Asep Sudarman
Department of Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Jl. Agatis, Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor 16680, Indonesia

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PHYSIOLOGICAL STATUS, BLOOD PROFILE AND BODY COMPOSITION OF SHEEP FED WITH CA-SAPONIFIED LEMURU OIL COATED BY HERBS Astuti, Dewi Apri; Sudarman, Asep
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (715.034 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6716

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This study was aimed to evaluate the physiological status, blood profiles and body composition of sheep fed with Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by herbs. Twenty fat-tailed sheep (av. BW 23±1.2 kg) were used in this experiment by using Completely Randomized Design with five treatments ration and four replications of each. Sheep fed with concentrate containing 3% Ca-saponified lemuru oil and king grass (1:1) ad libitum. Treatments were control diet without herbs (R1); Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by curcumae domestica (R2); coated by Zingiber officinale Rosc (R3); coated by Eugenia polyantha (R4) and coated by Pluchea indica Less (R5). Data of physiological parameters were measured three times a day, in the morning, at noon and afternoon. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment through jugular vein, together with zero sample for Urea Space measurement. The variables observed were physiological data (heart rate, respiration rate, and rectal temperature), blood profiles (erythrocyte, hemoglobin, packed cell volume (PCV), leucocytes) and body composition (water, protein and fat) measured using Urea Space technique. Results of the study showed that sheep fed with Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by herbs was not significantly different on heart rate, respiration rate and rectal temperature among treatments. Meanwhile, total leucocytes, neutrophil cell, and lymphocytes significantly increased (P<0.05) by the treatment. Body composition percentage (water, protein and fat) were same in all treatments, except the total body fat and energy retained. In conclusion, supplementation of 3% Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by Curcumae domestica, Zingiber officinale Rosc, Eugenia polyantha and Pluchea indica Less in fat-tailed sheep had no effect on physiological parameters, but improved the leucocyte and neutrophil cells. Total body fat and energy retained lower compared to control treatment.(Key words: Body composition, Ca-saponified, Herbs, Lemuru oil, Urea space)
HEMATOLOGI ANAK DOMBA GARUT PRASAPIH YANG DIBERI MILK REPLACER TERFORMULASI MINYAK IKAN LEMURU DAN MINYAK CANOLA Nurani, Fajar; Sudarman, Asep; Khotijah, Lilis
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 6, No 3 (2019): JITRO, September
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v6i3.7555

