Made Sri Satyawati
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MIDDLE DIATHESIS IN OLD JAVANESE LANGUAGE Ratna Erawati, Ni Ketut; Artawa, Ketut; Pastika, I Wayan; Sri Satyawati, Made
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 8. Juli 2014 No.2
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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Abstract Old Javanese Langusage (OJL) is the language of the archipelago which developed rapidly in the IX-XV centuries. The language has so many alternation verbs in the predicate of the clause structure. Therefore, the problem of the present study is interesting to explore. The term refers to the opinion proposed by Shibatani(1998) and Artawa (2003).Diathesis associated with middle in OJL was found to have three types, namely, the middle diathesis morphological, middle lexical, and middle perifrastic.
10.24843 LEXICAL TIME WORDS IN BALINESE AND JAPANESE LANGUAGE: A TYPOLOGICAL APPROACH Widya Purnawati, Ketut; Artawa, Ketut; Sri Satyawati, Made; Shiohara, Asako
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol 12 No 2 (2018): eJL-July
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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This research is a study of intralingual typology in the form of a contrastive study of temporal lexicon in Balinese and Japanese language. The main theory used in this study was the theory of canonical time periods proposed by Haspelmath (1997) and the classification of lexical time words proposed by Dixon (2010). The result of data analysis showed that both Balinese and Japanese have  a rich variation in lexical items. Japanese is rich in vocabulary relating to qualitative time periods, especially the vocabulary that related to the seasons and day parts. Balinese is rich in vocabulary related to the name of calendar unit because Balinese uses not only the Christian year as the Japanese people, but also uses the Saka year which has a complex system and procedure for calculating the time
STRATEGIES APPLIED IN ENGLISH INTO INDONESIAN TRANSLATION OF PRISON SLANG WORDS IN “THE SHAWSHANK REDEMPTION” MOVIE SUBTITLING Pratama, Agus Darma Yoga; Artawa, Ketut; Putra Yadnya, Ida Bagus; Sri Satyawati, Made
e-Journal of Linguistics 2016: Vol. 10 No. 2 July
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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The rapid advancement of technology and the presence of Internet have a tremendous impact on translation industry. There are various types of translation domains, one among which is subtitling. This study deals with: 1) strategies applied in the English into Indonesian translation of prison slang words in ?The Shawshank Redemption? movie subtitling using the theory on translation strategies proposed by Gottlieb (1992); and 2) the most frequent strategy and type of translation (literal to idiomatic translation) of the prison slang words using the theory on translation typologies proposed by Larson (1984). There are 12 prison slang words found in the movie and used as data in this study. Some of the prison slang words appear more than one time, but there are only 24 sentences and phrases containing prison slang words used as data in this study. Among the data, the most frequent translation strategies used are the ?transfer? strategy, followed by three occurrences of ?condensation? strategy and two deletions. Most of the translations are idiomatic translations. Some are literal translations yet they do not really distort the meaning intended in the prison slang words concerned. In conclusion, translating prison slang words is not an easy job. The subtitler must do adequate research to understand which meaning is intended by the author with the help of visual images, gestures and tones used by the actors in the movie.
THE TEXTUAL STRUCTURE OF THE JESSICA-MIRNA JUDICIAL TEXT: AN FORENSIC LINGUISTIC APPROACH Fitri, Nidya; rtawa, Ketut; Sri Satyawati, Made; Sawirman, -
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol 13 No 1 (2019): e-jl-January
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/e-jl.v13i1.49903

Abstract

This current study, in which the forensic linguistic approach and the theory of textual generic structure were applied, focuses on the judicial text in which Jessica was the defendant and Mirna was the victim. The judicial text, in which Jessica was the defendant and Mirna was the victim, is a dialogical conversation containing the textual procedure referring to structure. The textual structure of the judicial text, in which Jessica was the defendant and Mirna was the victim, is made up of three main phases; they are the textual structure of the opening, the textual structure of the content and the textual structure of the closing. Each phase is made up of sub-phases. The qualitative descriptive method was employed in the study. The data were collected through observation and recording, and were obtained from 17 audio-visual recordings, which were then transcribed into Indonesian. The findings of the study show that (1) the opening phase  was made up of the criminal trial phase, the interrogation phase of the defendant?s identity, the  indictment reading phase by the general prosecutor ; (2) the content phase was made up of the question phase as to  objection from the defendant (exception), the interrogation phase of the witnesses and expert, namely their (a) identities, (b) oath taking, and (c) the testimony of the witnesses and expert and the interrogation phase of the defendant; (3) the textual structure of the closing was made up of the indictment reading phase by the prosecutor, the verdict reading phase, and the trial closing phase. The finding of the study shows the representation of the textual structure as the textual procedural standard based on the judicial text used in the current study.  
