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REKONSTRUKSI KELEMBAGAAN EKONOMI DENGAN MENGOPTIMALKAN PERAN PEDAGANG DESA Sudrajat, Jajat; Arani, Norasari
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 32, No. 1, Year 2016 [Accredited by Ristekdikti]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v32i1.1743

Abstract

Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk menganalisis peran pedagang desa dalam kelembagaan ekonomi perdesaan dan merumuskan model pengembangan ekonomi dengan mengoptimalkan peran pedagang desa.  Untuk mencapai tujuan studi tersebut, metode utama yang digunakan adalah dengan melakukan studi kepustakaan. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil studi menyimpulkan bahwa pedagang desa memiliki posisi strategis dalam membangun ekonomi perdesaan, meskipun perannya memiliki sisi negatif dan positif. Untuk menumbuhkan sisi positifnya, di perdesaan harus ada lembaga lain yang mampu menggantikan sebagian peran pedagang desa, yaitu lembaga keuangan mikro (LKM) yang berperan ganda sebagai lembaga pemberdaya. Dalam penyaluran kredit kepada petani, pedagang desa dapat difungsikan sebagai lembaga penjamin kredit. Pemberian jaminan kredit oleh pedagang desa, selain sebagai wujud ikatan (kontrak) dalam pemasaran hasil pertanian, juga sebagai upaya pengawasan agar ada kepatuhan dalam pengembalian kredit oleh petani. Penerapan model ini dimaksudkan untuk memelihara modal sosial dalam sistem ekonomi perdesaan.
EFISIENSI SALURAN PEMASARAN KELAPA (COCOS NUCIFERA) DI DESA SUNGAI DUNGUN KECAMATAN SUNGAI KUNYIT KABUPATEN MEMPAWAH MUJIB, ABDUL; SUDRAJAT, JAJAT; KURNIATI, DEWI
Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 7, No 2 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian

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Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis efisiensi saluran pemasaran Kelapa di Desa Sungai Dungun dan penelitian ini dilakukan pada 15 juni s/d 15 juli 2017. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara purposive, Petani Responden dipilih secara acak dan responden saluran pemasaran diambil dengan cara melacak tiap saluran pemasaran kelapa yang dilakukan di daerah penelitian, data terdiri dari data primer dan data sekunder. Jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 49 responden yang terdiri dari 39 petani dan 10 pedagang.                Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa fungsi-fungsi pemasaran yang dilakukan yaitu fungsi penjualan, pembelian, pengangkutan, penyimpanan, penanggungan resiko dan informasi pasar. Nilai marjin pemasaran yang diperoleh dari analisis pada saluran pemasaran I sebesar Rp.1,050,-/Kg atau 32,31%, saluran II sebesar Rp.1,250,-/Kg atau 38,46% dan saluran III sebesar Rp.1,450,-/Kg atau  44,62%. Nilai farmer?s share diperoleh hasil saluran I 67,69%, saluran II 61,54%, saluran III 55,38%. Dengan kata lain saluran yang paling efisien adalah saluran I dengan farmer?s share 67,69% dan marjin 32,31%. Hasil analisis menunjukkan seluruh saluran pemasaran kelapa bulat I sampai III efisien dan yang paling efisien adalah saluran pemasaran I dapat dilihat dari (FS>MP).  Kata Kunci: Efisiensi Pemasaran, Kelapa Bulat, Margin Pemasaran
ANALISIS RANTAI NILAI KOMODITAS LADA DI DESA RATU SEPUDAK KECAMATAN GALING KABUPATEN SAMBAS ORIANDA, RENDI; SUDRAJAT, JAJAT; HIDAYAT, RAKHMAD
Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 7, No 3 (2018): AGUSTUS 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian

