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Analisis Konsumsi Daging Sapi pada Tingkat Rumah Tangga di Provinsi Aceh Zulkarnain, Zulkarnain; Asmawati, Asmawati; Sofyan, Sofyan
Jurnal Agrisep Vol 18, No 1 (2017): Volume 18 Nomor 1 Juni 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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This study aimed to analyze the factors which affect the consumption of beef and to determine the income elasticity, price elasticity of beef, cross-price elasticity of demand for beef at the household level in urban and rural locations in the province of Aceh, using data samples Susenas 2015 that consist of 3,308 urban households and 7,102 rural households. The analytical method used was censored regression model using the tools of Eviews 9. The results showed that income, level of education of household head, the price of beef, chicken meat and tetelan significantly affect of meat consumption in urban areas. Chicken meat and tetelan are substitutes to beef. Beef consumption is only affected rural households by income, education of household head and beef prices. Beef is a normal good and elastic. In order to increase the consumption of beef for the people of Aceh, the government is expected to be able to create a policy that can guarantee the availability of beef by increasing the production of beef. And cattle ranchers are expected to support the availability of beef.
Analisa Pola Produksi Kelapa Sawit Dan Keseimbangannya Terhadap Pabrik Kelapa Sawit Di Pantai Barat Aceh Nasution, Aswin; Fajri, Fajri; Sofyan, Sofyan
Jurnal Agrisep Vol 16, No 2 (2015): Volume 16 Nomor 2 Desember 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRACT. This study was conducted to analyze the balance of  palm oil FFB production pattern with raw material needs POF on the west coast of Aceh, how the addition of  POF is required. The research method used is Purposive Cluster Sampling with the research object farmers and plantation companies. The results of this study indicate that by assuming no increase in plantation area, the FFB palm oil production patterns on the west coast of Aceh increased until 2022 and subsequently production decreased following the increase in age of the plant. Did not happen balance between FFB production patterns and material requirements POF  where there is overbalance production of  490,418 tons of FFB processing capacity of 12 units POF operating today. FFB  overbalance of processing capacity of the POF in 2014 requires the addition of 3-6 POF unit capacity of 30 tons / hour with 3 units at 100% of the processing capacity and 6 units at 60% processing capacity. Distribution addition of POF is 1 unit in West Aceh, 1-2 units in Nagan Raya and 2-3 units in Southwest Aceh. FFB overbalance  top occurred in 2022 amounted to 1,531,317 tons with the needs 27-34 POF unit capacity of 30 tons / hour. The addition of POF will need to follow the addition of overbalance  FFB.
ANALISIS EFISIENSI PEMASARAN PRODUK AGROINDUSTRI PERIKANAN (Studi Kasus Pemasaran Ikan Teri di Desa Meunasah Keudee Kabupaten Aceh Besar) Lisna, Evi; Sofyan, Sofyan
Jurnal Agrisep Vol 12, No 1 (2011): Volume 12 Nomor 1 Juni 2011
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Efficiency Analysis of Marketing in Fisheries Agro-industry(A Case Study: Marketing of Dried Anchovy in Meunasah Keudee village, District of Aceh Besar)ABSTRACT. The issue of marketing efficiency is still an important topic to be discussed in agribusiness. The specific goals of this research are: (1) identifying marketing channel of dried anchovy and (2) analyzing market performance of dried anchovy (includes margin, profit margin, share as well as value chain). This research is quantitative and qualitative researches using observations, in-depth interviews and questionnaires. Field research was conducted in Meunasah Keudee Village, Aceh Besar District, Aceh Province. This location is selected from areas that are most popular as a central production of dried Anchovy in Aceh. Results from this research indicated that the marketing margin in all channels was enormous and unwell distributed yet. Increasing marketing efficiency at market level in local market through reducing marketing cost (transportation, handling, packing and loss) is important. Similarly, encouragement of investment in those efficiency activities are still essential. 
