Etih Sudarnika
Department of Animal Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health, Bogor Agricultural University

Published : 28 Documents
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Journal : ACTA VETERINARIA INDONESIANA

KARAKTERISTIK, PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PRAKTIK PETUGAS KARANTINA HEWAN DALAM PENGENDALIAN BRUSELOSIS DI SULAWESI SELATAN Sumitro, .; Latif, Hadri; Sudarnika, Etih
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 2 No. 2 (2014): Juli 2014
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.429 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.2.2.62-69

Abstract

Praktik atau perilaku petugas karantina hewan dalam pengendalian bruselosis dipengaruhi oleh faktor internal berupa karakteristik individu yang bersifat khas dan dipengaruhi oleh faktor eksternal berupa lingkungan, sosial dan budaya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi karakteristik individu petugas karantina hewan dan menganalisis pola hubungan karakteristik, pengetahuan, dansikap terhadap praktik petugas karantina hewan dalam pengendalian bruselosis di Sulawesi Selatan. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional study. Metode pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dan pengamatan terhadap 51 orang petugas karantina hewan di dua Unit Pelaksana Teknis Badan Karantina Pertanian di Sulawesi Selatan. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuisioner terstruktur, dan dianalisis menggunakan path analysis. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik petugas karantina hewan sebagian besar berusia antara 30-45 tahun, telah bekerja sebagai PNS maupun bekerja di tempat yang sekarang kurang dari lima tahun, pendidikannya SMA/sederajat. Tidak semua petugas karantina hewan adalah pejabat fungsional dan mayoritas belum pernah mengikuti pelatihan terkait bruselosis. Terdapat hubungan yang nyata antara pendidikan dan pengetahuan, pengetahuan dan sikap, serta sikap dan praktik. Pendidikan formal berperan penting dalam terbentuknya pengetahuan, sikap, dan praktik petugas karantina hewan dalam pengendalian bruselosis. Sehingga upaya peningkatan pendidikan formal pada petugas karantina hewan perlu dilakukan.
RISK ASSESSMENT OF THE USE OF COLISTIN SULFATE IN BROILER DUE TO ESCHERICHIA COLI RESISTANCE IN BROILER FLOCKS Palupi, Maria Fatima; Sudarnika, Etih; Wibawan, I Wayan Teguh; Darusman, Huda Shalahudin; Maheshwari, Hera
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana 2019: Special Issues
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (647.096 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.0.0.14-23

Abstract

The risk assessment of antimicrobial resistance is very important to determine the risk of decreasing antimicrobial efficacy can be used as a basis for policymakers in allowing or prohibiting the use of an antimicrobial. This study aims to assess the risk of using colistin against E. coli resistance in the broiler flock. Risk assessment is carried out qualitatively using primary data, interviews, and secondary data. To obtain primary data various studies were carried out including monitoring the prevalence of colistin-resistant E. coli and mcr-1 also mcr-2 genes in broiler flocks, mcr-1 gene transfer from E. coli to Salmonella Enteritidis, mcr-1 gene sequencing, mutant selection windows of colistin against E. coli, and also multiresistant of E. coli colistin-resistant. Assessment of the risk of E. coli colistin-resistant in the broiler flocks through direct contact with live broiler flock environment with the resulting assessment is a medium risk with low uncertainty. Since colistin sulfate is very critically important for humans, the reduced use of colistin sulfate in animal production is necessary to reduce the risk of resistance. Reducing the use of colistin sulfate requires the collaboration of various sectors such as the government, veterinary drugs industries, farmers, and consumers.
PARTIAL BUDGETING OF THE APPLICATION OF TEAT-DIPPING TO CONTROL MASTITIS IN SMALL FARMS Indrawan, Dikky; Sudarnika, Etih; Basri, Chaerul; Ilyas, Abdul Zahid; Tirdasari, Nyayu Lathifah; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana 2019: Special Issues
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.361 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.0.0.24-28

