Ketut Sudibia
Universitas Udayana

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Evaluasi Program-program Pengentasan Kemiskinan di Provinsi Bali Marhaeni, AAIN; Sudibia, Ketut; Wirathi, IGAP; Rustariyuni, Surya Dewi; Martini Dewi, Putu
PIRAMIDA Vol 10 No 1 (2014): Jurnal PIRAMIDA
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The success of the development carried out by a country, including Indonesia, one of which can be seen from the number of poor people. The results of the development carried out by both the local government and the central government still leaving the poverty in most of the existing population. The number of poor people in the Province of Bali, both in absolute and in the percentage is fluctuating, even  absolutely, the number of  poor people in 2011 was much more than in 2009 (183.1 thousand versus 173.6 thousand of people). It is essential to evaluate the government programs to be in accordance with the Act Number 25 Year 2004 on National Development Planning System which mandates the control and evaluation of the implementation of development plans and to be in accordance with the Government Regulation. 39 of 2006, concerning the monitoring. Seeing the importance of activities to perform the evaluation or monitoring, the study aims: 1) to determine the effectiveness of poverty eradication programs that have been implemented by the government so far, which is reducing the expenditure of the poor people, which involving inputs, processes and outputs;2) To analyze the constraints faced by the implementers in the implementation of poverty eradication programs that are reducing the expenditure of the poor; 3) To assess the benefits perceived by the recipients of the program, during receiving aids in the areas of education, health, and food sector; 4) to analyze the weaknesses that exist in the various poverty eradication programs that have been implemented by the government; 5) to assess the commitment of the program implementers in implementing poverty eradication programs in accordance with the community expectations. The research was conducted in three regencies, namely Buleleng, Badung, and Klungkung and each consisted of as many as 90 persons including the recipients of poverty eradication programs in the fields of education, health, and, food, as well as the informants. Thus the total number of respondents and informants were as many as 270 people in the three regencies. The sampling method used both for the respondents of program recipients and for the informants was purposive sampling combined with accidental sampling. The data collection method was conducted by a variety of methods: observation, interviews, and in-depth interviews. Before the data collection was done, the test of validity and reliability tests were conducted on the research instruments to be used in collecting the data. The analysis technique used was the descriptive statistical techniques both single-frequency distributions and cross-tabulations. It was also conducted the qualitative or descriptive analysis based on the results obtained from the in-depth interview of the informants and the respondents. Overall, the effectiveness of aid programs in the field of food aid, particularly aid of rice for the poor is lesser compared with the effectiveness of the other two aids, namely in the areas of education and health. The recipients of food aids especially those who received rice for the poor gained less benefits from the aids given. The problem faced in the real situation, namely prior to the distribution of aids, the village meetings (Muskel and Musdes) were not conducted in a timely manner so that the data received from the central government to be used as the basis for the distribution of rice for the poor become less accurate. Weaknesses faced by the program in its implementation, among others, the implementation of data collection that is considered to be too long so that its target is inaccurate especially the distribution of the rice aids for the poor.
Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Partisipasi Kerja Penduduk Lanjut Usia Di Kelurahan Sesetan Kota Denpasar Novita Yanti, Ni Putu; Sudibia, Ketut
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol. 8, No. 1, Januari 2019, (pp. 1-238)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Lansia potensial merupakan penduduk lansia yang termasuk dalam angkatan kerja. Lanisa tersebut banyak ditemukan di negara berkembang dan negara yang tidak memiliki tunjangan sosial untuk hari tua. Berdasarkan hasil analisis diketahui variabel umur, status perkawinan, kesehatan, pendapatan rumah tangga, jumlah tanggungan dan tunjangan tua berpengaruh secara simultan terhadap partisipasi kerja penduduk lanjut usia di Kelurahan Sesetan. Umur, dan pendapatan rumah tangga, secara parsial berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap partisipasi kerja penduduk lanjut usia sedangkan kesehatan berpengaruh negatif secara parsial namun tidak signifikan, dan jumlah tanggungan berpengaruh positif secara parsial dan signifikan terhadap partisipasi kerja penduduk lanjut usia di Kelurahan Sesetan. Lansia yang berstatus kawin partisipasi kerjanya lebih rendah dibandingkan lansia tidak kawin/janda/duda dan lansia yang memperoleh tunjangan hari tua partisipasi kerjanya lebih rendah dibandingkan lansia tidak memperoleh tunjangan hari tua. Variabel status perkawinan merupakan variabel dominan yang mempengaruhi partisipasi kerja penduduk lanjut usia di Kelurahan Sesetan. Kata Kunci:Umur, status perkawinan, kesehatan, pendapatan rumah tangga, jumlah tanggungan, tunjangan hari tua.