Analisis Efisiensi Pemasaran Pala di Kecamatan Tapaktuan Kabupaten Aceh Selatan Sofyan, Sofyan; Iskandar, Elvira; Febriani, Faradila
Jurnal Bisnis Tani Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Bisnis Tani April 2017
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

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The nutmeg plant known as spice plants that has economic value. South Aceh district is an area of nutmeg production centers in Aceh. The purpose of this study was to determine the type of marketing channels, margin and marketing efficiency nutmeg in Tapak Tuan Sub District. This research was conducted by survey. The analytical method used is quantitative descriptive method by analysis of marketing margin and efficiency. The results showed that: (1) Channel marketing of meat nutmeg using zero channel level, while the nutmeg seed marketing channels using the channel one and two levels; (2) marketing margin nutmeg to consumers in Type I of Rp.20.500 per kg and the Type II amounted Rp.21.000 per kg, while the marketing channel nutmeg to refiners in Type I Rp. 95 900 per kg and the Type II Rp. 96 400; (3) The efficiency of marketing nutmeg to consumers in Type I 53.94% and the Type II 55.26%, while nutmeg to refiners at 84.65%of Type I and Type II at 85%.
A budget allocation analysis and poverty alleviation strategy in Aceh post conflict and tsunami Agussabti, Agussabti; Pribadi, Jeliteng; Zulham, T; Sofyan, Sofyan
Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences Vol 7 (2017): 7th AIC in conjuction ICMR 2017 Universitas Syiah Kuala October 2017
Publisher : Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences

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This paper analyses budget allocation and poverty alleviation strategy in Aceh’s post conflict and tsunami. It is aimed (1) to identify conditions and the cause of poverty in Aceh, (2) to analyze poverty alleviation budget and programs in Aceh and (3) to find a suitable poverty alleviation strategy in post conflict and tsunami in Aceh.  The study was conducted in 2015-2016 using budget data of 2013 and 2014 collected from 7 districts in Aceh, 3 districts representing the west coast, 3 other representing the east coast, and 1 in the capital city of Banda Aceh. Meanwhile, the survey was conducted through in-depth interview technique reinforced by FGD in six districts i.e. Bener Meriah, Gayo Lues, Pidie Jaya, North Aceh, Aceh Barat, and Simeulue. The results show that Aceh’s poverty budget allocation is irrelevance and inconsistent. This is allegedly due to the limited capacity and commitment of decision makers to poverty alleviation. Poverty in Aceh is caused by natural, structural and cultural problems. The budget allocations for poverty alleviation programs are not well managed and unstructured and thus tend to be less effective in reducing poverty in Aceh. It is recommended that poverty alleviation strategies in Aceh should optimize the development of rural sectors such as agriculture, livestock, fisheries, poultry, dairy, and handicrafts, by stimulating the involvement and coordination of wider stakeholders.
PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP MASYARAKAT DESA BINAAN STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH SIDRAP TENTANG PENGGUNAAN SEDIAAN HERBAL Ode, Wahyuni L.; Sofyan, Sofyan
JIKI Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan IQRA Vol 6 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Muhammadiyah Sidrap

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Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Sikap masyarakat desa binaan Stikes Muhammadiyah Sidrap tentang penggunaan sediaan herbal tahun 2018. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif pendekatan deskriptif, lokasi penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Cerawali Dusun Cenrana Kecamatan Watangpulu Kabupaten Sidrap. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada tanggal 11 Mei s/d 24 Juni 2018 jumlah sampel sebanyak 35 Masyarakat dan tekhnik pengambilan sampel dengan Purposive Sampling, instrument penelitian berupa kuesioner dan teknik analisa data univariat dengan menggunakan tabel distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Tingkat Pengetahuan Masyarakat tentang penggunaan sediaan herbal sebanyak 22 responden 63% yang memiliki tingkat pengetahuan ?baik?, dan sebanyak 13 responden 37% yang memiliki tingkat penegtahuan ?kurang?. Sedangkan sikap Masyarakat tentang penggunaan sediaan herbal sebanyak 27 responden 77% yang memiliki sikap ?ya? dan sebanyak 8 sampel 28% yang memiliki sikap ?tidak?.