Abstract

Subclinical mastitis has a higher prevalence than clinical mastitis in many small farmers in Bogor city, and it could reach more than 80 percent. However, the application of teat-dipping could help small farms to control subclinical mastitis prevalence. The objective of this study was to measure the cost of teat-dipping application as subclinical mastitis control in small dairy farms. The partial budget was employed based on the experimental data collected in small dairy farms in Bogor. A number of cows were the basis of simulation for the mean of milk value and the application cost. The findings show an incentive for farmers to apply teat dipping in their farms. The incentive of teat dipping application could be improved to prevent sub-clinical mastitis infection and increase milk production.
FACTORS INFLUENCING FARMERS PARTICIPATION IN THE VACCINATION PROGRAM AGAINST ANTHRAX IN BOGOR DISTRICT, INDONESIA Basri, Chaerul; Sudarnika, Etih; Dwidzuriputra, S
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana 2019: Special Issues
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (688.908 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.0.0.29-34

Abstract

Bogor District is one of the endemic areas of anthrax cases in Indonesia. The mass vaccination campaign on livestock including goats and sheep needs to be done to prevent the spread of the disease. The willingness of farmers to participate is the main key to the success of this vaccination campaign. This study aimed to identify the factors that influence the willingness of goat and sheep farmers to participate in vaccination programs against anthrax in their farms. A total of 60 goat and sheep farmers were randomly selected from 3 villages located in the region with the highest incidence of cases in Babakan Madang Subdistrict. Data was collected through direct interviews using a structured questionnaire. Analysis to determine risk factors was carried out by chi square test and continued by calculating the value of relative risk (RR) to measure the magnitude of the influence of these factors. The results showed that the factors that influenced the farmers to be willing to participate in the anthrax vaccination program were history that had been directly counseled with RR values 2,844 (95% CI = 1,547-5,288) and history of having constrained to vaccinate their livestock with RR values 1,960 (95% CI = 1,203 - 3,193). Based on these findings it is recommended to increase farmer participation in mass vaccination programs against anthrax can be done through increasing communication, information and education activities and minimizing constraints for farmers to vaccinate their livestock.
IDENTIFIKASI PENAMBAHAN DAGING BABI PADA PANGAN BERBAHAN DASAR DAGING SAPI MENGGUNAKAN ELISA DAN QPCR Cahyaningsari, Diyan; Latif, Hadri; Sudarnika, Etih
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 7 No. 2 (2019): Juli 2019
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (772.628 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.7.2.17-25

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis penambahan daging babi ternak dan babi hutan baik yang mentah (raw) maupun yang diolah (cooked) di dalam pangan asal hewan berbahan dasar daging sapi menggunakan metode uji enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)  dan real-time PCR (qPCR). Sebanyak 40 sampel yang terdiri dari 20 daging babi ternak dan 20 daging babi hutan dihomogenisasi dengan daging sapi dalam bentuk mentah maupun olahan (bakso). Konsentrasi setiap daging babi ternak dan babi hutan dalam bentuk mentah dan olahan bakso pada campuran daging sapi antara lain 2%, 1%, 0.5%, 0.25%, dan 0.125%. Hasil uji ELISA pada penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa uji ini mampu mengidentifikasi adanya penambahan daging babi ternak dan babi hutan dalam pangan asal hewan baik dalam bentuk mentah maupun olahan bakso hingga konsentrasi 0.25%. Hasil uji t terhadap nilai optical density (OD) uji ELISA menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan dalam mendeteksi spesies babi ternak dengan babi hutan (p?0.05), tetapi terdapat perbedaan pada sampel bentuk mentah dengan bakso (p<0.05). Hasil uji qPCR mampu mengidentifikasi adanya penambahan daging babi ternak dan babi hutan dalam pangan asal hewan baik dalam bentuk mentah maupun olahan bakso hingga konsentrasi 0.125%. Hasil uji t  terhadap nilai cycle threshold (Ct) uji qPCR menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan dalam mendeteksi spesies babi ternak dengan babi hutan (p?0.05), tetapi terdapat perbedaan pada sampel bentuk mentah dengan bakso (p<0.05). Metode ELISA dan qPCR dapat dijadikan sebagai metode pengujian untuk mengidentifikasi pencampuran spesies yang tidak dikehendaki, khususnya daging babi pada pangan asal hewan berbahan dasar daging sapi yang beredar di masyarakat.