PERAN AKSES KESEHATAN DALAM MEMEDIASI VARIABEL PENDAPATAN, TINGKAT PENDIDIKAN DAN STATUS KETENAGAKERJAAN TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN PENDUDUK LANJUT USIA DI KOTA DENPASAR Dharmayanti, Ni Putu Ayu Putri; Sudibia, Ketut; Dewi, Ni Made Heny Urmila
E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana VOLUME.06.NO.05.TAHUN 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The success of development can be seen from several indicators, one of which is the increasing life expectancy of the population. The increase life expectancy has resulted in the increasing number of the elderly population from year to year. Improvement of social welfare for the elderly people can also be achieved in many ways. The maximum improvement and utilization of access to health care is one of them to support all the psychological and physical health of the elderly. This study aimed at analyzing: 1) the influence of income, education level and employment status on the access to health care for the elderly people 2) the influence of income, level of education, employment status, and access to health care for the welfare of the elderly 3) the influence of income, education level and employment status on the welfare of the elderly people in Denpasar through access to health care for the elderly.
PENGARUH BANTUAN DANA BERGULIR, MODAL KERJA, LOKASI PEMASARAN DAN KUALITAS PRODUK TERHADAP PENDAPATAN PELAKU UMKM SEKTOR INDUSTRI DI KOTA DENPASAR Komang, Adi Wirawan; Sudibia, Ketut; Purbadharmaja, Ida Bagus Putu
E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana VOLUME 04.NO.01.TAHUN 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

In the development of the Indonesian economy, the activities of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), which are categorized as informal sector undertaking, is the potential and role in providing employment to the self-absorption of the workforce. Efforts informal sector, generally have features not depend on the cooperation of many people and the system of division of labor is not tight and relatively small-scale business. In general, the business does not have permission informal sector efforts and to work in the informal sector is easier than working in formal enterprises. This study to determine the effect of aid destined for the revolving fund, working capital, location marketing, and product quality on earnings performer MSME industries in city Denpasar. This study entirely using primary data obtained by distributing questionnaires to 85 respondents who made ??the study sample. Study population of 556 MSME units in Kota Denpasar. Determination of the sample is determined by accidental sampling technique. Technical analysis is used path analysis. The results showed that: 1) the revolving fund, working capital, location, marketing, and product quality directly influence positive and significant impact on earnings performer MSMEs in Denpasar. While production volume no significant effect on earnings performer MSMEs in Denpasar. 2) a revolving fund and working capital indirectly no significant effect on earnings performer MSMEs in Denpasar through volume production. 3) Working capital's most dominant influence on earnings performer MSMEs in Denpasar. Keywords: MSME, assistance revolving fund, working capital, marketing location, quality of product, income.  
Pengaruh Faktor Sosial Demografi Terhadap Remitan Pekerja Migran Nonpermanen Asal Luar Bali Di Kota Denpasar Andharista, Ni Putu Mita; Sudibia, Ketut
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol. 5, No. 8, Agustus 2016 (pp. 846-901)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Remittance is one way to keep migrant workers can establish the relationship with their families in their homeland. Remittances can also help improve the economy of the family as well as their areas of origin, remittances not just remittances, but remittances can also be ideas, goods can be shipped to their home area. The purpose of this study was to determine the direct effect of education, length of employment, marital status and income of the remittances of migrant workers nonpermanen from outside Bali in Denpasar, and the indirect effect of education, length of employment and marital status on the remittances of migrant workers nonpermanen from outside Bali through income , The analysis showed education, length of employment, marital status and income significantly influence nonpermanen remittances of migrant workers. Revenue is mediating variable between education, length of employment and worker remittances migrna nonpermanen. Income is not a mediating variable between marital status and non-permanent migrant worker remittances.
