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UNSUR FUNGSIONAL KLAUSA DALAM BAHASA SUNDA Sudaryat, Yayat
Sosiohumaniora Vol 11, No 2 (2009): SOSIOHUMANIORA, JULI 2009
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.438 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v11i2.5418

Abstract

Artikel ini menggambarkan fungsi sintaksis dari elemen klausa atau fungsional klausa dalam bahasa Sunda. Ada tiga elemen klausa: predikasi, subjek dan komplementasi. Tiga elemen klausa ini, masing-masing dilihat dari bentuk, kategori, distribusi dan peran sintaksis.
ADVERBIA STATIF DALAM BAHASA SUNDA: KAJIAN STRUKTUR DAN SEMANTIK Sudaryat, Yayat
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 12, No 2 (2012): Volume 12, Nomor 2, Oktober 2012
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/bs_jpbsp.v12i2.3705

Abstract

Abstrak Adverbia Statif dalam Bahasa Sunda: Kajian Struktur dan Semantik. Kajian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan adverbia statif dalam bahasa Sunda yang dikaji dari segi struktur dan semantik. Deskripsinya mencakup batasan dan karakteristik, fungsi, keterikatan, jumlah unsur, distribusi, makna, dan bentuknya. Dalam kajian ini digunakan metode deskriptif. Sumber data kajian ini berupa ragam bahasa Sunda lisan dan tulis. Untuk mengumpulkan data digunakan teknik teks, instuisi atau intropeksi, dan teknik elisitasi. Untuk mengolah data digunakan metode distribusional dengan analisis unsur langsung sebagai teknik dasar, yang diikuti teknik permutasi, subsitusi, ekspansi, dan teknik interupsi sebagai teknik lanjutan. Kajian ini menyimpulkan bahwa (a) adverbia statif merupakan adverbia yang secara khusus dan kolokatif menerangkan adjektiva; (b) adverbia statif berfungsi sebagai pewatas belakang adjektiva; (c) adverbia statif dengan adjektiva memiliki keterikatan yang sangat erat dan berkolokatif; (d) jumlah unsur adverbia statif dan adjektiva bersifat saling melengkapi; (e) posisi adverbia statif selalu di belakang adjektiva; (f) adverbia statif memiliki makna inhern ‘sifat kesangatan (kualitas elatif )’ yang dapat di dahului kata mani ‘sangat’; dan (g) adverbia statif pada umumnya berbentuk kata tunggal (71,42%).Kata kunci: adverbia statif, adjektiva, struktur, semantik, pewatas  Abstract The Study of Structure and Semantics of Stative Adverbs in Sundanese Language. This study aims to describe stative adverbs in Sundanese language studied in terms of structure and semantics. Descriptions include definition and characteristic, function, relationship, number of elements, distribution, meaning, and form. This study used a descriptive method. Data source for this study were in the forms of spoken and written language varieties. Tecniques used to collect data are text, intuition or introspection, and elicitation tecniques. To process the data, the study used distributional methods with direct factorial analysis as the basic tecnique, followed by permutation, substitution, expansion, and technical interruptions tecnique, follow-up techniques. The study concludes that (a) stative adverbs are adverb that explain adjectives speciically and collocatively; (b) stative adverbs serves as adjective limiters; (c) stative adverbs with adjectives are bound very tightly and collocated; (d) the number of elements stative adverbs and adjectives are complementary; (e) the position of stative adverbs ia always in the back of the adjectives; (f) stative adverbs have an inherent meaning of ‘excessive nature (elative quality) ‘which may be preceded by the word mani ‘very’, and (g) stative adverbs are generally inthe form of a single word (71,42%)Keywords: stative adverbs, adjective, structure, semantics, limiter
THE MINDSET OF SUNDANESE PEOPLE IN THEIR LANGUAGE EXPRESSIONS Sudaryat, Yayat
Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics Vol 5, No 1 (2015): Vol. 5 No 1 July 2015
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/ijal.v5i1.839

