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IMPLEMENTING HEALTH SAFETY ENVIRONMENT (HSE) PROCESS MANAGEMENT TO IMPROVE HSE PERFORMANCE, COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE Purwanto, Agustinus Hariadi DJoko; Suharjo, Budi; Sumarwan, Ujang; Daryanto, Heny K
Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi Vol 13, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : SBM ITB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12695/jmt.2014.13.1.5

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Abstract. Performance of health safety environmental (HSE) has been tightly demanded by stakeholders (customer, government, public, NGO, employee) and become essential factors of organizationâ??s competitive advantages. High HSE performance leads to improving customer satisfaction, legitimacy and reputation from which better financial performance can be gained. In order to do that, companies must implemement HSE process management. The research aims to investigate effects of the four constructs, namely process management, HSE performance, organizationâ??s competitive advantage and financial performance. The study uses descriptive and quantitative statistical methods involving 119 companies of which SEM is used to see linkages between factors. The testing results show that the process management gives significant positive effect to HSE performance after which it simulataneously affect significant and positively to competitive advantage but it has no significant relationship with financial performance. However, competitive advantage affect positively to financial performance. In conclusion, HSE process management improves HSE performance, which subsequently increases Competitive advantage but it does not affect financial performance. The increase of financial performance is given by competitive advantage.Key words: HSE, Performance, Competitive Advantages, Financial Performance, SEM Abstrak. Kinerja lingkungan dan keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja (LK3) telah dituntut dengan ketat oleh para pemangku kepentingan (pelanggan, pemerintah, masyarakat, LSM, karyawan) dan menjadi faktor-faktor esensial bagi keunggulan kompetitif organisasi. Untuk itu, perusahaan harus menerapkan manajemen proses LK3. Kinerja LK3 tinggi memberikan kepuasan pelanggan, legitimasi dan reputasi sehingga kinerja finansial dapat diperoleh. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengamati pengaruh-pengaruh empat konstruk, yaitu Manajemen proses LK3, Kinerja LK3, Keunggulan kompetitif dan Kinerja finansial. Penelitian menggunakan metode analisa deskriptif dan kuantitatif yang meliputi 119 perusahaan dimana SEM diterapkan untuk melihat hubungan-hubungan antar faktor secara simultan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Manajemen proses LK3 memberikan pengaruh positif terhadap Kinerja LK3 yang selanjutnya secara simultan memberikan pengaruh positif terhadap Keunggulan kompetitif dan tidak memiliki pengaruh signifikan terhadap Kinerja finansial. Tetapi, Keunggulan kompetitif memberikan pengaruh positif terhadap Kinerja financial. Kesimpulan yang diambil adalah penerapan manajemen proses LK3 meningkatkan Kinerja LK3 yang selanjutnya meningkatkan Keunggulan kompetitif tetapi tidak mempengaruhi Kinerja finansial. Peningkatan kinerja finansial diberikan oleh keunggulan kompetitif.Kata kunci: LK3, Kinerja, Keunggulan Kompetitif, Kinerja Finansial, SEM 
Model Bisnis Industri Tambang Timah Berkelanjutan (Studi Kasus Bangka Belitung) Irawan, R. Rudy; Sumarwan, Ujang; Suharjo, Budi; Djohar, Setiadi
Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen Vol 12, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (101.183 KB)

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Abstract: Bangka Belitung province’s economy has a very high dependence on the tin. BPS data of 2013 showed tin contributed 33.60% PDRB and expected of more than 70% if the multiplier effect applied (Megawandi, 2013). But the tin mining industry is currently facing complex problems including undeveloped downstream (Widyatmiko, 2012), environmental damage (Sapanli, 2009; Inonu, 2010; Walhi, 2013), illegal small scale mining (Elfida, 2007; Sapanli 2010), and overlap of licensing and laws (Purba, 2007; Hayati, 2011; Bastida and Paramita, 2013), social issues (Aziz and Salim, 2005; Zulkarnain et al 2005; Erman, 2007; Resosudarmo and Subiman, 2010), damage of the forest (Sidabukke, 2011) and other problems. This study aims to design a business model of tin mining industry in Bangka Belitung so the sustain able issues can be resolved. The methodology used in this study was in-depth structured interview of expertstakeholders. The results of the study showed a chart which was interrelated relationship between elements which were created and delivered value for the industry and the state. The study of tin business model is a flow chart of the mining process to the trade.Keywords: business model, tin mining industry, sustainable.
ANALISIS STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN USAHA SUPERMARKET XYZ DENGAN PENDEKATAN MODEL BISNIS KANVAS Soselisa, Jack Absalom; Raharja, Sapta; Suharjo, Budi
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 12 No. 2 (2017): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (478.783 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.12.2.194-204