Abstract

ABSTRAK                                                            Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pemberian milk replacer yang mengandung minyak ikan lemuru dan canola terhadap hematologi anak domba Garut prasapih. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan tiga perlakuan dan enam ulangan. Anak domba prasapih dengan bobot badan berkisar 2,3±0,42 kg dibagi secara acak ke dalam kandang individu dan mendapatkan perlakuan P0 = susu domba yang berasal dari susu induk domba, P1 = milk replacer terformulasi susu sapi + kuning telur + minyak ikan + premix, dan P2 = milk replacer terformulasi susu sapi + kuning telur + minyak ikan + minyak canola + premix. Parameter yang diamati adalah hematologi yang terdiri atas kadar hemoglobin, hematokrit, eritrosit dan leukosit. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis sidik ragam. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa milk replacer yang diformulasi minyak ikan lemuru, dan atau minyak canola tidak berbeda terhadap hematologi anak domba prasapih dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah minyak ikan lemuru dan atau minyak canola sebagai sumber lemak dapat digunakan dalam milk replacer domba tanpa adanya pengaruh negatif terhadap gambaran hematologi anak domba.Kata kunci: anak domba garut prasapih, hematologi, minyak canola, minyak ikan lemuru, milk replacerABSTRACTThe study aimed to evaluate the effect of a milk replacer containing lemuru fish oil and canola oil on hematology of Garut twin lambs before weaning. The study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with three treatments and six replicates. The pre-weaning lamb with average 2,3 ± 0,42 kg of body weight, which were randomly divided into individual pen with P0 = milk sourced from mother milk, P1 = milk sourced from milk replacer, cow milk+ lemuru fish oil + yolk + premix, P2 = milk sourced from milk replacer, cow milk + lemuru fish oil+canola oil+yolk+ premix. Measurements were taken on levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, erythrocyte, and leukocyte. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance. The results show that the milk replacer containing lemuru fish oil and or canola oil was similar to blood hematology of preweaning lambs compared to control. It was concluded that lemuru fish oil and canola oil can use in milk replacer without any negative effect on the blood hematology.Keywords: canola oil, hematology, lemuru fish oil, milk replacer, pre-wearing garut lam
Total Digestible Nutrient of Diet Containing PUFA- Concentrate Supplemented with Yeast and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb for Dairy Goat Sulistyowati, Endang; Sudarman, Asep; Wiryawan, Komang G.; Toharmat, Toto
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.002 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research was designed to evaluate nutrient digestibility, mentioned as Total Digestible Nutrient of diet containing PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acid) - concentrate supplemented with yeast and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb for dairy goat. Twenty Ettawah crossbred goat in late lactation were allocated into 6 treatments in randomized block design. The treatments were PD0: PUFA-diet with no supplement, PDA: with Asifit, PDY: with 0.5% yeast, PDC: with 1.5% curcuma, and PDM: with 0.5% yeast + 1.5% curcuma. The PUFA-diet contained of 80% PUFA- concentrate as basic diet and 20% Pennisetum purpureum. While the PUFA sources were roasted ground corn and roasted soybean meal, and corn oil. Results showed that intakes of DM, OM, CP, CF, NFE, ADF, and GE were not affected significantly by dietary treatments. However, EE and NDF among treatments were different significantly (P&lt;0.05), whereas Ca and P were different very significantly (P&lt;0.01). High nutrient contents (DM, OM, CP, EE, CF, NDF, and GE) were found in feces of the goat with curcuma diet (PDC), consequently showed the opposite effects by giving the lowest digestibility (P&lt;0.05 or P&lt;0.01) of these nutrients. Total digestible nutrient (TDN) of PDY and PDM were markedly higher (79.89% and 79.37%, respectively) than that in other diets, such as being the lowest was in PDC (69.94%). This suggested that the yeast concentration of 1.8 108cfu/d, given singly or in combination with 1.5% Curcuma could be considered as the right level for improving nutrient digestibility in the late lactation goat in our study.Keywords: curcuma, dairy goat, PUFA-diet, TDN, yeast
Total Digestible Nutrient of Diet Containing PUFA- Concentrate Supplemented with Yeast and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb for Dairy Goat Sulistyowati, Endang; Sudarman, Asep; Wiryawan, Komang G.; Toharmat, Toto
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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Abstract

 ABSTRAKPenelitian ini didisain untuk mengevaluasi kecernaan nutrisi, dinyatakan dalam TDN, dari ransum yang mengandung PUFA konsentrat yang disuplementasi yeast dan Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb pada kambing perah.  Dua puluh ekor kambing Peranakan Ettawah (PE) pada fase laktasi akhir dialokasikan kedalam 6 perlakuan dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok.  Perlakuan tersebut adalah: PD0: PUFA-diet tanpa suplemen, PDA: dengan Asifit, PDY: dengan 0,5% yeast, PDC: dengan 2% curcuma, dan PDM: dengan 0,5% yeast + 2% curcuma.  Ransum- PUFA terdiri atas 80% PUFA- konsentrat sebagai ransum dasar dan 20% rumput gajah.   Sumber PUFA terdiri atas jagung giling sangrai, tepung kedelai sangrai, dan minyak jagung.  Hasil menunjukkan bahwa  konsumsi  DM, OM, CP, CF, NFE, ADF, dan GE tidak terpengaruh oleh perlakuan.  Namun, EE dan NDF  antarperlakuan berbeda  signifikan (P&lt;0.05), sedang Ca dan P  berbeda sangat signifikan (P&lt;0.01).  Kandungan nutrisi yang tinggi (DM, OM, CP, EE, CF, NDF, and GE)  ditemukan di feces pada kambing dengan perlakuan Curcuma (PDC), konsekuensinya adalah kecernaan nutrisinya secara signifikan (P&lt;0.05) atau sangat signifikan (P&lt;0.01) terendah.  Total digestible nutrient (TDN) dari  PDY dan PDM secara signifikan tinggi (79,89% dan 79,37%) disbanding ransum lainnya, terendah pada PDC (69,94%).  Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa yeast atau ragi dengan konsentrasi 1,8 108cfu/d baik disuplementasikan tunggal atau dikombinasi dengan 2% Curcuma dapat dikatakan sebagai kandungan yang tepat untuk memperbaiki kecernaan nutrisi pada kambing perah dengan laktasi akhir pada penelitian ini.Kata kunci: curcuma, kambing perah,  PUFA-diet, TDN, yeast
PERFORMA DAN PROFIL KUNING TELUR ITIK YANG DIBERI PAKAN DENGAN SUPLEMEN TEPUNG BAWANG PUTIH DAN LIMBAH UDANG Sudarman, Asep; Noviani, Denbeti; Mutia, Rita
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.863 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.227