Abstract

This study is aimed at describing the mindset of Sundanese people in their language expressions examined from psycho-pragmatic aspects. The description is connected to Sundanese language as the reflection of mindset, the cognitive system, and Sundanese people’s way of thinking in Sundanese language expressions. The study applied descriptive method. To collect data, textual technique (literary study), intuitive technique (introspection), and elicitation technique were used. The result of the study shows that Sundanese language phenomenon, which is the reflection of mindset is seen from its sound accord, contradiction, kirata basa (language prediction), abbreviation, and language paradigm. The cognitive system of Sundanese language is related to naming system (of people, of body parts, of places or toponymy), time, numbers, colors, and environment. Sundanese people’s way of thinking refers to outspokenness, subjectivity, state of being substantial, state of being humorous, state of being emotional, indirectness, indistinctness, politeness, sensitivity, and loyalty. 
PEMBENTUKAN PELESAPAN DALAM KALIMAT BAHASA SUNDA LISAN DI PASAR PADAYUNGAN KOTA TASIKMALAYA (Pendekatan Tata Bahasa Transformasi) PARIDAH, AI; SUDARYAT, YAYAT; KUSWARI, USEP
LOKABASA Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Vol.5 No. 1 April 2014
Publisher : UPI

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis serta mendeskripsikan unsur-unsur fungsional klausa yang mengalami pelesapan dengan menggunakan pendekatan transformasi kalimat yang terdapat dalam interaksi di pasar Padayungan Kota Tasikmalaya. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan metode deskriptif, tehnik yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu menggunakan tehnik sadap rékam. Pengolahan data menggunakan analisis teks. Sumber data adalah percakapan atau interaksi di pasar Padayungan kota Tasikmalaya. Seluruh transformasi kalimat dan pelesapan unsur-unsur fungsional klausa dijadikan populasi atau sampel total. Ragam bahasa Sunda lisan didukung oleh situasi pemakaian sehingga kemungkinan besar terjadi pelesapan kalimat. Namun, hal itu tidak mengurangi ciri kebakuannya. Walaupun demikian, ketepatan dalam pilihan kata dan bentuk kata serta kelengkapan unsur-unsur di dalam struktur kalimat tidak menjadi ciri kebakuan dalam ragam baku lisan karena situasi dan kondisi pembicaraan menjadi pendukung di dalam memahami makna gagasan yang disampaikan secara lisan.Transformasi ialah proses pembentukan unsur bahasa dari struktur dasar ke struktur turunan. Dalam transformasi, terdapat pelesapan atau yang disebut elipsis. Kalimat elipsis adalah kalimat tidak sempurna yang terjadi karena penghilangan bebrapa bagian dari klausa, dan diturunkan dari kalimat tunggal. Melalui penelitian ini, maka anggapan tentang pelesapan dalam bentuk bahasa Sunda lisan di masarakat pasar Padayungan kota Tasikmalaya, terbukti benar adanya. This research aims to describe and analyze elements of clausal functionsthat undergo elision by using a transformation approach on sentences from communal interactions at Padayungan Market, Tasikmalaya City. This research adopted a descriptive method by way of a tapping record to gather data. Data from communal interactions and conversations at Padayungan Market, Tasikmalaya were analyzed by a textual analysis. The entire sentential transformation and deletion of clausal functions were treated as population or total sampling. Oral language relies on its contexts of use; therefore, ellipsion occurs.Such, however, does not undermine grammaticality. Nevertheless, accuracy in word choice and word form is not characteristic of oral register since the contexts of utterance assist in understanding the meaning. Transformation is a process of constructinglanguage features from underlying structure to derivative structure. In transformation, there is deletion or also known as ellipsis. Elliptical sentencesare incomplete sentences because of elimination of several clausal parts, derived from a single sentence. This research proves that ellipsis occurs in Sundanese oral register at Padayungan Market, Tasikmalaya.
LIRIK TEMBANG SUNDA CIANJURAN (Kajian Struktural Dinamik dan Etnopedagogik) MAULIDA, SITI MARYAM; SUDARYAT, YAYAT; ISKANDARWASSID, ISKANDARWASSID
LOKABASA Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Vol.5 No. 1 April 2014
Publisher : UPI