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The purpose of the research is to identify and analyze the business model in Supermarket XYZ,  then give recommendation of priority strategy as perfection of Supermarket XYZ business model to more systematic, specific, unique and relevant to current business condition.   This research uses descriptive analysis method. The analytical tool used is business model canvass (BMC), the external factor evaluation matrix (EFE), internal factor evaluation matrix (IFE), external internal matrix (IE), and the combination between  strength, weakness, opportunity, threat (SWOT), and analytical hierarchy process (AHP )  called  AWOT.  The  result was obtained based on the result of AWOT analysis,  the priority strategy of the channel element with the highest score is SO strategy, to develop a food court to provide a customer shopping experience. Priority strategy of the customer relationship element is ST strategy, cooperation with the third parties for the development of joint promotion programs.  Finally, priority strategy of the key activities element is WO strategy,  training and development program.  The Selected BMC element and the specified strategy can be the basis for the development of the Supermarket XYZ business model in the future.
USAHA TANI DAN TATANIAGA KUMIS KUCING DI KAMPUNG CIWALUH DAN KAMPUNG LENGKONG, KABUPATEN BOGOR Sitorus, Friska; Suryani, Ani; Suharjo, Budi
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 13 No. 1 (2018): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (697.822 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.13.1.10-18

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Farmer of cat's whisker medicinal plant is unable to rely on cultivation of this plant as main income. The study aims to understand the problems in the marketing of cat?s whiskers from plantations in Ciwaluh Village and Lengkong Village to the last marketing chain. The research methodology used is descriptive questionnaire, cost analysis of farming and marketing chain approach. The result of farm cost analysis per 1.000 m2 shows that farmers in Lengkong Village in the first year have not gained profit. The farmers receive it in the second to fifth year of Rp294.000 for fresh leaves and Rp774.000 for dried leaves.. While farmers Ciwaluh Village in the first year has been benefitedof Rp399,000 if it sells the dried leaves. In the 2nd to 5th year the farmers receive a profit of Rp294.000 for sales of fresh leaves and Rp1.494.000 for dried leaves. Based on the marketing chain margin approach shows that price differences at producer and consumer level are similar. Its worth 50.36% in Ciwaluh Village  and 58.36% in Lengkong Village. The profit margin of farmers is about 80%, the highest among thesesupply chain agents. The analysis shows that marketing channels are efficient but not beneficial to farmers, they have no power in determining the selling price and there is no market option. For that there must be assistance to cat?s whiskers farmers to improve marketing.
KAJIAN MANAJEMEN MUTU PERSPEKTIF SIX SIGMA PADA PERUSAHAAN ELSARI BROWNIES DAN BAKERY BOGOR Rizki, Muhammad; Limbong, Wilson H.; Suharjo, Budi
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (732.944 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.6.1.39-48

