with IP4 was not infected by S. pullorum whereas 1 out of 2 (50%) broilers treated with IP0 were infected by S. pullorum. The reduction of S. pullorum prevalence as followed by increasing TCT in feed additive. In conclusion, TCT as poultry feed additive could inhibit S. pullorum infection. Key words: Earthworm Meal, Feed Additive, S. Pullorum
Antibacterial activity and retained protein of earthworm meal (Lumbricus rubellus) as feed additive combined with chitosan Sofyan, Ahmad; Damayanti, Ema; Julendra, Hardi
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.843 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i3.586

Abstract

This research was conducted to enhance the bacterial growth inhibition of E. coli by using earthworm (Lumbricus rubellus) meal (TCT) which was added with chitosan and its effect on the retained protein in broilers. Inhibition of E. coli growth was tested using dilution method on the nutrient broth by additional 2% TCT combined with 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% chitosan. Retained protein was measured using broiler fed diet containing 2% TCT (w/w) and added by chitosan 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.50% of TCT (w/w). The numbers of 15 broilers Cobb strain 35 days old were arranged on Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Results showed inhibition of E. coli was increased using TCT mixed chitosan. The highest inhibition to E. coli growth obtained from TCT + 0.5% chitosan. Retained protein tended to increase up to 1% (w/w) chitosan. Otherwise, chitosan level more than 1% could reduce protein retention. It is concluded that use of 1% chitosan increased TCT capability to inhibit E. coli and protein retention in the broilers. Key Words: Feed Additive, Chitosan, L. rubellus, E. coli
PENGEMBANGAN DESAIN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PAI BERBASIS KARAKTER MULIA YANG HOLISTIK, HUMANIS, EMANSIPATORIS, DAN EFEKTIF Nata, Abudin; Sofyan, Ahmad
TARBIYA: Journal of Education in Muslim Society TARBIYA: Journal of Education in Muslim Society | Vol. 1 No. 1 Juni 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/tjems.v1i1.1109

Abstract

Abstract: Religious education required not only to provide a deep understanding of the religion, but rather should contribute to the community in shaping the character mulia. Many efforts had to meet these demands, but has not shown significant results. This study offers a learning model based on the character of religious education that is holistic noble, humane, and effective emansipatoric, with the steps: Modelling, reflecting, deep discussion, problem solving, socialization and authentic assessment. Based on the results of a descriptive qualitative study in Madrasah Development UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, it turns learning model has been implemented, and the results were quite effective in forming a noble character. MP UIN Jakarta, though not yet executed the systematic learning model and be consolidazed, but in fact it has brought learning outcomes that meet the expectations of society. Therefore such a learning model that needs to be strengthened and applied to other educational institutions. DOI: 10.15408/tjems.v1i1.1109
PREVALENSI KOLIBASILOSIS PADA AYAM BROILER YANG DIINFEKSI Escherichia coli DENGAN PEMBERIAN BIOADITIF, PROBIOTIK, DAN ANTIBIOTIK Suryani, Ade Erma; Karimy, Mohammad Faiz; Istiqomah, Lusty; Sofyan, Ahmad; Herdian, Hendra; Wibowo, Michael Haryadi
Widyariset Vol 17, No 2 (2014): Widyariset
Publisher : LIPI-Press

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to study the efficacy of bio-additive (a mixture of Lumbricus rubellus meal extract, Morinda citrifolia leaf extract and lactic acid bacteria ), probiotics, and antibiotics on the prevalence co- libacillosis and healthy status of broiler that infected by E. coli strain Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC). A total of 140 DOC were distribute randomly into 20 units of cage, each filled with 7 chickens were arranged in a completely randomized desig . Twenty cages were divided into 5 group , each treatment consisted of 4 replicates. The treatment group consisted of treatment A = infection of E. coli positive control), B = infection of E. coli + bio- additiv , C = infection of E. coli + probiotic , D = infection of E. coli + antibiotic , E = no E. coli infection negative contro). Feed base on corn- soybean is formulated as a basal fee . The experiments were conducted for 35 days, on day 21 chickens infected E. coli. ND vaccination is given at the age of four days and 15 days. The observed parameters were changes of macroscopic, isolation and identification of E. coli, changes in histopathology, blood profiles and antibody titer against ND. Results showed the prevalence colibasillosis on treatment B resulted in the lowest rate (33.3), results in the isolation and identification of chicken with positive clinical symptoms kolibasilosis infected APEC, and microscopic observations showed histopathological changes in the organs pancreas, heart, liver, and exchanges fabrisius lung. The results of the blood profile analysis showed the presence of the body’s defense mechanism against bacterial infectio , which is evident from the number of leukocytes in treatment A and C are higher tha treatment E (P> 0.0 ), red cell count treatment D higher than E treatment (P> 0.0 ), and total of Hb treatment A higher than treatment E P> 0.0 ). Based on the overall health status, it can be concluded that the administration of bioaditif decrease the prevalence o  colibasillosis 67.7 % .
Effectivity of probiotic, micromineral enriched yeast and their combination with Azadirachta indica leaves containing tannin on fermentability and digestibility of Pennisetum hybrid Sofyan, Ahmad; Sakti, A. A.; Karimy, M. F.; Julendra, H.; Istiqomah, L.; Herdian, H.; Damayanti, E.; Suryani, A. E.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 20, No 2 (2015): JUNE 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (494.217 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v20i2.1164