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Abstract

Penelitian yang ini dilatarbelakangi oleh diperlukannya revitalisasi pendidikan melalui kearifan budaya lokal, kualitas Tembang Sunda Cianjuran sebagai salah satu wujud budaya lokal Cianjur yang tidak diragukan baik secara estetis maupun filosofis, menurunnya eksistensiTembang Sunda Cianjuran di kalangan masyarakat, dan berubahnya fungsi tembang Sunda Cianjuran dari yang bersipat sakral menjadi hiburan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan struktur lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran, interpretasi isi lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran, dan nilai etnopedagogik lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah 30 lirik tembang yang diperoleh dari hasil studi dokumentasi, wawancara dan mendengarkan kaset. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pedoman wawancara, pedoman inventaris, dan kartu data. Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa (1) lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran terdiri dari lirik yang berbentuk pupuh dan lirik yang tidak berbentuk pupuh. Imaji yang paling banyak ditemukan yaitu imaji taktil. Tema yang terdapat dalam lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran terdiri atas cinta, agama, sejarah, dan keindahan alam. Rasa yang terdapat dalam lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran didominasi oleh perasaan sedih. Nada yang terdapat dalam lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran yaitu mengingatkan. Amanat dari lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran secara umum mengingatkan manusia agar mengingat Tuhan dalam keadaan apapun, bersyukur terhadap segala yang diberikan Tuhan; (2) Isi lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran didominasi oleh ekspresi perasaan yang tersakiti karena perpisahan dan cinta bertepuk sebelah tangan, selain itu isi lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran juga menjelaskan mengenai hubungan manusia dengan Tuhan, alam, dan dengan manusia lainnya; (3) Lirik Tembang Sunda Cianjuran mengandung nilai etnopedagogi seperti Prilaku Nyunda Tri-silas, Catur Jatidiri Insan, Panca Rawayan (Gapura Panca Waluya), dan Moral Kemanusiaan. This research was motivated by i) the need to revitalize education trough local wisdom, ii) the quality of Tembang Sunda Cianjuran as one of Cianjur local cultures that contains aesthetic and philosophical values, iii) the decline of existence of Tembang Sunda Cianjuran in Sundanese community and iv) the changing function of Tembang Sunda Cianjuran from a sacred function to an entertaining function. The objectives of this research are to describe the structure of the lyrics of Tembang Sunda Cianjuran andto interpretthe ethnopedagogic values of Tembang Sunda Cianjurans’ lyrics. Data of this research are 30 lyrics of tembang (song)obtained from library research, interviews, and from tapes. The methode used is a descriptive method. The instruments used are interview manuals, inventory manuals, and data cards. It can be concluded that (1)the lyrics of Tembang Sunda Cianjuran consist of lyrics in pupuh and non-pupuh forms. The most available image is the tactile image. The themes comprise love, religion, history, and beauty of nature. The feeling in the lyrics is dominated by sadness. The tone is commonly about reminding humans of God in every situation,being gratefulof all God’s gifts. (2)the content of Tembang Sunda Cianjuran is dominated by hard feeling of farewell, and unanswered love. Moreover, the content of the lyrics also describes the connection between human and the God, nature,and other humans. (3) The lyrics contain ethnopedagogic values such as Prilaku Nyunda Tri-Silas, Catur Jatidiri Insan, Panca Rawayan (Gapura Panca Waluya), and humanism value. 
KONTRUKSI KALIMAT SINGKAT BAHASA SUNDA (Kajian Struktur dan Makna Kalimat dalam Majalah Manglẻ) SETIAWATI, WIWIN; SUDARYAT, YAYAT
LOKABASA Vol 6, No 2 (2015): Vol. 6, No. 2 Oktober 2015
Publisher : UPI

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan mendeskripsikan kalimat singkat dalam majalah Manglé. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan metode deskriptif. Data dikumpulkan melalui teknik studi pustaka dengan instrumen kartu data. Untuk mengolah data digunakan teknik analisis unsur langsung. Hasil penelitian menemkan 706 kalimat singkat yang frekuensi pemakaiannya sebanyak 2028 kalimat. Ditemukan enam tipe kalimat singkat, yakni kalimat salam, kalimat seruan, kalimat panggilan, kalimat judul, kalimat motto, dan kalimat inkripsi. Kalimah singkat memiliki pola tertentu, yakni A : Kal Sal  P + S + K; B : Kal Seru  S + P; C : Kal Pangg  Kata Seru; D : Kal Jud  S + O; E : Kal Mot  FP/FS Koor; F : Kal Ins  FB N + FB Mod. Kalimat singkat mengandung sepuluh makna, yakni rasa syukur, ucapan selamat, seruan pengganti dan nama diri, rasa sakit, marah, menerima, kaget, pernyataan, pedoman, dan cita-cita. This study was to identify and to describe simple sentences in Manglé magazine. This study used a descriptive method. The data were collected through library research technique with data card instrument. The data processing employed direct elemental analysis technique. The research found 706 sentences with the use frequency of 2028 sentences. This study found six types of simple sentences. They are the greetings, appeals, callings, titles, motto, and encryptions. A simple sentence has a certain pattern, namely A : Kal Sal  P + S + K; B : Kal Seru  S + P; C : Kal Pangg  Kata Seru; D : Kal Jud  S + O; E : Kal Mot  FP/FS Koor; F : Kal Ins  FB N + FB Mod. The simple sentence contains ten meanings: gratitude, congratulations, calling for a replacement, and the name of self, pain, anger, acceptance, surprise, statements, guidance, and ideals.
ASPEK PSIKOLINGUISTIK SOSIAL DALAM PERIBAHASA SUNDA (Tinjauan Gambaran Watak Orang Sunda) PERTIWI, SISKA; SUDARYAT, YAYAT; SOLEHUDIN, O.
LOKABASA Vol 4, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : UPI