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This study aimed to investigate the effect of adding garlic and shrimp waste in the ration on the duck performance and lipid profile of yolk. The animals used were 36 ducklings of 19-week old that were randomly placed in 12 battery cages. The experimental design used in this study was a completely randomized design with four treatments and three replicates. The treatments were R0 (control) = Commercial ration, R1 = Commercial ration + 2% garlic, R2 = Commercial ration + 2% shrimp waste, and R3 = K + 1% garlic + 1% shrimp waste. The results showed that the addition of garlic or shrimp waste resulted in a higher egg production (P&lt;0.05) than that of control group, but the combination of garlic and shrimp waste had no significant effect on egg productuon. The addition of garlic, shrimp waste, or a combination of garlic and shrimp waste increased yolk color score significantly (P&lt;0.05). Giving garlic or shrimp waste, and combination of garlic and shrimp waste significantly (P&lt;0.05) lowered the cholesterol content of the eggs compared to controls. The addition of shrimp waste increased the unsaturated fatty acids content of duck eggs, and at the same time increased saturated fatty acid content.
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT RATIO OMEGA-3 AND OMEGA-6 IN TOTAL MIX RATION ON PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE, BLOOD METABOLITES AND ESTROUS CHARACTERISTIC OF EWES Pujiawati, Yusti; Khotijah, Lilis; Sudarman, Asep; Wijayanti, Indah
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.573 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.29254

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This study was conducted to compare the effect of different ratio of omega-3:omega-6 in total mix ration to blood metabolites and reproductive performance of ewes. A total of 25 young ewes were randomly assigned to five experimental groups and five replications : R0 (without omega-3:omega-6), R1 (omega-3:omega-6 1:8), R2 (omega-3:omega-6 1:6), R3 (omega-3:omega-6 1:3), R4 (omega-3:omega-6 1:2). The parameters measured were feed intake, productive performance, blood glucose and cholesterol pre-mating period. Parameters of characteristic estrous measured were onset of estrous, length of estrous and estrous response. The result showed that ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 1:2 have a greatest daily weight gain and feed efficiency. Ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 1:2 have blood glucose lowest, but highest blood cholesterol. Addition of omega-3 cause to delays onset of estrous. The conclusion is greatest length of estrous, estrous response and pregnacy rate on ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 1:2 in ration.
In Vitro rumen fermentation characteristics and microbes of thin tail sheep given sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L) biomass Sudarman, Asep; Hayashida, Maki; Miralestari, Mugi
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 21, No 2 (2016): JUNE 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (53.569 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v21i2.1391

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Sweet potato plant is produced  in Indonesia in large quantities. Sweet potato leaves and stems can be used as a source of protein and the tuber can be used as an energy source. This study aimed to analyze the effect of feeding of sweet potato biomass on the rumen fermentation characteristics, digestibility of dry matter and organic matter as well as rumen microbial population of thin tail sheep. This study used a randomized block design by applying four feed treatments, i.e., T0 (100% napier grass), T1 (70% of napier grass + 30% concentrate), T2 (50% of napier grass + 50% sweet potato leaves), and T3 (70% sweet potato leaves + 30% sweet potato tuber) with three replicates. Rumen fluid samples were taken with stomach tube method using a vacuum pump.  The results showed that the T3 diet has higher (P<0.05) digestibility of dry matter and organic matter,  concentrations of NH3 and VFA,  and rumen bacterial population than those of T0 and T1diets but similar to that of T2 diet.  Rumen pH and protozoa population was not different among the treatments.   It can be concluded that the use of sweet potato biomass can improve the quality of rumen fermentation of sheep. Key words: Digestibility, Fermentation, Rumen, Sheep, Sweet Potato Biomass
Evaluation of the Use of Cassava Based Complete Ration Silage on Nitrogen Retention and Metabolizable Energy Male Duck Sandi, Sofia; Sudarman, Asep; Laconi, Erika B; Wiryawan, Komang G; Mangunwijaja, Djumali
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i2.29