POLA MIGRASI DAN KARAKTERISTIK MIGRAN BERDASARKAN HASIL SENSUS PENDUDUK 2010 DI PROVINSI BALI Sudibia, Ketut; Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman; Adnyana, Ida Bagus
PIRAMIDA Vol 8, No. 2 Desember 2012
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The population of Bali tends to increase from one period to another period. It’s shown from the result of population census, namely volkstelling that conducted in 1930 in the era of Dutch colonial until the latest population census in 2010. During the New Order era the government succeeded to control the population growth  which had been decreased from 1.71 percent per year during the period of 1971 to 1980 became 1.18 percent per year during the period of 1980 to 1990. This success was also supported by the decrease of fertility and mortality rates, and it’s still continuing until the regional autonomy era today. On the other hand the migration stream to Bali tends to increase, making this as determinating the high population growth achieving 2.15 percent per year along the period of the year 2000 to 2010. The objectives of this study are (1) to analyze population migration in Bali Province based on the population census in 2010; and (2) to analyze the characteristics of in-migration to Bali Province based on the population census the year 2010. The benefits of this study are (1) to provide inputs for the policy makers in the population field, especially in population migration and development aspects; and (2) to enhance the treasury of science, especially that closely related to migration study in Bali. The data sources that are used in this study are available from secondary data, especially from recent migration data that were collected in population census in 2010. Moreover, data are analyzed descriptively, by using frequency tables and cross tabulation. Findings of this study include (1) the recent in-migrant to Bali Province based on the result of population census in 2010 tended to compared to the data of population census in 2000; (2)  the pattern of recent in-migration to Bali in 2010, is not significantly different compared to the data of population census in 2000; (3) the patterns of recent out-migration from the result of population census in 2000 was the same as those of 2010; (4) the highest proportion recent in-migration stream to Bali came from East Java; (5) the selectivity factors of recent in-migrants are characterized in majority by people in productive ages, better educated people, and male; and (6) the majority of recent in-migrant are absorbed in the formal sector, however the majority of non-migrant are absorbed in the informal sector.
EFEKTIVITAS PROGRAM SIMPAN PINJAM KELOMPOK PEREMPUAN (SPP) PNPM MANDIRI PERDESAAN DI KECAMATAN KUTA SELATAN KABUPATEN BADUNG Chinggih Widanarto, Maria Vianney; Sudibia, Ketut
E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana VOLUME.05.NO.02.TAHUN 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Kemiskinan merupakan salah satu masalah sosial yang kompleks karena tidak saja berkaitan dengan rendahnya pendapatan dan konsumsi tetapi juga berkaitan dengan pendidikan, kesehatan dan kesempatan kerja. Indonesia sebagai salah satu negara berkembang tidak luput dari kemiskinan yang melanda dunia. Bali sebagai daerah pariwisata juga tidak luput dari masalah kemiskinan. Pemerintah pusat maupun daerah selama ini telah melaksanakan berbagai program penanggulangan kemiskinan, salah satunya adalah Program Simpan Pinjam Perempuan (SPP). Program SPP adalah suatu program simpan pinjam khusus bagi kaum perempuan berupa dana bergulir yang disalurkan untuk usaha peningkatan kesejahteraan kaum perempuan melalui kelompok simpan pinjam kaum perempuan. Kecamatan Kuta Selatan, Kabupaten Badung merupakan salah satu daerah yang telah melaksanakan program SPP. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tingkat efektivitas program SPP serta dampaknya terhadap pendapatan dan kesempatan kerja kaum perempuan di Kecamatan Kuta Selatan, Kabupaten Badung. Efektivitas program diukur dengan variabel input, variabel proses dan variabel output. Variabel input meliputi: sosialisasi program, ketepatan waktu pemberian bantuan, kecukupan jumlah bantuan, dan ketepatan sasaran program. Variabel proses meliputi ketepatan penggunaan dana bantuan, ketepatan waktu pengembalian bantuan, pendampingan dan evaluasi/monitoring, dan variabel output meliputi pendapatan peserta sebelum mengikuti program, pendapatan peserta sesudah mengikuti program, kesempatan kerja peserta sebelum mengikuti program, dan kesempatan kerja peserta sesudah mengikuti program. Alat analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah matematika dan deskriptif sederhana untuk mengetahui efektivitas program serta analisis statistik, yaitu uji beda rata-rata pengamatan berpasangan untuk mengetahui peranan program dalam peningkatan pendapatan dan kesempatan kerja. Hasil analisis menunjukkan, bahwa tingkat efektivitas program SPP di Kecamatan Kuta Selatan, Kabupaten Badung sangat efektif serta dampak program terhadap pendapatan dan kesempatan kerja perempuan adalah positif dan signifikan pada alpha 5 persen. Disarankan agar jumlah bantuan yang diberikan lebih ditingkatkan, penggunaan bantuan lebih tepat guna dan pendampingan yang telah dilaksanakan ditingkatkan lagi  sehingga program dapat berkelanjutan dalam meningkatkan pendapatan serta kesempatan kerja kaum perempuan. Kata Kunci : efektivitas, pendapatan, kesempatan kerja