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan aspek psikolinguistik sosial dalam babasan dan paribasa (peribahasa) Sunda dan gambaran karakter orang Sunda yang ada dalam peribahasa Sunda. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif analisis dengan menggunakan teknik telaah pustaka pada buku kumpulan peribahasa Sunda. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa terdapat enam aspek psikolinguistik dalam peribahasa Sunda, yaitu aspek: (1) gotong royong; (2) saling menolong; (3) saling menghargai; (4) tali persahabatan; (5) kekeluargaan; dan (6) harmonis. Selain itu, hasil penelitian ini membahas 59 gambaran watak orang Sunda yang terdapat dalam peribahasa Sunda, yang terbagi dalam lima tipologi watak berdasarkan kebudayaan, watak campuran tipologi, watak khusus, dan watak yang terdapat dalam peribahasa Sunda. Setelah itu, penelitian ini membahas tentang hubungan antara peribahasa Sunda dan aspek psikolinguistik sosial dalam menggambarkan watak orang Sunda. Hasil temuan ini direkomendasikan untuk menjadi referensi tambahan dalam khazanah ilmu psikolinguistik. The research aims to describe the aspect of social psycholinguistics in Sundanese proverbs and the description of the characteristics of Sundanese people embedded in the proverbs. An analytical descriptive method was used coupled with literature review of a compilation book of Sundanese proverbs. Results indicate that Sundanese proverbs contain six psycholinguistic aspects, namely (1) mutual aid; (2) mutual help; (3) mutual respect; (4) partnership; (5) kinship; and (6) harmony. In addition, 59 descriptions of the characteristics of Sundanese people were delineated. These fall into five typology of characteristics based on culture, mixed typology, special characteristics, and characteristics contained in the Sundanese proverbs. Furthermore, the research explores the relationship between Sundanese proverbs and aspects of social psycholinguistics that illustrate the characteristics of Sundanese people. These results are recommended to serve as supplementary reference in psycholinguistics.
FUNGSI GRAMATIKAL DAN SEMANTIS SUFIKS -EUN DALAM BAHASA SUNDA SUDARYAT, YAYAT
LOKABASA Vol 4, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : UPI