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a complete ration silage made of cassava biomass  nitrogen retention, and metabolizable energy male ducks. Control diet consisted of corn, rice bran, coconut meal, soybean meal, vegetable oil, fish meal and premix. While the treatment of silage ration of cassava based (BBS) consisted of leaves, peel, and tubers of cassava, as well as a mix of fish meal, vegetable oil, premix, DL-methionine and L-lysine. The experimental design used was completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 4 replicates ie S0 (100% control diet), S25 (75% control diet + 25% BBS silage), S50 (50% control diet + 50% BBS silage), S75 (25% control diet + 75% BBS silage), and S100 (100% BBS silage ration). Measurement of metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention was conducted using 25 male ducks aged 10 weeks maintained in metabolic cages and adapted to experimental diets for seven days. Ducks were fasted for 24 hours before the experimental diets were offered. Metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention were measured by the method of Sibbald (1989). The results showed that a decline in nitrogen retention and, metabolizable energy along with the increasing level of BBS silage in the rations. The conclusion of this study was the use of up to 75% BBS silage generated metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention that do not differ from the control ration.Key words: cassava silage, complete ration, male duck, metabolizable energy, nitrogen retention 
AMMONIATION OF RICE STRAW AND SUPPLEMENTATION OF PARASERIANTHES FALCATARIA AND SAPINDUS RARAK ON IN VITRO RUMEN FERMENTATION AND METHANE PRODUCTION Jayanegara, Anuraga; Krisnawan, Nanang; Widyawati, Yeni; Sudarman, Asep
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (683.918 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.25549

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This study aimed to observe the effects of rice straw ammoniation and supplementation of Paraserianthes falcataria and Sapindus rarak on rumen fermentation and methane production in vitro. Rice straw was ammoniated by adding 2% urea. Rice straw, ammoniated rice straw, P. falcataria leaves and S. rarak fruits were oven-dried and finely ground. Experimental treatments were arranged as follow: rice straw (T1), ammoniated rice straw (T2), T2 80% + P. falcataria 20% (T3), T2 60% + P. falcataria 40% (T4), T2 80% + P. falcataria 10% + S. rarak 10% (T5), and T2 60% + P. falcataria 20% + S. rarak 20% (T6). An amount of 1 g sample from each treatment was added with 100 ml rumen fluid and buffer mixture (1:2 v/v), and incubated in a water bath at 39 ºC for 48 h. The incubation was performed in four replicates and each replicate was represented by four incubation bottles. Results showed that urea treatment increased gas production of rice straw at 24 and 48 h, higher ammonia production, higher IVDMD, and lower methane production as compared to the untreated rice straw (P<0.05). Addition of P. falcataria or S. rarak at lower level produced similar ammonia concentration as ammoniated rice straw whereas their addition at higher level decreased ammonia concentration (P<0.05). Paraserianthes falcataria addition to ammoniated rice straw decreased protozoa population (P<0.05) and S. rarak further decreased the fauna population (P<0.05) as well. Inclusion of S. rarak at 20% DM (T6) produced the lowest methane production both at 24 and 48 h after incubation and lowest methane production per unit of DM degraded. It was concluded that ammoniation of rice straw improved its nutritional quality with lower methane production, and its mixture with P. falcataria and S. rarak further increased the quality and lower the production of methane, respectively.        
UTILIZATION OF JACK BEAN (CANAVALIA ENSIFORMIS) MEAL AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR SOYBEAN MEAL IN DIET FOR BROILER REARED FOR 35 DAYS Sudarman, Asep; Jayanti, Anggun Marsiz; Mutia, Rita
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.497 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.24772

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This study was aimed to evaluate the utilization of jack bean meal as a substitution of soybean meal in the diets and the effect on broiler performance. A total number of two hundred Lohmann MB 202 Platinum broiler chickens were kept in five weeks rearing period, consisted of three weeks of starter phase (0-3 weeks) and two weeks of finisher phase (3-5 weeks). This study used a completely randomized design with four treatments and five replicates. The dietary treatments were: JB0-0 (control ration: basal diet without jack bean meal substitution in starter and in finisher phase), JB50-0 (basal diet with jack bean meal substitution in starter phase only), JB50-50 (basal diet with jack  bean meal substitution in starter and in finisher phase), JB0-50 (basal diet with jack  bean meal substitution in the finisher phase only). The data obtained were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance and followed with Duncan's multiple-range test for the data with significant difference. The variables measured were: growth performance, carcase yield, visceral organ weight and immune organ. Results showed that the dietary treatment had no effect on performance, carcass yield and commercial cut, visceral organ or immune organs of 35 days old broiler chickens, except for the thymus (P<0.05). It can be concluded that as a source of protein, soybean meal can be replaced by jack bean meal up to 50%.  Jack bean meal can be given either in starter phase only, in finisher phase only, or in both starter and in finisher phase.