PEMARKAH DIATESIS BAHASA BIMA Sri Satyawati, Made
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 18 (2011): March 2011
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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ABSTRAK Bahasa Bima adalah bahasa yang digunakan oleh penduduk yang bermukim di bbagian Timur Pulau Sumbawa (Syamsudin, 1996:13). Umumnya, Bahasa Bima disebut Nggahi Mbojo oleh penuturnya. Berdasarkan pengamatan, Di Bima, selain Bahasa Bima juga terdapat bahasa bahasa Sambori dan bahasa Kolo. Meskipun, digunakan pula bahasa Sambori dan Kolo, Bahasa Bima tetap menjadi pilihan utama dalam komunikasi karena dipahami oleh seluruh masyarakat Bima. Sementara itu, bahasa Sambori dan Kolo hanya dipahami oleh masyarakat penuturnya dan beberapa orang yang sering berhubungan dengan penutur bahasa-bahasa tersebut. Keunikan yang dimiliki Bahasa Bima dalam mengungkapkan informasi melalui bahasa menjadi alasan utama penyusunan tulisan ini sehingga linguis lain dapat menjadikan tulisan ini sebagai bahan acuan. Tulisan ini mengungkapkan pemarkah-pemarkah diatesis yang digunakan dalam Bahasa Bima dengan mengunakan teori operator dari teori Role and Reference Grammar (Van Valin dan La Polla, 1997). Melalui teori ini dengan mudah diketahui operator-operator yang ikut berperan dalam membangun struktur sintaksis sebuah bahasa. Metode yang digunakan dalam mengumpulkan data adalah metode penelitian lapangan yang melibatkan peneliti, pengelisitasi, dan pengobservasi. Untuk memperoleh hasil yang maksimal. Metode dibantu dengan teknik catat dan rekam. Dengan menggunakan teori dan metode di atas, ditemukan bahwa untuk menyatakan diatesis dalam bahasa dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan pemarkah berupa klitik dan preposisi. Mengapa demikian? Jawabannya dapat dibaca dalam tulisan yang lengkap.
PENERAPAN METODE PPP (PRESENTATION, PRACTICE, AND PRODUCTION) DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS TEKS DESKRIPTIF KELAS VII SMP PGRI 4 DENPASAR Oka Ribawa, I Ketut; Sosiowati, I Gusti Ayu Gde; Sri Satyawati, Made
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 23 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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The journal aimed at finding out whether the use of presentation, practice, and production method could improve the writing skill of descriptive essay. The data were collected by observation and documentation methods by giving assignments, questionnaires, interviews, direct record and student?s descriptive essay. The data were analyzed by descriptive qualitative method. The data were presented in the table, as well as in description sentences. The main theory used in this research is the theory of learning and teaching from Doughlas Brown. The supporting theories were taken by Jeremy Harmer entitled The Practice of English Language and Teaching and English grammar theory by Yule. The results of quantitative analysis showed that the use of PPP (presentation, practice, and production) method could improve the writing skill of the students. It could be seen from the result of the students? achievement test and observation analysis which improve continuously during the aplication of the model. The mean score of the students was 61.33, which was categorized intofair level. After having treatment in the first cycle, the students? mean inprove to 76.67 categorized into good level, the second cycle, the students? mean score improve to 81categorized to good level. This improvement was also supported by the qualitative data. The result of the qualitative analysis showed that the use of PPP (presentation, practice and production) method could improve the learning motivation of the students. It could be seen from the result of questionnaire analysis and interview showed that from 18 students, 65% of students admitted that they could easy to understand about the lesson after applying PPP (presentation, practice and production).