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Quality Controlling (QC) has close relationship with technique and fabrication operational activities that aimed to monitor process and mitigate undesired result on quality series level that relevant to achieve economically outcome. QC was purposed to gain high quality product and homogenous that acceptable by the consumer and competitive with similar producer both at domestic and foreign level. Six sigma project management is one of a new breakthrough in solving organization problems and process management to support a company in increasing the product quality toward zero defects by means decreasing and preventing the same error.  The research?s objectives are to study application of quality management from six sigma perspectives in Elsari Brownies & Bakery Company, Bogor. In particular, the research?s objectives are : (1) to study quality management system that applied by the company, (2) to measure production performance using six sigma concept on the company and (3) to formulate company?s strategy in increasing the quality of product.  Data collection was carried out by direct observation on raw material supply process, production process and distribution, interview with company owner and head of production and also the consumer of Elsari Brownies & Bakery. The collected data are primary and secondary, that analyzed descriptively in order to give general description about controlling on production process that including on raw material supply, production process and the product. Furthermore, causal-effect diagram was used to describe significant relationship between effect and the cause. Causal factor was analyzed critically to determine the role on the effect. Causal effect diagram is powerful in determine the main factor that affect on quality fo final product. Quality management system in Elsari Brownies & Bakery Bogor was described as on raw material supply process, production process and product that selling to meet the quality standard. Six sigma project management with Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control (DMAIC) method is possible to be implemented to improve production quality and quantity of brownies cake. The problem critical point (CTQ) in production process that can be identified is 3 (three) CTQ, namely ingredient, baking and cooling. After all, the problems level is measured and the causal was detected using the causal-effect diagram. Furthermore, the CTQ is improved, and controlling continuous implemented to maintain production quality and not repeated the error.  According to measurement result using six sigma project management, the management has shows performance improvement therefore need to be maintain and improving. The improvement steps are including Standard Operating Procedur (SOP), information management, tools, and human resources quality improvement and lay out
KAJIAN PREFERENSI KONSUMEN RUMAH TANGGA TERHADAP BERAS ORGANIK DI WILAYAH KOTA BOGOR Rusma, Jimmy; Hubeis, Musa; Suharjo, Budi
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.14 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.6.1.49-54

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Organic rice is an agricultural product which uses the system of organic diversification, is good for our health because it has no dangerous chemicals compared to other rice, has a specific aroma, does not easily go bad, and is tasty.  Because of its high price, only people of the middle to upper classes can afford to buy it.  It is expensive because it is chemical free, healthy, does not contain pesticide and farmers do not use inorganic fertilizers to grow it. The general objective of this study is to understand why people in Bogor buy organic rice.  Specifically, this study is (1) to identify the factors influencing the consumers?  decision in purchasing organic rice, (2) to evaluate the decision process to consume organic rice, and (3) to analyze the consumers?  behavior in order to organize the producer?s  marketing strategy of organic rice.  The study was conducted at Lembaga Pertanian Sehat (LPS) in Bogor.  Accidental sampling was conducted by interviewing 50 selected respondents who are consumers of organic rice.  Primary and secondary data were obtained through related literature and interviewing respondents through questionnaires.  The method of study used was the descriptive and quantitative analysis, using the Principal Component Analysis (PCA).  The data processing and analysis were conducted by using Microsoft Excel (tabulation, matrix correlation and Minitab V.10).  Consumers purchase organic rice through identification of needs, information search, alternative evaluation, buying process, and behavior after purchase.  If a respondent frequently purchases organic rice, he may not go through the process mentioned above.  Their need is health, the motivation to buy is the reasonable price, the stage of information search is usually through friends at work, neighbors, and self-initiative, in the alternative stage, the primary consideration is taste, in the buying stage it is the supply at home, and the nearness of location to buy it.  The average expenditure of organic rice is Rp 100,000-Rp 125,000 for four persons in a family. Six main variables influencing the purchase of organic rice are the quality, promotion, price, influence of friends and families.  The qualitative marketing strategy developed by producers covered products, price, promotion, and location. The marketing strategies were (1) product, (2) price, (3) promotion, and (4) location
STRATEGI PEMASARAN PRODUK MAINAN ANAK-ANAK DARI LIMBAH KAYU PT SAFIRA TUMBUH BERKEMBANG Dongoran, Naomi; Sarma, Ma'mun; Suharjo, Budi
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (605.677 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.10.1.59-72