Abstract

Organic additive for animal had been explored to replace antibiotic growth promoter. Probiotic from lactic acid bacteria was widely used to support the microbial balances in digestive tract, while organic mineral was added into diets to improve bioavailability for preventing mineral deficiency disorders. This experiment was aimed to assess probiotic (Pediococcus acidilactici RS2) and micromineral enriched yeast (MEY) combined with tannin from neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves containing tannin on king grass (P. hybrid) fermentability using in vitro gas production technique. Treatments consisted of P0 (control/forage without additive), P1 (P0+MEY); P2 (P0+MEY+crude tannin); P3 (P0+Probiotic); P4 (P0+Probiotic+MEY), and P5 (P0+Probiotic+MEY+crude tannin). The study was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications in each treatment. Probiotic, MEY or tannin supplementation significantly increased (P<0.05) gas production without affecting volatile fatty acid, protozoa numbers, methane production and in vitro digestibility of forage. The highest cumulative gas production was found in forage treated by P4 followed by P5, P1, P5, P2, P3 and control. Kinetic of gas production was significantly affected by treatments after 8 h incubation. Although the treatments were only significantly affected gas production kinetic (b, c and total gas), the hierarchical cluster analysis indicated that some parameters consisted of acetate, propionate, in vitro digestibility, protozoa numbers, and methane production were closely correlated to the gas production kinetic parameters. It was concluded that either organic mineral supplementation or its combination with probiotic, and probiotic+tannin improved fermentabilty of forage without negative effect on in vitro digestibility. Key Words: Fermentability, In Vitro Digestibility, Organic Mineral, Probiotic, Tannin
SELEKSI BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT DENGAN AKTIVITAS ANTI JAMUR YANG DIISOLASI DARI SILASE DAN SALURAN CERNA TERNAK (Isolation of Lactic Acid Bacteria for Antifungal Activity Isolated from Silage and Animal Digestives Tract) Damayanti, Ema; Suryani, Ade Erma; Sofyan, Ahmad; Karimy, Muhammad Faiz; Julendra, Hardi
Jurnal Agritech Vol 35, No 02 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Agritech

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.644 KB)

Abstract

Fungi contamination was a serious problem on feed industry in Indonesia. Mycotoxin was produced by contaminated fungi could decrease feed quality and it accumulation on animal caused immunosuppressive and mortality effect. The application of biological agent such as antifungal microbe was a promising solution and to be important for futher study. The objective of this research was to select lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with antifungal activity against mycotoxin producing fungi. Lactic acid bacteria were isolated from oil palm frond (OPF) silage, poultry and ruminant digestive tracts (cattle and goat). Antifungal activities of LAB was conducted by using overlay method and paper disc diffusion method of the cell free supernatant against   FNCC 6002,   FNCC 6033 and FNCC 6111. The result showed that LAB strain PDS2 from OPF silage had the highestKeywords: Animal, lactic acid bacteria, fungi, mycotoxin, oil palm frond silage ABSTRAKKontaminasi jamur dalam bahan pakan masih menjadi masalah dalam industri ternak di Indonesia. Selain karena menurunkan kualitas pakan, akumulasi mikotoksin yang dihasilkan oleh jamur kontaminan dalam tubuh ternak juga mengakibatkan efek immunosupresif yang  menyebabkan ternak mudah terserang penyakit hingga menyebabkan kematian. Penggunaan agen biologis berupa mikrobia dengan aktivitas anti jamur menjadi solusi menjanjikan dan penting untuk dikaji. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyeleksi bajteri asam laktat (BAL) dengan aktivitas anti jamur penghasil mikotoksin. BAL diisolasi dari silase pelepah sawit, saluran cerna unggas dan ruminansia (kambing dan sapi).Pengujian aktivitas anti jamur dilakukan dalam secara kualitatif dengan metode dan secara kuantitatif dengan menguji daya hambat supernatan bebas sel menggunakan metode difusi kertas cakram terhadap kapang FNCC 6002,   FNCC 6033 dan   FNCC 6111. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan isolat PDS2 dari silase memiliki daya hambat yang nyata terhadap ketiga jamur uji, sedangkan isolat BAL dari saluran cerna unggas dan ruminansia tidak menunjukkan daya hambat yang nyata.Kata kunci: Anti jamur, bakteri asam laktat, saluran cerna ternak, silase