PENGGUNAAN INTERNET DAN KINERJA DOSEN PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL KOPERTIS WILAYAH III Sofyan, Sofyan
Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Vol 9, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Prodi Ilmu Komunikasi Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Yogyakarta

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Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan pengaruh penggunaan internet terhadap kinerja dosen Pegawai Negeri Sipil (PNS) di Kopertis wilayah III.Teori yang digunakan yaitu Teori Computer-Mediated-Communication (CMC), teori penerimaan dan penggunaan teknologi, dan kinerja. Variabel Bebas penelitian ini meliputi penggunaan internet dengan indikator: intensitas penggunaan internet dan pencarian infomasi tentang ilmu pengetahuan terkini. Variabel terikat yaitu kinerja dosen diukur dengan indikator kinerja di bidang pendidikan dan pengajaran, kinerja di bidang penelitian, dan kegiatan ilmiah lainnya, serta kinerja di bidang pengabdian kepada masyarakat. Paradigma penelitian menggunakan paradigma Positivistik dengan data kuantitatif. Populasi yaitu dosen Pegawai Negeri Sipil (PNS) Kopertis Wilayah III yang ditugaskan di berbagai Perguruan Tinggi Swasta di wilayah Jakarta, Bogor, Tanggerang, Depok dan Bekasi (JABODETABEK) sebesar 1036 orang. Sampel diambil dengan rumus Yamane sebesar 94 responden. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa koefisiendeterminasiatau R Square 0,319. Ini berarti besar pengaruh variabel penggunaan Internet terhadap Kinerja dosen adalah 31,9 persen. Jika persentase tersebut dikonversi ke dalam skala ordinal dengan 3 klasifikasi yaitu kecil, sedang dan besar; maka rentang prosentase setiap klasifikasi adalah 33 persen. Adanya pengaruh sebesar 31,9 persen tersebut termasuk dalam klasifikasi kecil. Penelitian ini mendukung teori Computer-Mediated-Communication (CMC), teori penggunaan teknologi, dan menguatkan konsep kinerja dosen untuk populasi dosen di Kopertis wilayah III.
PERENCANAAN PEMANAS AIR TENAGA SURYA KAPASITAS 80 GALON PER HARI Soeleman, Soeleman; Diniardi, Eri; Sofyan, Sofyan; Sunarto, Sunarto
SINTEK JURNAL: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Mesin Vol 5, No 1 (2011): SINTEK JURNAL
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta

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Energi matahari adalah sumber energi yang gratis, sehingga dapat dimanfaatkan seefisien mungkin, walaupun butuh biaya tinggi dalam pemanfaatannya. Dalam hal ini energi matahari digunakan untuk memanaskan air dengan suhu keluaran 430C dengan kapasitas 80 gal per hari yang digunakan untuk industri rumah apartemen (bukan gedung apartemen) sebanyak kurang dari 20 apartemen, dengan 80 galon per hari setiap apartemennya. Proses pengumpulan panas dilakukan oleh kolektor dengan menyerap panas matahari, sehingga mengalir secara konduktif mengenai pelat penyerap (tembaga dengan lapisan chrom hitam), dengan suhu 1280C, dan melalui dinding silinder kemudian panas dipindahkan ke fluida didalam saluran pipa-pipa dengan cara konveksi paksa, pelat penyerap yang panas itu melepaskan panas kepelat penutup kaca dengan cara konveksi alamiah dan diteruskan ke atmosfir dengan cara radiasi yang hal ini merupakan salah satu kerugian kalor yang mencapai 4,4 W/(m2.K). Dan bersirkulasi terus selama perbedaan antara suhu di kolektor dan tangki penyimpan masih selisih 140C. Dari hasil penelitian di lapangan bahwa suhu air masuk sebesar 270C dan suhu air hangat 430C. Dan hasil perhitungan, radiasi matahari yang ditangkap pada kolektor dengan posisi 60LS (wilayah DKI Jakarta) sebesar 1047,9 W/m2 dan panas yang diperoleh sekitar 80% dengan kerugian total pada kolektor sebesar 5,14 W/(m2.K). Waktu yang diperlukan untuk memanaskan air hingga suhu keluaran mencapai 430C sebesar 1 jam dengan membutuhkan dua buah kolektor, dengan kerugian kalor pada tangki sebesar 20% dari panas yang diterima kolektor.