ANALISIS PEMAKAIAN AFIKS PADA KUMPULAN PUISI MALU (AKU) JADI ORANG INDONESIA KARYA TAUFIQ ISMAIL Kencanawati, Ni Wayan; Suparwa, I Nyoman; Sri Satyawati, Made
Humanis Vol 21 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JH.2017.v21.i01.p03

Abstract

This Study is analyzed  the affixes with source of data, which is  the collection poetry of Malu (Aku) Jadi Orang Indonesia by Taufiq Ismail. This research is intended to know the use of words and analyze the use of affixes seen from the form, function, and meaning. The method of data collection that used by researcher was observation method with uninvolved conversation observation technique and writing technique. In analyzing data, the researcher used distributional method with change technique and also analytical method, meanwhile in the presentation of data analysis methods used are formal and informal methods. The result showed that the used of affixes consist of singular word and complex word which is affixes word, repetition word, compound word and also the used of klitik word. The singular word had found consist of 22.717 and the compound word was 5.184. So, on the collection poetry Malu (Aku) Jadi Orang Indonesia by Taufiq Ismail was tend use a singular word. Affixes had found on the collection of poetry was prefix meng-, ke-, ber-, di-, se-, per-, peng-, and ter-; inffixes -el-, -er-, and -em-; suffixes -an, -i, -kan, and -nya; and confict ke-?-an, ber-?-an, per-?-an, peng-?-an, and se-?-nya; and also simulffixes meng-?-kan, di-?-kan, memper-?-kan, diper-?-kan, memper-?-i, meng-?-i, ter-?-kan, per-?-kan.
ANALISIS PENGGUNAAN KALIMAT BAHASA INDONESIA PADA KARANGAN SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI 10 SANUR, DENPASAR Yuni Antari, Wayan; Sri Satyawati, Made
Humanis Vol 21 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JH.2017.v21.i01.p08

Abstract

This research entitled "Analysis of the Use of Indonesian Sentences in the Essay of Students Class V SDN 10 Sanur, Denpasar". The purpose of this research is to contribute a donation to the results of thought in the field of linguistics. The method that used to collect data in this research is the method of observation (observasi), then the data is analyzed by qualitative descriptive method, quantitative method, and distribution method (agih). Method of presentation of result of data analysis that used is formal method and informal method. Sources of data in this research is the essay of students of class V SDN 10 Sanur, Denpasar a total of 68 essays. The student of the class V is a student class V period of 2016/2017. The base of theory that used in this research is the syntactic theory according to Verhaar (1990), sentence theory according to Alwi et al. In standard Indonesian grammar, effective sentence theory according to Widjono (2012), and theory of language error according to Tarigan. The results of this research that is the type of sentence contained in the essay of students class V SDN 10 Sanur, Denpasar is distinguished by the total of clauses and forms, that is single sentence in the form of single sentence by verbal predicate, single sentence by adjektival predicate, equivalent compound sentence, multi-tiered sentences, declarative sentences , Imperative sentences, interrogative sentences, and exclamative sentences. Second, in the sentence of the student of class V SDN 10 Sanur, Denpasar found elements that filled a function,  a category, and the role of syntax. Third, the sentence errors in the essays of students of class V SDN 10 Sanur, Denpasar are divided into three types, namely sentence structure sentences of 136 sentences (16.4%), 181 sentence (dictionary) word error (21.8%), and spelling errors. A total of 268 sentences (32.3%). The total percentage of sentence errors overall is 70.5%.
