Irman Somantri
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Journal : Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran

Efektifitas Terapi Mendongeng terhadap Kecemasan Anak Usia Toddler dan Prasekolah Saat Tindakan Keperawatan A’diilah, Nidaa’; Somantri, Irman
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (677.27 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v4i3.287

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi bahwa hospitalisasi menjadi saat yang memberikan perasaan tidak nyaman bagianak yang dapat mengakibatkan kecemasan. Hasil studi pendahuluan pada Ruang Anak RS X ditemukan 6 pasienkategori toddler-prasekolah menunjukkan reaksi cemas ketika akan dilakukan tindakan keperawatan, sedangkan4 pasien sebaliknya. Peran perawat dalam hal ini adalah mendukung perilaku koping anak, menstimulasiperkembangannya, dan mengurangi ketidaknyamanan, salah satu caranya dengan terapi mendongeng. Tujuanpenelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh terapi mendongeng terhadap tingkat kecemasan anak usia toddlerdan prasekolah selama tindakan keperawatan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan desaineksperimen semu ini menggunakan pendekatan posttest design with a comparison group. Variabel yang digunakanadalah terapi mendongeng dan tingkat kecemasan. Sampel penelitian menggunakan teknik quota purposivesampling, yaitu 15 sampel untuk tiap kelompok. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan mean skor kecemasan toddler4.40, sedangkan prasekolah 1.80, artinya skor kecemasan prasekolah lebih rendah dibandingkan toddler setelahterapi mendongeng. Simpulan penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan skor kecemasan pada usia toddlerdan prasekolah setelah pemberian terapi mendongeng. Namun, terapi lebih efektif diberikan kepada prasekolah.
Pengalaman Perawat dalam Pelaksanaan Sistem Pemberian Pelayanan Keperawatan Profesional di RSUD Cibabat: Studi Fenomenologi Oyoh, Oyoh; Somantri, Irman; Sekarwana, Nanan
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1486.405 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v5i3.678

Abstract

Pelayanan kesehatan bermutu merupakan salah satu wujud dari tuntutan masyarakat di era globalisasi saat ini. Implementasi Sistem Pemberian Pelayanan Keperawatan Profesional (SP2KP) sebagai salah satu upaya dalam peningkatan mutu pelayanan di Rumah Sakit. Penerapan SP2KP yang tidak sesuai standar akan berpengaruh terhadap kualitas pelayanan kesehatan. Penelitian yang mengkaji tentang pengalaman perawat dalam melaksanakan SP2KP masih terbatas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi pengalaman perawat dalam pelaksanaan SP2KP. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara indepth interview. Partisipan adalah perawat yang terlibat dalam pelaksanaan SP2KP di ruang penyakit dalam yang berjumlah 7 partisipan. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan cara purposive. Analisis dilakukan dengan metode Colaizzi. Dari hasil penelitian teridentifikasi 5 tema, yaitu: 1) Ketidaksamaan persepsi tentang SP2KP. 2) Hambatan melaksanakan SP2KP dengan baik. 3) Tanggung jawab dan tuntutan organisasi, 4) Hambatan menyeimbangkan tanggung jawab dan tuntutan organisasi. 5) Perlu peningkatan keterampilan profesional dan reward. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pelaksanaan SP2KP belum berjalan optimal karena beberapa kendala diantaranya: kurangnya komitmen dan dukungan dari berbagai pihak, perspektif antar perawat yang masih beragam dan unik. Untuk itu hendaknya pihak menejemen rumah sakit meningkatkan dukungan terhadap perawat SP2KP, melakukan penyelelarasan perspektif antar perawat, melakukan supervisi dan pengawasan dalam pelaksanaan SP2KP di ruangan, melengkapi fasilitas sesuai kebutuhan pasien dan merekrut perawat agar jumlah tenaga perawat sesuai dengan jumlah pasien, sehingga pelaksanaan SP2KP bisa berjalan optimal dan mutu pelayanan rumah sakit lebih meningkat.Kata kunci : Fenomenologi, perawat, SP2KP.  Nurse Experience in the Implementation of Professional Nursing Services System at Cibabat Hospital: Phenomenology Study AbstractQuality health services is one manifestation of the demands of society in this current era of globalization. Implementation of Professional Nursing Services System (SP2KP) as one of the efforts in improving the quality of service in the Hospital. Implementation of SP2KP that does not meet the standards will affect the quality of health services. Researches on the experience of nurses in implementing SP2KP are barely conducted. Therefore, this study aims to explore the experience of nurses in the implementation of SP2KP. This research uses qualitative method with phenomenology approach. Data collection is collected by in-depth interview. Participants were nurses who are involved in the implementation of SP2KP in the internal disease room which amounted to 7 participants. Sampling is collected by purposive method. The analysis was done by using Colaizzi method. As a result, there were identified 5 themes, namely: 1) Inequality of perceptions about SP2KP. 2) Obstacles to implement SP2KP well. 3) Responsibilities and demands of the organization, 4) Obstacles to balance organizational responsibilities and demands. 5) Need improvement of professional skill and reward. The results showed that the implementation of SP2KP has not run optimally because of several obstacles such as: lack of commitment and support from various parties, nurse perspectives are still diverse and unique. As a solution for the problem, the hospital management should increase the support to SP2KP nurses, to align the perspectives between nurses, to supervise and supervise SP2KP implementation in the room, to complete the facilities according to the needs of the patients and to recruit the nurses so that the number of nurses in accordance with the number of patients, so that the SP2KP implementation can run optimally and the quality of hospital services will increase. Keywords: Phenomenology, nurse, SP2KP. 
Quality of Nurse Work Life in Pangandaran Health Center Somantri, Irman; Yudianto, Kurniawan
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran Vol 6, No 3 (2018): Padjadjaran Nursing Journal
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.688 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v6i3.621

Abstract

Quality service is the main goal of the health care system, where the purpose of service quality is to ensure that the services or products of nursing services are produced according to the patient’s standards / desires. The purpose of this study was to find out the quality of work life of nurses in the Puskesmas.This study uses correlative design that connects the characteristics with the quality of the work life of nurses. The research sample was 48 nurses in Puskesmas who were taken by total sampling. Comparative test was carried out using Mann Whitney, Kruskall Wallis and Spearman tests adjusted for the type of dataThe results are displayed in the form of numerical data tables consisting of middle values, deviations and probability values. The total quality of work life of nurses in Pangandaran Health Center was 145.83 where the value obtained was below the average standard value of 150. Likewise for the aspect of work environment, relations with managers, work conditions and job perceptions which had a mean below the standard mean while the support service aspect has an average of 19.31 while the average standard is 18. Based on the comparative analysis, gender and age have no relationship with the quality of work life (p Value> 0.005), while the level of education, the number of teams and salaries have a relationship with quality working life of nurses in Pangandaran Health Center (p Value <0.001). This means that nurses have not felt well in their work, except in the aspect of support service in this aspect nurses have felt satisfied and prosperous in getting support from other teams / officers. Likewise, the level of education, the number of teams and salaries have an influence on the quality of the worker’s life.