ANALISA PRESTASI KERJA TURBIN UAP PADA BEBAN YANG BERVARIASI Soeleman, Soeleman; Sofyan, Sofyan; Priyanto, Novy
SINTEK JURNAL: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Mesin Vol 3, No 1 (2009): SINTEK JURNAL
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta

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Kebutuhan konsumen akan daya listrik bervariasi dari waktu ke waktu yang menyebabkan beban mekanis yang dipikul oleh poros Turbin turut bervariasi pula. Perubahan pada beban mekanis ini menyebabkan perubahan langsung pada kerja yang dilakukan oleh poros Turbin. Pengurangan atau penambahan beban dari beban rancangan akan menurunkan unjuk kerja suatu Turbin yang dalam hal ini dilihat dari nilai konsumsi kalor per daya yang dihasilkan terminal generatornya atau Heat Rate Turbin pada variasi titik pembebanan tertentu.Dengan mengetahui prestasi kerja Turbin pada beban yang bervariasi maka kita dapat mengetahui batas-batas (range) beban yang masih dapat dipikul oleh suatu Turbin uap dengan Heat Rate Turbin yang cukup rendah.Pada kondisi normal Turbin unit 1 - 4 UBP Suralaya memiliki unjuk kerja yang baik pada beban operasi puncak 400 MW atau lebih, dimana pada beban tersebut konsumsi kalor turbin atau Heat Rate Turbin cukup rendah berkisar antara 1833,278 ? 1871,901 Kcal/kWh. Heat Rate tertinggi terjadi bila turbin dioperasikan pada beban rendah 260 MW dengan nilai Heat Rate mencapai 1958,554 Kcal/kWh.
Ornaments of Flora and Fauna on Traditional Acehnese House Sofyan, Sofyan
Jurnal Natural Volume 14, Number 2, September 2014
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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This study was aimed to explore ornaments on the Traditional Acehnese House (TAH) in Banda Aceh. Data were obtained by direct survey and interview methods to TAH and owners, carpenters, and community leaders. Secondary data were obtained from literatures, manuscripts, and museums. Ornaments on the TAH are dominated by elements from flora more than fauna. Other ornaments are dominated by clouds, stars, mountains, curved lines, straight lines and geometry. Few numbers of ornaments from fauna were also influenced by the Islam regulation.
Co-Authors A, Abdul Jabbar Affianto, Catur Budi Agussabti Agussabti Agustina Arida, Agustina Ahmad Afiif, Ahmad Akhmad Baihaqi Anggriani, Nova Maulida Anita Faiziah Aprysintia, Titha Irma Arif Firmanyah Asmawati Asmawati Aswin Nasution, Aswin Audyati Gany, Audyati Br Tarigan, Nova Astylia Ceppi Gustiar Rampengan, Ceppi Gustiar Dahlia Dahlia Daud, Jundro Deva, Putri Edy Marsudi Elly Susanti Elvira Iskandar Eri Diniardi Evi Lisna Failisnur, Failisnur Failisnur, Failisnur Fajri Fajri fatimah Fatimah Fauzi, Teuku Fauzi, Teuku Febriani, Faradila Fitri Handayani Fitri, Cut Rohana Niar Fitriah, Cut Idatul H., Muh. Syahiruddin Hawi, Akmal idris, Ahmad Rosyid Indra Indra Indrawan, Andi Wawan Irwan Irwan Ismayani Ismayani Jamaludin Jamaludin Jannah, Rauzatul Kadir, Irwan A. Kadir, Irwan A. Kautsar, Muhammad Radinal Kemala, Cut Miranti Keumala Fadhiela, Keumala Latif, Adam Makmur, Teuku Makmur, Teuku Manizar, Elly Mardeli Mardeli, Mardeli Mardyawati, Mardyawati Marzuki Marzuki Maulida, Eka Maulida, Tia Muh. Rapi, Muh. Muhammad Fauzi Muhammad Ichsan Muhammad Syaifullah, Muhammad Muhtadin Muhtadin Mustanir, Ahmad Mustika Mustika Nita Sari Tarigan Novy Priyanto Nublina, Dhiyan Nura Syahriani Ode, Wahyuni L. Perdana, Adhitya Pandu Persada, Aulia Prasetya, Agik Yan Pribadi, Jeliteng Priyadi, Catur Putri, Istiqarah Isa Rahayu, Destri Rahmaddiansyah Rahmaddiansyah, Rahmaddiansyah Rheno Sanjaya, Rheno Riantory Ahmad Rivani risaldi, risaldi Rozi, Teguh Fahrur Safrida Safrida Sasi Kirono Savita, Cut Ega Siraj, Arifuddin Soeleman Soeleman sugiana, aset Sunarti Sunarti Sunarto Sunarto Surliyan, Surliyan Tawarniate, Maqfirah Van Ukkas, Muhammad Irwan Utari, Friska Widiasari, Hera Widya wati Wuwung, Vicky Yuwarti, Harti Zakia Izzati, Zakia Zakiah Zakiah Zoelfahmie, Rizael Zulfah, Cut Zulham, T Zulisma Sari, Zeveni ZULKARNAIN ZULKARNAIN