VALENCY AND SYNTACTICAL RELATION IN BIMANESS Sri Satyawati, Made; Artawa, I Ketut; Pastika, I Wayan; Sutjaja, I Gusti Made
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 3. Juli 2009 No. 2
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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This study presents the findings and descriptions of the replies to severalproblems that have not been completely and deeply discussed in the researchespreviously conducted on Bimanese. The problems are related to micro-linguistic factors,namely valency and syntactical relation in Bimanese. Both deductive and inductiveapproaches were applied to obtain satisfactory results. The main theory employed in thisstudy is Role and Reference Grammar Theory (RRG) by Van Valin and J. Lapolla. It wasemployed to completely analyze the collected data in accordance with the problemsproposed in this research, and the inductive approach was employed to analyze the datain order to get novelties.In this study, clause structure is given the first priority to discuss, followed by thediscussion on operator, voice markers, nominalizers, and definiteness. Based on thepredicate category, the clause in Bimanese can be constructed with the constituents thatare under the categories of verb, noun, adjective, number, and adverb (prepositionalphrase). Based on the clause analysis, it has been found that in Bimanese there are severaloperators, each of which has different functional boundary in marking the clausemeaning. One operator may only sign nucleus, core (nucleus and argument), or core andperiphery. Bimanese has also been identified to have four linguistic states expressed byverbs that are made to make sense based on state (Aktisontrat), achievement, andaccomplishment. RRG classifies verbs into ten instead of four. However, in this study, tomake the analysis easier, verbs are classified into four. The predicate in Bimanese can beboth serial verbs and secondary verbs. It has also been found that the mechanism ofchange in valency is marked by the attachment of markers to the verbs resulting incausativity, applicativity, and resultivity. From those syntactical constructions, thesyntactical relation in Bimanese can be clearly identified. The discussion on syntacticalrelation starts with SUBJ and OBJ followed by word orders. The word orders found inBimanese are SPO, adposition of PREP-N, N-G, N-Adj, N-Dem, and question wordposition. In addition, four voices have also been identified in Bimanese. They are active,passive, middle, and antipassive.
PODI AND ODI IN CLAUSE CONSTRUCTION OF KEMAK Budiarta, I Wayan; Artawa, Ketut; Mbete, Aron Meko; Sri Satyawati, Made
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 7. Juli 2013 No. 2
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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This article reveals podi and odi in clause construction of Kemak. Specifically, this article is aimed at finding out in what construction  podi and odi appear. Moreover, this article is also aimed at finding out the function of podi and odi in the clause construction of Kemak. Before exploring podi and odi in clause construction, the first discussion will examine the morphology of the verb of Kemak to find out how the verbs are formed in Kemak as they have the main role to fill the predicate. The discussion continues to examine the clause with nonverbal (verbless) and verbal predicate. Clause with nonvebral (verbless) predicate will begin the discussion on clause construction in Kemak. Then, the discussion goes to clause with verbal predicate. The clause with verbal predicate includes intransitive and transtive. The disscussion of transitive clause covers monotransitive and  ditransitive clause. The  study on transitive clause is related to the presence of podi and odi in the construction.The result shows that all verbs are basic verbs. Verbs in Kemak are morphologically unmarked (no affixes) and there is no agreement between the verb and its arguments. The clause with nonverbal predicate in Kemak is filled by  noun, adjective, numeral, and prepositional phrase. Clause with nonverbal predicate requires one argument  functioning as grammatical subject. As cluase with nonverbal predicate, intransitive clause in Kemak also requires one argument  functioning as grammatical subject. Meanwhile, monotransitive clause requires two arguments, preverbal and postverbal argument. Ditranstive clause requires three arguments, one preverbal and two postverbal argument. Moreover, it was found that  podi appears in ditransitive clause (applicative/benefactive construction). Podi has the function to increase the verb valence from monotransitive into ditransitive. Meanwhile, odi appears in monotransitive clause  The presence of odi in monotrasitive is as the alternation result from ditransitive clause into monotransitive clause. Moreover, odi has the function to decrease the number of core argument, from three core arguments to two core arguments.