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After year such a natural resources as wood becomes rare, so its use needs to be to the most efficient way, in line with it, wooden waste use becomes important. One of the companies which processes and makes use of the wooden waste to be children toys of economical value in Bogor is PT Safira Tumbuh Berkembang (PT STB). The research objectives are (1) to identify factors that influence a consumer?s decision making, and (2) to set a recommended marketing strategy to develop the business. The population In this research is students? parents and teachers of 10 kindergartens in the City of Bogor. Samples were determined by purposive sampling, with consideration of easily accessible and the TK is willing to be interviewed. From each kindergarten a sample of 6 respondents comprising 3 parents and 3 teachers is taken, in order to make the total number of respondents of regarding 60 people. Data analysis method used is Thurstone, with consideration of a study conducted to explore consumer behavior in decision making. From the above analysis, the marketing strategy to do are as follows: (1) to lower the price of 9.34% of the set price, (2) To improve a new design in accordance with educational content element and bright colors combination on the toy, (3) to maintain the quality in accordance with the market segment, (4) maintain and develop the educational element content and a combination of bright colors found in children's toys as unique or characteristic of the designs produced by PT STB, (5) To develop promotion through direct interaction between sellers and the targets (personal selling) in a potential kindergarten as well as (6) To develop selling points through cooperation with children toy stores in malls/shopping centers
PENGARUH SUMBER DAYA FINANSIAL, ASET TIDAK BERWUJUD DAN KEUNGGULAN BERSAING YANG BERIMPLIKASI TERHADAP KINERJA USAHA MIKRO, KECIL DAN MENENGAH DI LOMBOK NTB Fauzi, Ahmad; Suharjo, Budi; Syamsun, Muhammad
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 11 No. 2 (2016): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (564.372 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.11.2.151-158

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The research analyzes the financial resources, intangible assets (innovation capital, human capital, and customer capital), competitive advantage and financial performance, also analyzing its effect and analyzing business feasibility from the point view of Net Present Value (NPV), Profitability Index (PI), Payback Period (PP) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR) on cow commodities, corn and seaweed (PIJAR). The method used is qualitative and quantitative, the respondent are choose by purposive sampling with the criteria of SME which conduct their business on cow commodities, corn and seaweed at Lombok NTB Region. This research is using the Partial Least Square (PLS) analysis which is a statistical method on varian basis. The research results obtained by the Financial Resource Capacity has well sufficient capacity of (3.29), Intangible Asset have well sufficient capacity of (3.86), well good for Competitive Strategy Excellence Cost of (3.92) and quite good Financial Performance. The influence among variables on the seaweed commodities : (1) Financial Resource does not affect the financial performance and price competitive competition, so the financial resources capacity is well good, although its not yet able to contribute on the financial performance; (2) Innovation capital affect on financial performances but do not affect on competitive strategy; human capital affect on the financial performance and competitive strategy; customer capital affect on the financial performance and competitive strategy; and (3) The business feasibility for PIJAR commodities are very well based on the view point of NPV, PP, PI and IRR.
POSITIONING PUPUK HAYATI (STUDI KASUS PT. KARYA ANUGRAH RUMPIN) Aprianti, Ervina; Suharjo, Budi; Muflikhati, Istiqlaliyah
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 12 No. 2 (2015): Vol.12 No. 2, Juli 2015
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (919.415 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.12.2.106