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Abstract

AbsractThis research is to know the actor?s of the commodity value chain pepper, profits, margins pepper marketing. The method used in this research is a survey marketing agencies and key informants, while the farmer sample done with simple random sampling. The number of samples in the study as much as 66 respondents consisting of 4 provider of supplier inputs, 41 farmers, 8 traders, 9 consumers, and 4 key informants.Based on the results of the study known to the actors involved in the commodity value chain is supplier inputs, farmers, traders, consumers, cooperative, village banking unit, the Agriculture Extension Officer, and Plantation Department. Net income gained by farmers amounthing to Rp. 76.197.811,-/hectars/year. On the flow of product to the domestic market the biggest marketing margin obtained by retailers amounthing to Rp. 15.800,-/kilogram, while the flow of products to export markets the biggest marketing margin obtained by the wholesalers Rp. 8.500,- /kilogram. Keywords: Actor, Margin, Pepper, Value Chain AbstrakPenelitian ini untuk mengetahui aktor rantai nilai komoditas lada, keuntungan petani, marjin pemasaran lada, dan mengkaji potensi dan hambatan rantai nilai komoditas lada. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survey. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik snowball sampling untuk mengambil lembaga pemasaran dan informan kunci, sedangkan sampel petani dilakukan dengan sampel acak sederhana. Jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 66 responden yang terdiri dari 4 penyedia input produksi, 41 petani, 8 pedagang, 9 konsumen, dan 4 informan kunci.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui para pelaku yang terlibat dalam rantai nilai komoditas lada yakni penyedia input produksi, petani, pedagang, konsumen, perbankan, koperasi unit desa, balai penyuluh pertanian dan dinas perkebunan. Pendapatan bersih yang diperoleh oleh petani lada sebesar Rp 76.197.811  per hektar per tahun. Pada aliran produk untuk pasar domestik marjin pemasaran terbesar didapatkan oleh pedagang pengecer (retail) sebesar Rp. 15.800,- per kilogram, sedangkan aliran produk untuk pasar ekspor marjin pemasaran terbesar didapatkan oleh pedagang besar yakni sebesar Rp. 8.500,- per kilogram.Kata Kunci : Aktor, Lada, Marjin, Rantai Nilai
ANALISIS CURAHAN WAKTU KERJA WANITA PADA USAHATANI JAGUNG MANIS DI DESA RASAU JAYA 2 KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA KALIMANTAN BARAT PARWANTO, TEGUH; SUDRAJAT, JAJAT; HIDAYAT, RAKHMAD
Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 7, No 3 (2018): AGUSTUS 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The agricultural sector in Indonesia is very important in development that is as a source of life and income of farmers in the family. Therefore, efforts to increase production and increase in farmers income need to be developed continuously. This research is aimed to analyze the working hours of women farmers work time and aimed to analyze socio-economic factors that influence the working hours of women farmers work time in sweet corn farming in Rasau Jaya II Village of Kubu Raya Regency. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling method. The sample used in this study amounted to 60 female farmers. This research uses Cobb - Douglas analysis, data processed using version 21 of SPSS program then analyzed by using multiple linear regression method. The results showed that age, land area, family income, and experience significantly affect the outpouring of female farmers work time, while the dependents of the family and the level of education did not significantly affect the working hours of women farmers work time in sweet corn farming in Rasau Jaya II Village of Kubu Raya Regency.Keyword : Cobb ? Douglas, multiple linear regression, the working hours of women farmers Work Time
ANALISIS RANTAI NILAI KOMODITAS LADA DI DESA RATU SEPUDAK KECAMATAN GALING KABUPATEN SAMBAS ORIANDA, RENDI; SUDRAJAT, JAJAT; HIDAYAT, RAKHMAD
Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 7, No 3 (2018): AGUSTUS 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian

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Abstract

Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui aktor rantai nilai komoditas lada, keuntungan petani, marjin pemasaran lada, dan mengkaji potensi dan hambatan rantai nilai komoditas lada. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survey. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik snowball sampling untuk mengambil lembaga pemasaran dan informan kunci, sedangkan sampel petani dilakukan dengan sampel acak sederhana. Jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 66 responden yang terdiri dari 4 penyedia input produksi, 41 petani, 8 pedagang, 9 konsumen, dan 4 informan kunci.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui para pelaku yang terlibat dalam rantai nilai komoditas lada yakni penyedia input produksi, petani, pedagang, konsumen, perbankan, koperasi unit desa, balai penyuluh pertanian dan dinas perkebunan. Pendapatan bersih yang diperoleh oleh petani lada sebesar Rp 76.197.811  per hektar per tahun. Pada aliran produk untuk pasar domestik marjin pemasaran terbesar didapatkan oleh pedagang pengecer (retail) sebesar Rp. 15.800,- per kilogram, sedangkan aliran produk untuk pasar ekspor marjin pemasaran terbesar didapatkan oleh pedagang besar yakni sebesar Rp. 8.500,- per kilogram.Kata Kunci : Rantai Nilai, Aktor, Marjin, Lada
ECONOMIC STRUCTURE AND WELFARE INDICATOR CHANGES IN WEST KALIMANTAN AFTER OIL PALM EXPANSION Sudrajat, Jajat
Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan 2019: Vol. 12, No.1, Februari 2019 (pp. 1-107)
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JEKT.2019.v12.i01.p09

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the economic structure changes of regencies and cities in West Kalimantan after a massive expansion of oil palm plantations, to analyze the economic sectors that have competitive advantages, and to analyze the impact of various changes on social welfare. The study was conducted by collecting data about employment and some welfare indicators at the statistic central bureau. Data were analyzed by using the shift-and-share and also descriptive method. This study concludes that regional autonomy and oil palm expansion policy have a positive impact on economic structure changes either in regencies or Pontianak. The economic sectors that have a competitive advantage in the regencies are agriculture, electric/gas/water, transport and communication, trade/hotel/restaurant, and services. Meanwhile, in Pontianak, there are agriculture, transport and communication, manufacturing industry, and electric/gas/water sectors. Economic structure changes also show positive impacts on social welfare. It is marked by the decline of poverty rate in Pontianak and the province as a whole. In addition, it is also signalled by the improvement of Human Development Index (HDI) and Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) per capita in the regencies, Pontianak, and the province. Meanwhile, its impact toward poverty reduction in regency level does not show significant results yet.
ANALISIS TINGKAT KESEJAHTERAAN PETANI PADI SAWAH DI DESA HARAPAN MULIA KECAMATAN SUKADANA KABUPATEN KAYONG UTARA JASMI, SARI; SUDRAJAT, JAJAT; SUYATNO, ADI
Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 7, No 3 (2018): AGUSTUS 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian

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Abstract

ABSTRACT A prosperous society is a society that is able to use the source of income to meet daily needs. The level of community welfare can be measured from the level of fulfillment of family needs that includes food and non-food needs, welfare is the fulfillment of basic needs. The purpose of this research is to analyze the income of household of rice farmer in Harapan Mulia Village and the level of arranging rice field in Harapan Mulia Village, Sukadana Sub-district, Kayong Utara Regency. This research use descriptive method with sample counted 86 responden. The method of analysis used is the analysis of income level and welfare analysis. Production of paddy with average farmer area 0,60 produced by farmer in one season is 1.384 kg, farmer  income from paddy farming business Rp.10.584.980 from the analysis of welfare rate of rice famers based on food expenditure most of the famers are at low welfare level  82.56% followed by medium welfare 17.44 % and rice famers in paddy field in the village Harapan Mulia not included in the high level of prosperity. Keywords: Income, Welfare, Rice FaABSTRAKMasyarakat yang sejahtera merupakan masyarakat yang mampu menggunakan sumber pendapatan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan sehari-hari. Tingkat kesejahteraan masyarakat bisa diukur dari tingkat pemenuhan kebutuhan keluarga yang meliputi kebutuhan pangan dan non pangan, kesejahteraan yang dimaksud  adalah terpenuhnya kebutuan dasar. Tujuan penelitan ini adalah untuk menganalisis besarnya pendapatan rumah tangga petani padi sawah di Desa Harapan Mulia dan menganalisis tingkat kesejahteraan rumah tangga petani padi sawah di Desa Harapan Mulia Kecamatan Sukadana Kabupaten Kayong Utara. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif  dengan sampel sebanyak 86 responden.  Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis tingkat pendapatan dan analisis tingkat kesejahteraan. Produksi padi dengan rata-rata  luas lahan petani 0,60 yang dihasilkan petani dalam satu kali musim sebesar 1.384 kg, pendapatan petani dari usahatani padi sawah  Rp.10.584.980  dari hasil analisis tingkat kesejahteraan petani padi sawah berdasarkan pengeluaran pangan sebagian besar petani  berada pada tingkat kesejahteraan rendah 82.56% diikuti kesejahteraan sedang 17.44 % dan petani padi sawah di Desa Harapan Mulia tidak termasuk pada tingkat kesejahteraan tinggi. Kata Kunci : Pendapatan, Kesejahteraan, Petani Padi Sawah
POTENCY AND PROBLEMS OF COASTAL REGION DEVELOPMENT IN WEST BORNEO Sudrajat, Jajat
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