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Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan sufiks -eun dalam bahasa Sunda yang dikaji dari segi fungsi gramatikal dan semantik. Deskripsinya mencakup bentuk kata, fungsi gramatikal dan semantis, perilaku sufiks -eun, fungsi gramatikal sufiks -eun, dan fungsi semantis sufiks -eun. Dalam kajian ini digunakan metode deskriptif. Sumber data kajian ini berupa ragam bahasa Sunda lisan dan tulis. Untuk mengumpulkan data digunakan teknik teks, intuisi atau introspeksi, dan teknik elisitasi. Untuk mengolah data digunakan metode distribusional dengan analisis unsur langsung sebagai teknik dasar, yang diikuti teknik subsitusi sebagai teknik lanjutan. Kajian ini menyimpulkan bahwa sufiks -eun memiliki perilaku mandiri dan gabungan dengan sufiks lain serta reduplikasi. Sufiks -eun membentuk kata turunan dari bentuk dasar. Baik sufiks -eun mandiri maupun gabungan memiliki fungsi inflektif dan fungsi derivatif seperti fungsi verbal, fungsi adjektival, fungsi nominal, dan fungsi numeral. Sebagai akibat hubungannya dengan bentuk dasar, sufiks -eun memiliki makna gramatikal seperti ‘orang III ada dalam keadaan BD’. This study aims to describe the suf􀂿x-eun in Sundanese are assessed in terms of grammatical and semantic functions. Includes a description of the form of words, grammatical and semantic functions, behavior-eun suf􀂿x, suf􀂿x-eun grammatical functions and semantic functions of suf􀂿xeun. In this study used a descriptive method. The study of data sources in the form of the languagevariety spoken and written. Techniques used to collect data text, intuition or introspection, and elicitation techniques. To process the data used distributional methods with direct elemental analysis as the basic techniques, followed by a substitution technique as advanced techniques. The study concluded that the suf􀂿x-eun has independent behavioral and combined with other sufixes and reduplication. Suf􀂿x-eun forming a derivation of the basic form. Either independently or suf􀂿x-eun has combined function and derivative function such in􀃀ectional verbal function, the function adjektival, nominal function, and the function of the numerals. As a result to do with the basic form, the suf􀂿x-eun has grammatical meanings such as ‘third person is in a state of BD’.
The Structure of Ancient Sundanese Language on the Inscriptions Sudaryat, Yayat
TAWARIKH Vol 6, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : ASPENSI in Bandung, Indonesia

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: Sundanese Language (SL) is the second biggest of Regional Languages (RL) in Indonesia, after Javanese Language (JL), spoken, and developed in West Java region. During the era of the kingdoms in West Java region, until 1600 AD (Anno Domini), SL served as the language of the kingdom. The study was aimed at describing the structure of Sundanese language on the inscriptions. The method used in the study was comparative method through immediate constituent analysis; meanwhile, the data were taken from the texts written on the inscriptions found in Sundanese regions. The elements of Sundanese language exposed were word, phrase, and sentence structures. The result of the study showed that Sundanese language was developed from Sanskrit language (from India). In its development, Sundanese language underwent change in both its lexicon and structure. The change in its lexicon was more dominant than that of grammatical structure. The word structures of the texts written on the inscriptions were root word, derivative, reduplication, and compound word. The phrase structures were noun phrase, verb phrase, adjective phrase, numeric phrase, and prepositional phrase. The sentence structures were simple sentence and compound sentence. The sentences written on the inscriptions were in the structure of Subject-Predicate + Object + Adverb with its variation and combination.KEY WORDS: Sundanese language, structure, lexicon, word, phrase, sentence, Sanskrit language, comparative method, and inscription.About the Author: Dr. H. Yayat Sudaryat is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Regional Language Education, Faculty of Art and Language Education UPI (Indonesia University of Education), Jalan Dr. Setibudhi No. 229 Bandung 40154, West Java, Indonesia. For academic interests, he can be contacted via mobile phone at: +628122168925 or e-mail at: kisudaryat_sunda@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Sudaryat, Yayat. (2014). “The Structure of Ancient Sundanese Language on the Inscriptions” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.6(1) October, pp.13-24. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UNHAS Makassar, ISSN 2085-0980. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (August 2, 2014); Revised (September 2, 2014); and Published (October 28, 2014).
Antioxidant activity of ten grades of Indonesia black tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) liquor Sudaryat, Yayat; Kusmiyati, Mimin; Pelangi, Citra Ratu; Rustamsyah, A; Rohdiana, Dadan
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 18, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.86 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v18i2.70

Abstract

Tea is one kind of plant that is popular as a beverage. These plants contain antioxidant potential of flavonoids derived from polyphenol compounds. The research aimed to examine the antioxidant activity and to determine the con-tent of total phenols and total flavonoids from ten grades of Indonesian black tea liqour. Antioxidant activity was measured by the method of free radical scavenging by DPPH, total phenol content measured by Follin-Ciocalteu method, and total flavonoid content was measured by the method of AlCl3. The results of this research showed that The highest total phenol content contained in Dust III with 225,80 mgGAE/100 g and the lowest content is BTL with 111,26 mgGAE/100 g. The test results showed that BBL has the highest total flavonoid content with 0,151 mg/g, while the lowest is BTL flavonoid with 0,086 mg/g. Meanwhile the highest antioxidant activity of ten grade of Indonesian black tea infusion obtained by Dust I, with IC50 97,00 μg/ml. Meanwhile the lowest antioxidant activity with IC50 178,56 μg/ml was obtained by BTL.