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Positioning is required in every company to influence consumer perceptions and purchasing decisions. Biofertilizer is important to support organic agriculture so market competition in fertilizer industry was increasing. It is important for companies to develop positioning strategies continuously. This study was aim to analyze the position of biofertilizers based on product excellence, identifying attributes that affect consumers choosing biofertilizer, and recommends alternative positioning strategies of biotilizers. Samples consist of 120 respondents, drawn from population farmers in Bogor who know biofertilizer. Respondents were determined using purposive and simple random sampling. The survey was conducted by direct interview. Descriptive, Thurstone Case V, Correspondence, and Chi-Square analysis were used to analyze data. The study find that the EM-4 was the most known biofertilizers. It assessed as trustworthy product, reliable product, cheaper than others, easy to obtain, as well as spread advertising. While Sumber Subur assessed as a product that always want to used. Three main attributes that influence the selection of biofertilizers are quality, price, and content of product. Companies have to improve product quality in order to win market competition. Companies must provide clear information about the advantages and how to use the product on the product packaging. Companies need to approach consumers through farmers' groups, to do direct promotion such as demontration plots and free samples.Keyword: positioning, biofertilizer, thurstone case v, correspondence analysisABSTRAKPositioning perlu dilakukan setiap perusahaan, dengan tujuan membentuk persepsi konsumen yang berpengaruh terhadap keputusan pembelian. Pentingnya pupuk hayati dalam menunjang budidaya pertanian organik menyebabkan persaingan pada industri pupuk semakin meningkat. Sehingga menjadi penting bagi perusahaan untuk selalu mengembangkan strategi positioning Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis posisi pupuk hayati berdasarkan keunggulan produk, mengidentifikasi atribut yang yang dipentingkan konsumen memilih pupuk hayati, serta merekomendasikan alternatif strategi positioning pupuk hayati. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 120 responden, diambil dari populasi petani di Kabupaten Bogor yang mengetahui pupuk hayati dan minimal mengenal satu merek pupuk hayati. Responden ditentukan dengan metode purposive dan simple random sampling. Survei dilakukan dengan wawancara langsung. Analisis Deskriptif, Thurstone Case V, Korespondensi, serta Chi-Square digunakan untuk menganalisis data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa EM-4, pupuk hayati yang paling banyak diketahui, dinilai sebagai produk terpercaya, produk dapat diandalkan, harga murah, mudah diperoleh, serta iklan tersebar. Sedangkan Sumber Subur dinilai sebagai produk yang selalu ingin digunakan. Tiga atribut utama yang dipentingkan konsumen dalam pemilihan pupuk hayati antara lain kualitas, harga, serta kandungan produk. Perusahaan perlu meningkatkan kualitas produk agar dapat bersaing. Perusahaan sebaiknya memberikan informasi yang jelas mengenai keunggulan serta cara pengaplikasian produk kepada konsumen pada kemasan produk. Perusahaan perlu pendekatan konsumen melalui kelompok tani, untuk melakukan promosi langsung berupa demplot dan pemberian sampel gratis.Kata kunci: positioning, pupuk hayati, thurstone case v, analisis korespondensi
STRATEGI RANTAI PASOK SAYURAN ORGANIK BERBASIS PETANI DI KECAMATAN PANGALENGAN, KABUPATEN BANDUNG Kipdiyah, Siti; Hubeis, Musa; Suharjo, Budi
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 8 No. 2 (2013): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.828 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.8.2.99-114

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Healthy lifesyle with the slogan ?Back to Nature? has become a new trend of the society. Directorate of Processing and Marketing, Ministry of Agriculture in Indonesia has initiated the program "Go Organic 2010" to improve the quality of life and the natural environment of Indonesia and to encourage the development of organic farming and sustainable competitiveness. Supply Chain Management (SCM) has represented overall management of agricultural activities which involved of processing, distribution, marketing, until the desired product to consumer. The Objectives of study included: (1) Identify the characteristics of the vegetables, the supply chain actors, and descriptive analysis of the environmental conditions in Pangalengan; (2) Identify internal and external factors; (3) The formulation of the strategy with the matrix SWOT; (4) Selection of priority strategy. The data was collected through purposive sampling technique which involving 10 respondents and 3 experts. The data used was primary and secondary data by direct interviews, questionnaires and literature study. Selection of strategic alternatives conducted using AHP. The result showed that the supply chain actors of vegetables in Pangalengan were seed suppliers, farmers, traders/collectors, the company, the seller/exporter, foreign markets, traditional market and retail/supermarket. The study showed that the safety of vegetables to consumer (score 0.336) was the main strength and the main weakness organic farming in Pangalengan was limited of financial (score 0.127). Futhermore, supporting of government was the major opportunity (score 0.127) and the major threat was uncertain of climate and weather which affected in production (score 0.144). Based on the formulation of strategic, the study obtained 7 strategy. The first and the second priority strategic related of the marketing, were expanding market/distribution to bussines partnerships (score 0.205) and researching of development in the organic vegetable?s market (score 0.180). The third alternative strategic was supporting of government (score 0.157) which retaled to supervision strategy. Moreover, the fourth and the fifth alternatives related to strategy of financial, were monitoring and overseeing prices (0.156) then strengthening of financial aspects (score 0.114). The sixth and the seventh alternatives related to production management strategy, were planning a better farming (0.107) and improving the quality, quantity and continuity of production (score 0.081).