The development of coastal region in West Borneo have basic problem, that is: first, many household are still poor. The second, there is deterioration of environmental quality. This conceptual study is intended to describe some problems of coastal region development and also try to formulate alternative strategy which can be done. Although its natural resources is very rich which is indicated by slope slightly of coastal and type of land is enough fertile, but some classical problems still occur, that is: a) still many communities are isolated, and b) social structure of community indicated to social polarization (two class community). Based on these features, so that some development strategy can be formulated, that is: (1) for isolated rural communities, the development strategy which can be done, is combine the participative  and welfare strategy, and (2) for coastal rural, is suggested to do comprehensive strategy  which is combine three development strategy, that is growth, welfare, and participative strategy. To increase income of fisherman needs to diversification source of income, not only on fisheries and agriculture but also non farm sector. Keywords: coastal region, development, development strategy
Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Kredit Usaha Rakyat Di PT. BPR Nusamba Tanjungsari Sudrajat, Muhamad Sandi; Sudrajat, Jajat
JURNAL COMPUTECH & BISNIS Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Vol. 8 No. 2 Desember 2014
Publisher : STMIK Mardira Indonesia, Bandung

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Abstract

Peoples  Business Credit Application System Development in PT. BPR Nusamba Tanjungsari, its data processing still make use of Microsoft Excel or semi EDP (Electronic Data Processing) and not available file reports on a running system. The author also tries to make a credit application system using Delphi7 programming language that can generate a report file. The examines the system uses descriptive method and develop the waterfall method. The credit information system maybe one solution that can be used to facilitate the submission of the data processing system of credit reports credit transaction becomes easier, because the available facilities in this program directly print files to media reports the paper.Credit information system is built using Borland Delphi7 to make the main interface and Microsoft Accessas its database. This program allows the user to input the data, edit data, delete data, data retrieval, and data printing to paper media. The data entered in the form of customer data, the data requirements of credit and credit data. While the resulting output of this applicationin the form of credit data reports and reports of customer data. Keywords: credit application system
Livelihood Strategy of Coastal Community: A Case Study in Tanjung Saleh Islands, Kubu Raya District, Indonesia Sudrajat, Jajat
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4581

Abstract

This study is intended to identify the characteristic of livelihood strategy and to formulate the exit strategy from poverty trap in a coastal community. This study was done in Tanjung Saleh islands, one from 39 islands at Kubu Raya District, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Data were collected by depth interviews, group interviews, observation, and literature study. The results of this study show that the livelihood strategies at Tanjung Saleh islands can be identified into five types: (a) the strategy that relied on the natural resources extraction, (b) traditional agriculture cultivation strategy, (c) household worker utilization strategy, (d) migration strategy, and (e) institutional strategy. The institutional strategy is categorized as exit strategy from poverty trap meanwhile the other strategies are categorized as survival strategy. Fact in the field shows that institutional strategy and the role of women are important factor to support the fishermen household livelihood system. There are two institutions often utilized in fishermen community, “arisan” (rotational saving and credit association) custom and patron client relationships between fishermen and village traders. Through the utilizing of social capital on both institutions, the fishermen household can access financial capital effectively. Therefore, the nurturing of social capital and the role of women must be considered in arrangement of sustainable livelihood strategies in fishermen community.